Date   

Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe ( YIVO) #lithuania

Balden <balden@...>
 

YIVO has now put an Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe on line.

Click on the URL below to get to the Site.

http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/

Beryl Baleson
Israel.
balden@zahav.net.il


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe ( YIVO) #lithuania

Balden <balden@...>
 

YIVO has now put an Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe on line.

Click on the URL below to get to the Site.

http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/

Beryl Baleson
Israel.
balden@zahav.net.il


Insurmountable Brick Wall ?? #lithuania

Arnold Davidson
 

I have been working on my family tree for almost 40 years. I started
with oral histories, strained my eyes with FHC microfilms, worked with
the early DOS based genealogy forums, and made huge leaps and bounds
with the help of JewishGen, its affiliated SIG groups, and Steve Morse's
search engines. With a lot of luck, my family tree now numbers in the
thousands but I cannot break through one brick wall that has fenced me
in >from the start. I hope that someone can suggest a reasonable
strategy to break through this wall to find information about one family
branch's immigration and their history in their country of origin.

My maternal great-grandfather was known in the US as Nathan Abrams.
Census and naturalization documents under that name show his year of
immigration as 1889 and port of arrival as New York. Three of his
children, Louis, Harry and Annie followed him to the US in the next 5-6
years, according to census records and naturalization documents. Louis'
and Harry's ports of arrival are also shown in these documents as New
York. Nathan's wife, Sarah Rivka, also immigrated but she is not shown
on the 1900 or 1910 census records and she died in 1913.

So far, so good. Now the wall. Nathan Abrams' shem kodesh was
Yitzhak Natan. His name on his marriage ketuba was Nossen Nota. It is
reasonable to assume that Abrams was an Americanization of an original
name of Abramovich and there is good evidence of that. Nathan had one
daughter who married in Latvia, before coming to the US, and her
father-in-law wrote in his memoirs that her maiden name was Abramovich.

I found a record of immigration through Castle Garden for Notel
Abramovich, which I believe to be Nathan's. I cannot find any record of
immigration for any of the three children or his wife. It's not like
one record got lost or was illegible. It's not that somebody misread or
mis-transliterated a record. These were four different people who
arrived at different times.

I searched all the eastern ports of arrival and Canadian crossings for
the relevant years, using variations of Abrams and Abramovich, without
success. It's possible that I didn't use the correct given name.
Louis' shem kodesh was Arye Zvi; his common name was Leb Hirsh. Harry's
shem kodesh was Yehoshua Zeev and his common name was Asher Velvel. I
tried some of these variations without success.

Here is another twist. Nathan had a third son -- my maternal
grandfather, Avraham Ber. According to family history, my grandfather
took or bought the surname of Peker (or Pieker) to avoid conscription in
the Russian army. I have a copy of his marriage announcement, published
in a Lithuanian newspaper, in which Nathan is referred to as Yitzhak
Natan Peker. JewishGen also lists a Lithuanian marriage record for
Avraham Peker which gives the name of his father as Itzik Peker. I have
always assumed that the use of Peker name by Avraham's father was
necessary to maintain the draft evasion charade but I don't know if
Nathan ever used the name of Peker. Nathan was in the US using the name
of Abrams for eight years before Avraham's marriage. Yizkor book
citations show my grandfather Avraham's name to be Peker and the ship's
manifests for my mother and her siblings show their name to be Peker.

Each of Nathan's children had a shem kodesh and a common name. When
they got their emigration documents, they could have used the presumably
original name of Abramovich or their father's new name of Abrams. I
don't know what name his wife might have used or how the name of Peker
might fit in. Their naturalization documents say they arrived through
the port of New York and they may have followed some or all of Nathan's
path of NY to Boston, then through New Hampshire and Vermont to upstate
New York. They may also have arrived at some other port but I also
checked those. What I do know is that whatever combinations and
permutations of names I have tried, I can't find any immigration
information on any of these four people. There is voluminous US based
information about them under the name of Abrams. What more can I do to
find information about them in Latvia and/or Lithuania?

