Part of my family lived in pre WW2 Berlin, at Alt Shoenhaus Str. As a result of my own research, I can suggest the following links to further your research:
1930's Berlin Jewish address book
The link below is a blog by a UK student who had lived in Alt Schonhauser Str, Berlin in the 1990’s and on his link are some old photos of the street/area before it was redeveloped as we can see it now. In his blog he says the street would have been in the old East Berlin.Alte Schönhauser Straße
Extract from a BBC link:
And speaking of beacons: across from Tacheles sparkles the gilded dome of the Neue Synagogue (New Synagogue), the most visible symbol of Berlin's revitalised Jewish community. The 1866 original was once Germany's largest synagogue but its modern incarnation is not so much a place of worship as a place of remembrance. Climb the dome to gaze out over the quarter's rooftops. Nearby, on Grosse Hamburger Strasse, is Berlin's oldest Jewish cemetery, the Alter Jüdischer Friedhof, which was destroyed in WWII. A replica of Enlightenment philosopher Moses Mendelssohn's tombstone now stands as a lone representative for all 12,000 six-feet-under residents.
I hope you will find the above links of interest.