Re: Russian Travel Permit #russia

Phil Goldfarb

The Russian Empire Internal Passports began in the early 18th century by Peter the Great. They were used to control migration and for travel within the Empire outside of their place of residence. Not only Jews but everyone had to have one which was issued by local municipalities, town dweller administration or police officers. Depending upon class, they were issued for 6 months, 1 year or 2 years and had to be renewed. They ended with the October 1917 Russian Revolution which lifted most limitations upon internal movements of members of the laboring classes. After that time the "Russian Regulations on Employment Record Books" or Russian Labor Booklet was adopted and became the principal means of personal identification. 

I am giving a lecture at the IAJGS meeting next month (It is on tape and can be viewed at any time) titled: Passports: The History of Passports, Passport Applications, Russian/Lithuania/Latvia Internal Passports and the Nansen Passports for Refugees. I have also written two books on the subject. I will be mentoring at the IAJGS meeting on Tuesday, August 3 from 10:00 am EST to 12:00 pm EST

Phil Goldfarb
President, JGS of Tulsa

Join to automatically receive all group messages.