Melanie Godschmid was issued QIV 14778 i.e, Quota Immigrant Visa,
probably under the German quota. She was eligible under Section 5 of the Immigration Act of 1924 which defines a
Quota Immigrant. In March 1940 Germany was not at war with the
United States and she would not have been considered an enemy
alien. Admission for refugees who had no visa was not an issue
in her case.
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images of ship records, I've come across my
great-grandmother's aunt, Melanie Goldschmid, who arrived on the
in New York on March 21, 1940. The ship is listed as having departed
Liverpool, UK (with a stop, I believe, in Halifax).
I know (from the 1940 U.S.
census, where she is listed) that Melanie was living in
Vienna in 1935 (her family's roots were indeed there for decades prior).
On December 14, 1939, she was issued by the UK government a
"Female Enemy - Exemption from Internment - Refugee" card. She is
listed in that card as having a UK address.
The Lancastria manifest for her
arrival in New York lists her as being issued a visa or passport (it's
not clear, and I assume this is a U.S. visa...) in London on December
The SS Lancastria manifest if
full of German/Austrian Jews, such as Melanie. My understanding was
that the U.S. no longer granted admission to refugees at this
time. Does anyone have further background on this particular
issue in this time? I cannot seem to reconstruct the series of events
that allowed her to sail from the UK to New York and be admitted
to the United States in this period.
So appreciative for any thoughts.