Date   

ViewMate translation request - Polish - 1847 Izrael BRANDYS #general

rcbernstein
 

I've posted a vital record in Polish for which I need an exact translation.
It is on ViewMate at the following address ...

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28197

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you very much.
Ruvane Bernstein


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen ViewMate translation request - Polish - 1847 Izrael BRANDYS #general

rcbernstein
 

I've posted a vital record in Polish for which I need an exact translation.
It is on ViewMate at the following address ...

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28197

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you very much.
Ruvane Bernstein


ViewMate translation request - Polish - 1862 Ryfka BORENSZTEJN #general

rcbernstein
 

I've posted a vital record in Polish for which I need an exact translation.
It is on ViewMate at the following address ...

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28198

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you very much.
Ruvane Bernstein


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen ViewMate translation request - Polish - 1862 Ryfka BORENSZTEJN #general

rcbernstein
 

I've posted a vital record in Polish for which I need an exact translation.
It is on ViewMate at the following address ...

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28198

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you very much.
Ruvane Bernstein


Jewish orphanage class picture on ViewMate #general

Marlene Dobrin <dobrins@...>
 

My mother's father Samuel Rief left for America about 1912 and her
mother Tirtza died about 1918. They came >from Seduva Lithuania but the
towns of Ahbel,Lithuania,Krakes Lithuania, Ostrechan/Astrakhan, Russia
on the Volga, Antylipt and Sarotof, Russia may have some meaning to this
picture. It is a picture of the Jewish orphanage or child care school
that took in my mother and her sister and brother, schooled them, fed
them and provided shelter. This is all I know about this picture. I am
hoping someone has some clue or familiarization with this orphanage or
maybe even recognizes some faces in the picture. My mother finally felt
safe and had fond memories of this wonderful place. Prior to her being
there all she remembers is moving around the country. I'm hoping to
discover a bit more information about this period in my mother's life.

I've posted the picture on ViewMate at the following address ...
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28208

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you very much. Marlene Kempner Dobrin - Arizona USA
Family names: KEMPNER, POKEMPNER, PAKEMPNER, MIRVIS, RIEF, WESTERMAN,
MELMAN, SHEINKER, KRECHMER, LUNTZ, SACHS/ZOX, LITT, FLEISCHMAN,
MEYERSON/MAROVICH, HILLMAN, KOBLINITZ, SEGALL, FRIEDMAN, DOBRIN,
DOBRINSKY, SCHUMAN, ITKIN, FIRESTONE, FEIRSTEIN, FOREMAN, FUXMAN


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Jewish orphanage class picture on ViewMate #general

Marlene Dobrin <dobrins@...>
 

My mother's father Samuel Rief left for America about 1912 and her
mother Tirtza died about 1918. They came >from Seduva Lithuania but the
towns of Ahbel,Lithuania,Krakes Lithuania, Ostrechan/Astrakhan, Russia
on the Volga, Antylipt and Sarotof, Russia may have some meaning to this
picture. It is a picture of the Jewish orphanage or child care school
that took in my mother and her sister and brother, schooled them, fed
them and provided shelter. This is all I know about this picture. I am
hoping someone has some clue or familiarization with this orphanage or
maybe even recognizes some faces in the picture. My mother finally felt
safe and had fond memories of this wonderful place. Prior to her being
there all she remembers is moving around the country. I'm hoping to
discover a bit more information about this period in my mother's life.

I've posted the picture on ViewMate at the following address ...
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28208

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you very much. Marlene Kempner Dobrin - Arizona USA
Family names: KEMPNER, POKEMPNER, PAKEMPNER, MIRVIS, RIEF, WESTERMAN,
MELMAN, SHEINKER, KRECHMER, LUNTZ, SACHS/ZOX, LITT, FLEISCHMAN,
MEYERSON/MAROVICH, HILLMAN, KOBLINITZ, SEGALL, FRIEDMAN, DOBRIN,
DOBRINSKY, SCHUMAN, ITKIN, FIRESTONE, FEIRSTEIN, FOREMAN, FUXMAN


ViewMate: Uniform Identification Request #general

Dale Friedman
 

I have posted a photo in ViewMate of a man >from the town of Rohatyn in
Galicia (in modern day Ukraine.) The photo was probably taken around
1915 to 1925.

I would like to know if the man is wearing a military uniform
(Austrian-Hungarian army?) or is it perhaps a police or fire brigade
uniform or some other type of uniform?

If you can help me identify the type of uniform, I would very much
appreciate it.

It is in ViewMate at the following address:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28146

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you in advance for any help you might provide.

Dale Friedman

Berkeley, CA

BRATSPIESS, GIRE >from Rohatyn, Ukraine
MANN >from Gargzdai, Lithuania
FRIEDMAN >from Berdichev, Ukraine
HALPERN >from Golovchin, Belarus


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen ViewMate: Uniform Identification Request #general

Dale Friedman
 

I have posted a photo in ViewMate of a man >from the town of Rohatyn in
Galicia (in modern day Ukraine.) The photo was probably taken around
1915 to 1925.

I would like to know if the man is wearing a military uniform
(Austrian-Hungarian army?) or is it perhaps a police or fire brigade
uniform or some other type of uniform?

If you can help me identify the type of uniform, I would very much
appreciate it.

It is in ViewMate at the following address:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28146

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you in advance for any help you might provide.

Dale Friedman

Berkeley, CA

BRATSPIESS, GIRE >from Rohatyn, Ukraine
MANN >from Gargzdai, Lithuania
FRIEDMAN >from Berdichev, Ukraine
HALPERN >from Golovchin, Belarus


Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013 #subcarpathia

Marshall Katz
 

Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013

"Tour de Carpat"

by
Marshall Katz
Camp Hill, PA

I won't repeat the general information that I provided in my 2011 and 2012=
=20
reports, found at the Sub-Carpathia SIG "Portal," SEE: Travel=20
Planning/Trip Reports. [ http://www.jewishgen.org/sub-carpathia ]=20

Before traveling to Sub-Carpathia, I spent three days in Budapest to visit=
=20
three libraries. I photographed a few interesting books, such as List of=
=20
Orthodox and Neolog Jewish communities in Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia)=20
c.1942 and their officiating rabbi's name, A felekezeti anyakonyvek=20
Magyarorszagon (Registers in Hungary) by Dr. Artur Stein 1941, List of Doc=
tors in=20
Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia) c.1942, Census by Religion (incl.=20
Sub-Carpathia) in 1880, 1910, 1921, 1930, and 1941. All of these books wi=
ll be a great=20
help to me when I create KehilaLink web sites.

My 2013 "Tour de Carpat" was quite an experience again this year. The=20
weather started out being cold and very wet for two weeks, then changed to=
=20
very hot, then back to cold and wet, and the last three weeks were very ho=
t. =20
I guess we were experiencing the tail end of what Europe was experiencing,=
=20
but without the flooding.

I was able to travel to 176 villages and towns---passing through many=20
other villages and towns---and I photographed 100 cemeteries and all of th=
e=20
tombstones therein, except Uzhhorod's cemetery. It took an inordinate amo=
unt=20
of time to photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery because of its size, as big as=
=20
three football fields. I had to wait until the last week of my trip to=20
photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery. Because of all of the rain---the cemete=
ry=20
was quickly overgrown again and it took three weeks for the workers to cle=
ar=20
the growth. I was only able to complete photographing the tombstones in =
=20
sections 1, 2 and 3, due to the large number of tombstones and the size of=
=20
the cemetery sections. Sections 4 and 5 remain to be done, giving me a go=
od=20
excuse to go back in 2014. I observed that there are over 400 =20
tombstones that have fallen, fortunately most on their back side so I could=
=20
photograph them, and which remain to be erected. Many tombstones need t=
o be=20
re-cemented to their bases, because if bumped, they could topple on a work=
er=20
or visitor. Other tombstones need to be set upright because they are=20
leaning. If you have a connection to the Uzhhorod cemetery, or are intere=
sted=20
in it, your financial help is needed to help correct many of these issues.=
=20
Contact me for more information. =20

All of the roads in Sub-Carpathia are a nightmare; they have more potholes=
=20
than last year and many of them are very deep, causing us to drive at less=
=20
than five miles per hour in many places, especially off the main roads =20
leading to the villages. The main roads, to a certain point, were patched b=
y=20
the middle of June, but the secondary roads have been ignored for years. =
=20
It's a miracle we were able to get around to all of the villages on my lis=
t in=20
such a short period of time. Therefore, when you are planning a visit to=
=20
multiple villages that are not co-located, you need to ensure you have=20
sufficient travel days included in your itinerary to compensate for the=20
additional time required to drive >from place to place. If your villages a=
re not=20
co-located, you may not have time to visit them in one day.

Again this year, several cemeteries that I visited were a very long=20
walk---up and far back in the mountain---and once found, it was difficult =
to=20
access the tombstones due to interlocking of the underbrush with "jagger"=
=20
bushes ["Pittsburgh-ese" for a bush with thorns on it.] One type of tho=
rn=20
bush in Sub-Carpathia has inch-long thorns and they get your attention whe=
n=20
you get caught by them. I guess I need to add a machete to my cemetery k=
it.=20
When visiting cemeteries in Sub-Carpathia, outside of urban towns, you=20
should wear good leather boots with gripping soles. We wear Timberline=20
boots. Most cemeteries are not maintained by locals and are severely over=
grown.=20
Several cemeteries, with walls and a locked gate, had no visible contact =
=20
information for the person with the key to the lock, so we had to climb=20
over the walls. In some cases, the caretaker of the cemetery has died and=
=20
nobody was contacted to replace them---so the cemetery today is overgrown.=
It=20
is important to state that anyone visiting Sub-Carpathia cemeteries and=20
requiring the assistance of the locals, be very respectful to them. We ha=
d a=20
complaint at one cemetery about earlier visitors.

As in previous years, villagers who were promised payment for caring for a=
=20
cemetery, were not being paid. This includes villagers who have the key=
=20
to the cemeteries. This is an easy fix, so if you know of someone who is=
=20
remiss in paying for their cemetery's maintenance, please tell them to hon=
or=20
their agreements. It would be sad to travel to Sub-Carpathia and not be=
=20
able to access your ancestral cemetery because of lack of payment for =20
maintenance.

The good news is that a few of the cemeteries we visited were in the=20
process of being restored, with walls around the cemetery and the tombston=
es=20
being set upright. =20

We located two cemeteries that previously we were told did not exist and=
=20
we were unable to locate a couple cemeteries that I was told did exist, so=
=20
we will spend more time next year looking for them. In some cases, a few=
=20
cemeteries were destroyed by the locals and the land was being used for=20
agricultural farming or commercial purposes---blamed on the Soviet period.=
=20

I noticed several cases of encroachment on a couple cemeteries---being=20
used for a garden---which seems a common problem when a cemetery borders t=
he=20
backyard of a house. One needs to recall that when Jewish cemeteries wer=
e=20
first established---on the outskirts of a village---it was a remote and=20
unused area of land. Today, most villages have grown in size and cemeteri=
es=20
border properties with houses on them. We noticed, in one case, tombstone=
s=20
were moved and stacked against a tree to allow for storage of building=20
materials next to a house. Cows are allowed to graze in some of the cemet=
eries=20
and are probably responsible for toppled or broken tombstones in some=20
cases. Without any Jews living in the villages to protect the cemeteries,=
=20
little can be done to prevent such actions.

This year, whenever we entered a village, we asked a minimum of three=20
"Babushkas" (grandmothers) and/or "Dedushkas" (grandfathers) where the=20
Hebraiski Clabisheh - RU or Jido Temeto - HU (Jewish cemetery) was located=
. In=20
most all cases, everyone knows the location of the cemetery and, oftentime=
s,=20
will gladly show us where it is, either by accompanying us in the car or b=
y=20
walking to the cemetery location with us---even if it is a long walk up=20
into the mountain. Most all villagers refuse payment for helping us locat=
e=20
cemeteries.

Because of the wet weather, moss was a problem on many of the tombstones=
=20
in the forests where sunlight doesn't reach them. Conversely, the forest,=
=20
in most cases, because of the lack of sunlight, helps to preserve and=20
protect the inscriptions on the tombstones. Sadly, one cemetery on a=20
mountainside had many beautiful marble stones---in very good condition---b=
ut they all=20
had toppled over face down on the mountainside due to their size and havin=
g=20
been placed on a very small base. It would take a tripod and winch to=20
raise them. Another cemetery we re-visited had its large metal doors sto=
len=20
since last year.

