Re: Registration with the SS in Netherlands #holocaust #records


Suggest you look at the Red Cross International Tracing Service (ITS) online database at the Arolsen Archives. The now opened archives hold newly digitized records. How's your Dutch? It was a bit tricky to figure out what I was looking at and to identify the document's source. It helps to know a bit of the history of what was happening to Dutch Jews after the Nazis came in. I have to admit, that until I started digging into my European cousins' history, I had never heard of these transit camps and only knew of the most notorious concentration camps (konzentration lager (KZ)).

Leaders in the Jewish Community formed an organization called the JudenRat (Jewish Council). It became their responsibility to register every Jew living within their jurisdiction, The information, a kind of standardized census, was recorded on pre-printed cards. However, it looks like the recorder would run out of pre-printed forms and then used a typewriter to write the field names and answers on blank card stock. It's organized alphabetically by surname. It's worth looking through the adjacent scanned images.

Cards were marked with inkstamps, abbreviations, dates, and notes. I didn't find a guide to what these marks mean. Some may refer to camps where the person was sent. B.B., for example may have meant the Bergen Belsen KZ. I found that jotted on Arthur Weinthal's card. He perished there of typhoid a few months before the British liberated the camp.
Welcome to the Online Archive of the Arolsen Archives

Pat Weinthal, USA

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