Arnold Davidson


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania Insurmountable Brick Wall ?? #lithuania

Arnold Davidson
 

I have been working on my family tree for almost 40 years. I started
with oral histories, strained my eyes with FHC microfilms, worked with
the early DOS based genealogy forums, and made huge leaps and bounds
with the help of JewishGen, its affiliated SIG groups, and Steve Morse's
search engines. With a lot of luck, my family tree now numbers in the
thousands but I cannot break through one brick wall that has fenced me
in >from the start. I hope that someone can suggest a reasonable
strategy to break through this wall to find information about one family
branch's immigration and their history in their country of origin.

My maternal great-grandfather was known in the US as Nathan Abrams.
Census and naturalization documents under that name show his year of
immigration as 1889 and port of arrival as New York. Three of his
children, Louis, Harry and Annie followed him to the US in the next 5-6
years, according to census records and naturalization documents. Louis'
and Harry's ports of arrival are also shown in these documents as New
York. Nathan's wife, Sarah Rivka, also immigrated but she is not shown
on the 1900 or 1910 census records and she died in 1913.

So far, so good. Now the wall. Nathan Abrams' shem kodesh was
Yitzhak Natan. His name on his marriage ketuba was Nossen Nota. It is
reasonable to assume that Abrams was an Americanization of an original
name of Abramovich and there is good evidence of that. Nathan had one
daughter who married in Latvia, before coming to the US, and her
father-in-law wrote in his memoirs that her maiden name was Abramovich.

I found a record of immigration through Castle Garden for Notel
Abramovich, which I believe to be Nathan's. I cannot find any record of
immigration for any of the three children or his wife. It's not like
one record got lost or was illegible. It's not that somebody misread or
mis-transliterated a record. These were four different people who
arrived at different times.

I searched all the eastern ports of arrival and Canadian crossings for
the relevant years, using variations of Abrams and Abramovich, without
success. It's possible that I didn't use the correct given name.
Louis' shem kodesh was Arye Zvi; his common name was Leb Hirsh. Harry's
shem kodesh was Yehoshua Zeev and his common name was Asher Velvel. I
tried some of these variations without success.

Here is another twist. Nathan had a third son -- my maternal
grandfather, Avraham Ber. According to family history, my grandfather
took or bought the surname of Peker (or Pieker) to avoid conscription in
the Russian army. I have a copy of his marriage announcement, published
in a Lithuanian newspaper, in which Nathan is referred to as Yitzhak
Natan Peker. JewishGen also lists a Lithuanian marriage record for
Avraham Peker which gives the name of his father as Itzik Peker. I have
always assumed that the use of Peker name by Avraham's father was
necessary to maintain the draft evasion charade but I don't know if
Nathan ever used the name of Peker. Nathan was in the US using the name
of Abrams for eight years before Avraham's marriage. Yizkor book
citations show my grandfather Avraham's name to be Peker and the ship's
manifests for my mother and her siblings show their name to be Peker.

Each of Nathan's children had a shem kodesh and a common name. When
they got their emigration documents, they could have used the presumably
original name of Abramovich or their father's new name of Abrams. I
don't know what name his wife might have used or how the name of Peker
might fit in. Their naturalization documents say they arrived through
the port of New York and they may have followed some or all of Nathan's
path of NY to Boston, then through New Hampshire and Vermont to upstate
New York. They may also have arrived at some other port but I also
checked those. What I do know is that whatever combinations and
permutations of names I have tried, I can't find any immigration
information on any of these four people. There is voluminous US based
information about them under the name of Abrams. What more can I do to
find information about them in Latvia and/or Lithuania?

Arnold Davidson


Translate Bialystok 1901 marr doc #poland

Marilyn Okonow
 

Marriage record >from 1901 in Bialystok: Sroel Szmuliowicz Micheliowicz
Predmietski.

This may be my great-grandfather Mendel Predmietski's brother, as I know
that Mendel's father's name was Szmuel, and his father's name was Michel.
Mendel did in fact have a younger brother, born around 1880, and conceivably
he would be the right age to marry by 1901. I am also hoping to discover the
names of Srol's mother and grandmother. Please translate the entire document
at the following location:
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=15763

Thanks in advance,
Marilyn Okonow
mokonow@comcast.net

MODERATOR'S NOTE: Please respond privately.


