Date   

Cemetery records #bessarabia

Yefim Kogan
 

Dear researchers,

I am working now on Akkerman Jewish Cemetery second reading, and decided to
share with you some thoughts about writings we see at the tombstones.

I should tell you that the writings may have more information that we are
translating/transcribing, that is why it is so important to get access to
the images of the tombstones.

So, what we usually have at the stone:

First name, father's name, date of death - that information is at any
tombstone of any century (unless it is not readable or broken).
Surnames - only in some inscriptions of 19c, also in 18c Jews in Bessarabia
did not have surnames.
Occasionally you see Maiden name, and where person was born. On many stones
there is date of birth, especially in 20 century.

In the "soviet" era >from after World War II, we have photos of person died
attached to the stone or engraved into the stone. Sometimes you see very
elaborate pictures or even sculptures of people. I know that it is not
supposed to be at the Jewish grave, but this is a reality and you see
images of people at the cemeteries even in Israel now. There are graves
when only PHOTO survived, and there is no writing at the grave. Some photos
can provide additional information about the diseased, like he was a veteran
of the war, you can see his war time medals, uniform, etc.

At the graves after the World War II, in addition to person died, you can
see one or more names of close relatives, friends perished in the war. Most
likely nobody knows where they were buried or they might be buried in a Mass
grave during the war, or they got killed by Nazis, or killed on the front of
the war or during evacuation. I saw in such writings that a person was
killed on a battle for Stalingrad or Sevastopol. At my grandmother's grave
in Kishinev Jewish Cemetery, there are also 3 other names - my grandfather,
died in coal mine in Siberia in 1944, nobody knows where he was buried; my
other grandmother, died in 1940 in Kaushany, cemetery was destroyed in 60s
and a third relative died during the war. All these names, likely NOT
buried on that cemetery, but we are transcribing their names and you can
find them too.

Occasionally Professions of the diseased. It is not on every stone, but you
can see Doctors, Teachers, Construction Builders, Engineer, Pharmacist,
military.

Versus, poems written in honor of the diseased person. We are not
transcribing that! Of course it is not on every tombstone, but sometimes
you can see poetry in Hebrew or Russian. Sometimes a line addressed to
the diseased is written, like "Dear mother, you are always be in our hearts
and in our memory", or "Thank you that you were with us".

People who buried the diseased, put the monument, like Father and son, or
Nephew, or >from daughter and granddaughter. Several times I saw even names
of people who put the monument.

Jewish symbols: >from no Jewish symbols at all to variety of symbols,
including symbols for kohanim, leviim, also grave for young person, etc.

This month an Akkerman Jewish Cemetery will be completed and send to JOWBR
and next month - a large Rashkov Jewish Cemetery be completed with graves
from 18 century.
All the best,
Yefim Kogan
JewishGen/Bessarabia SIG Leader and Coordinator


Bessarabia SIG #Bessarabia Cemetery records #bessarabia

Yefim Kogan
 

Dear researchers,

I am working now on Akkerman Jewish Cemetery second reading, and decided to
share with you some thoughts about writings we see at the tombstones.

I should tell you that the writings may have more information that we are
translating/transcribing, that is why it is so important to get access to
the images of the tombstones.

So, what we usually have at the stone:

First name, father's name, date of death - that information is at any
tombstone of any century (unless it is not readable or broken).
Surnames - only in some inscriptions of 19c, also in 18c Jews in Bessarabia
did not have surnames.
Occasionally you see Maiden name, and where person was born. On many stones
there is date of birth, especially in 20 century.

In the "soviet" era >from after World War II, we have photos of person died
attached to the stone or engraved into the stone. Sometimes you see very
elaborate pictures or even sculptures of people. I know that it is not
supposed to be at the Jewish grave, but this is a reality and you see
images of people at the cemeteries even in Israel now. There are graves
when only PHOTO survived, and there is no writing at the grave. Some photos
can provide additional information about the diseased, like he was a veteran
of the war, you can see his war time medals, uniform, etc.

