Magda Lapedus <Magdil@...>
To Tom Venetianer Jan 8.
I read a long chapter in the Encyclopedia Judaica, Volume He-Ir page
1090 about the emancipation of the Hungarian Jews between 1867-1914.
Eleanor Bien had asked about the reference of the Act of Emancipation
regarding requirement to adopt surnames. There was no mention about surname
adoption in the above chapter.
I believe that this happened during the reign of Joseph II. Emperor of Austria-Hungary.
He was the son of Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria. Joseph II. introduced
many reforms during his reign. He ordered the Jewish population to adopt
surnames. This was the main reason why Jews adopted German names.
Goldberg, Rosenberg, Gruenbaum etc.