BialyGen: Bialystok Region #Bialystok #Poland Translate Bialystok 1901 marr doc #poland

Marilyn Okonow
 

Marriage record >from 1901 in Bialystok: Sroel Szmuliowicz Micheliowicz
Predmietski.

This may be my great-grandfather Mendel Predmietski's brother, as I know
that Mendel's father's name was Szmuel, and his father's name was Michel.
Mendel did in fact have a younger brother, born around 1880, and conceivably
he would be the right age to marry by 1901. I am also hoping to discover the
names of Srol's mother and grandmother. Please translate the entire document
at the following location:
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=15763

Thanks in advance,
Marilyn Okonow
mokonow@comcast.net

MODERATOR'S NOTE: Please respond privately.


Re: Looking for the Town of Nuwobule in Russia #general

Alexander Sharon
 

Jacqueline Davis wrote
According to the Records he came >from NUWOBULE in Russia.
I have searched all the databases and no such town exists,
at least with that spelling.
snip....

Dear Jacqueline,

You are most probbaly searching for town which is known currently as
Naujalaukis, Lithuania at 5536 2435.
It previous name was Novopol' (Nowopol') and Nowopole (literally: Newfield),
hence this corrupted version of "Nuwobule".
Village is located about 2 miles distance SSE >from the large Jewish town
Raguva (ex Rogo'w or Rogova, Rogove), Vilkomir uyezd, Kovno Guberniya, and
about 25 miles distance >from Vilkomir, who BTW has been renamed to Ukmerge.

Best Regards,

Alexander Sharon
JGFF Editor


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: Looking for the Town of Nuwobule in Russia #general

Alexander Sharon
 

Jacqueline Davis wrote
According to the Records he came >from NUWOBULE in Russia.
I have searched all the databases and no such town exists,
at least with that spelling.
snip....

Dear Jacqueline,

You are most probbaly searching for town which is known currently as
Naujalaukis, Lithuania at 5536 2435.
It previous name was Novopol' (Nowopol') and Nowopole (literally: Newfield),
hence this corrupted version of "Nuwobule".
Village is located about 2 miles distance SSE >from the large Jewish town
Raguva (ex Rogo'w or Rogova, Rogove), Vilkomir uyezd, Kovno Guberniya, and
about 25 miles distance >from Vilkomir, who BTW has been renamed to Ukmerge.

Best Regards,

Alexander Sharon
JGFF Editor


Seeking missing US ships manifests: SPIEGEL and SCHWARTZ, Hungary #general

nancyshaw1@...
 

Hi folks, I would love the expert help of this list in finding the
manifests of my great-grandparents. I have not been able to locate
them...

Ggf Morton SPIEGEL was born May 1883 in Nyiregyhaza, Hungary.
According to census documents, he immigrated 1904. He married Pauline
SCHWARTZ in NYC in December 1905 and lived at 290 Stanton Street at
that time. Morton was a carpenter.

Morton's parent's were Joszef SPIEGEL and Ezter KLEIN. A married
Josef/Joseph and Ester SPIEGEL >from Hungary, about the right age,
immigrate separately in 1906. Three of their sons also immigrate in 1904-6 -
Alexander b 1876, Adolf b 1887, Nathan b 1892 - and join another brother,
Isidor, who is already here by 1904. Adolf's home on his manifest looks
like Nyiregyhaza. The others put other towns - Budapest, "Orvich".

I don't know if this is the same family or not, but I'm intrigued by
the Joseph and Ester, possibly >from Nyiregyhaza, who could be my
gg-gps. (Though none of the relatives or addresses on these manifests
link to my family.) If my Morton is going to brother Isidor or
Alexander in 1904, then I've greatly expanded my tree...

My ggm Pauline/Paula SCHWARTZ was born about 1886. According to census
documents, she arrived in either 1902 or 1904. Her parents back in
Hungary - shtetl unknown - were Morris SCHWARTZ born abt 1860 + Jettie
ROTHMAN born abt 1860. I don't know if they also immigrated or not.
She also had a sister Celia who came about 1908. In December 1905,
Pauline lived at 139 "Goereb" Street, which no longer exists if it was
a real street name then.

Thank you for any assistance!