At the graves after the World War II, in addition to person died, you can
see one or more names of close relatives, friends perished in the war. Most
likely nobody knows where they were buried or they might be buried in a Mass
grave during the war, or they got killed by Nazis, or killed on the front of
the war or during evacuation. I saw in such writings that a person was
killed on a battle for Stalingrad or Sevastopol. At my grandmother's grave
in Kishinev Jewish Cemetery, there are also 3 other names - my grandfather,
died in coal mine in Siberia in 1944, nobody knows where he was buried; my
other grandmother, died in 1940 in Kaushany, cemetery was destroyed in 60s
and a third relative died during the war. All these names, likely NOT
buried on that cemetery, but we are transcribing their names and you can
find them too.

Occasionally Professions of the diseased. It is not on every stone, but you
can see Doctors, Teachers, Construction Builders, Engineer, Pharmacist,
military.

Versus, poems written in honor of the diseased person. We are not
transcribing that! Of course it is not on every tombstone, but sometimes
you can see poetry in Hebrew or Russian. Sometimes a line addressed to
the diseased is written, like "Dear mother, you are always be in our hearts
and in our memory", or "Thank you that you were with us".

People who buried the diseased, put the monument, like Father and son, or
Nephew, or >from daughter and granddaughter. Several times I saw even names
of people who put the monument.

Jewish symbols: >from no Jewish symbols at all to variety of symbols,
including symbols for kohanim, leviim, also grave for young person, etc.

This month an Akkerman Jewish Cemetery will be completed and send to JOWBR
and next month - a large Rashkov Jewish Cemetery be completed with graves
from 18 century.
All the best,
Yefim Kogan
JewishGen/Bessarabia SIG Leader and Coordinator


Bessarabia SIG new website #bessarabia

Yefim Kogan
 

Hi everybody,

As you all know we had upgraded Bessarabia SIG website to a modern website
with many nice features.

There is a common issue when you upgrade to a new website - you need to
RE-LOAD the site pages. Some times you have on your computer saved "old"
pages, and they are trying to be displayed, but cannot because the site was
changed. Please Re-Load the pages.

If you see any other issues, please let us or Ariel Parkansky, our
Information Systems Directory know about it.

All the best,
Yefim Kogan, Inna Vayner
JewishGen/Bessarabia SIG Leaders and Coordinators


Bessarabia SIG #Bessarabia Bessarabia SIG new website #bessarabia

Yefim Kogan
 

Hi everybody,

As you all know we had upgraded Bessarabia SIG website to a modern website
with many nice features.

There is a common issue when you upgrade to a new website - you need to
RE-LOAD the site pages. Some times you have on your computer saved "old"
pages, and they are trying to be displayed, but cannot because the site was
changed. Please Re-Load the pages.

If you see any other issues, please let us or Ariel Parkansky, our
Information Systems Directory know about it.

All the best,
Yefim Kogan, Inna Vayner
JewishGen/Bessarabia SIG Leaders and Coordinators


Re: Bessarabia SIG at the conference in Warsaw #bessarabia

Yefim Kogan
 

Dear Bessarabers,

We have a very interesting conference ahead. I also know that some of our
members are planning a trip to Moldova.

I received many emails >from people who are coming to the conference, and
that is great.

I want to ask members who are going to be in Warsaw if you want to have our
Bessarabia SIG Lunch with the discussion as we had for a number of years.
We usually had at this event >from 20-25 people, and I would like to know if
you are planning to join our members at lunch. If I see that many people
are coming - we will schedule that event.

Please reply privately.

Thank you,
Yefim Kogan
JewishGen/Bessarabia SIG Leader and Coordinator


Bessarabia SIG #Bessarabia RE: Bessarabia SIG at the conference in Warsaw #bessarabia

Yefim Kogan
 

Dear Bessarabers,

We have a very interesting conference ahead. I also know that some of our
members are planning a trip to Moldova.

I received many emails >from people who are coming to the conference, and
that is great.

I want to ask members who are going to be in Warsaw if you want to have our
Bessarabia SIG Lunch with the discussion as we had for a number of years.
We usually had at this event >from 20-25 people, and I would like to know if
you are planning to join our members at lunch. If I see that many people
are coming - we will schedule that event.

Please reply privately.

