Date   

Hungarian Gazetteer #hungary

The2thdkdr@...
 

I recently began using the Hungarian Gazetteer of 1877. I found it quite
useful.
However, there are several icons used for which I was not able to find the
"key" to their meaning.
The first icon is a circle with a dot in the center. The second icon looks
like a bugle. The third icon looks like a small car with two white dots that
seem to be headlights (this interpretation would seem to be an anachronism).
For those of you who have used the gazetteer, would you please tell me their
meaning. Wayne Roth, Brooklyn, New York


Hungary SIG #Hungary Hungarian Gazetteer #hungary

The2thdkdr@...
 

I recently began using the Hungarian Gazetteer of 1877. I found it quite
useful.
However, there are several icons used for which I was not able to find the
"key" to their meaning.
The first icon is a circle with a dot in the center. The second icon looks
like a bugle. The third icon looks like a small car with two white dots that
seem to be headlights (this interpretation would seem to be an anachronism).
For those of you who have used the gazetteer, would you please tell me their
meaning. Wayne Roth, Brooklyn, New York


Re: SIG mailing lists QUESTION #hungary

ALEX M P MILLER <alexm6@...>
 

Hello Carol

This message came back to me, I don't understand what am I doing wrong.I
never know if a message mad the posting or not. At one time there was a
copy of the message transmitted to the sender as well. Any ideas how to
set this default, ie to get a copy of my own posting and thus be sure
that it worked?
.
**********************************************************************************
The following lines in your email message did not appear to be
Lyris commands and were skipped:

Repeat mail
Hello All
-> Invalid context for this command.
Risking redundancy, I am resending some previous messages. One time
there
was a copy of the message transmitted to the sender. Any ideas?
Book review:
I suggest to add to our home page an area containing books of interest
to
our members with brief summaries. Here are two:
In search of Motherbook, Susan Rubin-Suleiman
-A six month diary of an expatriate-intellectual's stay in
Budapest
-A story of typical Hungarian-Jewish family emigrating after
WWII
-A guide to understand the split psyche of your immigrant
This email message is simply a notification of how Lyris understood
your email message. If you want to resend your commands, send
them to lyris@...

Best regards, Szervusz

Alex Miller Reading Pennsylvania


Best regards, Szervusz

Alex Miller Reading Pennsylvania

___________________________________________________________________
You don't need to buy Internet access to use free Internet e-mail.
Get completely free e-mail >from Juno at http://www.juno.com/getjuno.html
or call Juno at (800) 654-JUNO [654-5866]


Hungary SIG #Hungary Re: SIG mailing lists QUESTION #hungary

ALEX M P MILLER <alexm6@...>
 

Hello Carol

This message came back to me, I don't understand what am I doing wrong.I
never know if a message mad the posting or not. At one time there was a
copy of the message transmitted to the sender as well. Any ideas how to
set this default, ie to get a copy of my own posting and thus be sure
that it worked?
.
**********************************************************************************
The following lines in your email message did not appear to be
Lyris commands and were skipped:

Repeat mail
Hello All
-> Invalid context for this command.
Risking redundancy, I am resending some previous messages. One time
there
was a copy of the message transmitted to the sender. Any ideas?
Book review:
I suggest to add to our home page an area containing books of interest
to
our members with brief summaries. Here are two:
In search of Motherbook, Susan Rubin-Suleiman
-A six month diary of an expatriate-intellectual's stay in
Budapest
-A story of typical Hungarian-Jewish family emigrating after
WWII
-A guide to understand the split psyche of your immigrant
This email message is simply a notification of how Lyris understood
your email message. If you want to resend your commands, send
them to lyris@...

Best regards, Szervusz

Alex Miller Reading Pennsylvania


Best regards, Szervusz

Alex Miller Reading Pennsylvania

___________________________________________________________________
You don't need to buy Internet access to use free Internet e-mail.
Get completely free e-mail >from Juno at http://www.juno.com/getjuno.html
or call Juno at (800) 654-JUNO [654-5866]


Town name "Unna" - where? #hungary

Marc B. Weiss <marcplot@...>
 

Hi,

Does anyone know of a town names "Unna"? what present country location and
name variants?

Thanks.

Marc Weiss


Hungary SIG #Hungary Town name "Unna" - where? #hungary

Marc B. Weiss <marcplot@...>
 

Hi,

Does anyone know of a town names "Unna"? what present country location and
name variants?

Thanks.

