Date   

Help Grow JOWBR - Next Update #usa

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's JOWBR Database (JewishGen's Online Worldwide
Burial Registry) (http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/) will be at
year-end and will include all submissions made through November 30. Per
JOWBR's requirements, submissions should include complete cemeteries or
cemetery sections, not individual family burial information.

JOWBR currently contains over 2 million Jewish burial records >from 81
countries. The database grows through the efforts of our donors; Jewish
Genealogical Societies, individuals, historical societies, cemetery
administrators, synagogues and Chevra Kadishas. If you are aware of cemetery
records that are not currently in our database, we would appreciate if you
could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
JOWBR" at http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Submit.htm If you
prefer, you can also watch our online screencasts that show you how JOWBR
works and will also walk you through the completion of the standard
templates, at:
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Screencasts/

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman, JOWBR Coordinator


Yizkor Book Project, October 2013 #usa

Lance Ackerfeld <lance.ackerfeld@...>
 

Shalom,

Busy, busy, busy is how I would describe the level of activity in the Yizkor
Book Project over the month of October. I am pleased to let you know that
over the last month no less than three projects were completed and I would
like to sincerely thank all of the people involved with them who saw these
projects through to their successful completion online. The projects are:

Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and vicinity)
Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
Through Forests and Pathways

This means we now have around 90 projects that are online in their entirety
and quite a few have been published as part of our Yizkor Books in Print
Project and many others are in the process of being prepared for print. More
details of the books that are now available in print and others that are in
the works may be found at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html

All the projects I note in my reports owe their existence to a considerable
number of volunteers (500+) and we endeavor to credit all of those who are
involved and have been involved in the YB Project over the years (>from 1994)
in the following list appearing at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ If you
have yet to become involved in our project and would like to take part in
the very gratifying experience of seeing these translations go online, I'd
be happy to hear >from you.

Now to facts and figures for October, during this last month we have added 6
new projects:

- Kuty, Ukraine (Kitever memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/kuty/kuty.html

- Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski, Poland (Ostrowiec; a monument on the ruins of an
annihilated Jewish community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrowiec/ostrowiec.html

- Otaci, Moldova (Memorial for Ataky: A Memorial Book for a Jewish Community
in Bessarabia) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Otaci/Otaci.html

- Radom, Poland (The book of Radom; the story of a Jewish community in
Poland destroyed by the Nazis)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/radom/radom.html

- Suceava, Romania (The Book of the Jews >from Suceava (Shotz) and the
Surrounding Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Suceava/Suceava.html

- Yavoriv, Ukraine (Monument to the community of Jaworow and the surrounding
region) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Yavoriv/Yavoriv.html

Added in 7 new entries:

- Briceva, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00339.html

- Glod, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar190.html

- Khotyn, Ukraine (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume II)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00353.html

- Lipcani, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00362a.html

- Markuszow, Poland (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Poland, volume
VII) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_poland/pol7_00315.html

- Rozavlea, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar166.html

- Tabor, Czech Republic (The Jews and Jewish Communities of Bohemia in the
past and present) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/bohemia/boh621.html

We have continued to update 26 of our existing projects:

- Belchatow, Poland (Belchatow memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Belchatow/Belchatow.html

- Bialystok, Poland (The chronicle of Bialystok)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bialystok/Bialystok.html

- Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (Akkerman), Ukraine (Akkerman and the Towns of its
District; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Akkerman/Akkerman.html

- Briceva, Moldova (Memorial Book of Brichevo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bricheva/Bricheva.html

- Gargzdai, Lithuania (Gorzd book; A memorial to the Jewish community of
Gorzd) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Gargzdai/Gargzdai.html

- Goniadz, Poland (Our hometown Goniondz)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/goniadz/goniadz.html

- Gorlice, Poland (Gorlice book; the Building and Destruction of the
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/gorlice/gorlice.html

- Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and
vicinity) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Halmeu/Halmeu.html

- Karelichy, Belarus (Korelitz; the life and destruction of a Jewish
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/korelicze/korelicze.html

- Klobuck, Poland (The Book of Klobucko; in memory of a martyred community
which was destroyed) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/klobuck/klobuck.html

- Molchad, Belarus (Molchadz, In Memory of the Jewish Community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Molchadz/Molchadz.html

- Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki, Poland (Memorial book of Nowy-Dwor)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Nowy_Dwor/Nowy_Dwor.html

- Ostrow-Lubelski, Poland (Memorial-Book Ostrow-Lublesk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrow_lubelski/ostrow_lubelski.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozerna.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozernah.html [Hebrew]

- Sanok, Poland (Memorial Book of Sanok and Vicinity)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/sanok/sanok.html