When trekking around Sub-Carpathia, one must learn to recognize two types=
=20
of dangerous bushes: "Borschovik" bushes, which can burn the skin and=20
cause severe blistering (worse than poison ivy or poison oak) and "Krapiva=
"=20
bushes, which can cause irritation of the skin---but also has some medicin=
al=20
properties. =20

The weather here seemed to bring out the snakes this year; we encountered=
=20
them in several cemeteries, especially in the mountains.=20

There is always a funny event in my travels and it happened when I kneeled=
=20
down to photograph a tombstone that was leaning over, almost to the=20
ground. I didn't notice that I had knelt on an ant hill, and I had thousa=
nds of=20
red ants all over my clothes. I ran to the street, took off my shirt and=
=20
pants to shake them off. Two "Babushkas" (grandmothers) were sitting on a=
=20
bench across the street, and they got a good laugh seeing me dancing in th=
e=20
street shaking the ants off of my shirt and pants in my "gatchies"=20
["Pittsburgh-ese" for "underwear"].

In Berehove (Beregszasz) we were able to view the restoration of the=20
small Orthodox synagogue which is progressing very nicely, and a Sub-Carpa=
thia=20
Jewish Museum therein is in the planning stages. They have started to=20
receive interesting articles for the museum, including items donated >from =
the=20
Holocaust Museum in Budapest which has items formerly >from Sub-Carpathia. =
=20
If you, or anyone you know, has religious artifacts, books, etc., from=20
Sub-Carpathia either >from before or after the war, please consider donatin=
g the=20
item(s) to the museum in Berehove, to memorialize your Sub-Carpathian=20
families. If you do not have anything you could contribute, you can help =
with=20
financial assistance as another way to memorialize them. Write to me and I=
=20
will provide contact information---they have a web site.

In Vynogradiv, we were able to view the restoration of that synagogue=20
which is progressing very nicely. We were unable to go inside as it was a=
=20
Sunday and work was stopped.

In Khust, the small chapel is very nice, but the main sanctuary is in dire=
=20
need of restoration. The frescoes on the ceiling are wonderful works of=
=20
art. This synagogue was flooded in the past and all the floorboards of th=
e=20
main sanctuary need to be replaced and the interior restored.

In Mukacheve, I found and photographed the Sheyovich Brick Factory, the=20
site of the second Munkacs Ghetto. Also, since last year, I photographed =
a=20
new memorial which was erected in the middle of the old Munkacs cemetery.

In Velikiye Komyaty, we located the wooden synagogue, but the "cheder"=20
building preceding it was torn down and the property is now being used for=
an=20
agricultural purpose. The synagogue is located at North 48 deg., 14.302=
=20
and East 22 deg., 58.690. The synagogue building is in very bad condition=
=20
and may not last much longer, succumbing to expansion of the hot houses on=
=20
the adjoining property.

One often-overlooked source of genealogical information is the "sidurim"=
=20
(prayer books) found in the synagogues of Berehove, Vynogradiv and Khust. =
=20
Next year, time permitting, I will try to photograph the writings in the=
=20
books I noticed on this trip, such as: names, dates, etc. Due to restorat=
ion=20
of the synagogues in Berehove and Vynogradiv, the books were in storage at=
=20
this time. =20

I met briefly with the Hungarian consul >from Uzhhorod (Ungvar) who is=20
keenly interested in what I have been doing throughout Sub-Carpathia,=20
documenting cemeteries and creating web sites. Another meeting is planned=
for the=20
future. Next year will be 70 years since the Holocaust touched=20
Sub-Carpathia, and the Hungarian government is planning a remembrance prog=
ram which=20
will include Sub-Carpathia. More information to follow on this whenever i=
t=20
becomes available.

I was interviewed by Transcarpathian TV concerning my "Tour de Carpat,"=20
which will soon be aired in Ukraine. The purpose of the interview was to=
=20
explain several things, namely my personal connection to Sub-Carpathia, wh=
at I=20
am doing in Sub-Carpathia regarding Jewish cemeteries and other=20
miscellaneous topics of general and genealogical interest. I also asked t=
he viewers,=20
who may have Jewish items left behind after the deportations or after=20
1945, to consider donation of the items to the Sub-Carpathia Jewish Museum=
=20
being planned in Berehove. I was also invited to participate in a radio t=
alk=20
show, but I was unavailable that day.

I attended a festival in Leysichovo which has a really interesting and=20
famous blacksmith shop, powered by water wheels. Also, while traveling, I=
=20
found and photographed one wooden synagogue and several very old wooden=20
churches. =20

There are ten places I wanted to visit and a couple cemeteries I wanted to=
=20
photograph, but due to the weather and other circumstances beyond our=20
control, they will have to wait until I return in 2014. They are all=20
identified in the following list of towns and villages. =20

Due to the fact that there are more than one town with the same name in=20
Sub-Carpathia, one can become quickly confused as to which place is which,=
so=20
I have numbered them, 1, 2, etc., and they are easily differentiated by=20
their Hungarian name and their Ukrainian raion (county).

If you are planning a visit to Sub-Carpathia, the best suggestion is to=20
employ the services of a Jewish man in Uzhhorod who speaks Hungarian,=20
English, Ukrainian and Russian, and who knows all of Sub-Carpathia and its=
=20
cemetery locations. He can pick you up at the airport in Budapest, Kosice=
, Kiev,=20
Lviv, Uzhhorod or elsewhere and get you to your destination in =20
Sub-Carpathia. He can handle one or two people as well as larger groups w=
ith his fleet=20
of vehicles. He can make reservations for you at hotels and ensure that=
=20
you get to your ancestral villages and towns. Make your plans early in th=
e=20
year if you plan to use his services, as his schedule fills up very =20
quickly. His services are very reasonable and you will feel safe during y=
our=20
travel with him. Of course, if you are satisfied with his services, a "ti=
p"=20
would be very much appreciated. E-mail me for his contact information.

Tombstone images will be available once the full cemetery set has been=20
translated and uploaded to the photo album of the respective KehilaLink we=
b=20
site.=20

Places visited in 2013 (in alphabetical order by their Ukrainian name)

KEY: =20

Ukrainian name, (Hungarian name), Sub-Carpathian raion/county, (number of=
=20
images) and any comments

Note 1: The number of images does not equate to the number of tombstones.=
=20
I usually take multiple photos of each tombstone and a few panorama photos=
=20
of the cemetery.

Note 2: Where you see "No cemetery," in most all cases, we learned that=
=20
people were buried in the next larger village or town with a cemetery.

Badalovo (Badalo) Berehivskiy (52) =20

Barbovo (Bardhaza) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Barkasovo (Barkaszo) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Belki (Bilke) Irshavsky (1646)=20

Bene (Bene) Berehivskiy (76)=20

Benedykivtsi (Benedike) Mukachevskiy (60) =20

Bereghrestia (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Berezovo (Berezna) Khustskiy (318)=20

Bobove (Bobove) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Bobovo (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Bochansky (?) ? - No cemetery

Bogdan (Tiszabogdany) Rakhivskyi (155) =20

Borzhava (Nagyborzsova) Berehivskiy (120) =20

Bukivts'ovo (Ungbukkos) Velykobereznianskiy (9)

Bukovets' 1 (Beregbardos) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Bukovets' 2 (Bukkospatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Chaslivtsi (Ungcsaszloc) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Chepa (Csepe) Vynohradivskiy (120)

Cherna (Csarnato) Vynohradivskiy (54)

Chertezh (Ungcsertesz) Uzhhorodskiy (5)

Choma (Tiszacsoma) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Chomonin (Csongor) Mukachevskiy (79)

Chornoholova (Csornoholova) Velykobereznianskiy (80)

Chornyi Potik 1 (Kenezpatak) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Chornyi Potik 2 (Feketepatak) Vynohradivskiy (24)

Chynadiiovo (Bereg-Szentmiklos) Mukachevskiy (34)

Dertsen (Dercen) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Deshkovytsya (Deskofalva) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Drotyntsi (Tiszaszirma) Vynohradivskiy (40)

Dyula (Szollosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Dzvonkovoye (Haranglab) Berehivskiy (7)

Fanchykovo (Fancsika) Vynohradivskiy (36)

Fedoreve (Tivadar) ? - No cemetery

Fertesholmash (Fertoalmas) Vynohradivskiy (25)

Forholan' (Forgolany) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Halabor (Halabor) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Haloch (Galocs) Uzhhorodskiy (19)

Hetynya (Tiszaheteny) Vynohradivskiy - Not found, return in 2014.

Holiatyn (Oholyatin /Tarfalu ?) Mizhhirskiy (167)

Horinchovo (Herincse) Khustskiy (162)

Horonhlab (Haranglab (Kis-)) Mukachevskiy (33)

Hreblya (Felsokaraszlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Hudya (Godenyhaza) Vynohradivskiy (19)

Hunyadi (Hunyadi) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Il=E2=80=99nytsia (Iloncza) Irshavsky (729)

Irlyava (Ungsasfalva) Uzhhorodskiy (49)

Izky (Iszka) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Kalyny (Alsokalinfalva) Tiachivskiy (284)

Karachyn (Karacsfalva) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Khmil'nyk (Komlos) Irshavsky (149) [76 taken in 2012]

Kholmets=E2=80=99 (Korlathelmecz) Uzhhorodskiy (39)

Khudl'ovo (Horlyo) Uzhhorodskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Khust (Huszt) Khustskiy (530 - New cemetery), (2,950 - Old cemetery)

Khyzha (Kistarna) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Kidesh (Kigyos) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Klyachanovo 1 (Klacsano) Mukachevskiy (281)

Klyachanovo 2 (?) ? - Need to locate in 2014

Kolodne (Darva) Tiachivskiy (117)

Korytniany (Kereknye) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Koshel'ovo (Keselymezo) Khustskiy (842)

Kosivs=E2=80=99ka Polyana (Kaszopolyana) Rakhivskyi - Return in 2014.

Krychovo (Kricsfalva) Tiachivskiy (33)

Kuz'myno (Beregszilvas) Mukachevskiy (91)

Kvasovo (Kovaszo) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Kyblyary (Kobler) Uzhhorodskiy (104)

Lalovo (Leanyfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Lazy 1 (Timsor) Volovetskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Lazy 2 (Laz) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Lintsi (Unggesztenyes) Uzhhorodskiy (30)

Lopukhiv (Brusztura) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Loza (Fuzesmezo) Irshavsky (110)

Lozyans=E2=80=99kyy (Cserjes) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Lubnya (Kiesvolgy) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Luh (Kislonka) Rakhivskyi (176)

Lyakhivtzi (Lehocz) Uzhhorodskiy (27)

Lypcha (Lipcse) Khustskiy (110)

Lyuta (Havaskoz) Velykobereznianskiy (54)

Mala Dobron' (Kisdobrony) Uzhhorodskiy (138)

Mala Kopanya (Alsoveresmart) Vynohradivskiy (48)

Mala Roztoka (Szolosrosztoka) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Mali Heyivtsi (Kisgejoc) Uzhhorodskiy (21)

Malyy Bychkiv (Kisbocsko) Rakhivskyi - No cemetery

Matiyovo (Matyfalva) Vynohradivskiy (74)

Maydan (Majdanka) Mizhhirskiy (238)

Mizhhirya (Okormezo) Mizhhirskiy (5) - Updated town photos and former=20
property photo of Rita (nee SCHNEIDER) POLLACK

Mukacheve (Munkacs) Mukachevskiy (5) - Sheyovich Brick Factory and the new=
=20
Menorah Memorial in the Old cemetery photos

Muzhiyevo (Nagymuzsaly) Berehivskiy (306)

Nankovo (Husztkoz) Khustskiy (78)

Nizhneye Selyshche (Alsoszelistye) Khustskiy (156)

Nove Selo 1 (Beregujfalu) Berehivskiy (133)

Nove Selo 2 (Tiszaujheley) Vynohradivskiy (62 - Cemetery 1), (4 - Cemetery=
=20
2)

Novoselytsya 1 (Taracujfalu) Taichivskiy (245)

Novoselytsya 2 (Novoselice ) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 3 (Ujkemencze) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 4 (Sosfalu) Vynohradivskiy (14)

