business directories newly searchable #hungary

Logan Kleinwaks

I recently added the following business directories with H-SIG
coverage to my search engine at, >from the
series of global directories published by Leuchs:

1841-1846 edition:
Hungary and Transylvania Business Directory (Leuchs vol. 14) {d412}
Tirol, Styria, Illyria, Dalmatia, Trieste Business Directory (Leuchs
vol. 11) {d409}

1863-1868 edition:
Hungary, Transylvania, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Dalmatia Business
Directory (Leuchs vol. 18) {d397}
Tirol, Vorarlberg, Kuestenland Business Directory (Leuchs vol. 16) {d395}

1833 Europe Business Directory (Leuchs) {d423}

These are all included if you search at
with the default options. You can limit a search to one or more of
these directories by appending the codes in {} after your search, like
this: klein {d412, d397}. If you change the "Any Place" dropdown to
"Hungary," these will NOT be searched, since they are all classified
under "Multinational," instead. There is currently no way to search
just the H-SIG sections of these directories, but search results will
often indicate the sections where matches occur (e.g., results from
directory d395 might include "Section: Kuestenland").

All search results link to scans of the matching directory pages. The
Leuchs directory scans are hosted by the Bavarian State Library, which
has impressive online holdings that I expect will yield many more
genealogically useful sources upon further exploration.

I made the directories searchable by using Optical Character
Recognition (OCR) to convert the scanned images to text, a process
that is not 100% accurate (but is much faster than manual
transcription). The accuracy for surnames and occupations is very
good, but the accuracy for town names is not. Therefore, if you are
interested in all the Leuchs entries >from a particular town, I suggest
refering to the place index ("Orts-Register") at the end of each
directory, rather than (or in addition to) searching for the town's

These directories are certainly not comprehensive, so not finding
someone listed in a town's section definitely does not mean (s)he did
not have a business there at the time. For some towns, a relatively
high proportion of the entries are likely Jewish, judging >from their
names only, and, sometimes, Jewish merchants are identified as such,
but, in general, I do not know how well represented Jewish merchants

Should you wish to examine these directories without searching, you
can find links to their scans and their original German titles at

I frequently add directories and other sources to the search engine,
but I usually do not announce additions here. To receive
announcements, follow @gindexer on Twitter.

If you have any research successes with these directories, please let me know!

Best regards,

Logan Kleinwaks
near Washington, D.C.

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