- Shumskoye, Ukraine (Szumsk, memorial book of the martyrs of Szumsk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/szumsk/szumsk.html

- Sierpc, Poland (The Community of Sierpc; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Sierpc/Sierpc.html

- Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Slovakia/Slovakia.html

- Stryy, Ukraine (Book of Stryj)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/stryj2/stryj2.html

- Strzegowo, Poland (Memorial Book of Strzegowo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Strzegowo/Strzegowo.html

- Szczebrzeszyn, Poland (The Book of Memory to the Jewish Community of
Shebreshin) http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Szczebrzeszyn/Szczebrzeszyn.html

- Szrensk, Poland (The Jewish community of Szrensk and the vicinity; a
memorial volume) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Szrensk/Szrensk.html

- Tarnow, Poland (The life and decline of a Jewish city)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tarnow/tarnow.html

- Through Forests and Pathways
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/forests/forests.html

- Tykocin, Poland (Memorial book of Tiktin)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tykocin/tykocin.html

Some important links to note:

- This month's additions and updates are flagged at
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/translations.html to make it easy to find
them.
- All you would like to know about the Yizkor Books in Print Project
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html
- Yizkor Book Translation Funds
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen-erosity/v_projectslist.asp?project_cat=23
where your financial support will assist in seeing more translations go
online.

All the best, Lance Ackerfeld, Yizkor Book Project Manager


Yizkor Book Project, October 2013 #ciechanow #poland

Lance Ackerfeld <lance.ackerfeld@...>
 

Shalom,

Busy, busy, busy is how I would describe the level of activity in the Yizkor
Book Project over the month of October. I am pleased to let you know that
over the last month no less than three projects were completed and I would
like to sincerely thank all of the people involved with them who saw these
projects through to their successful completion online. The projects are:

Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and vicinity)
Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
Through Forests and Pathways

This means we now have around 90 projects that are online in their entirety
and quite a few have been published as part of our Yizkor Books in Print
Project and many others are in the process of being prepared for print. More
details of the books that are now available in print and others that are in
the works may be found at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html

All the projects I note in my reports owe their existence to a considerable
number of volunteers (500+) and we endeavor to credit all of those who are
involved and have been involved in the YB Project over the years (>from 1994)
in the following list appearing at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ If you
have yet to become involved in our project and would like to take part in
the very gratifying experience of seeing these translations go online, I'd
be happy to hear >from you.

Now to facts and figures for October, during this last month we have added 6
new projects:

- Kuty, Ukraine (Kitever memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/kuty/kuty.html

- Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski, Poland (Ostrowiec; a monument on the ruins of an
annihilated Jewish community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrowiec/ostrowiec.html

- Otaci, Moldova (Memorial for Ataky: A Memorial Book for a Jewish Community
in Bessarabia) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Otaci/Otaci.html

- Radom, Poland (The book of Radom; the story of a Jewish community in
Poland destroyed by the Nazis)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/radom/radom.html

- Suceava, Romania (The Book of the Jews >from Suceava (Shotz) and the
Surrounding Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Suceava/Suceava.html

- Yavoriv, Ukraine (Monument to the community of Jaworow and the surrounding
region) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Yavoriv/Yavoriv.html

Added in 7 new entries:

- Briceva, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00339.html

- Glod, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar190.html

- Khotyn, Ukraine (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume II)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00353.html

- Lipcani, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00362a.html

- Markuszow, Poland (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Poland, volume
VII) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_poland/pol7_00315.html

- Rozavlea, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar166.html

- Tabor, Czech Republic (The Jews and Jewish Communities of Bohemia in the
past and present) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/bohemia/boh621.html

We have continued to update 26 of our existing projects:

- Belchatow, Poland (Belchatow memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Belchatow/Belchatow.html

- Bialystok, Poland (The chronicle of Bialystok)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bialystok/Bialystok.html

- Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (Akkerman), Ukraine (Akkerman and the Towns of its
District; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Akkerman/Akkerman.html

- Briceva, Moldova (Memorial Book of Brichevo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bricheva/Bricheva.html

- Gargzdai, Lithuania (Gorzd book; A memorial to the Jewish community of
Gorzd) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Gargzdai/Gargzdai.html

- Goniadz, Poland (Our hometown Goniondz)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/goniadz/goniadz.html

- Gorlice, Poland (Gorlice book; the Building and Destruction of the
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/gorlice/gorlice.html

- Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and
vicinity) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Halmeu/Halmeu.html

- Karelichy, Belarus (Korelitz; the life and destruction of a Jewish
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/korelicze/korelicze.html

- Klobuck, Poland (The Book of Klobucko; in memory of a martyred community
which was destroyed) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/klobuck/klobuck.html