Thank you,
Yefim Kogan
JewishGen/Bessarabia SIG Leader and Coordinator


Ungheni KehilaLinks Website #bessarabia

Karen Albert <karenalbert48@...>
 

Dear Researchers:

We are pleased to announce that Ungheni KehilaLinks website is up and running.

https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/ungheni/

We very much appreciate those who have contributed to the website to date!

There is still a lot of work to do, and we are hopeful that all
Ungheni researchers will collaborate and contribute to our website.

You can share your memoirs, photographs, and stories. This will allow
our website to grow and will provide our researchers with useful information.

We welcome your insights and comments regarding what could be added
and changed to improve the website.

Karen Albert
Researching: MALAMED/MELAMED, ALBERT/HALPERN, GRUNBERG and DOMNICI
****************************************************************************************
Bessarabia SIG Facebook Group
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Bessarabian.Moldavian.Jewishroots
--
Karen M. Albert
215-641-1718 (home)
215-906-2440 (cell)


Bessarabia SIG #Bessarabia Ungheni KehilaLinks Website #bessarabia

Karen Albert <karenalbert48@...>
 

Dear Researchers:

We are pleased to announce that Ungheni KehilaLinks website is up and running.

https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/ungheni/

We very much appreciate those who have contributed to the website to date!

There is still a lot of work to do, and we are hopeful that all
Ungheni researchers will collaborate and contribute to our website.

You can share your memoirs, photographs, and stories. This will allow
our website to grow and will provide our researchers with useful information.

We welcome your insights and comments regarding what could be added
and changed to improve the website.

Karen Albert
Researching: MALAMED/MELAMED, ALBERT/HALPERN, GRUNBERG and DOMNICI
****************************************************************************************
Bessarabia SIG Facebook Group
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Bessarabian.Moldavian.Jewishroots
--
Karen M. Albert
215-641-1718 (home)
215-906-2440 (cell)


ROTSZYLD from central Poland #general

sbloom@...
 

Dear Genners,

Someone was attempting to contact me via Family Tree of the Jewish People
regarding Szamaj ROTSZYLD (of Piotrkow Trybunalski, Poland) , the half-
brother of my ancestor, Yakov BLUMENSON, a Hassidic rabbi near Przedborz,
Poland.

If you are that person, please try contacting me again. Your message got
deleted after getting stuck in my spam folder.

Steve Bloom
Central Virginia, USA


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen ROTSZYLD from central Poland #general

sbloom@...
 

Dear Genners,

Someone was attempting to contact me via Family Tree of the Jewish People
regarding Szamaj ROTSZYLD (of Piotrkow Trybunalski, Poland) , the half-
brother of my ancestor, Yakov BLUMENSON, a Hassidic rabbi near Przedborz,
Poland.

If you are that person, please try contacting me again. Your message got
deleted after getting stuck in my spam folder.

Steve Bloom
Central Virginia, USA


Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Kansas City #ukraine

Ronald D. Doctor
 

JEWISH GENEALOGY IS COMING TO THE KANSAS CITY AREA

We are forming a new Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Kansas City
(JGSGKC).
If you are in the Kansas City area please join us at our first meeting.

Monday evening, January 22, 2018
6:30 pm to 8:00 pm
Johnson County Central Resource Library (Logan Room)
9875 W. 87th Street, Overland Park, Kansas

At the meeting, we’ll ask you to tell us about your Jewish genealogy
interests
and about the kind of programs and presentations that would be most useful
to you. We’ll also spend some time discussing some administrative stuff
… e.g. what day of the week and time of day is best for our program
meetings,
developing a web and social media presence, etc. If time permits, we’ll
have a
short presentation about some basic Jewish family history resources that are
available for your research.

Our goals are to:
* Help you learn about the most current methods, resources,
technologies,
and techniques to help you achieve your goals;
* Help you network with other researchers whose ancestors were >from the
same old country areas as yours;
* Keep you up-to-date with occasional e-mail messages and announcements
>from discussion lists on the Web, and with regular meetings
through the year.

For more information or if you have any questions please contact:
Ron Doctor, rddpdx@gmail.com <rddpdx@gmail.com>, or,
Richard Rosenstock, richard@rosenstock.net <richard@rosenstock.net>

We’re looking forward to meeting you.