Nancy Shaw, Berkeley, CA
Researching: AUSFRESSER (Horodenka, Ukraine); BERKOWER (Potochyshche /
Latacz, Ukraine); BERKOWITZ (Iasi, Romania); BRECHER (Galicia);
FELDMAN (Iasi, Romania); HERSHKOWITZ (Galicia); KALICHSTEIN (Galicia);
KLEIN (Nyregyhza, Hungary); LADENHEIM (Zaleszczyki, Ukraine);
ROSENKRANZ (Potochyshche / Latacz, Ukraine); SCHWARTZ (Hungary);
SHARFSTEIN (Galicia); SPIEGEL (Nyregyhza, Hungary)


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Seeking missing US ships manifests: SPIEGEL and SCHWARTZ, Hungary #general

nancyshaw1@...
 

Hi folks, I would love the expert help of this list in finding the
manifests of my great-grandparents. I have not been able to locate
them...

Ggf Morton SPIEGEL was born May 1883 in Nyiregyhaza, Hungary.
According to census documents, he immigrated 1904. He married Pauline
SCHWARTZ in NYC in December 1905 and lived at 290 Stanton Street at
that time. Morton was a carpenter.

Morton's parent's were Joszef SPIEGEL and Ezter KLEIN. A married
Josef/Joseph and Ester SPIEGEL >from Hungary, about the right age,
immigrate separately in 1906. Three of their sons also immigrate in 1904-6 -
Alexander b 1876, Adolf b 1887, Nathan b 1892 - and join another brother,
Isidor, who is already here by 1904. Adolf's home on his manifest looks
like Nyiregyhaza. The others put other towns - Budapest, "Orvich".

I don't know if this is the same family or not, but I'm intrigued by
the Joseph and Ester, possibly >from Nyiregyhaza, who could be my
gg-gps. (Though none of the relatives or addresses on these manifests
link to my family.) If my Morton is going to brother Isidor or
Alexander in 1904, then I've greatly expanded my tree...

My ggm Pauline/Paula SCHWARTZ was born about 1886. According to census
documents, she arrived in either 1902 or 1904. Her parents back in
Hungary - shtetl unknown - were Morris SCHWARTZ born abt 1860 + Jettie
ROTHMAN born abt 1860. I don't know if they also immigrated or not.
She also had a sister Celia who came about 1908. In December 1905,
Pauline lived at 139 "Goereb" Street, which no longer exists if it was
a real street name then.

Thank you for any assistance!

Nancy Shaw, Berkeley, CA
Researching: AUSFRESSER (Horodenka, Ukraine); BERKOWER (Potochyshche /
Latacz, Ukraine); BERKOWITZ (Iasi, Romania); BRECHER (Galicia);
FELDMAN (Iasi, Romania); HERSHKOWITZ (Galicia); KALICHSTEIN (Galicia);
KLEIN (Nyregyhza, Hungary); LADENHEIM (Zaleszczyki, Ukraine);
ROSENKRANZ (Potochyshche / Latacz, Ukraine); SCHWARTZ (Hungary);
SHARFSTEIN (Galicia); SPIEGEL (Nyregyhza, Hungary)


Re: Insurmountable Brick Wall? #general

Laurel Singer <lesinger04@...>
 

Because there have been several recent postings about the difficulty of
finding passenger manifests, I thought I would share a couple of successes I
have had, where I thought I had hit a brick wall.

In one case I was looking for a record for Moses Wolpert, using
ancestry.com. It turns out that the name was mis-indexed as Mores Wolgiert.
Therefore my "starts with" searches didn't work. I found the correct record
by finally looking at the Hamburg outgoing passengers, because they had a
better index. Similarly, I had failed to find a manifest for Rebecca Heller
(whose name was also incorrect at ancestry.com), but found her on the list
of UK outgoing passengers. In both cases, once I knew the date and ship
name, I was then able to find the mis-indexed US manifest.

- So,.. check as many sources as are available, in case one is indexed
correctly and the other isn't.

In another case I had been looking in vain for "Sarah Siff/Siev/Ziv." I
finally realized that the German spelling might be Siw. I still couldn't
find the name, so I wrote it down as badly as I could write it, and went
through the possible ways that it could have been indexed - Siu, Swi,.. and
finally found it listed under Sara Sin.