- Molchad, Belarus (Molchadz, In Memory of the Jewish Community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Molchadz/Molchadz.html

- Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki, Poland (Memorial book of Nowy-Dwor)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Nowy_Dwor/Nowy_Dwor.html

- Ostrow-Lubelski, Poland (Memorial-Book Ostrow-Lublesk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrow_lubelski/ostrow_lubelski.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozerna.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozernah.html [Hebrew]

- Sanok, Poland (Memorial Book of Sanok and Vicinity)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/sanok/sanok.html

- Shumskoye, Ukraine (Szumsk, memorial book of the martyrs of Szumsk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/szumsk/szumsk.html

- Sierpc, Poland (The Community of Sierpc; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Sierpc/Sierpc.html

- Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Slovakia/Slovakia.html

- Stryy, Ukraine (Book of Stryj)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/stryj2/stryj2.html

- Strzegowo, Poland (Memorial Book of Strzegowo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Strzegowo/Strzegowo.html

- Szczebrzeszyn, Poland (The Book of Memory to the Jewish Community of
Shebreshin) http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Szczebrzeszyn/Szczebrzeszyn.html

- Szrensk, Poland (The Jewish community of Szrensk and the vicinity; a
memorial volume) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Szrensk/Szrensk.html

- Tarnow, Poland (The life and decline of a Jewish city)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tarnow/tarnow.html

- Through Forests and Pathways
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/forests/forests.html

- Tykocin, Poland (Memorial book of Tiktin)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tykocin/tykocin.html

Some important links to note:

- This month's additions and updates are flagged at
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/translations.html to make it easy to find
them.
- All you would like to know about the Yizkor Books in Print Project
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html
- Yizkor Book Translation Funds
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen-erosity/v_projectslist.asp?project_cat=23
where your financial support will assist in seeing more translations go
online.

All the best,
Lance Ackerfeld
Yizkor Book Project Manager


Memorial Plaque Project Update #ciechanow #poland

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's Memorial Plaque Project
(http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/) will be at year-end and will
include all submissions made through November 30.

The Memorial Plaque Project database currently contains close to 30,000
records >from 46 synagogues/organizations in 3 countries. The database grows
through the efforts of our donors; Jewish Genealogical Societies,
individuals, Jewish day schools, and synagogues. If you are aware of Yizkor
lists or memorial plaques that are not currently in our database, we would
appreciate if you could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
the JewishGen Memorial Plaque Database" at
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/Submit.htm

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman
Memorial Plaque Project Coordinator


Early American SIG #USA Help Grow JOWBR - Next Update #usa

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's JOWBR Database (JewishGen's Online Worldwide
Burial Registry) (http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/) will be at
year-end and will include all submissions made through November 30. Per
JOWBR's requirements, submissions should include complete cemeteries or
cemetery sections, not individual family burial information.

JOWBR currently contains over 2 million Jewish burial records >from 81
countries. The database grows through the efforts of our donors; Jewish
Genealogical Societies, individuals, historical societies, cemetery
administrators, synagogues and Chevra Kadishas. If you are aware of cemetery
records that are not currently in our database, we would appreciate if you
could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
JOWBR" at http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Submit.htm If you
prefer, you can also watch our online screencasts that show you how JOWBR
works and will also walk you through the completion of the standard
templates, at:
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Screencasts/

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman, JOWBR Coordinator


Early American SIG #USA Yizkor Book Project, October 2013 #usa

Lance Ackerfeld <lance.ackerfeld@...>
 

Shalom,

Busy, busy, busy is how I would describe the level of activity in the Yizkor
Book Project over the month of October. I am pleased to let you know that
over the last month no less than three projects were completed and I would
like to sincerely thank all of the people involved with them who saw these
projects through to their successful completion online. The projects are:

Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and vicinity)
Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
Through Forests and Pathways

This means we now have around 90 projects that are online in their entirety
and quite a few have been published as part of our Yizkor Books in Print
Project and many others are in the process of being prepared for print. More
details of the books that are now available in print and others that are in
the works may be found at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html

All the projects I note in my reports owe their existence to a considerable
number of volunteers (500+) and we endeavor to credit all of those who are
involved and have been involved in the YB Project over the years (>from 1994)
in the following list appearing at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ If you
have yet to become involved in our project and would like to take part in
the very gratifying experience of seeing these translations go online, I'd
be happy to hear >from you.

