For those of you who can locate family members through the Poor Jews'
Temporary Shelter Database (PJTS), the name of the ship the passenger
left England on is given and the date. With this information, you
will be able to locate the ships's manifest at KEW. However, the
information available to you once you obtain the manifest may be
minimal for the following reasons:

o The names of the passengers usually contain either an initial or an
abbreviation. For instance, Mrs. Ch. Chorez or Mr. C. Zadekowitz.
This can be quite frustrating as is the case of Mrs. Ch. Chorez as
you do not know if the abbreviation "Ch." refers to her first name
which may be Chaya or her husband's first name which may be Chaim.

o The port the passenger is going to such as Algoa Bay, Cape Town,
East London, Natal, etc., is given, but not who they are going to.

The good news is that the following information is provided on the
passenger manifests:

o The name of the ship, its master, tonnage, footage, number of
adult passengers, country where bound, number of voyage days and date
of departure. This can be quite enlightening as the "Arundel Castle"
took sixty-five days to travel >from Southampton, England, to Cape
Town, South Africa, in 1896, while the "Briton" took only forty-five
days to travel >from Southampton, England, to Cape Town, South Africa,
in 1902.

o In addition to the data specific to the ship, there is data
relating to the passengers such as: the port of departure, name of
passenger, profession of passenger (cabinetmaker, carpenter,
contractor, cigarette maker, clerk, cooper, dealer, merchant,
milliner, miner, saddler, storekeeper, tailor, etc.), age of
passenger divided by whether they were English, Scotch, Irish or
Foreigners and then further divided by whether they were married or
single and then whether they were adults (age 12 years or older)
children (between ages 1 and 12 years) or infants (under one years of
age), and the port at which the passengers have contracted to land.

o You may be able to determine who traveled with the passenger and
what ship they came to England on. For instance, Mrs. Ch. Chorez
came with a number of others on the Danish registered ship "Perm"
from Libau. At present, there are no known records of the ship's
manifests >from the "Perm" and other ships that departed >from ports
such as Libau and came to England.

On the ship's manifest, all "Perm" passengers were bracketted. Among
the "Perm" passengers were several who were known to have come >from
the same town (Kupishok) along with Mrs. Ch. Chorez. Another example
is Mr. C. Zadekowitz who was bracketted with six other men listed as
miners. Several of the men were >from families who came >from the same
town (Kupishok) as well.

In addition, you may find discrepancies between what was noted on the
Poor Jews' Temporary Shelter (PJTS) Database and the ship's manifest.
For instance, Mr. C. Zadekowitz was listed as a merchant on the PJTS
and was listed as a miner on the ship's manifest along with six other

The ship's manifests are therefore very intriguing and can raise
quite a few more questions than answers for the researcher. For
those who do not have access to KEW, you can utilize a qualified
marine researcher such as Debby Beavis, who can fill in the bare
bones of the manifest with info on the specific ship or oddities on
the manifest.

Ann Rabinowitz

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