Novoselytsya 5 (Tarujfalu) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 6 (Novoselice ) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Nyzhnii Remety (Alsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Nyzhnii Solotvino (Alsoszlatina) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Nyzhnii Studenyy (Alsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery; SEE: =20
Pylypets'

Oleksandrivka (Osandorfalva) Khustskiy (222)

Oleshnyk (Szolosegres) Vynohradivskiy (62)

Onok (Ilonokujfalu) Vynohradivskiy (228)

Orosievo (Sarosoroszi) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Pastilky (Kispasztely) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Patskan'ovo (Patakos) Uzhhorodskiy - Updated village photos

Perekhrestya (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Pidplesha (Pelesalja) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Pidvynohradiv (Szolosvegardo) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Popovo (Csonkapapi) Berehivskiy (25)

Poroshkovo (Porosko) Perechynskiy (102)

Potochok (Kishpatak) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Pryslip (Pereszlo) Mizhhirskiy (749)

Puzniakivtsi (Szarvasret) Mukachevskiy (45)

Pyiterfolvo (Tiszapeterfalva) Vynohradivskiy - Updated village photos

Pylypets' (Fulopfalva) Mizhhirskiy (305)=20

Rafaylovo (Rafajnaujfalu) Berehivskiy (25)

Rakhiv (Raho) Rakhivskyi (700)

Rakove (Rako) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Rakovo (Rako) Perechynskiy (7)

Repynnye (Repenye) Mizhhirskiy (112)

Richka (Kispatak) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rokosovo (Rakasz) Khustskiy (189)

Roztoka 1 (Rosztoka) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Roztoka 2 (Alsohatarszeg) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rus'ka Kuchava (Oroszkucsova) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Rus'ke (Orosztelek) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Sasivka (Szaszoka) Svaliavskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Sasovo 1 (Tiszaszaszfalu) Vynohradivskiy (303)

Sasovo 2 (Szallaspatak) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Serne (Szernye) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Shalanky (Salank) Vynohradivskiy (82)

Shyrokyy Luh (Szeles-Lonka) Taichivskiy (92)

Simer (Oszemere) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look again in=20
2014.

Smerekovo (Szemereko) Velykobereznianskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Sokirnitsa (Szeklencze) Khustskiy (380)

Som (Beregsom) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stanovo (Szanfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stuzhnytsia (Patakofalu [O- / Uj-]) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Tereblya (Talaborfalu) Taichivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Ternove (Kokenyes) Taichivskiy (359)

Torun' (Toronya) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Trosnyk (Tiszasasvar) Vynohradivskiy (156)

Tur'ya Pasika (Turjavagas) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look=
=20
again in 2014.

Tur'ya Polyana (Turjamezo) Perechynskiy (22)

Tykhyy (Tiha) Velykobereznianskiy (43)

Tysaashvan=E2=80=99 (Tiszaasvany) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Tysobyken' (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Uhlya (Uglya) Tiachivskiy - Still a "Jurassic Park," gate doors were=20
stolen since 2012 and poorly constructed walls have fallen down.

Uzhhorod) (Ungvar) Uzhhorodskiy (1,694 - Section 1), (2,126 - Section 2),=
=20
(2,223 - Section 3) [Sections 4 and 5 - Return in 2014.]

Veliki Bakta (Nagybakta) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Veliki Roztoka (Gazlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Velikiye Komyaty (Magyarkomjat) Vynohradivskiy (281) and synagogue GPS=20
location

Velyatyn (Velete) Khustskiy (173)

Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocsko) Rakhivskyi (302) [124 in 2012]

Velyka Palad=E2=80=99 (Nagypalad) Vynohradivskiy (59)

Velyki Heyivtsi (Nagygejocz) Uzhhorodskiy (11)

Velyki Lazy (Nagylaz) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Verbovets' (Verbocz) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Verkhni Remety (Felsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Verkhniy Bystryy (Felsobisztra) Mizhhirskiy (160)

Verkhniy Studenyy (Felsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy (91 - Cemetery 1),=20
[Cemetery 2 - Return in 2014.]

Vil'khivka (Olyvos) Irshavsky (387)

Vil'khivtsy) (Irhocz) Tiachivskiy (74 - Cemetery 1), (614 - Cemetery 2)

Vil'shynky (Egreshat) Perechynskiy (11)

Volovets' (Voloc) Volovetskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Vovchansky (Farkasfalva) ? - No cemetery

Vylok (Tiszaujlak) Mukachevskiy - I stopped several times to visit with=20
Miklos (Miki) Weisz.

Vynogradiv) (Nagyszollos) Vynohradivskiy (72 - New cemetery), (2,414 -=20
Old cemetery)

Yasinya (Korosmezo) Rakhivskyi (1,057)

Yulivtsi (Szolosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Zahattya (Hatmeg) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Zapson=E2=80=99 (Zapszony) Berehivskiy (62)

Zavydovo (Davidfalva) Mukachevskiy (12)

Zhnyatyno (Izsnyete) Mukachevskiy (132)

Zhornava (Malomret) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Znyats'ovo (Ignec) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

=3D End =3D =20


Subcarpathia SIG #Subcarpathia Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013 #subcarpathia

Marshall Katz
 

Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013

"Tour de Carpat"

by
Marshall Katz
Camp Hill, PA

I won't repeat the general information that I provided in my 2011 and 2012=
=20
reports, found at the Sub-Carpathia SIG "Portal," SEE: Travel=20
Planning/Trip Reports. [ http://www.jewishgen.org/sub-carpathia ]=20

Before traveling to Sub-Carpathia, I spent three days in Budapest to visit=
=20
three libraries. I photographed a few interesting books, such as List of=
=20
Orthodox and Neolog Jewish communities in Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia)=20
c.1942 and their officiating rabbi's name, A felekezeti anyakonyvek=20
Magyarorszagon (Registers in Hungary) by Dr. Artur Stein 1941, List of Doc=
tors in=20
Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia) c.1942, Census by Religion (incl.=20
Sub-Carpathia) in 1880, 1910, 1921, 1930, and 1941. All of these books wi=
ll be a great=20
help to me when I create KehilaLink web sites.

My 2013 "Tour de Carpat" was quite an experience again this year. The=20
weather started out being cold and very wet for two weeks, then changed to=
=20
very hot, then back to cold and wet, and the last three weeks were very ho=
t. =20
I guess we were experiencing the tail end of what Europe was experiencing,=
=20
but without the flooding.

I was able to travel to 176 villages and towns---passing through many=20
other villages and towns---and I photographed 100 cemeteries and all of th=
e=20
tombstones therein, except Uzhhorod's cemetery. It took an inordinate amo=
unt=20
of time to photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery because of its size, as big as=
=20
three football fields. I had to wait until the last week of my trip to=20
photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery. Because of all of the rain---the cemete=
ry=20
was quickly overgrown again and it took three weeks for the workers to cle=
ar=20
the growth. I was only able to complete photographing the tombstones in =
=20
sections 1, 2 and 3, due to the large number of tombstones and the size of=
=20
the cemetery sections. Sections 4 and 5 remain to be done, giving me a go=
od=20
excuse to go back in 2014. I observed that there are over 400 =20
tombstones that have fallen, fortunately most on their back side so I could=
=20
photograph them, and which remain to be erected. Many tombstones need t=
o be=20
re-cemented to their bases, because if bumped, they could topple on a work=
er=20
or visitor. Other tombstones need to be set upright because they are=20
leaning. If you have a connection to the Uzhhorod cemetery, or are intere=
sted=20
in it, your financial help is needed to help correct many of these issues.=
=20
Contact me for more information. =20

All of the roads in Sub-Carpathia are a nightmare; they have more potholes=
=20
than last year and many of them are very deep, causing us to drive at less=
=20
than five miles per hour in many places, especially off the main roads =20
leading to the villages. The main roads, to a certain point, were patched b=
y=20
the middle of June, but the secondary roads have been ignored for years. =
=20
It's a miracle we were able to get around to all of the villages on my lis=
t in=20
such a short period of time. Therefore, when you are planning a visit to=
=20
multiple villages that are not co-located, you need to ensure you have=20
sufficient travel days included in your itinerary to compensate for the=20
additional time required to drive >from place to place. If your villages a=
re not=20
co-located, you may not have time to visit them in one day.

Again this year, several cemeteries that I visited were a very long=20
walk---up and far back in the mountain---and once found, it was difficult =
to=20
access the tombstones due to interlocking of the underbrush with "jagger"=
=20
bushes ["Pittsburgh-ese" for a bush with thorns on it.] One type of tho=
rn=20
bush in Sub-Carpathia has inch-long thorns and they get your attention whe=
n=20
you get caught by them. I guess I need to add a machete to my cemetery k=
it.=20
When visiting cemeteries in Sub-Carpathia, outside of urban towns, you=20
should wear good leather boots with gripping soles. We wear Timberline=20
boots. Most cemeteries are not maintained by locals and are severely over=
grown.=20
Several cemeteries, with walls and a locked gate, had no visible contact =
=20
information for the person with the key to the lock, so we had to climb=20
over the walls. In some cases, the caretaker of the cemetery has died and=
=20
nobody was contacted to replace them---so the cemetery today is overgrown.=
It=20
is important to state that anyone visiting Sub-Carpathia cemeteries and=20
requiring the assistance of the locals, be very respectful to them. We ha=
d a=20
complaint at one cemetery about earlier visitors.

As in previous years, villagers who were promised payment for caring for a=
=20
cemetery, were not being paid. This includes villagers who have the key=
=20
to the cemeteries. This is an easy fix, so if you know of someone who is=
=20
remiss in paying for their cemetery's maintenance, please tell them to hon=
or=20
their agreements. It would be sad to travel to Sub-Carpathia and not be=
=20
able to access your ancestral cemetery because of lack of payment for =20
maintenance.

The good news is that a few of the cemeteries we visited were in the=20
process of being restored, with walls around the cemetery and the tombston=
es=20
being set upright. =20

We located two cemeteries that previously we were told did not exist and=
=20
we were unable to locate a couple cemeteries that I was told did exist, so=
=20
we will spend more time next year looking for them. In some cases, a few=
=20
cemeteries were destroyed by the locals and the land was being used for=20
agricultural farming or commercial purposes---blamed on the Soviet period.=
=20

I noticed several cases of encroachment on a couple cemeteries---being=20
used for a garden---which seems a common problem when a cemetery borders t=
he=20
backyard of a house. One needs to recall that when Jewish cemeteries wer=
e=20
first established---on the outskirts of a village---it was a remote and=20
unused area of land. Today, most villages have grown in size and cemeteri=
es=20
border properties with houses on them. We noticed, in one case, tombstone=
s=20
were moved and stacked against a tree to allow for storage of building=20
materials next to a house. Cows are allowed to graze in some of the cemet=
eries=20
and are probably responsible for toppled or broken tombstones in some=20
cases. Without any Jews living in the villages to protect the cemeteries,=
=20
little can be done to prevent such actions.

This year, whenever we entered a village, we asked a minimum of three=20
"Babushkas" (grandmothers) and/or "Dedushkas" (grandfathers) where the=20
Hebraiski Clabisheh - RU or Jido Temeto - HU (Jewish cemetery) was located=
. In=20
most all cases, everyone knows the location of the cemetery and, oftentime=
s,=20
will gladly show us where it is, either by accompanying us in the car or b=
y=20
walking to the cemetery location with us---even if it is a long walk up=20
into the mountain. Most all villagers refuse payment for helping us locat=
e=20
cemeteries.

Because of the wet weather, moss was a problem on many of the tombstones=
=20
in the forests where sunlight doesn't reach them. Conversely, the forest,=
=20
in most cases, because of the lack of sunlight, helps to preserve and=20
protect the inscriptions on the tombstones. Sadly, one cemetery on a=20
mountainside had many beautiful marble stones---in very good condition---b=
ut they all=20
had toppled over face down on the mountainside due to their size and havin=
g=20
been placed on a very small base. It would take a tripod and winch to=20
raise them. Another cemetery we re-visited had its large metal doors sto=
len=20
since last year.

