Re: What nationality is my Grandmother? #germany #france

Michele Lock

To the original poster - 

It is not entirely clear from your wording, so I'm asking this for clarification: In 1941, who was considered stateless by the French government? Was it your mother and your sisters? Or was it only your father from Poland? Also, can you clarify which individuals were deported in 1941, and which were able to stay in France?

It sounds like the German government considered your mother to be a French citizen simply because she was born on territory in 1905 that was ceded to France after WW I. However, it seems like the French government in 1941 considered your mother to either be a German citizen (because she was born in territory at the time part of Germany in 1905) or stateless because she and her family had fled Germany for France.

This brings to mind the confusion my immigrant grandmother had about what her nationality was when applying for US citizenship in 1946, after having immigrated in 1913 from Zagare, in what is now Lithuania, but was then the Russian Empire. She wrote down her nationality as 'Jewish', but my grandfather had her change it to Lithuanian in an amendment. However, she (and he) were never citizens of independent interwar Lithuania; they left before the founding of the country in 1920. They did not consider themselves to be either Russian or citizens of the Soviet Union, which by then had overtaken Lithiania again. Looking back on all this, they were really in a predicament, though luckily had no issues gaining US citizenship.

In 1946, there was no independent state of Israel, so one could not have Jewish nationality, or what is more properly termed Israeli nationality.
Michele Lock

Lak/Lok/Liak/Lock and Kalon/Kolon in Zagare/Joniskis/Gruzdziai, Lithuania
Lak/Lok/Liak/Lock in Plunge/Telsiai in Lithuania
Trisinsky/Trushinsky/Sturisky and Leybman in Dotnuva, Lithuania
Olitsky in Alytus, Suwalki, Poland/Lithuania
Gutman/Goodman in Czestochowa, Poland
Lavine/Lev/Lew in Trenton, New Jersey and Lida/Vilna gub., Belarus

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