Re: Military conscription in Poland between the wars #poland


Alexander Sharon
 

The personnel policy that was conducted in the Poland's interwar Army, was severely criticized by representatives of the Jewish minority.

Soldiers of Jewish origin were treated as second-class soldiers or even suspected in advance of disloyalty to Poland.
Jews were removed from entire formations, especially from the Navy, Aviation and Communications.
Even during the Polish-Bolshevik war, a camp in Jabłonna was established, in which about a thousand soldiers and officers of Jewish origin were interned (1).

The decision to create it was issued on August 16, 1920, the camp operated until September 9, 1920; its creation caused an international scandal, from which Minister Sosnkowski had to explain himself to the Sejm (Poland Parliament) and the public.
In responses to parliamentary interpellations, Sosnkowski stated that "Jews are not fit for more serious work than typing".

In connection with the resolution of the Sejm of June 17, 1919, according to which only Polish citizens of Polish nationality could be officers, officers of Jewish origin were degraded, even those who had already been promoted in the independent Poland.

On March 3, 1923, the General Staff of the Polish Army issued a secret order to remove all Jews from the military graphic works From the end of the 1920s, people of Jewish origin were not recruited into the aviation, navy, communications and armored weapons and the Border Protection Corps. Ref. (2), (3)


References:
  1.  Obóz dla internowanych w Jabłonnie. Jewish Historical Institute, 12 lipca 2014. [dostęp 10 lipca 2015].
  2.  Szymon RudnickiŻydzi w parlamencie II Rzeczypospolitej, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sejmowe, 2015, s. 250, ISBN 978-83-7666-363-0ISBN 978-83-7666-412-5.
  3. Jan Kęsik "Służba zasadnicza żołnierzy pochodzenia żydowskiego w Wojsku Polskim w latach 1921-1939", ze zbioru "Żydzi i wojsko polskie w XIX i XX w." IPN 2020, ISBN 978-83-8098-894-1, str. 102, 104

Alexander Sharon

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