When trekking around Sub-Carpathia, one must learn to recognize two types=
=20
of dangerous bushes: "Borschovik" bushes, which can burn the skin and=20
cause severe blistering (worse than poison ivy or poison oak) and "Krapiva=
"=20
bushes, which can cause irritation of the skin---but also has some medicin=
al=20
properties. =20

The weather here seemed to bring out the snakes this year; we encountered=
=20
them in several cemeteries, especially in the mountains.=20

There is always a funny event in my travels and it happened when I kneeled=
=20
down to photograph a tombstone that was leaning over, almost to the=20
ground. I didn't notice that I had knelt on an ant hill, and I had thousa=
nds of=20
red ants all over my clothes. I ran to the street, took off my shirt and=
=20
pants to shake them off. Two "Babushkas" (grandmothers) were sitting on a=
=20
bench across the street, and they got a good laugh seeing me dancing in th=
e=20
street shaking the ants off of my shirt and pants in my "gatchies"=20
["Pittsburgh-ese" for "underwear"].

In Berehove (Beregszasz) we were able to view the restoration of the=20
small Orthodox synagogue which is progressing very nicely, and a Sub-Carpa=
thia=20
Jewish Museum therein is in the planning stages. They have started to=20
receive interesting articles for the museum, including items donated >from =
the=20
Holocaust Museum in Budapest which has items formerly >from Sub-Carpathia. =
=20
If you, or anyone you know, has religious artifacts, books, etc., from=20
Sub-Carpathia either >from before or after the war, please consider donatin=
g the=20
item(s) to the museum in Berehove, to memorialize your Sub-Carpathian=20
families. If you do not have anything you could contribute, you can help =
with=20
financial assistance as another way to memorialize them. Write to me and I=
=20
will provide contact information---they have a web site.

In Vynogradiv, we were able to view the restoration of that synagogue=20
which is progressing very nicely. We were unable to go inside as it was a=
=20
Sunday and work was stopped.

In Khust, the small chapel is very nice, but the main sanctuary is in dire=
=20
need of restoration. The frescoes on the ceiling are wonderful works of=
=20
art. This synagogue was flooded in the past and all the floorboards of th=
e=20
main sanctuary need to be replaced and the interior restored.

In Mukacheve, I found and photographed the Sheyovich Brick Factory, the=20
site of the second Munkacs Ghetto. Also, since last year, I photographed =
a=20
new memorial which was erected in the middle of the old Munkacs cemetery.

In Velikiye Komyaty, we located the wooden synagogue, but the "cheder"=20
building preceding it was torn down and the property is now being used for=
an=20
agricultural purpose. The synagogue is located at North 48 deg., 14.302=
=20
and East 22 deg., 58.690. The synagogue building is in very bad condition=
=20
and may not last much longer, succumbing to expansion of the hot houses on=
=20
the adjoining property.

One often-overlooked source of genealogical information is the "sidurim"=
=20
(prayer books) found in the synagogues of Berehove, Vynogradiv and Khust. =
=20
Next year, time permitting, I will try to photograph the writings in the=
=20
books I noticed on this trip, such as: names, dates, etc. Due to restorat=
ion=20
of the synagogues in Berehove and Vynogradiv, the books were in storage at=
=20
this time. =20

I met briefly with the Hungarian consul >from Uzhhorod (Ungvar) who is=20
keenly interested in what I have been doing throughout Sub-Carpathia,=20
documenting cemeteries and creating web sites. Another meeting is planned=
for the=20
future. Next year will be 70 years since the Holocaust touched=20
Sub-Carpathia, and the Hungarian government is planning a remembrance prog=
ram which=20
will include Sub-Carpathia. More information to follow on this whenever i=
t=20
becomes available.

I was interviewed by Transcarpathian TV concerning my "Tour de Carpat,"=20
which will soon be aired in Ukraine. The purpose of the interview was to=
=20
explain several things, namely my personal connection to Sub-Carpathia, wh=
at I=20
am doing in Sub-Carpathia regarding Jewish cemeteries and other=20
miscellaneous topics of general and genealogical interest. I also asked t=
he viewers,=20
who may have Jewish items left behind after the deportations or after=20
1945, to consider donation of the items to the Sub-Carpathia Jewish Museum=
=20
being planned in Berehove. I was also invited to participate in a radio t=
alk=20
show, but I was unavailable that day.

I attended a festival in Leysichovo which has a really interesting and=20
famous blacksmith shop, powered by water wheels. Also, while traveling, I=
=20
found and photographed one wooden synagogue and several very old wooden=20
churches. =20

There are ten places I wanted to visit and a couple cemeteries I wanted to=
=20
photograph, but due to the weather and other circumstances beyond our=20
control, they will have to wait until I return in 2014. They are all=20
identified in the following list of towns and villages. =20

Due to the fact that there are more than one town with the same name in=20
Sub-Carpathia, one can become quickly confused as to which place is which,=
so=20
I have numbered them, 1, 2, etc., and they are easily differentiated by=20
their Hungarian name and their Ukrainian raion (county).

If you are planning a visit to Sub-Carpathia, the best suggestion is to=20
employ the services of a Jewish man in Uzhhorod who speaks Hungarian,=20
English, Ukrainian and Russian, and who knows all of Sub-Carpathia and its=
=20
cemetery locations. He can pick you up at the airport in Budapest, Kosice=
, Kiev,=20
Lviv, Uzhhorod or elsewhere and get you to your destination in =20
Sub-Carpathia. He can handle one or two people as well as larger groups w=
ith his fleet=20
of vehicles. He can make reservations for you at hotels and ensure that=
=20
you get to your ancestral villages and towns. Make your plans early in th=
e=20
year if you plan to use his services, as his schedule fills up very =20
quickly. His services are very reasonable and you will feel safe during y=
our=20
travel with him. Of course, if you are satisfied with his services, a "ti=
p"=20
would be very much appreciated. E-mail me for his contact information.

Tombstone images will be available once the full cemetery set has been=20
translated and uploaded to the photo album of the respective KehilaLink we=
b=20
site.=20

Places visited in 2013 (in alphabetical order by their Ukrainian name)

KEY: =20

Ukrainian name, (Hungarian name), Sub-Carpathian raion/county, (number of=
=20
images) and any comments

Note 1: The number of images does not equate to the number of tombstones.=
=20
I usually take multiple photos of each tombstone and a few panorama photos=
=20
of the cemetery.

Note 2: Where you see "No cemetery," in most all cases, we learned that=
=20
people were buried in the next larger village or town with a cemetery.

Badalovo (Badalo) Berehivskiy (52) =20

Barbovo (Bardhaza) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Barkasovo (Barkaszo) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Belki (Bilke) Irshavsky (1646)=20

Bene (Bene) Berehivskiy (76)=20

Benedykivtsi (Benedike) Mukachevskiy (60) =20

Bereghrestia (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Berezovo (Berezna) Khustskiy (318)=20

Bobove (Bobove) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Bobovo (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Bochansky (?) ? - No cemetery

Bogdan (Tiszabogdany) Rakhivskyi (155) =20

Borzhava (Nagyborzsova) Berehivskiy (120) =20

Bukivts'ovo (Ungbukkos) Velykobereznianskiy (9)

Bukovets' 1 (Beregbardos) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Bukovets' 2 (Bukkospatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Chaslivtsi (Ungcsaszloc) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Chepa (Csepe) Vynohradivskiy (120)

Cherna (Csarnato) Vynohradivskiy (54)

Chertezh (Ungcsertesz) Uzhhorodskiy (5)

Choma (Tiszacsoma) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Chomonin (Csongor) Mukachevskiy (79)

Chornoholova (Csornoholova) Velykobereznianskiy (80)

Chornyi Potik 1 (Kenezpatak) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Chornyi Potik 2 (Feketepatak) Vynohradivskiy (24)

Chynadiiovo (Bereg-Szentmiklos) Mukachevskiy (34)

Dertsen (Dercen) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Deshkovytsya (Deskofalva) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Drotyntsi (Tiszaszirma) Vynohradivskiy (40)

Dyula (Szollosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Dzvonkovoye (Haranglab) Berehivskiy (7)

Fanchykovo (Fancsika) Vynohradivskiy (36)

Fedoreve (Tivadar) ? - No cemetery

Fertesholmash (Fertoalmas) Vynohradivskiy (25)

Forholan' (Forgolany) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Halabor (Halabor) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Haloch (Galocs) Uzhhorodskiy (19)

Hetynya (Tiszaheteny) Vynohradivskiy - Not found, return in 2014.

Holiatyn (Oholyatin /Tarfalu ?) Mizhhirskiy (167)

Horinchovo (Herincse) Khustskiy (162)

Horonhlab (Haranglab (Kis-)) Mukachevskiy (33)

Hreblya (Felsokaraszlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Hudya (Godenyhaza) Vynohradivskiy (19)

Hunyadi (Hunyadi) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Il=E2=80=99nytsia (Iloncza) Irshavsky (729)

Irlyava (Ungsasfalva) Uzhhorodskiy (49)

Izky (Iszka) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Kalyny (Alsokalinfalva) Tiachivskiy (284)

Karachyn (Karacsfalva) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Khmil'nyk (Komlos) Irshavsky (149) [76 taken in 2012]

Kholmets=E2=80=99 (Korlathelmecz) Uzhhorodskiy (39)

Khudl'ovo (Horlyo) Uzhhorodskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Khust (Huszt) Khustskiy (530 - New cemetery), (2,950 - Old cemetery)

Khyzha (Kistarna) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Kidesh (Kigyos) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Klyachanovo 1 (Klacsano) Mukachevskiy (281)

Klyachanovo 2 (?) ? - Need to locate in 2014

Kolodne (Darva) Tiachivskiy (117)

Korytniany (Kereknye) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Koshel'ovo (Keselymezo) Khustskiy (842)

Kosivs=E2=80=99ka Polyana (Kaszopolyana) Rakhivskyi - Return in 2014.

Krychovo (Kricsfalva) Tiachivskiy (33)

Kuz'myno (Beregszilvas) Mukachevskiy (91)

Kvasovo (Kovaszo) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Kyblyary (Kobler) Uzhhorodskiy (104)

Lalovo (Leanyfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Lazy 1 (Timsor) Volovetskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Lazy 2 (Laz) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Lintsi (Unggesztenyes) Uzhhorodskiy (30)

Lopukhiv (Brusztura) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Loza (Fuzesmezo) Irshavsky (110)

Lozyans=E2=80=99kyy (Cserjes) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Lubnya (Kiesvolgy) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Luh (Kislonka) Rakhivskyi (176)

Lyakhivtzi (Lehocz) Uzhhorodskiy (27)

Lypcha (Lipcse) Khustskiy (110)

Lyuta (Havaskoz) Velykobereznianskiy (54)

Mala Dobron' (Kisdobrony) Uzhhorodskiy (138)

Mala Kopanya (Alsoveresmart) Vynohradivskiy (48)

Mala Roztoka (Szolosrosztoka) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Mali Heyivtsi (Kisgejoc) Uzhhorodskiy (21)

Malyy Bychkiv (Kisbocsko) Rakhivskyi - No cemetery

Matiyovo (Matyfalva) Vynohradivskiy (74)

Maydan (Majdanka) Mizhhirskiy (238)

Mizhhirya (Okormezo) Mizhhirskiy (5) - Updated town photos and former=20
property photo of Rita (nee SCHNEIDER) POLLACK

Mukacheve (Munkacs) Mukachevskiy (5) - Sheyovich Brick Factory and the new=
=20
Menorah Memorial in the Old cemetery photos

Muzhiyevo (Nagymuzsaly) Berehivskiy (306)

Nankovo (Husztkoz) Khustskiy (78)

Nizhneye Selyshche (Alsoszelistye) Khustskiy (156)

Nove Selo 1 (Beregujfalu) Berehivskiy (133)

Nove Selo 2 (Tiszaujheley) Vynohradivskiy (62 - Cemetery 1), (4 - Cemetery=
=20
2)

Novoselytsya 1 (Taracujfalu) Taichivskiy (245)

Novoselytsya 2 (Novoselice ) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 3 (Ujkemencze) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 4 (Sosfalu) Vynohradivskiy (14)

Novoselytsya 5 (Tarujfalu) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 6 (Novoselice ) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Nyzhnii Remety (Alsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Nyzhnii Solotvino (Alsoszlatina) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Nyzhnii Studenyy (Alsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery; SEE: =20
Pylypets'

Oleksandrivka (Osandorfalva) Khustskiy (222)

Oleshnyk (Szolosegres) Vynohradivskiy (62)

Onok (Ilonokujfalu) Vynohradivskiy (228)

Orosievo (Sarosoroszi) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Pastilky (Kispasztely) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Patskan'ovo (Patakos) Uzhhorodskiy - Updated village photos

Perekhrestya (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Pidplesha (Pelesalja) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Pidvynohradiv (Szolosvegardo) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Popovo (Csonkapapi) Berehivskiy (25)

Poroshkovo (Porosko) Perechynskiy (102)

Potochok (Kishpatak) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Pryslip (Pereszlo) Mizhhirskiy (749)

Puzniakivtsi (Szarvasret) Mukachevskiy (45)

Pyiterfolvo (Tiszapeterfalva) Vynohradivskiy - Updated village photos

Pylypets' (Fulopfalva) Mizhhirskiy (305)=20

Rafaylovo (Rafajnaujfalu) Berehivskiy (25)

Rakhiv (Raho) Rakhivskyi (700)

Rakove (Rako) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Rakovo (Rako) Perechynskiy (7)

Repynnye (Repenye) Mizhhirskiy (112)

Richka (Kispatak) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rokosovo (Rakasz) Khustskiy (189)

Roztoka 1 (Rosztoka) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Roztoka 2 (Alsohatarszeg) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rus'ka Kuchava (Oroszkucsova) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Rus'ke (Orosztelek) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Sasivka (Szaszoka) Svaliavskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Sasovo 1 (Tiszaszaszfalu) Vynohradivskiy (303)

Sasovo 2 (Szallaspatak) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Serne (Szernye) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Shalanky (Salank) Vynohradivskiy (82)

Shyrokyy Luh (Szeles-Lonka) Taichivskiy (92)

Simer (Oszemere) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look again in=20
2014.