Now to facts and figures for October, during this last month we have added 6
new projects:

- Kuty, Ukraine (Kitever memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/kuty/kuty.html

- Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski, Poland (Ostrowiec; a monument on the ruins of an
annihilated Jewish community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrowiec/ostrowiec.html

- Otaci, Moldova (Memorial for Ataky: A Memorial Book for a Jewish Community
in Bessarabia) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Otaci/Otaci.html

- Radom, Poland (The book of Radom; the story of a Jewish community in
Poland destroyed by the Nazis)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/radom/radom.html

- Suceava, Romania (The Book of the Jews >from Suceava (Shotz) and the
Surrounding Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Suceava/Suceava.html

- Yavoriv, Ukraine (Monument to the community of Jaworow and the surrounding
region) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Yavoriv/Yavoriv.html

Added in 7 new entries:

- Briceva, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00339.html

- Glod, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar190.html

- Khotyn, Ukraine (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume II)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00353.html

- Lipcani, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00362a.html

- Markuszow, Poland (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Poland, volume
VII) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_poland/pol7_00315.html

- Rozavlea, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar166.html

- Tabor, Czech Republic (The Jews and Jewish Communities of Bohemia in the
past and present) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/bohemia/boh621.html

We have continued to update 26 of our existing projects:

- Belchatow, Poland (Belchatow memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Belchatow/Belchatow.html

- Bialystok, Poland (The chronicle of Bialystok)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bialystok/Bialystok.html

- Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (Akkerman), Ukraine (Akkerman and the Towns of its
District; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Akkerman/Akkerman.html

- Briceva, Moldova (Memorial Book of Brichevo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bricheva/Bricheva.html

- Gargzdai, Lithuania (Gorzd book; A memorial to the Jewish community of
Gorzd) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Gargzdai/Gargzdai.html

- Goniadz, Poland (Our hometown Goniondz)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/goniadz/goniadz.html

- Gorlice, Poland (Gorlice book; the Building and Destruction of the
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/gorlice/gorlice.html

- Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and
vicinity) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Halmeu/Halmeu.html

- Karelichy, Belarus (Korelitz; the life and destruction of a Jewish
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/korelicze/korelicze.html

- Klobuck, Poland (The Book of Klobucko; in memory of a martyred community
which was destroyed) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/klobuck/klobuck.html

- Molchad, Belarus (Molchadz, In Memory of the Jewish Community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Molchadz/Molchadz.html

- Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki, Poland (Memorial book of Nowy-Dwor)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Nowy_Dwor/Nowy_Dwor.html

- Ostrow-Lubelski, Poland (Memorial-Book Ostrow-Lublesk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrow_lubelski/ostrow_lubelski.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozerna.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozernah.html [Hebrew]

- Sanok, Poland (Memorial Book of Sanok and Vicinity)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/sanok/sanok.html

- Shumskoye, Ukraine (Szumsk, memorial book of the martyrs of Szumsk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/szumsk/szumsk.html

- Sierpc, Poland (The Community of Sierpc; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Sierpc/Sierpc.html

- Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Slovakia/Slovakia.html

- Stryy, Ukraine (Book of Stryj)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/stryj2/stryj2.html

- Strzegowo, Poland (Memorial Book of Strzegowo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Strzegowo/Strzegowo.html

- Szczebrzeszyn, Poland (The Book of Memory to the Jewish Community of
Shebreshin) http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Szczebrzeszyn/Szczebrzeszyn.html

- Szrensk, Poland (The Jewish community of Szrensk and the vicinity; a
memorial volume) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Szrensk/Szrensk.html

- Tarnow, Poland (The life and decline of a Jewish city)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tarnow/tarnow.html

- Through Forests and Pathways
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/forests/forests.html

- Tykocin, Poland (Memorial book of Tiktin)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tykocin/tykocin.html

Some important links to note:

- This month's additions and updates are flagged at
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/translations.html to make it easy to find
them.
- All you would like to know about the Yizkor Books in Print Project
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html
- Yizkor Book Translation Funds
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen-erosity/v_projectslist.asp?project_cat=23
where your financial support will assist in seeing more translations go
online.

All the best, Lance Ackerfeld, Yizkor Book Project Manager


#Ciechanow #Poland Yizkor Book Project, October 2013 #ciechanow #poland

Lance Ackerfeld <lance.ackerfeld@...>
 

Shalom,

Busy, busy, busy is how I would describe the level of activity in the Yizkor
Book Project over the month of October. I am pleased to let you know that
over the last month no less than three projects were completed and I would
like to sincerely thank all of the people involved with them who saw these
projects through to their successful completion online. The projects are:

Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and vicinity)
Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
Through Forests and Pathways

This means we now have around 90 projects that are online in their entirety
and quite a few have been published as part of our Yizkor Books in Print
Project and many others are in the process of being prepared for print. More
details of the books that are now available in print and others that are in
the works may be found at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html

All the projects I note in my reports owe their existence to a considerable
number of volunteers (500+) and we endeavor to credit all of those who are
involved and have been involved in the YB Project over the years (>from 1994)
in the following list appearing at: http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ If you
have yet to become involved in our project and would like to take part in
the very gratifying experience of seeing these translations go online, I'd
be happy to hear >from you.

