Re: Sources in Vienna - 1826 #austria-czech


Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

Omri Arnon writes: <"My great grandfather Ignacz
(Ignatz) REINITZ, born and raised in Nagykanizsa,
Hungary, attended the University of Vienna in 1826-7.
He was enrolled in the first year of the Philosophy
Faculty in 1826 and probably stopped studying there in
1827/8 when he moved to Budapest to study medicine. I
checked with the University archive and it seems that
while they have Ignacz registered in the University,
they do not hold additional details of the students
from these years.
I know that Ignacz and his widow mother Regina lived
in Vienna these years. Regina probably continued
living in Vienna or possibly Kis Marton (Eisenstadt)
in the late 1820s. I wonder if anyone can help me with
sources that will provide details of their residence
and additional details about Regina REINITZ.">

Omri and I met in Nagykanizsa [Gross Kanitz, Hungary]
in May 2004 when we both attended the very moving
ceremony commemorating the 60th anniversary of the
deportation of the Jews of this town, so I know about
his long-standing quest re Vienna.

Jews were not generally allowed to reside in Vienna
before 1848 unless they were part of the long
established community, military personnel/doctors,
had a "toleriert" status, or were under the
suzerainity of the Turkish Sultan. There was also a
transient population [visitors, physicians, surgeons,
tourists?, academics, traders etc] but they were not
allowed to settle.

In the early 1800s there were under 150 toleriert
Jewish families in the city. {Faktor, Hoffaktor,
wholesalers {Grosshandler}; dealers in textiles,
leather, paper, wool/silk, jewels/gold, alcohol and
manufactured products as well as a predominance of
bankers and moneylenders. There were also servants -
and lesser tradesmen [kosher butchers, gravediggers,
and official dealing with the needs of the Jewish
community. By the early 1900s, the Viennese Jewish
community was one of the largest in W. Europe.

So the fact that Omri's gtgrandfather and gtgt
grandmother were living in Vienna in the 1820s may
just be because she, a widow, had accompanied her son
on his studies - [she had nowhere else to live]. My
gtgrandfather Albert {Abraham} KOHN also came to
Vienna >from Grossbock, Bohemia in the 1850s with his
widowed mother - as an only son, he obviously could
not leave her behind "in the sticks".

The other possibility is that there were already
"toleriert" relatives living in Vienna. There are
lists of "Tolerierte Juden" and also very early trade
directories of Vienna where the Jewish tradesmen are
listed. The available vital records start in the
1780s, but there are records of burials in the old
cemeteries of Vienna well before that. Similarly the
burial book of the Jewish cemetery of Wahring {Vienna}
often has details of origins of the deceased.
Searching for any early "Nagykanizsa deaths" in Vienna
may provide a clue.

I have found an early REINITZ birth in Vienna
Salomon REINITZ Birth: 15 April 1839 - father Hermann
REINITZ and mother Regina. One would have to check the
Jewish birth records to see whether there is an
annotation about Hermann's origins and occupation.
These records often say things like: Handelsmann aus
Eisenstadt, Gross Kanitz etc. The address and
witnesses also may provide valuable clues.

There were only 9 Jewish weddings in Vienna in 1837
and 10 in 1838 - so this REINITZ couple had emigrated
to Vienna from? Hermann REINITZ could be a cousin of
Ignatz - the family connection many have brought
Ignatz and Regina to Vienna in those early days.

The fact that Ignatz was studying at Vienna University
in the 1820s probably implies that his family was
already well-off and very well-established.

Sadly, the extremely valuable Vienna Meldezettel
[registration documents] pre-1900 have been thrown-out
when an over-zealous archivist/bureaucrat decided on a
spring clean - thus destroying much vital data. For an
excellent account of the Meldezettel of Vienna, please
read Peter Lowe's account:

http://www.jewishgen.org/bohmor/TOWNS/Austria/meldezettel.htm

Celia Male [U.K.]

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