Ron
--
Ron Doctor (rddpdx@gmail.com)
Interim President
Jewish Genealogy Society of Greater Kansas City (JGS GKC)
and
Co-Coordinator, Kremenets Shtetl CO-OP/Jewish Records Indexing-Poland
an activity of the Kremenets District Research Group (KDRG)
http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Kremenets
Overland Park, Kansas USA
and
Board Member and Past Coordinator
JewishGen Ukraine Special Interest Group (Ukraine SIG)

Researching DOCTOR (DIOKHTER), VARER, AVERBAKH, KORENFELD ... all >from
Kremenets, Oleksinets, Yampol, Vishnevets
and KAZDOY (KOSODOY), DUBINSKI, DUBOWSKY ... all >from Kiev, Uman, Odessa


Ukraine SIG #Ukraine Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Kansas City #ukraine

Ronald D. Doctor
 

JEWISH GENEALOGY IS COMING TO THE KANSAS CITY AREA

We are forming a new Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Kansas City
(JGSGKC).
If you are in the Kansas City area please join us at our first meeting.

Monday evening, January 22, 2018
6:30 pm to 8:00 pm
Johnson County Central Resource Library (Logan Room)
9875 W. 87th Street, Overland Park, Kansas

At the meeting, we’ll ask you to tell us about your Jewish genealogy
interests
and about the kind of programs and presentations that would be most useful
to you. We’ll also spend some time discussing some administrative stuff
… e.g. what day of the week and time of day is best for our program
meetings,
developing a web and social media presence, etc. If time permits, we’ll
have a
short presentation about some basic Jewish family history resources that are
available for your research.

Our goals are to:
* Help you learn about the most current methods, resources,
technologies,
and techniques to help you achieve your goals;
* Help you network with other researchers whose ancestors were >from the
same old country areas as yours;
* Keep you up-to-date with occasional e-mail messages and announcements
>from discussion lists on the Web, and with regular meetings
through the year.

For more information or if you have any questions please contact:
Ron Doctor, rddpdx@gmail.com <rddpdx@gmail.com>, or,
Richard Rosenstock, richard@rosenstock.net <richard@rosenstock.net>

We’re looking forward to meeting you.

Ron
--
Ron Doctor (rddpdx@gmail.com)
Interim President
Jewish Genealogy Society of Greater Kansas City (JGS GKC)
and
Co-Coordinator, Kremenets Shtetl CO-OP/Jewish Records Indexing-Poland
an activity of the Kremenets District Research Group (KDRG)
http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Kremenets
Overland Park, Kansas USA
and
Board Member and Past Coordinator
JewishGen Ukraine Special Interest Group (Ukraine SIG)

Researching DOCTOR (DIOKHTER), VARER, AVERBAKH, KORENFELD ... all >from
Kremenets, Oleksinets, Yampol, Vishnevets
and KAZDOY (KOSODOY), DUBINSKI, DUBOWSKY ... all >from Kiev, Uman, Odessa


(UK) National Archives Opening of Prisoner of War Archives #unitedkingdom

Jan Meisels Allen
 

The (UK) National Archives announced they are opening their prisoner of war
(WW II) archives. These documents were transferred to the National Archives
in December 2014. There are approximately 190,000 records of persons
captured in German-occupied territory during World War II, primarily Allied
service men (including Canadians, South Africans, Australians, New
Zealanders, British and Allied civilians and some nurses. There are also
cars for American, Norwegian, Chinese, Arab and Cypriot origins.

The new collection (WO 416) also includes several thousand records of
deceased allied airmen whose bodies were found near their downed aircrafts.
While these airmen were never prisoners of war, these records act as records
of death.

The records are cards-some persons have up to 15 cards, but most have only
one or two. It is not catalogued by name of individual for privacy reasons
as some may still be living. The National Archives has started to catalogue
the entire series and they have opened the records for those who were born
more than 100 years ago or if they have proof of death.

To read more see:
http://blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/blog/opening-prisoner-war-collection/

To browse the collection go to:
http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C14541141

For those records that have not yet been digitized you can order the records
in advance for when you visit the Kew ( the National Archives) or you can
request a quotation for a copy to be sent to you. The price will vary
depending on the amount of copying. When you click on the name of the person
you are researching , click on details. There you will get a transcription
of information they have plus the option to order in advance or request a
copy.

