Re: Bohemia: Neu Zedlisch #austria-czech

Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

Scott Leo wrote today: Last week Celia Male was kind
enough to begin researching my AUERBACH and
GOLDSCHMIDT surnames in the 1793 census of Jews in
Bohemia. In what appears to be breakthrough of sorts
for me, I was very pleased to receive in the mail
today the [U.S.] death certificate for my gt-gt
grandfather, Edward GOLDSCHMIDT [1848-1917], including
his and his parents' town of birth in Bohemia.... "New
Zetlich, Austria".

Jo Feitler >from Chicago has told us something about
the background history [I have his permission to quote -
see footnote] and Scott, you have saved me a lot of
work and I feel vindicated in my conclusion last week
when I wrote about the 4 AUERBACH families of 1793
Bohemia - three of which came >from the Pilsner Kreis:
"Statistically, we might assume that Fanny AUERBACH
[Scott's gtgtgt grandmother married to Abraham
GOLDSCHMIDT] came >from the Schonwald families, Pilsner
Kreis - but that needs to be verified with documentary
evidence. In the next posting, I will concentrate on
GOLDSCHMIDT to see if there is any correlation between
the names and the above locations."

I was in the middle of correlating GOLDSCHMIDT [and
variants] with AUERBACH and had just written: Now is
the turn of the GOLDSCHMIED - Scott's gtgtgt-
grandfather's family >from Bohemia. Where could they
have come from? Eduard GOLDSCHMIED married in NY in
1878 and he was listed as having been born in Bohemia
- his father, probably born ca 1820, was named Abraham
GOLDSCHMIED and his father in turn, may with luck, be
listed in the 1793 census as a baby."

So now, finally here is the exciting news. In Gut Neu
Zetlitz [Nove Sedliste] living in Dorf Neuzetlitz,
Pilsner Kreis [cf AUERBACH], we find two GOLDSCHMIED
families:

Moises, a leather merchant, living in House No 2 with
wife Rachel, sons [in birth order] Israel, Abraham and
Joachim.

In another part of the house lives David, [probably
his brother or cousin] a fleece and cloth merchant,
with wife Rebcka [sic] and son Isak.

One of the GOLDSCHMIED boys listed above [or an, as
yet unborn son] must have been the father of Abraham
GOLDSCHMIED. The *Abraham* listed above, may just be a
toddler of 2-4 years of age, and could in theory also
be the father of Eduard born in 1848, when Abraham
would have been about 57. We have no way of knowing
from this data. That would have to be checked in the
Prague vital records.

In 1793, there were 30 houses in Dorf Neuzetlitz,
inhabited by 31 Jewish families, all Schutzjuden.
There is a substantial item about the village written
by Josef SCHON [umlaut] in Hugo Gold's "Die Juden und
Judengemeinden Bohmens" {The Jews and Jewish
Communities of Bohemia]. This tells us that there are
records with names of inhabitants in a leather-bound
book dated 1751, which hopefully exists in the Jewish
Museum, Prague. All the seats in the synagogue are
designated by name. There appear to be records going
through to 1914 when this once vibrant community was
dissolved and amalgamated with Tachau.

The connection with Tachau which Jo Feitler mentioned
is further substantiated, as early as 1793, by two
items found in the small print and cross-referencing
in the census:

Davit [sic] ASCHERER in 1793 is about to leave Neu
Zetlitz to marry in Tachau.

Joachim NADTLER, who has the tobacco concession for
Tachau, has a large family - four sons and two
daughters - however, his Schutz is >from Neu Zetlitz,
where he appears in the census as Joachim ADLER.

I can already see Scott standing outside House No 2,
Neu Zetlitz, if it still exists! How exciting.

Celia Male [U.K.]

Footnote: Neu Zedlisch [alternative spelling as given
by Scott and Jo] is a little village just outside of
Tachau [Tachov], very close to the German border -
South of Pilsen and Eger (Cheb). Its small Jewish
community gradually disappeared and the records were
transferred to Tachau's Temple. In fact, a small
interior part of the Temple in Neu Zedlisch was
incorporated into Tachau Temple when it was rebuilt
around 1912, just after a major fire in the Jewish
part of Tachau. There is an entire section about Neu
Zedlisch in Cantor Josef Schoen's 1927 book about
Tachau's Jews.

* NB: the previous two postings of this thread were
entitled: Re: [austriaczech] Introduction
(GOLDSCHMIDT, AUERBACH)

Join main@groups.jewishgen.org to automatically receive all group messages.