I know of two stories:
- My brother-in-law's grandfather changed his name from Chorches to Lipman because he didn't want to be drafted.
- I met someone whose father was "adopted" in Russia by another family because his own (original) family had too many sons and they wanted to protect him.
Karen Calmon Lukeman
KALMANOWITZ (Lyubcha and towns near Grodno, Vilna and Minsk)
GOLDSMITH (Bakshty and Ivje)