Not all service personnel have cards as they were removed >from the
collection to be used as evidence to support claims by Prisoners of War
after World War II. These cards, for the most part, were not returned but
may form part of the personnel's service record which may be held by
Veteran's agency See:
https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/requests-for-personal-data-and-service-records
[or https://tinyurl.com/z85w7ba --Mod.]

Jan Meisels Allen
Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee


JCR-UK SIG #UnitedKingdom (UK) National Archives Opening of Prisoner of War Archives #unitedkingdom

Jan Meisels Allen
 

The (UK) National Archives announced they are opening their prisoner of war
(WW II) archives. These documents were transferred to the National Archives
in December 2014. There are approximately 190,000 records of persons
captured in German-occupied territory during World War II, primarily Allied
service men (including Canadians, South Africans, Australians, New
Zealanders, British and Allied civilians and some nurses. There are also
cars for American, Norwegian, Chinese, Arab and Cypriot origins.

The new collection (WO 416) also includes several thousand records of
deceased allied airmen whose bodies were found near their downed aircrafts.
While these airmen were never prisoners of war, these records act as records
of death.

The records are cards-some persons have up to 15 cards, but most have only
one or two. It is not catalogued by name of individual for privacy reasons
as some may still be living. The National Archives has started to catalogue
the entire series and they have opened the records for those who were born
more than 100 years ago or if they have proof of death.

To read more see:
http://blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/blog/opening-prisoner-war-collection/

To browse the collection go to:
http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C14541141

For those records that have not yet been digitized you can order the records
in advance for when you visit the Kew ( the National Archives) or you can
request a quotation for a copy to be sent to you. The price will vary
depending on the amount of copying. When you click on the name of the person
you are researching , click on details. There you will get a transcription
of information they have plus the option to order in advance or request a
copy.

Not all service personnel have cards as they were removed >from the
collection to be used as evidence to support claims by Prisoners of War
after World War II. These cards, for the most part, were not returned but
may form part of the personnel's service record which may be held by
Veteran's agency See:
https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/requests-for-personal-data-and-service-records
[or https://tinyurl.com/z85w7ba --Mod.]

Jan Meisels Allen
Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee


Date of death for MARX of Tuebingen and Chicago? #germany

Hansmartin Unger <hansmartin.unger@...>
 

Hallo

I am looking for the date of death for Ludwig MARX, born in Tuebingen on
12/25/1890, Married on 10/4/1928. He came to Chicago before 1939 with
his wife Paula BAER of Mosbach

thank you for your helping

kind regards
 Hansmartin UNGER, St. Galen,m Switzerland

=============
FAMILY NAMES - Write the surnames (Family names) of people you are
researching with ** all capital letters** every time you write
them in any part of your Email to GerSIG's Email list.

Example: I am researching Albert EINSTEIN >from Ulm, on the Donau, Germany.

*** Don't *** use ALL CAPITALS for your name, first names, city names,
country names or any other text.
Use ** double asterisks ** for emphasis.


German SIG #Germany Date of death for MARX of Tuebingen and Chicago? #germany

Hansmartin Unger <hansmartin.unger@...>
 

Hallo

I am looking for the date of death for Ludwig MARX, born in Tuebingen on
12/25/1890, Married on 10/4/1928. He came to Chicago before 1939 with
his wife Paula BAER of Mosbach

thank you for your helping

kind regards
 Hansmartin UNGER, St. Galen,m Switzerland

=============
FAMILY NAMES - Write the surnames (Family names) of people you are
researching with ** all capital letters** every time you write
them in any part of your Email to GerSIG's Email list.

Example: I am researching Albert EINSTEIN >from Ulm, on the Donau, Germany.

*** Don't *** use ALL CAPITALS for your name, first names, city names,
country names or any other text.
Use ** double asterisks ** for emphasis.


Two Sisters, two ship manifests, one name. #galicia

Itzhak Epstein
 

A family that I am researching had seven children. Among them were
Sara who was born in 1889 and Malka who was born in 1891.