Smerekovo (Szemereko) Velykobereznianskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Sokirnitsa (Szeklencze) Khustskiy (380)

Som (Beregsom) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stanovo (Szanfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stuzhnytsia (Patakofalu [O- / Uj-]) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Tereblya (Talaborfalu) Taichivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Ternove (Kokenyes) Taichivskiy (359)

Torun' (Toronya) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Trosnyk (Tiszasasvar) Vynohradivskiy (156)

Tur'ya Pasika (Turjavagas) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look=
=20
again in 2014.

Tur'ya Polyana (Turjamezo) Perechynskiy (22)

Tykhyy (Tiha) Velykobereznianskiy (43)

Tysaashvan=E2=80=99 (Tiszaasvany) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Tysobyken' (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Uhlya (Uglya) Tiachivskiy - Still a "Jurassic Park," gate doors were=20
stolen since 2012 and poorly constructed walls have fallen down.

Uzhhorod) (Ungvar) Uzhhorodskiy (1,694 - Section 1), (2,126 - Section 2),=
=20
(2,223 - Section 3) [Sections 4 and 5 - Return in 2014.]

Veliki Bakta (Nagybakta) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Veliki Roztoka (Gazlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Velikiye Komyaty (Magyarkomjat) Vynohradivskiy (281) and synagogue GPS=20
location

Velyatyn (Velete) Khustskiy (173)

Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocsko) Rakhivskyi (302) [124 in 2012]

Velyka Palad=E2=80=99 (Nagypalad) Vynohradivskiy (59)

Velyki Heyivtsi (Nagygejocz) Uzhhorodskiy (11)

Velyki Lazy (Nagylaz) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Verbovets' (Verbocz) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Verkhni Remety (Felsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Verkhniy Bystryy (Felsobisztra) Mizhhirskiy (160)

Verkhniy Studenyy (Felsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy (91 - Cemetery 1),=20
[Cemetery 2 - Return in 2014.]

Vil'khivka (Olyvos) Irshavsky (387)

Vil'khivtsy) (Irhocz) Tiachivskiy (74 - Cemetery 1), (614 - Cemetery 2)

Vil'shynky (Egreshat) Perechynskiy (11)

Volovets' (Voloc) Volovetskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Vovchansky (Farkasfalva) ? - No cemetery

Vylok (Tiszaujlak) Mukachevskiy - I stopped several times to visit with=20
Miklos (Miki) Weisz.

Vynogradiv) (Nagyszollos) Vynohradivskiy (72 - New cemetery), (2,414 -=20
Old cemetery)

Yasinya (Korosmezo) Rakhivskyi (1,057)

Yulivtsi (Szolosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Zahattya (Hatmeg) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Zapson=E2=80=99 (Zapszony) Berehivskiy (62)

Zavydovo (Davidfalva) Mukachevskiy (12)

Zhnyatyno (Izsnyete) Mukachevskiy (132)

Zhornava (Malomret) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Znyats'ovo (Ignec) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

=3D End =3D =20


Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013 #subcarpathia

Marshall Katz
 

Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013

"Tour de Carpat"

by
Marshall Katz
Camp Hill, PA

I won't repeat the general information that I provided in my 2011 and 2012=
=20
reports, found at the Sub-Carpathia SIG "Portal," SEE: Travel=20
Planning/Trip Reports. [ http://www.jewishgen.org/sub-carpathia ]=20

Before traveling to Sub-Carpathia, I spent three days in Budapest to visit=
=20
three libraries. I photographed a few interesting books, such as List of=
=20
Orthodox and Neolog Jewish communities in Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia)=20
c.1942 and their officiating rabbi's name, A felekezeti anyakonyvek=20
Magyarorszagon (Registers in Hungary) by Dr. Artur Stein 1941, List of Doc=
tors in=20
Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia) c.1942, Census by Religion (incl.=20
Sub-Carpathia) in 1880, 1910, 1921, 1930, and 1941. All of these books wi=
ll be a great=20
help to me when I create KehilaLink web sites.

My 2013 "Tour de Carpat" was quite an experience again this year. The=20
weather started out being cold and very wet for two weeks, then changed to=
=20
very hot, then back to cold and wet, and the last three weeks were very ho=
t. =20
I guess we were experiencing the tail end of what Europe was experiencing,=
=20
but without the flooding.

I was able to travel to 176 villages and towns---passing through many=20
other villages and towns---and I photographed 100 cemeteries and all of th=
e=20
tombstones therein, except Uzhhorod's cemetery. It took an inordinate amo=
unt=20
of time to photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery because of its size, as big as=
=20
three football fields. I had to wait until the last week of my trip to=20
photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery. Because of all of the rain---the cemete=
ry=20
was quickly overgrown again and it took three weeks for the workers to cle=
ar=20
the growth. I was only able to complete photographing the tombstones in =
=20
sections 1, 2 and 3, due to the large number of tombstones and the size of=
=20
the cemetery sections. Sections 4 and 5 remain to be done, giving me a go=
od=20
excuse to go back in 2014. I observed that there are over 400 =20
tombstones that have fallen, fortunately most on their back side so I could=
=20
photograph them, and which remain to be erected. Many tombstones need t=
o be=20
re-cemented to their bases, because if bumped, they could topple on a work=
er=20
or visitor. Other tombstones need to be set upright because they are=20
leaning. If you have a connection to the Uzhhorod cemetery, or are intere=
sted=20
in it, your financial help is needed to help correct many of these issues.=
=20
Contact me for more information. =20

All of the roads in Sub-Carpathia are a nightmare; they have more potholes=
=20
than last year and many of them are very deep, causing us to drive at less=
=20
than five miles per hour in many places, especially off the main roads =20
leading to the villages. The main roads, to a certain point, were patched b=
y=20
the middle of June, but the secondary roads have been ignored for years. =
=20
It's a miracle we were able to get around to all of the villages on my lis=
t in=20
such a short period of time. Therefore, when you are planning a visit to=
=20
multiple villages that are not co-located, you need to ensure you have=20
sufficient travel days included in your itinerary to compensate for the=20
additional time required to drive >from place to place. If your villages a=
re not=20
co-located, you may not have time to visit them in one day.

Again this year, several cemeteries that I visited were a very long=20
walk---up and far back in the mountain---and once found, it was difficult =
to=20
access the tombstones due to interlocking of the underbrush with "jagger"=
=20
bushes ["Pittsburgh-ese" for a bush with thorns on it.] One type of tho=
rn=20
bush in Sub-Carpathia has inch-long thorns and they get your attention whe=
n=20
you get caught by them. I guess I need to add a machete to my cemetery k=
it.=20
When visiting cemeteries in Sub-Carpathia, outside of urban towns, you=20
should wear good leather boots with gripping soles. We wear Timberline=20
boots. Most cemeteries are not maintained by locals and are severely over=
grown.=20
Several cemeteries, with walls and a locked gate, had no visible contact =
=20
information for the person with the key to the lock, so we had to climb=20
over the walls. In some cases, the caretaker of the cemetery has died and=
=20
nobody was contacted to replace them---so the cemetery today is overgrown.=
It=20
is important to state that anyone visiting Sub-Carpathia cemeteries and=20
requiring the assistance of the locals, be very respectful to them. We ha=
d a=20
complaint at one cemetery about earlier visitors.

As in previous years, villagers who were promised payment for caring for a=
=20
cemetery, were not being paid. This includes villagers who have the key=
=20
to the cemeteries. This is an easy fix, so if you know of someone who is=
=20
remiss in paying for their cemetery's maintenance, please tell them to hon=
or=20
their agreements. It would be sad to travel to Sub-Carpathia and not be=
=20
able to access your ancestral cemetery because of lack of payment for =20
maintenance.

The good news is that a few of the cemeteries we visited were in the=20
process of being restored, with walls around the cemetery and the tombston=
es=20
being set upright. =20

We located two cemeteries that previously we were told did not exist and=
=20
we were unable to locate a couple cemeteries that I was told did exist, so=
=20
we will spend more time next year looking for them. In some cases, a few=
=20
cemeteries were destroyed by the locals and the land was being used for=20
agricultural farming or commercial purposes---blamed on the Soviet period.=
=20

I noticed several cases of encroachment on a couple cemeteries---being=20
used for a garden---which seems a common problem when a cemetery borders t=
he=20
backyard of a house. One needs to recall that when Jewish cemeteries wer=
e=20
first established---on the outskirts of a village---it was a remote and=20
unused area of land. Today, most villages have grown in size and cemeteri=
es=20
border properties with houses on them. We noticed, in one case, tombstone=
s=20
were moved and stacked against a tree to allow for storage of building=20
materials next to a house. Cows are allowed to graze in some of the cemet=
eries=20
and are probably responsible for toppled or broken tombstones in some=20
cases. Without any Jews living in the villages to protect the cemeteries,=
=20
little can be done to prevent such actions.

This year, whenever we entered a village, we asked a minimum of three=20
"Babushkas" (grandmothers) and/or "Dedushkas" (grandfathers) where the=20
Hebraiski Clabisheh - RU or Jido Temeto - HU (Jewish cemetery) was located=
. In=20
most all cases, everyone knows the location of the cemetery and, oftentime=
s,=20
will gladly show us where it is, either by accompanying us in the car or b=
y=20
walking to the cemetery location with us---even if it is a long walk up=20
into the mountain. Most all villagers refuse payment for helping us locat=
e=20
cemeteries.

Because of the wet weather, moss was a problem on many of the tombstones=
=20
in the forests where sunlight doesn't reach them. Conversely, the forest,=
=20
in most cases, because of the lack of sunlight, helps to preserve and=20
protect the inscriptions on the tombstones. Sadly, one cemetery on a=20
mountainside had many beautiful marble stones---in very good condition---b=
ut they all=20
had toppled over face down on the mountainside due to their size and havin=
g=20
been placed on a very small base. It would take a tripod and winch to=20
raise them. Another cemetery we re-visited had its large metal doors sto=
len=20
since last year.

When trekking around Sub-Carpathia, one must learn to recognize two types=
=20
of dangerous bushes: "Borschovik" bushes, which can burn the skin and=20
cause severe blistering (worse than poison ivy or poison oak) and "Krapiva=
"=20
bushes, which can cause irritation of the skin---but also has some medicin=
al=20
properties. =20

The weather here seemed to bring out the snakes this year; we encountered=
=20
them in several cemeteries, especially in the mountains.=20

There is always a funny event in my travels and it happened when I kneeled=
=20
down to photograph a tombstone that was leaning over, almost to the=20
ground. I didn't notice that I had knelt on an ant hill, and I had thousa=
nds of=20
red ants all over my clothes. I ran to the street, took off my shirt and=
=20
pants to shake them off. Two "Babushkas" (grandmothers) were sitting on a=
=20
bench across the street, and they got a good laugh seeing me dancing in th=
e=20
street shaking the ants off of my shirt and pants in my "gatchies"=20
["Pittsburgh-ese" for "underwear"].