Marc Weiss


JRI Poland #Poland JRI-Poland / Polish Archives project: Mlawa & Nowy Dwor branches #poland

Stanley Diamond
 

Dear friends of Jewish Records Indexing - Poland:

We are pleased to announce that work is well under way in the
indexing of the Jewish vital records for the ten towns in the Mlawa
branch of the Polish State Archvives which have _not_ been
microfilmed by the LDS (Mormons).

This indexing is part of the project announced at the Summer Seminar
in Los Angeles. For more details of the JRI-Poland / Polish State
Archives project, please read the announcement on the JRI-Poland
website: www.jewishgen.org/jri-pl and click on "press releases." For
a more detailed description of the project, click on "Presentation at
Seminar, Los Angeles, July 14, 1998."

News about the Mlawa Archives project
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The Mlawa (100 km NW of Warsaw) branch has Jewish vital records
for the towns/years noted below. (The years indicated apply only to
non-microfilmed records which are being indexed as part of this
project.)

The Szrensk and Zuromin records to be indexed include earlier
years _missed_ during the LDS filming.

Biezun: 1877 - 1896
Ciechanow: 1866 - 1896
Kucbork: 1866 - 1897
Mlawa: 1866-1898
Nowe Miasto: 1874 - 1897 (some years/types missing)
Plonsk: 1873 - 1895
Raciaz: 1876 - 1896
Radzanow: 1866 - 1894
Szrensk: 1840-1841, 1844, 1866-1895
Zuromin: 1826-1828, 1866-1895

The "Archive Coordinator" for Mlawa is Stan Zeidenberg of Toronto.
Watch for a post >from Stan Z. concerning help needed to complete
the work of indexing the above towns/records/years. As soon as
that has been done, the indices will be available to researchers
through the JRI-Poland database.

Now, for news of Nowy Dwor, the _next_ archives to be indexed.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland is asking for a volunteer or
volunteers to become the "Archive Coordinator(s)" for the Nowy Dwor
Archives indexing project. (Nowy Dwor is 25 km NW of Warsaw.)

The towns whose Jewish vital records registers are in Nowy Dwor
are listed below. Note, years in brackets refer to those records
which have _not_ been filmed by the LDS.

Czerwinsk: Records end in 1865 but a few years were not filmed by the LDS
Nowy Dwor (1824 - 1897)
Okuniew: Available records appear to have already been filmed by the LDS
Plonsk: May be duplicates of records in registers in Mlawa.
Radzymin (1829, 1863/1897)
Serock (1874 - 1896)
Sochocin (1880 - 1897)
Zakroczym (1877 - 1897)

The "Archive Coordinator" is responsible for finding, appointing and
working with "Town Leaders." Anyone interested in assuming the
responsibility of Nowy Dwor Archive Coordinator should respond to
me directly.

Town Leaders organize the project to index their town's records.
That means reaching out to all researchers with an interest in the
specific town. There is no data entry work by volunteers for this
project; all data entry is done by professionals in Poland. Town
leaders and their supporters will be eligible to receive the full
database of indices for their town!

Stanley Diamond
Coordinator, Jewish Records Indexing - Poland


JRI-Poland / Polish Archives project: Mlawa & Nowy Dwor branches #poland

Stanley Diamond
 

Dear friends of Jewish Records Indexing - Poland:

We are pleased to announce that work is well under way in the
indexing of the Jewish vital records for the ten towns in the Mlawa
branch of the Polish State Archvives which have _not_ been
microfilmed by the LDS (Mormons).

This indexing is part of the project announced at the Summer Seminar
in Los Angeles. For more details of the JRI-Poland / Polish State
Archives project, please read the announcement on the JRI-Poland
website: www.jewishgen.org/jri-pl and click on "press releases." For
a more detailed description of the project, click on "Presentation at
Seminar, Los Angeles, July 14, 1998."

News about the Mlawa Archives project
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The Mlawa (100 km NW of Warsaw) branch has Jewish vital records
for the towns/years noted below. (The years indicated apply only to
non-microfilmed records which are being indexed as part of this
project.)

The Szrensk and Zuromin records to be indexed include earlier
years _missed_ during the LDS filming.