They left Przemysl for New York in several groups. A ship manifest
shows that Malke, age 11, arrived on February 1, 1903 on La Lorraine
(the French Line) with her older sisters (ages 26 and 17), an 8 year old
niece, and a baby nephew. Another manifest shows that Malke, age 11,
arrived on June 28, 1904 on the Noordam (the Holland America Line)
with her mother and 9 year old sister. All family members are accounted
for in ship manifests except for Sara. The 1905 NYS census accounts for
the family that includes Sarah, 16, and Mollie, 14.

My tentative conclusion is that the family bought a half price ticket for
Malka, then in January 1903 they used it for her older sister Sara. Malka
herself then came to America in 1904, also as an 11 year old. Why,
however, could Sara not travel as an 11 year old under her own name?

How did shipping lines determine eligibility for a 12 or under half price
ticket? Were there documents that had to be provided in Galicia or upon
boarding?

Itzhak Epstein
New York, NY
<iegen@earthlink.net>


Gesher Galicia SIG #Galicia Two Sisters, two ship manifests, one name. #galicia

Itzhak Epstein
 

A family that I am researching had seven children. Among them were
Sara who was born in 1889 and Malka who was born in 1891.

They left Przemysl for New York in several groups. A ship manifest
shows that Malke, age 11, arrived on February 1, 1903 on La Lorraine
(the French Line) with her older sisters (ages 26 and 17), an 8 year old
niece, and a baby nephew. Another manifest shows that Malke, age 11,
arrived on June 28, 1904 on the Noordam (the Holland America Line)
with her mother and 9 year old sister. All family members are accounted
for in ship manifests except for Sara. The 1905 NYS census accounts for
the family that includes Sarah, 16, and Mollie, 14.

My tentative conclusion is that the family bought a half price ticket for
Malka, then in January 1903 they used it for her older sister Sara. Malka
herself then came to America in 1904, also as an 11 year old. Why,
however, could Sara not travel as an 11 year old under her own name?

How did shipping lines determine eligibility for a 12 or under half price
ticket? Were there documents that had to be provided in Galicia or upon
boarding?

Itzhak Epstein
New York, NY
<iegen@earthlink.net>


FRIEDMANN from Miskolc #hungary

oliverbryk@...
 

I am looking for information about the ancestry (and siblings, if any) =
of Peter FRIEDMANN, Dr. Med., born 1846 in Miskolc, died 1919 in =
Vienna; his parents may have been Isak FRIEDMANN and Rosa FRIEDMANN =
(KLEIN) about whom I have no data.

I shall be grateful for any applicable data.

Oliver BRYK (San Francisco) oliverbryk@comcast.net

PS I can read German but not Magyar.=


Meaning of "Servant" in 18th and 19th Century Hungarian Censuses #hungary

Eric M. Bloch
 

In response to Hilary's query, in this case, Marcus WOLF was listed as a
"servitor communitatis Judaicae habens conventionem."  Google roughly
translates this as "service of the Jewish Community having executed
agreement."  Another man was listed in this same census as the Rabbi, so
Marcus may have been a contracted administrator or caretaker of the
synagogue, or served the Jewish Community in some other capacity.

For Marcus WOLF, the 1838 Census says, "extreme pauper, servitus vitam
sustentat," translated by Google as "extremely poor, serving sustains life."

These censuses were transcribed many years ago, before resources such as
Google Translate were available, which accounts for the slight
difference in translation.

In other cases where occupations are identified in these censuses,
"servant" in the modern sense applied.

Hope this helps.

Eric M. Bloch, Coordinator
Other Hungarian Census database
Milwaukee, WI

Subject: Meaning of "Servant" in 18th and 19th Century Hungarian Censuses
From: hilary2@aol.com
Date: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 21:04:01 -0500
X-Message-Number: 1

There are two censuses of Hunszdorf (now Huncovce, Slovakia) that contain unusual references to servitude with respect to my ancestor/s, Marcus Wolf/f, for which I've been unable to obtain a meaningful explanation - although perhaps the translation is at the bottom of this.

The census of 1771 describes Marcus Wolff as being "in Hungary since 1729; servant of the Jewish community."

And according to the census of 1838, Marcus Wolf was "extremely poor, occupation as a servant to endure."

I would appreciate hearing >from anyone who has any insight into these comments.

Thank you.

Hilary [Stein] Osofsky
Orinda, CA

51841 - 51860 of 665495