- So,... try to imagine how the record might be indexed if it was scribbled.


- And of course never limit your search just because the family story, or
other records, said that they arrived in a certain port or in a specific
year.

Laurel Singer
San Ramon, CA


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen RE: Insurmountable Brick Wall? #general

Laurel Singer <lesinger04@...>
 

Because there have been several recent postings about the difficulty of
finding passenger manifests, I thought I would share a couple of successes I
have had, where I thought I had hit a brick wall.

In one case I was looking for a record for Moses Wolpert, using
ancestry.com. It turns out that the name was mis-indexed as Mores Wolgiert.
Therefore my "starts with" searches didn't work. I found the correct record
by finally looking at the Hamburg outgoing passengers, because they had a
better index. Similarly, I had failed to find a manifest for Rebecca Heller
(whose name was also incorrect at ancestry.com), but found her on the list
of UK outgoing passengers. In both cases, once I knew the date and ship
name, I was then able to find the mis-indexed US manifest.

- So,.. check as many sources as are available, in case one is indexed
correctly and the other isn't.

In another case I had been looking in vain for "Sarah Siff/Siev/Ziv." I
finally realized that the German spelling might be Siw. I still couldn't
find the name, so I wrote it down as badly as I could write it, and went
through the possible ways that it could have been indexed - Siu, Swi,.. and
finally found it listed under Sara Sin.

- So,... try to imagine how the record might be indexed if it was scribbled.


- And of course never limit your search just because the family story, or
other records, said that they arrived in a certain port or in a specific
year.

Laurel Singer
San Ramon, CA


Seeking traces of MAURER family from Kherson, Ukraine. #general

boris
 

The family was originally >from Alsace Lorraine; migrated to Russia probably
on the 18th-19th centuries. Most members emigrated >from Russia to America in
the1880's-early 1900's. The last known member of the family, Dora Maurer,
arrived in America ca. 1923. It is assumed that two sisters, Rosa and
Rebecca Maurer remained in the Soviet Union.

Please post your replies here in the forum.

Thank you,

Boris Feldblyum
boris@bfcollection.net
Potomac, MD


Seeking traces of BROMBERG family from Kherson, Ukraine. #general

boris
 

The only known member of the family, Freida / Frida bat Vulf Bromberg,
arrived in America in 1903. The rest of the family stayed in Russia. Fate
unknown.

Please post your replies here in the forum.

Thank you,

Boris Feldblyum
boris@bfcollection.net
Potomac, MD


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Seeking traces of MAURER family from Kherson, Ukraine. #general

boris
 

The family was originally >from Alsace Lorraine; migrated to Russia probably
on the 18th-19th centuries. Most members emigrated >from Russia to America in
the1880's-early 1900's. The last known member of the family, Dora Maurer,
arrived in America ca. 1923. It is assumed that two sisters, Rosa and
Rebecca Maurer remained in the Soviet Union.

Please post your replies here in the forum.

Thank you,

Boris Feldblyum
boris@bfcollection.net
Potomac, MD


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Seeking traces of BROMBERG family from Kherson, Ukraine. #general

boris
 

The only known member of the family, Freida / Frida bat Vulf Bromberg,
arrived in America in 1903. The rest of the family stayed in Russia. Fate
unknown.

Please post your replies here in the forum.

Thank you,

Boris Feldblyum
boris@bfcollection.net
Potomac, MD


News of FrenchSIG in L.A.! #france

rdleeson@...
 

Dear fellow FrenchSIGgers!

The L.A. Conference is nearly upon us. This is a reminder that we will
have a table at the Market Fair on Sunday July 11, so do stop by to say
hello.

On Wed., July 14 - Bastille Day! - we will have the FrenchSIG meeting
from 9:45-11 am.
Anne Lifshitz-Krams, an officer of the Cercle de Genealogie Juive in
Paris, and the head of the Committee for the 2012 IAJGS International
Conference, which will take place in Paris >from July 15-18, 2012 will be
with us to tell us some of the plans already in the works for that
exciting event. An extra inducement for those who are Olympic fans
is that the Conference will be the week following the Summer Olympics of
2012 in London. So plan ahead, save the dates, and come on over!