Biezun: 1877 - 1896
Ciechanow: 1866 - 1896
Kucbork: 1866 - 1897
Mlawa: 1866-1898
Nowe Miasto: 1874 - 1897 (some years/types missing)
Plonsk: 1873 - 1895
Raciaz: 1876 - 1896
Radzanow: 1866 - 1894
Szrensk: 1840-1841, 1844, 1866-1895
Zuromin: 1826-1828, 1866-1895

The "Archive Coordinator" for Mlawa is Stan Zeidenberg of Toronto.
Watch for a post >from Stan Z. concerning help needed to complete
the work of indexing the above towns/records/years. As soon as
that has been done, the indices will be available to researchers
through the JRI-Poland database.

Now, for news of Nowy Dwor, the _next_ archives to be indexed.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland is asking for a volunteer or
volunteers to become the "Archive Coordinator(s)" for the Nowy Dwor
Archives indexing project. (Nowy Dwor is 25 km NW of Warsaw.)

The towns whose Jewish vital records registers are in Nowy Dwor
are listed below. Note, years in brackets refer to those records
which have _not_ been filmed by the LDS.

Czerwinsk: Records end in 1865 but a few years were not filmed by the LDS
Nowy Dwor (1824 - 1897)
Okuniew: Available records appear to have already been filmed by the LDS
Plonsk: May be duplicates of records in registers in Mlawa.
Radzymin (1829, 1863/1897)
Serock (1874 - 1896)
Sochocin (1880 - 1897)
Zakroczym (1877 - 1897)

The "Archive Coordinator" is responsible for finding, appointing and
working with "Town Leaders." Anyone interested in assuming the
responsibility of Nowy Dwor Archive Coordinator should respond to
me directly.

Town Leaders organize the project to index their town's records.
That means reaching out to all researchers with an interest in the
specific town. There is no data entry work by volunteers for this
project; all data entry is done by professionals in Poland. Town
leaders and their supporters will be eligible to receive the full
database of indices for their town!

Stanley Diamond
Coordinator, Jewish Records Indexing - Poland


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania LEVIN/LEVINE (originally LURIA) and a WISOTSKY (sp?) + KHIDEKEL of Sharkovshschizna & Shkuntseki #lithuania

KKirshner@...
 

I was filing and noticed an e-mail regarding LEVIN of Russia in mail of
January 9,1996 and a name stuck out like a sore thumb...WARSHAWSKY. The
reason is that
I came across a scribbled note of my mother's about her
ancestors. It says: "Bob's grandparents, Molly & Rubin LEVINE" then under it
reads: "Katie, Brook or Brooklyn, Rosie, Murrey, Milly and a name I can't
read. They
are bracketed to the name WISOTSKY, which is so much like the name cited.
It looks like there are 2 daughters: Thelma and Marlene, but I can't tell
whose they are. The e-mail I wrote back to the compuserve address was
returned
to me today. Does any of this sound familiar to anyone?
The Wisotsky (sp?) was a LEVIN/LEVINE sister who married to that name and she
was a first cousin to my KHIDEKEL Grandmother.

What I know of the original line: A Rabbi LEVIN/LEVINE (one of a group of
rabbinical LURIA brothers who were adopted for name change purposes to avoid
conscription) married a Rabbi SINGER's daughter and I believe they lived in
Sharkovshchizna, near Glebokie in Vilna Giberna, in the Disna district, which
is now in NW Belarus, near the Lithuanian border. They had several children
who all/most lived in the same shtetl, along the same street. My great
grandfather Itze KHIDEKEL/HIDEKEL/CHIDEKEL founded the shtetl. He was from
Sharkovshschizna, where his family was murdered in a pogrom. He was married
to my great grandmother Musha LEVIN/LEVINE. Some of her siblings came to the
US, although she (in her 80s)and her children and grandchildren were brutally
murdered by neighboring Poles and Nazis. The shtetl was about 8 miles East of
Sharkovshchizna, and approx. 10 miles W of Glebokie. It was called Shkuntseki
(...my grandmother pronounced it "Shkoontshakey"). There were only 10 Jewish
families on one side of a windmill and the shtetl was completely destroyed by
the Poles and Nazis during the WWII massacre. Any connections at all?
-- Karen Kirshner KKirshner@...


LEVIN/LEVINE (originally LURIA) and a WISOTSKY (sp?) + KHIDEKEL of Sharkovshschizna & Shkuntseki #lithuania

KKirshner@...
 