Now to facts and figures for October, during this last month we have added 6
new projects:

- Kuty, Ukraine (Kitever memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/kuty/kuty.html

- Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski, Poland (Ostrowiec; a monument on the ruins of an
annihilated Jewish community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrowiec/ostrowiec.html

- Otaci, Moldova (Memorial for Ataky: A Memorial Book for a Jewish Community
in Bessarabia) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Otaci/Otaci.html

- Radom, Poland (The book of Radom; the story of a Jewish community in
Poland destroyed by the Nazis)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/radom/radom.html

- Suceava, Romania (The Book of the Jews >from Suceava (Shotz) and the
Surrounding Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Suceava/Suceava.html

- Yavoriv, Ukraine (Monument to the community of Jaworow and the surrounding
region) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Yavoriv/Yavoriv.html

Added in 7 new entries:

- Briceva, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00339.html

- Glod, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar190.html

- Khotyn, Ukraine (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume II)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00353.html

- Lipcani, Moldova (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Romania, Volume
II) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_romania/rom2_00362a.html

- Markuszow, Poland (Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Poland, volume
VII) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_poland/pol7_00315.html

- Rozavlea, Romania (The Marmaros Book; In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/maramures/mar166.html

- Tabor, Czech Republic (The Jews and Jewish Communities of Bohemia in the
past and present) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/bohemia/boh621.html

We have continued to update 26 of our existing projects:

- Belchatow, Poland (Belchatow memorial book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Belchatow/Belchatow.html

- Bialystok, Poland (The chronicle of Bialystok)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bialystok/Bialystok.html

- Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyy (Akkerman), Ukraine (Akkerman and the Towns of its
District; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Akkerman/Akkerman.html

- Briceva, Moldova (Memorial Book of Brichevo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Bricheva/Bricheva.html

- Gargzdai, Lithuania (Gorzd book; A memorial to the Jewish community of
Gorzd) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Gargzdai/Gargzdai.html

- Goniadz, Poland (Our hometown Goniondz)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/goniadz/goniadz.html

- Gorlice, Poland (Gorlice book; the Building and Destruction of the
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/gorlice/gorlice.html

- Halmeu, Romania (In memory of the communities of Halmin-Turcz and
vicinity) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Halmeu/Halmeu.html

- Karelichy, Belarus (Korelitz; the life and destruction of a Jewish
community) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/korelicze/korelicze.html

- Klobuck, Poland (The Book of Klobucko; in memory of a martyred community
which was destroyed) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/klobuck/klobuck.html

- Molchad, Belarus (Molchadz, In Memory of the Jewish Community)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Molchadz/Molchadz.html

- Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki, Poland (Memorial book of Nowy-Dwor)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Nowy_Dwor/Nowy_Dwor.html

- Ostrow-Lubelski, Poland (Memorial-Book Ostrow-Lublesk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ostrow_lubelski/ostrow_lubelski.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozerna.html

- Ozerna, Ukraine (Memorial book of Jezierna)
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Ozerna/Ozernah.html [Hebrew]

- Sanok, Poland (Memorial Book of Sanok and Vicinity)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/sanok/sanok.html

- Shumskoye, Ukraine (Szumsk, memorial book of the martyrs of Szumsk)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/szumsk/szumsk.html

- Sierpc, Poland (The Community of Sierpc; Memorial Book)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Sierpc/Sierpc.html

- Slovakia (The Tragedy of Slovak Jewry in Slovakia)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Slovakia/Slovakia.html

- Stryy, Ukraine (Book of Stryj)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/stryj2/stryj2.html

- Strzegowo, Poland (Memorial Book of Strzegowo)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Strzegowo/Strzegowo.html

- Szczebrzeszyn, Poland (The Book of Memory to the Jewish Community of
Shebreshin) http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Szczebrzeszyn/Szczebrzeszyn.html

- Szrensk, Poland (The Jewish community of Szrensk and the vicinity; a
memorial volume) http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Szrensk/Szrensk.html

- Tarnow, Poland (The life and decline of a Jewish city)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tarnow/tarnow.html

- Through Forests and Pathways
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/forests/forests.html

- Tykocin, Poland (Memorial book of Tiktin)
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/tykocin/tykocin.html

Some important links to note:

- This month's additions and updates are flagged at
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/translations.html to make it easy to find
them.
- All you would like to know about the Yizkor Books in Print Project
http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip.html
- Yizkor Book Translation Funds
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen-erosity/v_projectslist.asp?project_cat=23
where your financial support will assist in seeing more translations go
online.