In Berehove (Beregszasz) we were able to view the restoration of the=20
small Orthodox synagogue which is progressing very nicely, and a Sub-Carpa=
thia=20
Jewish Museum therein is in the planning stages. They have started to=20
receive interesting articles for the museum, including items donated >from =
the=20
Holocaust Museum in Budapest which has items formerly >from Sub-Carpathia. =
=20
If you, or anyone you know, has religious artifacts, books, etc., from=20
Sub-Carpathia either >from before or after the war, please consider donatin=
g the=20
item(s) to the museum in Berehove, to memorialize your Sub-Carpathian=20
families. If you do not have anything you could contribute, you can help =
with=20
financial assistance as another way to memorialize them. Write to me and I=
=20
will provide contact information---they have a web site.

In Vynogradiv, we were able to view the restoration of that synagogue=20
which is progressing very nicely. We were unable to go inside as it was a=
=20
Sunday and work was stopped.

In Khust, the small chapel is very nice, but the main sanctuary is in dire=
=20
need of restoration. The frescoes on the ceiling are wonderful works of=
=20
art. This synagogue was flooded in the past and all the floorboards of th=
e=20
main sanctuary need to be replaced and the interior restored.

In Mukacheve, I found and photographed the Sheyovich Brick Factory, the=20
site of the second Munkacs Ghetto. Also, since last year, I photographed =
a=20
new memorial which was erected in the middle of the old Munkacs cemetery.

In Velikiye Komyaty, we located the wooden synagogue, but the cheder=20
building preceding it was torn down and the property is now being used for=
an=20
agricultural purpose. The synagogue is located at North 48 deg., 14.302 =
and=20
East 22 deg., 58.690. The synagogue building is in very bad condition and=
=20
may not last much longer, succumbing to expansion of the hot houses on the=
=20
adjoining property.

One often-overlooked source of genealogical information is the "sidurim"=
=20
(prayer books) found in the synagogues of Berehove, Vynogradiv and Khust. =
=20
Next year, time permitting, I will try to photograph the writings in the=
=20
books I noticed on this trip, such as: names, dates, etc. Due to restorat=
ion=20
of the synagogues in Berehove and Vynogradiv, the books were in storage at=
=20
this time. =20

I met briefly with the Hungarian consul >from Uzhhorod (Ungvar) who is=20
keenly interested in what I have been doing throughout Sub-Carpathia,=20
documenting cemeteries and creating web sites. Another meeting is planned=
for the=20
future. Next year will be 70 years since the Holocaust touched=20
Sub-Carpathia, and the Hungarian government is planning a remembrance prog=
ram which=20
will include Sub-Carpathia. More information to follow on this whenever i=
t=20
becomes available.

I was interviewed by Transcarpathian TV concerning my "Tour de Carpat,"=20
which will soon be aired in Ukraine. The purpose of the interview was to=
=20
explain several things, namely my personal connection to Sub-Carpathia, wh=
at I=20
am doing in Sub-Carpathia regarding Jewish cemeteries and other=20
miscellaneous topics of general and genealogical interest. I also asked t=
he viewers,=20
who may have Jewish items left behind after the deportations or after=20
1945, to consider donation of the items to the Sub-Carpathia Jewish Museum=
=20
being planned in Berehove. I was also invited to participate in a radio t=
alk=20
show, but I was unavailable that day.

I attended a festival in Leysichovo which has a really interesting and=20
famous blacksmith shop, powered by water wheels. Also, while traveling, I=
=20
found and photographed one wooden synagogue and several very old wooden=20
churches. =20

There are ten places I wanted to visit and a couple cemeteries I wanted to=
=20
photograph, but due to the weather and other circumstances beyond our=20
control, they will have to wait until I return in 2014. They are all=20
identified in the following list of towns and villages. =20

Due to the fact that there are more than one town with the same name in=20
Sub-Carpathia, one can become quickly confused as to which place is which,=
so=20
I have numbered them, 1, 2, etc., and they are easily differentiated by=20
their Hungarian name and their Ukrainian raion (county).

If you are planning a visit to Sub-Carpathia, the best suggestion is to=20
employ the services of a Jewish man in Uzhhorod who speaks Hungarian,=20
English, Ukrainian and Russian, and who knows all of Sub-Carpathia and its=
=20
cemetery locations. He can pick you up at the airport in Budapest, Kosice=
, Kiev,=20
Lviv, Uzhhorod or elsewhere and get you to your destination in =20
Sub-Carpathia. He can handle one or two people as well as larger groups w=
ith his fleet=20
of vehicles. He can make reservations for you at hotels and ensure that=
=20
you get to your ancestral villages and towns. Make your plans early in th=
e=20
year if you plan to use his services, as his schedule fills up very =20
quickly. His services are very reasonable and you will feel safe during y=
our=20
travel with him. Of course, if you are satisfied with his services, a "ti=
p"=20
would be very much appreciated. E-mail me for his contact information.

Tombstone images will be available once the full cemetery set has been=20
translated and uploaded to the photo album of the respective KehilaLink we=
b=20
site.=20

Places visited in 2013 (in alphabetical order by their Ukrainian name)

KEY: =20

Ukrainian name, (Hungarian name), Sub-Carpathian raion/county, (number of=
=20
images) and any comments

Note 1: The number of images does not equate to the number of tombstones.=
=20
I usually take multiple photos of each tombstone and a few panorama photos=
=20
of the cemetery.

Note 2: Where you see "No cemetery," in most all cases, we learned that=
=20
people were buried in the next larger village or town with a cemetery.

Badalovo (Badalo) Berehivskiy (52) =20

Barbovo (Bardhaza) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Barkasovo (Barkaszo) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Belki (Bilke) Irshavsky (1646)=20

Bene (Bene) Berehivskiy (76)=20

Benedykivtsi (Benedike) Mukachevskiy (60) =20

Bereghrestia (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Berezovo (Berezna) Khustskiy (318)=20

Bobove (Bobove) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Bobovo (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Bochansky (?) ? - No cemetery

Bogdan (Tiszabogdany) Rakhivskyi (155) =20

Borzhava (Nagyborzsova) Berehivskiy (120) =20

Bukivts'ovo (Ungbukkos) Velykobereznianskiy (9)

Bukovets' 1 (Beregbardos) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Bukovets' 2 (Bukkospatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Chaslivtsi (Ungcsaszloc) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Chepa (Csepe) Vynohradivskiy (120)

Cherna (Csarnato) Vynohradivskiy (54)

Chertezh (Ungcsertesz) Uzhhorodskiy (5)

Choma (Tiszacsoma) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Chomonin (Csongor) Mukachevskiy (79)

Chornoholova (Csornoholova) Velykobereznianskiy (80)

Chornyi Potik 1 (Kenezpatak) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Chornyi Potik 2 (Feketepatak) Vynohradivskiy (24)

Chynadiiovo (Bereg-Szentmiklos) Mukachevskiy (34)

Dertsen (Dercen) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Deshkovytsya (Deskofalva) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Drotyntsi (Tiszaszirma) Vynohradivskiy (40)

Dyula (Szollosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Dzvonkovoye (Haranglab) Berehivskiy (7)

Fanchykovo (Fancsika) Vynohradivskiy (36)

Fedoreve (Tivadar) ? - No cemetery

Fertesholmash (Fertoalmas) Vynohradivskiy (25)

Forholan' (Forgolany) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Halabor (Halabor) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Haloch (Galocs) Uzhhorodskiy (19)

Hetynya (Tiszaheteny) Vynohradivskiy - Not found, return in 2014.

Holiatyn (Oholyatin /Tarfalu ?) Mizhhirskiy (167)

Horinchovo (Herincse) Khustskiy (162)

Horonhlab (Haranglab (Kis-)) Mukachevskiy (33)

Hreblya (Felsokaraszlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Hudya (Godenyhaza) Vynohradivskiy (19)

Hunyadi (Hunyadi) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Il=E2=80=99nytsia (Iloncza) Irshavsky (729)

Irlyava (Ungsasfalva) Uzhhorodskiy (49)

Izky (Iszka) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Kalyny (Alsokalinfalva) Tiachivskiy (284)

Karachyn (Karacsfalva) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Khmil'nyk (Komlos) Irshavsky (149) [76 taken in 2012]

Kholmets=E2=80=99 (Korlathelmecz) Uzhhorodskiy (39)

Khudl'ovo (Horlyo) Uzhhorodskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Khust (Huszt) Khustskiy (530 - New cemetery), (2,950 - Old cemetery)

Khyzha (Kistarna) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Kidesh (Kigyos) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Klyachanovo 1 (Klacsano) Mukachevskiy (281)

Klyachanovo 2 (?) ? - Need to locate in 2014

Kolodne (Darva) Tiachivskiy (117)

Korytniany (Kereknye) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Koshel'ovo (Keselymezo) Khustskiy (842)

Kosivs=E2=80=99ka Polyana (Kaszopolyana) Rakhivskyi - Return in 2014.

Krychovo (Kricsfalva) Tiachivskiy (33)

Kuz'myno (Beregszilvas) Mukachevskiy (91)

Kvasovo (Kovaszo) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Kyblyary (Kobler) Uzhhorodskiy (104)

Lalovo (Leanyfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Lazy 1 (Timsor) Volovetskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Lazy 2 (Laz) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Lintsi (Unggesztenyes) Uzhhorodskiy (30)

Lopukhiv (Brusztura) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Loza (Fuzesmezo) Irshavsky (110)

Lozyans=E2=80=99kyy (Cserjes) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Lubnya (Kiesvolgy) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Luh (Kislonka) Rakhivskyi (176)

Lyakhivtzi (Lehocz) Uzhhorodskiy (27)

Lypcha (Lipcse) Khustskiy (110)

Lyuta (Havaskoz) Velykobereznianskiy (54)

Mala Dobron' (Kisdobrony) Uzhhorodskiy (138)

Mala Kopanya (Alsoveresmart) Vynohradivskiy (48)

Mala Roztoka (Szolosrosztoka) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Mali Heyivtsi (Kisgejoc) Uzhhorodskiy (21)

Malyy Bychkiv (Kisbocsko) Rakhivskyi - No cemetery

Matiyovo (Matyfalva) Vynohradivskiy (74)

Maydan (Majdanka) Mizhhirskiy (238)

Mizhhirya (Okormezo) Mizhhirskiy (5) - Updated town photos and former=20
property photo of Rita (nee SCHNEIDER) POLLACK

Mukacheve (Munkacs) Mukachevskiy (5) - Sheyovich Brick Factory and the new=
=20
Menorah Memorial in the Old cemetery photos

Muzhiyevo (Nagymuzsaly) Berehivskiy (306)

Nankovo (Husztkoz) Khustskiy (78)

Nizhneye Selyshche (Alsoszelistye) Khustskiy (156)

Nove Selo 1 (Beregujfalu) Berehivskiy (133)

Nove Selo 2 (Tiszaujheley) Vynohradivskiy (62 - Cemetery 1), (4 - Cemetery=
=20
2)

Novoselytsya 1 (Taracujfalu) Taichivskiy (245)

Novoselytsya 2 (Novoselice ) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 3 (Ujkemencze) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 4 (Sosfalu) Vynohradivskiy (14)

Novoselytsya 5 (Tarujfalu) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 6 (Novoselice) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Nyzhnii Remety (Alsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Nyzhnii Solotvino (Alsoszlatina) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Nyzhnii Studenyy (Alsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery; SEE: =20
Pylypets'

Oleksandrivka (Osandorfalva) Khustskiy (222)

Oleshnyk (Szolosegres) Vynohradivskiy (62)

Onok (Ilonokujfalu) Vynohradivskiy (228)

Orosievo (Sarosoroszi) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Pastilky (Kispasztely) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Patskan'ovo (Patakos) Uzhhorodskiy - Updated village photos

Perekhrestya (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Pidplesha (Pelesalja) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Pidvynohradiv (Szolosvegardo) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Popovo (Csonkapapi) Berehivskiy (25)

Poroshkovo (Porosko) Perechynskiy (102)

Potochok (Kishpatak) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Pryslip (Pereszlo) Mizhhirskiy (749)

Puzniakivtsi (Szarvasret) Mukachevskiy (45)

Pyiterfolvo (Tiszapeterfalva) Vynohradivskiy - Updated village photos

Pylypets' (Fulopfalva) Mizhhirskiy (305)=20

Rafaylovo (Rafajnaujfalu) Berehivskiy (25)

Rakhiv (Raho) Rakhivskyi (700)

Rakove (Rako) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Rakovo (Rako) Perechynskiy (7)

Repynnye (Repenye) Mizhhirskiy (112)

Richka (Kispatak) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rokosovo (Rakasz) Khustskiy (189)

Roztoka 1 (Rosztoka) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Roztoka 2 (Alsohatarszeg) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rus'ka Kuchava (Oroszkucsova) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Rus'ke (Orosztelek) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Sasivka (Szaszoka) Svaliavskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Sasovo 1 (Tiszaszaszfalu) Vynohradivskiy (303)

Sasovo 2 (Szallaspatak) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Serne (Szernye) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Shalanky (Salank) Vynohradivskiy (82)

Shyrokyy Luh (Szeles-Lonka) Taichivskiy (92)

Simer (Oszemere) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look again in=20
2014.