I was filing and noticed an e-mail regarding LEVIN of Russia in mail of
January 9,1996 and a name stuck out like a sore thumb...WARSHAWSKY. The
reason is that
I came across a scribbled note of my mother's about her
ancestors. It says: "Bob's grandparents, Molly & Rubin LEVINE" then under it
reads: "Katie, Brook or Brooklyn, Rosie, Murrey, Milly and a name I can't
read. They
are bracketed to the name WISOTSKY, which is so much like the name cited.
It looks like there are 2 daughters: Thelma and Marlene, but I can't tell
whose they are. The e-mail I wrote back to the compuserve address was
returned
to me today. Does any of this sound familiar to anyone?
The Wisotsky (sp?) was a LEVIN/LEVINE sister who married to that name and she
was a first cousin to my KHIDEKEL Grandmother.

What I know of the original line: A Rabbi LEVIN/LEVINE (one of a group of
rabbinical LURIA brothers who were adopted for name change purposes to avoid
conscription) married a Rabbi SINGER's daughter and I believe they lived in
Sharkovshchizna, near Glebokie in Vilna Giberna, in the Disna district, which
is now in NW Belarus, near the Lithuanian border. They had several children
who all/most lived in the same shtetl, along the same street. My great
grandfather Itze KHIDEKEL/HIDEKEL/CHIDEKEL founded the shtetl. He was from
Sharkovshschizna, where his family was murdered in a pogrom. He was married
to my great grandmother Musha LEVIN/LEVINE. Some of her siblings came to the
US, although she (in her 80s)and her children and grandchildren were brutally
murdered by neighboring Poles and Nazis. The shtetl was about 8 miles East of
Sharkovshchizna, and approx. 10 miles W of Glebokie. It was called Shkuntseki
(...my grandmother pronounced it "Shkoontshakey"). There were only 10 Jewish
families on one side of a windmill and the shtetl was completely destroyed by
the Poles and Nazis during the WWII massacre. Any connections at all?
-- Karen Kirshner KKirshner@...


Keidan Jews #Keidan #Lithuania Introduction #lithuania

Andrew Cassel <awcassel@...>
 

----------
From: Marty & Yolanda Greene <yomama@...>
Subject: Kedainiai
Date: Friday, November 13, 1998 12:15 AM

Hello,
My grandparents, Wolf Greenblatt and Esther Hoffenberg, were
married in Kedainiai and eventually left for England in 1891.

They arrived in New York in 1904. I've only recently returned to
geneology but thanks to the assistance of
Gay Lynne Kegan I'm making good progress. If I can help anyone re
the Greenblatt family I will gladly share my
information.


Martin Greene


Introduction #lithuania

Andrew Cassel <awcassel@...>
 

----------
From: Marty & Yolanda Greene <yomama@...>
Subject: Kedainiai
Date: Friday, November 13, 1998 12:15 AM

Hello,
My grandparents, Wolf Greenblatt and Esther Hoffenberg, were
married in Kedainiai and eventually left for England in 1891.

They arrived in New York in 1904. I've only recently returned to
geneology but thanks to the assistance of
Gay Lynne Kegan I'm making good progress. If I can help anyone re
the Greenblatt family I will gladly share my
information.


Martin Greene


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Searching: RUDICH Family Tree #general

PSR529@...
 

I am in the process of seeking information on the surname -RUDICH-LAUPER
families who originated >from Bukovina in the Austria-Hungary area. The
towns they lived were Shipenitz, Kostesti, Czernowitz, Krasna, Likovitz,
Cudin, Straja, Braila, Costonitz, Storozynitz and Radauti.

Any information you may have please foward to:

Paul Rudich
Flanders, New Jersey
E-mail prs529@...


Searching: RUDICH Family Tree #general

PSR529@...
 

I am in the process of seeking information on the surname -RUDICH-LAUPER
families who originated >from Bukovina in the Austria-Hungary area. The
towns they lived were Shipenitz, Kostesti, Czernowitz, Krasna, Likovitz,
Cudin, Straja, Braila, Costonitz, Storozynitz and Radauti.

Any information you may have please foward to:

Paul Rudich
Flanders, New Jersey
E-mail prs529@...


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: Fanny Kaplan: some miscellaneous information #general

NFatouros@...
 

Dear People,

In her message (#48) of November 10, 1998, Cindy Gallard asked about
Fannie Kaplan and her family background. So far I have not been able to
find any information about the connection between Roitblatt (or Rothblatt)
and Roitman. The only Roitman in the Encyclopedia Judaica is David
Roitman, a noted cantor >from Odessa. However, I have made the following
notes about Fannie >from various Russian and other histories or
biographies, books I've read.