All the best,
Lance Ackerfeld
Yizkor Book Project Manager


#Ciechanow #Poland Memorial Plaque Project Update #ciechanow #poland

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's Memorial Plaque Project
(http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/) will be at year-end and will
include all submissions made through November 30.

The Memorial Plaque Project database currently contains close to 30,000
records >from 46 synagogues/organizations in 3 countries. The database grows
through the efforts of our donors; Jewish Genealogical Societies,
individuals, Jewish day schools, and synagogues. If you are aware of Yizkor
lists or memorial plaques that are not currently in our database, we would
appreciate if you could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
the JewishGen Memorial Plaque Database" at
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/Submit.htm

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman
Memorial Plaque Project Coordinator


Memorial Plaque Project Update #usa

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's Memorial Plaque Project
(http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/) will be at year-end and will
include all submissions made through November 30.

The Memorial Plaque Project database currently contains close to 30,000
records >from 46 synagogues/organizations in 3 countries. The database grows
through the efforts of our donors; Jewish Genealogical Societies,
individuals, Jewish day schools, and synagogues. If you are aware of Yizkor
lists or memorial plaques that are not currently in our database, we would
appreciate if you could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
the JewishGen Memorial Plaque Database" at
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/Submit.htm

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman
Memorial Plaque Project Coordinator


Early American SIG #USA Memorial Plaque Project Update #usa

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's Memorial Plaque Project
(http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/) will be at year-end and will
include all submissions made through November 30.

The Memorial Plaque Project database currently contains close to 30,000
records >from 46 synagogues/organizations in 3 countries. The database grows
through the efforts of our donors; Jewish Genealogical Societies,
individuals, Jewish day schools, and synagogues. If you are aware of Yizkor
lists or memorial plaques that are not currently in our database, we would
appreciate if you could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
the JewishGen Memorial Plaque Database" at
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/Submit.htm

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman
Memorial Plaque Project Coordinator


Help Grow JOWBR - Next Update #germany

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's JOWBR Database (JewishGen's Online Worldwide
Burial Registry) (http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/) will be at
year-end and will include all submissions made through November 30. Per
JOWBR's requirements, submissions should include complete cemeteries or
cemetery sections, not individual family burial information.

JOWBR currently contains over 2 million Jewish burial records >from 81
countries. The database grows through the efforts of our donors; Jewish
Genealogical Societies, individuals, historical societies, cemetery
administrators, synagogues and Chevra Kadishas. If you are aware of cemetery
records that are not currently in our database, we would appreciate if you
could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
JOWBR" at http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Submit.htm If you
prefer, you can also watch our online screencasts that show you how JOWBR
works and will also walk you through the completion of the standard
templates, at:

http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Screencasts/

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman, JOWBR Coordinator


German SIG #Germany Help Grow JOWBR - Next Update #germany

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's JOWBR Database (JewishGen's Online Worldwide
Burial Registry) (http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/) will be at
year-end and will include all submissions made through November 30. Per
JOWBR's requirements, submissions should include complete cemeteries or
cemetery sections, not individual family burial information.

JOWBR currently contains over 2 million Jewish burial records >from 81
countries. The database grows through the efforts of our donors; Jewish
Genealogical Societies, individuals, historical societies, cemetery
administrators, synagogues and Chevra Kadishas. If you are aware of cemetery
records that are not currently in our database, we would appreciate if you
could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
JOWBR" at http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Submit.htm If you
prefer, you can also watch our online screencasts that show you how JOWBR
works and will also walk you through the completion of the standard
templates, at:

http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Screencasts/

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman, JOWBR Coordinator


Memorial Plaque Project Update #germany

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's Memorial Plaque Project
(http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/) will be at year-end and will
include all submissions made through November 30.

The Memorial Plaque Project database currently contains close to 30,000
records >from 46 synagogues/organizations in 3 countries. The database grows
through the efforts of our donors; Jewish Genealogical Societies,
individuals, Jewish day schools, and synagogues. If you are aware of Yizkor
lists or memorial plaques that are not currently in our database, we would
appreciate if you could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
the JewishGen Memorial Plaque Database" at
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/Submit.htm

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman, Memorial Plaque Project Coordinator


German SIG #Germany Memorial Plaque Project Update #germany

Nolan Altman
 

The next update to JewishGen's Memorial Plaque Project
(http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/) will be at year-end and will
include all submissions made through November 30.

The Memorial Plaque Project database currently contains close to 30,000
records >from 46 synagogues/organizations in 3 countries. The database grows
through the efforts of our donors; Jewish Genealogical Societies,
individuals, Jewish day schools, and synagogues. If you are aware of Yizkor
lists or memorial plaques that are not currently in our database, we would
appreciate if you could help us obtain them and help grow the database.