Smerekovo (Szemereko) Velykobereznianskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Sokirnitsa (Szeklencze) Khustskiy (380)

Som (Beregsom) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stanovo (Szanfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stuzhnytsia (Patakofalu [O- / Uj-]) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Tereblya (Talaborfalu) Taichivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Ternove (Kokenyes) Taichivskiy (359)

Torun' (Toronya) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Trosnyk (Tiszasasvar) Vynohradivskiy (156)

Tur'ya Pasika (Turjavagas) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look=
=20
again in 2014.

Tur'ya Polyana (Turjamezo) Perechynskiy (22)

Tykhyy (Tiha) Velykobereznianskiy (43)

Tysaashvan' (Tiszaasvany) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Tysobyken' (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Uhlya (Uglya) Tiachivskiy - Still a "Jurassic Park," gate doors were=20
stolen since 2012 and poorly constructed walls have fallen down.

Uzhhorod (Ungvar) Uzhhorodskiy (1,694 - Section 1), (2,126 - Section 2),=
=20
(2,223 - Section 3) [Sections 4 and 5 - Return in 2014.]

Veliki Bakta (Nagybakta) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Veliki Roztoka (Gazlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Velikiye Komyaty (Magyarkomjat) Vynohradivskiy (281) and synagogue GPS=20
location

Velyatyn (Velete) Khustskiy (173)

Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocsko) Rakhivskyi (302) [124 in 2012]

Velyka Palad=E2=80=99 (Nagypalad) Vynohradivskiy (59)

Velyki Heyivtsi (Nagygejocz) Uzhhorodskiy (11)

Velyki Lazy (Nagylaz) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Verbovets' (Verbocz) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Verkhni Remety (Felsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Verkhniy Bystryy (Felsobisztra) Mizhhirskiy (160)

Verkhniy Studenyy (Felsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy (91 - Cemetery 1),=20
[Cemetery 2 - Return in 2014.]

Vil'khivka (Olyvos) Irshavsky (387)

Vil'khivtsy) (Irhocz) Tiachivskiy (74 - Cemetery 1), (614 - Cemetery 2)

Vil'shynky (Egreshat) Perechynskiy (11)

Volovets' (Voloc) Volovetskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Vovchansky (Farkasfalva) ? - No cemetery

Vylok (Tiszaujlak) Mukachevskiy - I stopped several times to visit with=20
Miklos (Miki) Weisz.

Vynogradiv) (Nagyszollos) Vynohradivskiy (72 - New cemetery), (2,414 -=20
Old cemetery)

Yasinya (Korosmezo) Rakhivskyi (1,057)

Yulivtsi (Szolosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Zahattya (Hatmeg) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Zapson=E2=80=99 (Zapszony) Berehivskiy (62)

Zavydovo (Davidfalva) Mukachevskiy (12)

Zhnyatyno (Izsnyete) Mukachevskiy (132)

Zhornava (Malomret) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Znyats'ovo (Ignec) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

=3D End =3D =20


Subcarpathia SIG #Subcarpathia Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013 #subcarpathia

Marshall Katz
 

Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013

"Tour de Carpat"

by
Marshall Katz
Camp Hill, PA

I won't repeat the general information that I provided in my 2011 and 2012=
=20
reports, found at the Sub-Carpathia SIG "Portal," SEE: Travel=20
Planning/Trip Reports. [ http://www.jewishgen.org/sub-carpathia ]=20

Before traveling to Sub-Carpathia, I spent three days in Budapest to visit=
=20
three libraries. I photographed a few interesting books, such as List of=
=20
Orthodox and Neolog Jewish communities in Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia)=20
c.1942 and their officiating rabbi's name, A felekezeti anyakonyvek=20
Magyarorszagon (Registers in Hungary) by Dr. Artur Stein 1941, List of Doc=
tors in=20
Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia) c.1942, Census by Religion (incl.=20
Sub-Carpathia) in 1880, 1910, 1921, 1930, and 1941. All of these books wi=
ll be a great=20
help to me when I create KehilaLink web sites.

My 2013 "Tour de Carpat" was quite an experience again this year. The=20
weather started out being cold and very wet for two weeks, then changed to=
=20
very hot, then back to cold and wet, and the last three weeks were very ho=
t. =20
I guess we were experiencing the tail end of what Europe was experiencing,=
=20
but without the flooding.

I was able to travel to 176 villages and towns---passing through many=20
other villages and towns---and I photographed 100 cemeteries and all of th=
e=20
tombstones therein, except Uzhhorod's cemetery. It took an inordinate amo=
unt=20
of time to photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery because of its size, as big as=
=20
three football fields. I had to wait until the last week of my trip to=20
photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery. Because of all of the rain---the cemete=
ry=20
was quickly overgrown again and it took three weeks for the workers to cle=
ar=20
the growth. I was only able to complete photographing the tombstones in =
=20
sections 1, 2 and 3, due to the large number of tombstones and the size of=
=20
the cemetery sections. Sections 4 and 5 remain to be done, giving me a go=
od=20
excuse to go back in 2014. I observed that there are over 400 =20
tombstones that have fallen, fortunately most on their back side so I could=
=20
photograph them, and which remain to be erected. Many tombstones need t=
o be=20
re-cemented to their bases, because if bumped, they could topple on a work=
er=20
or visitor. Other tombstones need to be set upright because they are=20
leaning. If you have a connection to the Uzhhorod cemetery, or are intere=
sted=20
in it, your financial help is needed to help correct many of these issues.=
=20
Contact me for more information. =20

All of the roads in Sub-Carpathia are a nightmare; they have more potholes=
=20
than last year and many of them are very deep, causing us to drive at less=
=20
than five miles per hour in many places, especially off the main roads =20
leading to the villages. The main roads, to a certain point, were patched b=
y=20
the middle of June, but the secondary roads have been ignored for years. =
=20
It's a miracle we were able to get around to all of the villages on my lis=
t in=20
such a short period of time. Therefore, when you are planning a visit to=
=20
multiple villages that are not co-located, you need to ensure you have=20
sufficient travel days included in your itinerary to compensate for the=20
additional time required to drive >from place to place. If your villages a=
re not=20
co-located, you may not have time to visit them in one day.

Again this year, several cemeteries that I visited were a very long=20
walk---up and far back in the mountain---and once found, it was difficult =
to=20
access the tombstones due to interlocking of the underbrush with "jagger"=
=20
bushes ["Pittsburgh-ese" for a bush with thorns on it.] One type of tho=
rn=20
bush in Sub-Carpathia has inch-long thorns and they get your attention whe=
n=20
you get caught by them. I guess I need to add a machete to my cemetery k=
it.=20
When visiting cemeteries in Sub-Carpathia, outside of urban towns, you=20
should wear good leather boots with gripping soles. We wear Timberline=20
boots. Most cemeteries are not maintained by locals and are severely over=
grown.=20
Several cemeteries, with walls and a locked gate, had no visible contact =
=20
information for the person with the key to the lock, so we had to climb=20
over the walls. In some cases, the caretaker of the cemetery has died and=
=20
nobody was contacted to replace them---so the cemetery today is overgrown.=
It=20
is important to state that anyone visiting Sub-Carpathia cemeteries and=20
requiring the assistance of the locals, be very respectful to them. We ha=
d a=20
complaint at one cemetery about earlier visitors.

As in previous years, villagers who were promised payment for caring for a=
=20
cemetery, were not being paid. This includes villagers who have the key=
=20
to the cemeteries. This is an easy fix, so if you know of someone who is=
=20
remiss in paying for their cemetery's maintenance, please tell them to hon=
or=20
their agreements. It would be sad to travel to Sub-Carpathia and not be=
=20
able to access your ancestral cemetery because of lack of payment for =20
maintenance.

The good news is that a few of the cemeteries we visited were in the=20
process of being restored, with walls around the cemetery and the tombston=
es=20
being set upright. =20

We located two cemeteries that previously we were told did not exist and=
=20
we were unable to locate a couple cemeteries that I was told did exist, so=
=20
we will spend more time next year looking for them. In some cases, a few=
=20
cemeteries were destroyed by the locals and the land was being used for=20
agricultural farming or commercial purposes---blamed on the Soviet period.=
=20

I noticed several cases of encroachment on a couple cemeteries---being=20
used for a garden---which seems a common problem when a cemetery borders t=
he=20
backyard of a house. One needs to recall that when Jewish cemeteries wer=
e=20
first established---on the outskirts of a village---it was a remote and=20
unused area of land. Today, most villages have grown in size and cemeteri=
es=20
border properties with houses on them. We noticed, in one case, tombstone=
s=20
were moved and stacked against a tree to allow for storage of building=20
materials next to a house. Cows are allowed to graze in some of the cemet=
eries=20
and are probably responsible for toppled or broken tombstones in some=20
cases. Without any Jews living in the villages to protect the cemeteries,=
=20
little can be done to prevent such actions.

This year, whenever we entered a village, we asked a minimum of three=20
"Babushkas" (grandmothers) and/or "Dedushkas" (grandfathers) where the=20
Hebraiski Clabisheh - RU or Jido Temeto - HU (Jewish cemetery) was located=
. In=20
most all cases, everyone knows the location of the cemetery and, oftentime=
s,=20
will gladly show us where it is, either by accompanying us in the car or b=
y=20
walking to the cemetery location with us---even if it is a long walk up=20
into the mountain. Most all villagers refuse payment for helping us locat=
e=20
cemeteries.

Because of the wet weather, moss was a problem on many of the tombstones=
=20
in the forests where sunlight doesn't reach them. Conversely, the forest,=
=20
in most cases, because of the lack of sunlight, helps to preserve and=20
protect the inscriptions on the tombstones. Sadly, one cemetery on a=20
mountainside had many beautiful marble stones---in very good condition---b=
ut they all=20
had toppled over face down on the mountainside due to their size and havin=
g=20
been placed on a very small base. It would take a tripod and winch to=20
raise them. Another cemetery we re-visited had its large metal doors sto=
len=20
since last year.

When trekking around Sub-Carpathia, one must learn to recognize two types=
=20
of dangerous bushes: "Borschovik" bushes, which can burn the skin and=20
cause severe blistering (worse than poison ivy or poison oak) and "Krapiva=
"=20
bushes, which can cause irritation of the skin---but also has some medicin=
al=20
properties. =20

The weather here seemed to bring out the snakes this year; we encountered=
=20
them in several cemeteries, especially in the mountains.=20

There is always a funny event in my travels and it happened when I kneeled=
=20
down to photograph a tombstone that was leaning over, almost to the=20
ground. I didn't notice that I had knelt on an ant hill, and I had thousa=
nds of=20
red ants all over my clothes. I ran to the street, took off my shirt and=
=20
pants to shake them off. Two "Babushkas" (grandmothers) were sitting on a=
=20
bench across the street, and they got a good laugh seeing me dancing in th=
e=20
street shaking the ants off of my shirt and pants in my "gatchies"=20
["Pittsburgh-ese" for "underwear"].

In Berehove (Beregszasz) we were able to view the restoration of the=20
small Orthodox synagogue which is progressing very nicely, and a Sub-Carpa=
thia=20
Jewish Museum therein is in the planning stages. They have started to=20
receive interesting articles for the museum, including items donated >from =
the=20
Holocaust Museum in Budapest which has items formerly >from Sub-Carpathia. =
=20
If you, or anyone you know, has religious artifacts, books, etc., from=20
Sub-Carpathia either >from before or after the war, please consider donatin=
g the=20
item(s) to the museum in Berehove, to memorialize your Sub-Carpathian=20
families. If you do not have anything you could contribute, you can help =
with=20
financial assistance as another way to memorialize them. Write to me and I=
=20
will provide contact information---they have a web site.