Fanny or Fanya is sometimes referred to as Dora.

There is some question as to whether she actually fired and wounded
Lenin, although she "confessed" to having shot him. She had very poor
eyesight and was nearly deaf as well. (Yet, despite her near blindness,
she was a milliner in a factory, according to Louis Rapoport, in his
"Stalin's War Against the Jews") Arkady Vaksberg (in his "Stalin Against
the Jews") says that a laborer named Novikov and a volunteer policeman
named Protopopov were the likely attackers and that they were allowed to
escape because they "did not have the right profile because of their
proletarian background, while Fanya presumably fit the "reigning class
paradigm.") However, another source, (Edvard Radzinksy in "Stalin") says
that a woman's hand was seen pointing a "Browning" and firing it at Lenin
at close range.

Accounts vary as to how seriously Lenin was wounded. A French
website I found recently called "A L'Ombre du Mausolee," said that Fanny
had used a "Browning" gun which expelled two bullets lubricated with
curare. (But Arkady Vaksberg says there is little doubt today that the
bullets were NOT poisoned or that Fanny did NOT shoot Lenin!) There are
details on this website about just where in Lenin's body the bullets
lodged. His vital organs were not touched.

Moreover, it is not clear to me- not that it matters- whether two or
three bullets were fired.

A young people's biography of Maxim Gorky by D.L. Fromberg,
translated by Alexander Roskin,(">from the Banks of the Volga" contains a
description of a meeting between Lenin and the writer Maxim Gorky, which
took place soon after "the events" of 1917. Lenin taked about the attempt
on his life, and his subsequent operation. Gorky was worried, and to allay
his concern " Lenin "carefully but seemingly without any effort raised his
arm, stretched it out, bent it, and then stretched it out again. Gorky ran
his finger over Lenin's collar bone and the muscles of his arm..." to
persuade himself that his friend had recovered.

In another book, Lenin is said to have forgiven Fanny, but the author
did not give this "rumor" much credence. There is much evidence to the
contrary! And in George Leggett's book on the Cheka ( Trotsky is alleged
claimed that" we didn't even execute the terrorist...who put two bullets in
Lenin's body..."

According to a story in Emma Goldman's "Living my Life," the accused
Fanya (or Dora) was tortured for three days after her arrest. Another
source says, she was shot in the back of the head, not having had a
hearing, much less a trial. It is generally alleged that she was executed
on the order of Yakov Sverdlov. Yakov was a witness to the meeting between
Gorky and Lenin which I described above..

(This same Sverdlov, by the way, was a brother of Zinovy Sverdlov
Peshkov. Zinovy was converted Jew and Maxim Gorky's adopted son. Yakov was
appointed the first titular President of the Soviet Union, but he died
"suddenly" soon after and at a very young age, but not before he had
committed some rather ugly acts. Supposedly he died of typhus, but having
read so many books on Russian history lately, I suspect something more
nefarious than typhus, even though there was a typhus epidemic. I think he
might well have been "bumped off.") Sverdlov is supposed to have ordered
that Fanny's body be destroyed, but whether this order was carried out, I
don't know.

George Leggett gives a detailed account of Lenin's assassination by
Fanny, her arrest and interrogation. She "testified" that she was Fania
Kaplan, age 28, that she came >from a family in the Volhynskaia Region, and
had changed her name >from Roidman to Kaplan in 1906. (This was the year
she had been sentenced perpetual penal servitude in Kiev for her
participation in an "anarchist" terrorist act.) A fellow named Malkov was
the one who actually executed her, although he was reluctant to kill a
woman. Malkov later wrote about this episode in his memoir.

But, complicating matters still more, there is a lengthy footnote in
Leggett's book, concerning an Angelica Balabanoff, who visited the wounded
Lenin. (She later became Secretary of the Comintern, and befriend Emma
Goldman during Goldman's exile >from the U.S. She was also a mentor of
Mussolini!) In one of the two books she wrote, a memoir of Lenin,
Balabanoff claimed that some illegal papers put out by members of the
Socialist Revolutionary Party reported that Kaplan had not been executed
but exiled to Siberia! Some anonymous political prisoner had written a
memoir in which she said she had met Kaplan in the Butyrki prison in 1938.
Kaplan had told this nameless memoirist that she had not been shot because
Lenin thought she should be given a light sentence because of her services
to the revolution.