If you're interested in making a submission, please see "Submitting Data to
the JewishGen Memorial Plaque Database" at
http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Memorial/Submit.htm

If you have any questions, please contact me at NAltman@JewishGen.org

Thank you in advance for your help!

Nolan Altman, Memorial Plaque Project Coordinator


SITE CITE - FindAGrave now has data on holocaust victims #germany

Barbara Algaze
 

The data on the free website at www.FindAGrave.com is courtesy of hundreds
of volunteers world wide who post information on cemeteries and the names
and (sometimes) photos of tombstones in these cemeteries all around the
world. It now also has data on some holocaust victims.

I have found 72,743 interments for Shoah Memorial in Ile-de-France
142,106 interments under Jews of Germany murdered in the Holocaust Mitte
Berlin Germany
161,600 interments for Dachau KZ - Dachau, Dachauer Landkreis Bavaria
(Bayern) Germany
985 interments for Theresienstadt Concentration Camp Terezin
(Theresienstadt) Ustecky Czech Republic
13,706 interments for Auschwitz Death Camp Also known as: Auschwitz
Concentration Camp Oswiecim Malopolskie Poland
I am sure that there are others. If anyone can find additional lists, please
share them with this group.

Most of the names have (>from what I can tell) accurate birth dates, but no
dates of death.

It looks as if the information was submitted by a group called,
"International Wargraves Photography Project"
You can read more about this group at
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=mr&MRid=46770518
I do not know know >from where they obtained their data.

I found my grandmother under "Jews of Germany murdered in the Holocaust
Mitte Berlin Germany" even though she lived in Wilmersdorf, her last two
addresses were Lietzenburger Str. 29, and Johann Georg Str. 7 and she was
deported >from Berlin with the 10th transport to Riga, on Jan 25, 1942.

Barbara Algaze, Los Angeles, California, <Algaze3@gmail.com>


German SIG #Germany SITE CITE - FindAGrave now has data on holocaust victims #germany

Barbara Algaze
 

The data on the free website at www.FindAGrave.com is courtesy of hundreds
of volunteers world wide who post information on cemeteries and the names
and (sometimes) photos of tombstones in these cemeteries all around the
world. It now also has data on some holocaust victims.

I have found 72,743 interments for Shoah Memorial in Ile-de-France
142,106 interments under Jews of Germany murdered in the Holocaust Mitte
Berlin Germany
161,600 interments for Dachau KZ - Dachau, Dachauer Landkreis Bavaria
(Bayern) Germany
985 interments for Theresienstadt Concentration Camp Terezin
(Theresienstadt) Ustecky Czech Republic
13,706 interments for Auschwitz Death Camp Also known as: Auschwitz
Concentration Camp Oswiecim Malopolskie Poland
I am sure that there are others. If anyone can find additional lists, please
share them with this group.

Most of the names have (>from what I can tell) accurate birth dates, but no
dates of death.

It looks as if the information was submitted by a group called,
"International Wargraves Photography Project"
You can read more about this group at
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=mr&MRid=46770518
I do not know know >from where they obtained their data.

I found my grandmother under "Jews of Germany murdered in the Holocaust
Mitte Berlin Germany" even though she lived in Wilmersdorf, her last two
addresses were Lietzenburger Str. 29, and Johann Georg Str. 7 and she was
deported >from Berlin with the 10th transport to Riga, on Jan 25, 1942.

Barbara Algaze, Los Angeles, California, <Algaze3@gmail.com>


Re: Accuracy of dates in public records & sources #germany

Jeff Lewy <airbair@...>
 

I would like to make one comment to amplify John Lowens' statement on
date conflicts in records of the same event. Keep in mind that there
may be a later request for the information of the event, which may
have a much later date than the event.

I saw one just yesterday - a "birth certificate" (Geburtsschein) from
8 Sep 1910, with an entry date of 10 Sep 1910, and a "witness of
birth" (Geburtskunde) for the same person, same birthdate, 8 Sep 1910,
and an entry date of 21 Jul 1938. This second record was basically a
notarized statement (made in a different place) by the father of his
son's birthdate, which was used by the son as part of his papers to
leave Germany for Palestine (just in time). (the father left, too.)

In my own family, seven children were born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
between 1860 and 1872. Birth records began there in 1872, but all
seven are in the records. When I actually went to Milwaukee and saw
the records books, I found that all seven were recorded on the same
day - just after the birth of the last of the seven!

In the US, delayed birth certificates were not uncommon. A midwife
might report all the births she assisted in the few times she went to
the county seat; a birth at home might not be reported, and then
recorded when the baby was an adult and needed another document (like
a passport) which required "proof of birth."