There will be bilingual French-English sessions, and a tour on the River
Seine among the plans, and the possibility of visits to other areas in
France >from which your ancestors may have come, as well as add-on visits
to other places in Europe, if there is demand. Committee members
include specialists >from Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland as well as
France. If you have any suggestions, or wish to be a speaker please do
let us know in L.A.! The conference will take place at the beautiful
Paris Marriott Rive Gauche Hotel & Conference Center, on the Left Bank
between the Montparnasse Business Center and the Latin Quarter, with
direct access (Metro, RER and Bus) >from the main airports and train
stations and a perfect location to visit Paris.

It offers 618 Deluxe Rooms, 88 Executive Rooms and 51 Suites. Most of
the guest-rooms offer panoramic views of Paris. All have secured, high
speed nternet. You will find a Fitness Center, a restaurant and a Bar.

Concerning the Conference, the Hotel provides a fully integrated
Conference Center offering 4,800 Sq Meters of which we will use more than
2000 on two levels. And very attractive room
rates for Conference attendees!

Come to the Sig meeting meeting to learn more, and to give your input as
to what you might wish included! Celebrate Bastille Day!

We look to forward to seeing many of you in L.A. !
Rosanne Leeson
Co-Coordinator FrenchSIG
Los Altos, CA USA


French SIG #France News of FrenchSIG in L.A.! #france

rdleeson@...
 

Dear fellow FrenchSIGgers!

The L.A. Conference is nearly upon us. This is a reminder that we will
have a table at the Market Fair on Sunday July 11, so do stop by to say
hello.

On Wed., July 14 - Bastille Day! - we will have the FrenchSIG meeting
from 9:45-11 am.
Anne Lifshitz-Krams, an officer of the Cercle de Genealogie Juive in
Paris, and the head of the Committee for the 2012 IAJGS International
Conference, which will take place in Paris >from July 15-18, 2012 will be
with us to tell us some of the plans already in the works for that
exciting event. An extra inducement for those who are Olympic fans
is that the Conference will be the week following the Summer Olympics of
2012 in London. So plan ahead, save the dates, and come on over!

There will be bilingual French-English sessions, and a tour on the River
Seine among the plans, and the possibility of visits to other areas in
France >from which your ancestors may have come, as well as add-on visits
to other places in Europe, if there is demand. Committee members
include specialists >from Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland as well as
France. If you have any suggestions, or wish to be a speaker please do
let us know in L.A.! The conference will take place at the beautiful
Paris Marriott Rive Gauche Hotel & Conference Center, on the Left Bank
between the Montparnasse Business Center and the Latin Quarter, with
direct access (Metro, RER and Bus) >from the main airports and train
stations and a perfect location to visit Paris.

It offers 618 Deluxe Rooms, 88 Executive Rooms and 51 Suites. Most of
the guest-rooms offer panoramic views of Paris. All have secured, high
speed nternet. You will find a Fitness Center, a restaurant and a Bar.

Concerning the Conference, the Hotel provides a fully integrated
Conference Center offering 4,800 Sq Meters of which we will use more than
2000 on two levels. And very attractive room
rates for Conference attendees!

Come to the Sig meeting meeting to learn more, and to give your input as
to what you might wish included! Celebrate Bastille Day!

We look to forward to seeing many of you in L.A. !
Rosanne Leeson
Co-Coordinator FrenchSIG
Los Altos, CA USA


ViewMate: Yiddish Translation please #general

ms nodrog
 

Dear Genners,

I am anxious to have the two items I posted to Viewmate translated
into English. I believe they are both >from my Aunt who perished
in the Holocaust.

Unfortunately, I do not have the originals. I only have copies of the
originals and have tried to raise the resolution and contrast of the copies.

Any help would be greatly appreciated. The links are:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=15710
and
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=15711

Thank you in advance,
Hope Gordon


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen ViewMate: Yiddish Translation please #general

ms nodrog
 

Dear Genners,

I am anxious to have the two items I posted to Viewmate translated
into English. I believe they are both >from my Aunt who perished
in the Holocaust.

Unfortunately, I do not have the originals. I only have copies of the
originals and have tried to raise the resolution and contrast of the copies.

Any help would be greatly appreciated. The links are:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=15710
and
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=15711

Thank you in advance,
Hope Gordon