There were periodic reports of her having been seen in Moscow or
Siberia, and Leggett notes a cable >from Moscow to the U.S. in January
1958, concerning Kaplan's recent death >from natural causes in a
concentration camp. But Leggett insists that Malkov's evidence and
contemporary press reports are more conclusive of Kaplan's execution soon
after she allegedly shot Lenin in 1918.

Ms. Gallard says that the daughter of the man who claimed to be
Fanny's brother said that her grandfather had come >from Ovruch, which is,
according to my modern map of the Ukraine, about 125 statute miles north of
Zhitomer. My gazetteer says that Ovruch is in the Zhitomer Oblast. And I
found it listed in Mark Heckman's website on Volhynia,
(http://shangrila.cs.ucdavis.edu:1234/hekman/volhyia/

So I surmise that Ovruch is in the Volhynia Gubernia, Zhitomer
oblast. I hope I've got at least this right!

As if doing "mere" genealogy were not difficult enough!

Naomi Fatouros
NFatouros@...
98/11/13


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen 1865 Russian Census #general

Sam & Charlotte <samchar@...>
 

In answer to David Goldman's inquiry about the Russian census. I have
one dated 1865 and it was copied >from the magistrate archives in 1903 to
provide conscription information for my great grandmother to prove that
one of her sons was already serving in the Russian army. The census was
from Zhitomer.
I too have been unable to find anything beyond that date, so I would be
interested in the replies of others who have been successful or not in
their searches.

Charlotte Aisuss Showel
samchar@...

from Zhitomer or Levkov: AISUSS/AIZUSS; BOLASNY/BOLASKNA; GILIGICH


1865 Russian Census #general

Sam & Charlotte <samchar@...>
 

In answer to David Goldman's inquiry about the Russian census. I have
one dated 1865 and it was copied >from the magistrate archives in 1903 to
provide conscription information for my great grandmother to prove that
one of her sons was already serving in the Russian army. The census was
from Zhitomer.
I too have been unable to find anything beyond that date, so I would be
interested in the replies of others who have been successful or not in
their searches.

Charlotte Aisuss Showel
samchar@...

from Zhitomer or Levkov: AISUSS/AIZUSS; BOLASNY/BOLASKNA; GILIGICH


Re: Fanny Kaplan: some miscellaneous information #general

NFatouros@...
 

Dear People,

In her message (#48) of November 10, 1998, Cindy Gallard asked about
Fannie Kaplan and her family background. So far I have not been able to
find any information about the connection between Roitblatt (or Rothblatt)
and Roitman. The only Roitman in the Encyclopedia Judaica is David
Roitman, a noted cantor >from Odessa. However, I have made the following
notes about Fannie >from various Russian and other histories or
biographies, books I've read.

Fanny or Fanya is sometimes referred to as Dora.

There is some question as to whether she actually fired and wounded
Lenin, although she "confessed" to having shot him. She had very poor
eyesight and was nearly deaf as well. (Yet, despite her near blindness,
she was a milliner in a factory, according to Louis Rapoport, in his
"Stalin's War Against the Jews") Arkady Vaksberg (in his "Stalin Against
the Jews") says that a laborer named Novikov and a volunteer policeman
named Protopopov were the likely attackers and that they were allowed to
escape because they "did not have the right profile because of their
proletarian background, while Fanya presumably fit the "reigning class
paradigm.") However, another source, (Edvard Radzinksy in "Stalin") says
that a woman's hand was seen pointing a "Browning" and firing it at Lenin
at close range.

Accounts vary as to how seriously Lenin was wounded. A French
website I found recently called "A L'Ombre du Mausolee," said that Fanny
had used a "Browning" gun which expelled two bullets lubricated with
curare. (But Arkady Vaksberg says there is little doubt today that the
bullets were NOT poisoned or that Fanny did NOT shoot Lenin!) There are
details on this website about just where in Lenin's body the bullets
lodged. His vital organs were not touched.

Moreover, it is not clear to me- not that it matters- whether two or
three bullets were fired.

A young people's biography of Maxim Gorky by D.L. Fromberg,
translated by Alexander Roskin,(">from the Banks of the Volga" contains a
description of a meeting between Lenin and the writer Maxim Gorky, which
took place soon after "the events" of 1917. Lenin taked about the attempt
on his life, and his subsequent operation. Gorky was worried, and to allay
his concern " Lenin "carefully but seemingly without any effort raised his
arm, stretched it out, bent it, and then stretched it out again. Gorky ran
his finger over Lenin's collar bone and the muscles of his arm..." to
persuade himself that his friend had recovered.