The moral of the story is that our current passion for accuracy and
detail is a product of our own times, and not always true for the past
(even when there wasn't a good reason to fudge the truth).

Jeff Lewy, San Francisco, CA USA [Reply off list to] <airbair@gmail.com>


German SIG #Germany Re: Accuracy of dates in public records & sources #germany

Jeff Lewy <airbair@...>
 

I would like to make one comment to amplify John Lowens' statement on
date conflicts in records of the same event. Keep in mind that there
may be a later request for the information of the event, which may
have a much later date than the event.

I saw one just yesterday - a "birth certificate" (Geburtsschein) from
8 Sep 1910, with an entry date of 10 Sep 1910, and a "witness of
birth" (Geburtskunde) for the same person, same birthdate, 8 Sep 1910,
and an entry date of 21 Jul 1938. This second record was basically a
notarized statement (made in a different place) by the father of his
son's birthdate, which was used by the son as part of his papers to
leave Germany for Palestine (just in time). (the father left, too.)

In my own family, seven children were born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
between 1860 and 1872. Birth records began there in 1872, but all
seven are in the records. When I actually went to Milwaukee and saw
the records books, I found that all seven were recorded on the same
day - just after the birth of the last of the seven!

In the US, delayed birth certificates were not uncommon. A midwife
might report all the births she assisted in the few times she went to
the county seat; a birth at home might not be reported, and then
recorded when the baby was an adult and needed another document (like
a passport) which required "proof of birth."

The moral of the story is that our current passion for accuracy and
detail is a product of our own times, and not always true for the past
(even when there wasn't a good reason to fudge the truth).

Jeff Lewy, San Francisco, CA USA [Reply off list to] <airbair@gmail.com>


Re: Accuracy of dates in public records & sources #germany

Sally Bruckheimer
 

Dates are inaccurate for many reasons. People might remember wrong (or changing
calendars, >from Jewish or Julian to Gregorian), but I think most of the time is simply
differences in rites.

The records >from Europe are usually civil registry dates. This couple married civilly
on a certain date. However, they may have married religiously long before.
Sometimes you see civil marriage records where a couple had already had 15 kids.
Sometimes this is because a widow and widower married, but if you look at the birth
records of the kids, often the kids were the biological children of the couple, and
the civil marriage presumably takes place many years after the religious marriage.
Why this happens is often a mystery, but it may have happened because of changes
in the tax on (civil) marriages, or there may have been some effort by the government
to get people to marry. Perhaps, as we have 'vow renewal' ceremonies today, a couple
might have married civilly after many years, just to celebrate and confirm their marriage
(this is a guess on my part, I don't know of any instance, but we often don't know why).

Since there was no reason to marry civilly to emigrate, that probably wasn't done.
A man and a woman with kids could leave just as legally (or illegally) as a family.
And, if the couple was going to America, they needed no papers at all to immigrate,
but they might have wanted to have a civil marriage record, perhaps if they had a
fire and their ketubah was destroyed.

Sally Bruckheimer, Princeton, NJ sallybruc@yahoo.com

[Moderator note: "Civil" marriage in Germany is explained in the Expedia article
cited in this Forum yesterday. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standesamt


German SIG #Germany Re: Accuracy of dates in public records & sources #germany

Sally Bruckheimer
 

Dates are inaccurate for many reasons. People might remember wrong (or changing
calendars, >from Jewish or Julian to Gregorian), but I think most of the time is simply
differences in rites.

The records >from Europe are usually civil registry dates. This couple married civilly
on a certain date. However, they may have married religiously long before.
Sometimes you see civil marriage records where a couple had already had 15 kids.
Sometimes this is because a widow and widower married, but if you look at the birth
records of the kids, often the kids were the biological children of the couple, and
the civil marriage presumably takes place many years after the religious marriage.
Why this happens is often a mystery, but it may have happened because of changes
in the tax on (civil) marriages, or there may have been some effort by the government
to get people to marry. Perhaps, as we have 'vow renewal' ceremonies today, a couple
might have married civilly after many years, just to celebrate and confirm their marriage
(this is a guess on my part, I don't know of any instance, but we often don't know why).

Since there was no reason to marry civilly to emigrate, that probably wasn't done.
A man and a woman with kids could leave just as legally (or illegally) as a family.
And, if the couple was going to America, they needed no papers at all to immigrate,
but they might have wanted to have a civil marriage record, perhaps if they had a
fire and their ketubah was destroyed.

Sally Bruckheimer, Princeton, NJ sallybruc@yahoo.com

[Moderator note: "Civil" marriage in Germany is explained in the Expedia article
cited in this Forum yesterday. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standesamt

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