1. My maternal grandmother's sister, Esther TAUFIELD, listed her maiden name as MICHALOWITZ on her daughter's birth certificate (New York, 7/1891; Gussie S.) Esther was 22 yr., making her birth year about 1869.
2. Also, her father Zelman/Solomon used MICHALOWICZ when he married in Tomaszow Mazowiecki, in 1867.
3. My maternal grandmother, Gittel/Gus & her family (Rivke [mother], Marie, Rosa, Josef, Mosi) were listed with the MICHALOWITZ surname, according to the ship's manifest, when immigrating to the US in 7/1891.
Their actual surname was LEURIE (or some alternate spelling), which morphed into LEVINE in the US.
Their paternal grandfather's name was Michal.
4. My grandmother's sister, Rose, was listed on her 8/1896 N.Y. marriage record as "Rosie MICHAELOWITZ".
According to some information in Jewishgen's info files, "In the earliest records (before surnames were in general use, in the mid-1820's), a father's patronymic might be used".
The above data was in the timeframe of 1860's-1890's. Why would they still be using a patronym and not their permanent surname at that time?
Searching: REICHMAN/REJCHMAN--Tomaszow Mazowiecki, Lodz, LEURIE--Lodz, MICHALOWICZ/MICHALOWITZ--Tomaszow Mazowiecki, Lodz, RUBIN--Tomaszow Mazowiecki, Warsaw, Lodz