In another book, Lenin is said to have forgiven Fanny, but the author
did not give this "rumor" much credence. There is much evidence to the
contrary! And in George Leggett's book on the Cheka ( Trotsky is alleged
claimed that" we didn't even execute the terrorist...who put two bullets in
Lenin's body..."

According to a story in Emma Goldman's "Living my Life," the accused
Fanya (or Dora) was tortured for three days after her arrest. Another
source says, she was shot in the back of the head, not having had a
hearing, much less a trial. It is generally alleged that she was executed
on the order of Yakov Sverdlov. Yakov was a witness to the meeting between
Gorky and Lenin which I described above..

(This same Sverdlov, by the way, was a brother of Zinovy Sverdlov
Peshkov. Zinovy was converted Jew and Maxim Gorky's adopted son. Yakov was
appointed the first titular President of the Soviet Union, but he died
"suddenly" soon after and at a very young age, but not before he had
committed some rather ugly acts. Supposedly he died of typhus, but having
read so many books on Russian history lately, I suspect something more
nefarious than typhus, even though there was a typhus epidemic. I think he
might well have been "bumped off.") Sverdlov is supposed to have ordered
that Fanny's body be destroyed, but whether this order was carried out, I
don't know.

George Leggett gives a detailed account of Lenin's assassination by
Fanny, her arrest and interrogation. She "testified" that she was Fania
Kaplan, age 28, that she came >from a family in the Volhynskaia Region, and
had changed her name >from Roidman to Kaplan in 1906. (This was the year
she had been sentenced perpetual penal servitude in Kiev for her
participation in an "anarchist" terrorist act.) A fellow named Malkov was
the one who actually executed her, although he was reluctant to kill a
woman. Malkov later wrote about this episode in his memoir.

But, complicating matters still more, there is a lengthy footnote in
Leggett's book, concerning an Angelica Balabanoff, who visited the wounded
Lenin. (She later became Secretary of the Comintern, and befriend Emma
Goldman during Goldman's exile >from the U.S. She was also a mentor of
Mussolini!) In one of the two books she wrote, a memoir of Lenin,
Balabanoff claimed that some illegal papers put out by members of the
Socialist Revolutionary Party reported that Kaplan had not been executed
but exiled to Siberia! Some anonymous political prisoner had written a
memoir in which she said she had met Kaplan in the Butyrki prison in 1938.
Kaplan had told this nameless memoirist that she had not been shot because
Lenin thought she should be given a light sentence because of her services
to the revolution.

There were periodic reports of her having been seen in Moscow or
Siberia, and Leggett notes a cable >from Moscow to the U.S. in January
1958, concerning Kaplan's recent death >from natural causes in a
concentration camp. But Leggett insists that Malkov's evidence and
contemporary press reports are more conclusive of Kaplan's execution soon
after she allegedly shot Lenin in 1918.

Ms. Gallard says that the daughter of the man who claimed to be
Fanny's brother said that her grandfather had come >from Ovruch, which is,
according to my modern map of the Ukraine, about 125 statute miles north of
Zhitomer. My gazetteer says that Ovruch is in the Zhitomer Oblast. And I
found it listed in Mark Heckman's website on Volhynia,
(http://shangrila.cs.ucdavis.edu:1234/hekman/volhyia/

So I surmise that Ovruch is in the Volhynia Gubernia, Zhitomer
oblast. I hope I've got at least this right!

As if doing "mere" genealogy were not difficult enough!

Naomi Fatouros
NFatouros@...
98/11/13


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Belarus: Ladi Navahrudak, Baranovich, Mishkovitz? #general

MBernet@...
 

Here's a question in behalf of a friend.

Are there memorbuchs or landsmanschaften for the above Belarus towns? Can
someone help me with finding lists of survivors, cemeteries and of victims?
Hints on internet resources and those accessible >from NYC would be
appreciated.

Thanks

Michael Bernet, New York


Belarus: Ladi Navahrudak, Baranovich, Mishkovitz? #general

MBernet@...
 

Here's a question in behalf of a friend.

Are there memorbuchs or landsmanschaften for the above Belarus towns? Can
someone help me with finding lists of survivors, cemeteries and of victims?
Hints on internet resources and those accessible >from NYC would be
appreciated.

Thanks

Michael Bernet, New York