In Vynogradiv, we were able to view the restoration of that synagogue=20
which is progressing very nicely. We were unable to go inside as it was a=
=20
Sunday and work was stopped.

In Khust, the small chapel is very nice, but the main sanctuary is in dire=
=20
need of restoration. The frescoes on the ceiling are wonderful works of=
=20
art. This synagogue was flooded in the past and all the floorboards of th=
e=20
main sanctuary need to be replaced and the interior restored.

In Mukacheve, I found and photographed the Sheyovich Brick Factory, the=20
site of the second Munkacs Ghetto. Also, since last year, I photographed =
a=20
new memorial which was erected in the middle of the old Munkacs cemetery.

In Velikiye Komyaty, we located the wooden synagogue, but the cheder=20
building preceding it was torn down and the property is now being used for=
an=20
agricultural purpose. The synagogue is located at North 48 deg., 14.302 =
and=20
East 22 deg., 58.690. The synagogue building is in very bad condition and=
=20
may not last much longer, succumbing to expansion of the hot houses on the=
=20
adjoining property.

One often-overlooked source of genealogical information is the "sidurim"=
=20
(prayer books) found in the synagogues of Berehove, Vynogradiv and Khust. =
=20
Next year, time permitting, I will try to photograph the writings in the=
=20
books I noticed on this trip, such as: names, dates, etc. Due to restorat=
ion=20
of the synagogues in Berehove and Vynogradiv, the books were in storage at=
=20
this time. =20

I met briefly with the Hungarian consul >from Uzhhorod (Ungvar) who is=20
keenly interested in what I have been doing throughout Sub-Carpathia,=20
documenting cemeteries and creating web sites. Another meeting is planned=
for the=20
future. Next year will be 70 years since the Holocaust touched=20
Sub-Carpathia, and the Hungarian government is planning a remembrance prog=
ram which=20
will include Sub-Carpathia. More information to follow on this whenever i=
t=20
becomes available.

I was interviewed by Transcarpathian TV concerning my "Tour de Carpat,"=20
which will soon be aired in Ukraine. The purpose of the interview was to=
=20
explain several things, namely my personal connection to Sub-Carpathia, wh=
at I=20
am doing in Sub-Carpathia regarding Jewish cemeteries and other=20
miscellaneous topics of general and genealogical interest. I also asked t=
he viewers,=20
who may have Jewish items left behind after the deportations or after=20
1945, to consider donation of the items to the Sub-Carpathia Jewish Museum=
=20
being planned in Berehove. I was also invited to participate in a radio t=
alk=20
show, but I was unavailable that day.

I attended a festival in Leysichovo which has a really interesting and=20
famous blacksmith shop, powered by water wheels. Also, while traveling, I=
=20
found and photographed one wooden synagogue and several very old wooden=20
churches. =20

There are ten places I wanted to visit and a couple cemeteries I wanted to=
=20
photograph, but due to the weather and other circumstances beyond our=20
control, they will have to wait until I return in 2014. They are all=20
identified in the following list of towns and villages. =20

Due to the fact that there are more than one town with the same name in=20
Sub-Carpathia, one can become quickly confused as to which place is which,=
so=20
I have numbered them, 1, 2, etc., and they are easily differentiated by=20
their Hungarian name and their Ukrainian raion (county).

If you are planning a visit to Sub-Carpathia, the best suggestion is to=20
employ the services of a Jewish man in Uzhhorod who speaks Hungarian,=20
English, Ukrainian and Russian, and who knows all of Sub-Carpathia and its=
=20
cemetery locations. He can pick you up at the airport in Budapest, Kosice=
, Kiev,=20
Lviv, Uzhhorod or elsewhere and get you to your destination in =20
Sub-Carpathia. He can handle one or two people as well as larger groups w=
ith his fleet=20
of vehicles. He can make reservations for you at hotels and ensure that=
=20
you get to your ancestral villages and towns. Make your plans early in th=
e=20
year if you plan to use his services, as his schedule fills up very =20
quickly. His services are very reasonable and you will feel safe during y=
our=20
travel with him. Of course, if you are satisfied with his services, a "ti=
p"=20
would be very much appreciated. E-mail me for his contact information.

Tombstone images will be available once the full cemetery set has been=20
translated and uploaded to the photo album of the respective KehilaLink we=
b=20
site.=20

Places visited in 2013 (in alphabetical order by their Ukrainian name)

KEY: =20

Ukrainian name, (Hungarian name), Sub-Carpathian raion/county, (number of=
=20
images) and any comments

Note 1: The number of images does not equate to the number of tombstones.=
=20
I usually take multiple photos of each tombstone and a few panorama photos=
=20
of the cemetery.

Note 2: Where you see "No cemetery," in most all cases, we learned that=
=20
people were buried in the next larger village or town with a cemetery.

Badalovo (Badalo) Berehivskiy (52) =20

Barbovo (Bardhaza) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Barkasovo (Barkaszo) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Belki (Bilke) Irshavsky (1646)=20

Bene (Bene) Berehivskiy (76)=20

Benedykivtsi (Benedike) Mukachevskiy (60) =20

Bereghrestia (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Berezovo (Berezna) Khustskiy (318)=20

Bobove (Bobove) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Bobovo (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Bochansky (?) ? - No cemetery

Bogdan (Tiszabogdany) Rakhivskyi (155) =20

Borzhava (Nagyborzsova) Berehivskiy (120) =20

Bukivts'ovo (Ungbukkos) Velykobereznianskiy (9)

Bukovets' 1 (Beregbardos) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Bukovets' 2 (Bukkospatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Chaslivtsi (Ungcsaszloc) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Chepa (Csepe) Vynohradivskiy (120)

Cherna (Csarnato) Vynohradivskiy (54)

Chertezh (Ungcsertesz) Uzhhorodskiy (5)

Choma (Tiszacsoma) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Chomonin (Csongor) Mukachevskiy (79)

Chornoholova (Csornoholova) Velykobereznianskiy (80)

Chornyi Potik 1 (Kenezpatak) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Chornyi Potik 2 (Feketepatak) Vynohradivskiy (24)

Chynadiiovo (Bereg-Szentmiklos) Mukachevskiy (34)

Dertsen (Dercen) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Deshkovytsya (Deskofalva) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Drotyntsi (Tiszaszirma) Vynohradivskiy (40)

Dyula (Szollosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Dzvonkovoye (Haranglab) Berehivskiy (7)

Fanchykovo (Fancsika) Vynohradivskiy (36)

Fedoreve (Tivadar) ? - No cemetery

Fertesholmash (Fertoalmas) Vynohradivskiy (25)

Forholan' (Forgolany) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Halabor (Halabor) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Haloch (Galocs) Uzhhorodskiy (19)

Hetynya (Tiszaheteny) Vynohradivskiy - Not found, return in 2014.

Holiatyn (Oholyatin /Tarfalu ?) Mizhhirskiy (167)

Horinchovo (Herincse) Khustskiy (162)

Horonhlab (Haranglab (Kis-)) Mukachevskiy (33)

Hreblya (Felsokaraszlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Hudya (Godenyhaza) Vynohradivskiy (19)

Hunyadi (Hunyadi) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Il=E2=80=99nytsia (Iloncza) Irshavsky (729)

Irlyava (Ungsasfalva) Uzhhorodskiy (49)

Izky (Iszka) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Kalyny (Alsokalinfalva) Tiachivskiy (284)

Karachyn (Karacsfalva) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Khmil'nyk (Komlos) Irshavsky (149) [76 taken in 2012]

Kholmets=E2=80=99 (Korlathelmecz) Uzhhorodskiy (39)

Khudl'ovo (Horlyo) Uzhhorodskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Khust (Huszt) Khustskiy (530 - New cemetery), (2,950 - Old cemetery)

Khyzha (Kistarna) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Kidesh (Kigyos) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Klyachanovo 1 (Klacsano) Mukachevskiy (281)

Klyachanovo 2 (?) ? - Need to locate in 2014

Kolodne (Darva) Tiachivskiy (117)

Korytniany (Kereknye) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Koshel'ovo (Keselymezo) Khustskiy (842)

Kosivs=E2=80=99ka Polyana (Kaszopolyana) Rakhivskyi - Return in 2014.

Krychovo (Kricsfalva) Tiachivskiy (33)

Kuz'myno (Beregszilvas) Mukachevskiy (91)

Kvasovo (Kovaszo) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Kyblyary (Kobler) Uzhhorodskiy (104)

Lalovo (Leanyfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Lazy 1 (Timsor) Volovetskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Lazy 2 (Laz) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Lintsi (Unggesztenyes) Uzhhorodskiy (30)

Lopukhiv (Brusztura) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Loza (Fuzesmezo) Irshavsky (110)

Lozyans=E2=80=99kyy (Cserjes) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Lubnya (Kiesvolgy) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Luh (Kislonka) Rakhivskyi (176)

Lyakhivtzi (Lehocz) Uzhhorodskiy (27)

Lypcha (Lipcse) Khustskiy (110)

Lyuta (Havaskoz) Velykobereznianskiy (54)

Mala Dobron' (Kisdobrony) Uzhhorodskiy (138)

Mala Kopanya (Alsoveresmart) Vynohradivskiy (48)

Mala Roztoka (Szolosrosztoka) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Mali Heyivtsi (Kisgejoc) Uzhhorodskiy (21)

Malyy Bychkiv (Kisbocsko) Rakhivskyi - No cemetery

Matiyovo (Matyfalva) Vynohradivskiy (74)

Maydan (Majdanka) Mizhhirskiy (238)

Mizhhirya (Okormezo) Mizhhirskiy (5) - Updated town photos and former=20
property photo of Rita (nee SCHNEIDER) POLLACK

Mukacheve (Munkacs) Mukachevskiy (5) - Sheyovich Brick Factory and the new=
=20
Menorah Memorial in the Old cemetery photos

Muzhiyevo (Nagymuzsaly) Berehivskiy (306)

Nankovo (Husztkoz) Khustskiy (78)

Nizhneye Selyshche (Alsoszelistye) Khustskiy (156)

Nove Selo 1 (Beregujfalu) Berehivskiy (133)

Nove Selo 2 (Tiszaujheley) Vynohradivskiy (62 - Cemetery 1), (4 - Cemetery=
=20
2)

Novoselytsya 1 (Taracujfalu) Taichivskiy (245)

Novoselytsya 2 (Novoselice ) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 3 (Ujkemencze) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 4 (Sosfalu) Vynohradivskiy (14)

Novoselytsya 5 (Tarujfalu) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 6 (Novoselice) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Nyzhnii Remety (Alsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Nyzhnii Solotvino (Alsoszlatina) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Nyzhnii Studenyy (Alsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery; SEE: =20
Pylypets'

Oleksandrivka (Osandorfalva) Khustskiy (222)

Oleshnyk (Szolosegres) Vynohradivskiy (62)

Onok (Ilonokujfalu) Vynohradivskiy (228)

Orosievo (Sarosoroszi) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Pastilky (Kispasztely) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Patskan'ovo (Patakos) Uzhhorodskiy - Updated village photos

Perekhrestya (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Pidplesha (Pelesalja) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Pidvynohradiv (Szolosvegardo) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Popovo (Csonkapapi) Berehivskiy (25)

Poroshkovo (Porosko) Perechynskiy (102)

Potochok (Kishpatak) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Pryslip (Pereszlo) Mizhhirskiy (749)

Puzniakivtsi (Szarvasret) Mukachevskiy (45)

Pyiterfolvo (Tiszapeterfalva) Vynohradivskiy - Updated village photos

Pylypets' (Fulopfalva) Mizhhirskiy (305)=20

Rafaylovo (Rafajnaujfalu) Berehivskiy (25)

Rakhiv (Raho) Rakhivskyi (700)

Rakove (Rako) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Rakovo (Rako) Perechynskiy (7)

Repynnye (Repenye) Mizhhirskiy (112)

Richka (Kispatak) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rokosovo (Rakasz) Khustskiy (189)

Roztoka 1 (Rosztoka) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Roztoka 2 (Alsohatarszeg) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rus'ka Kuchava (Oroszkucsova) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Rus'ke (Orosztelek) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Sasivka (Szaszoka) Svaliavskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Sasovo 1 (Tiszaszaszfalu) Vynohradivskiy (303)

Sasovo 2 (Szallaspatak) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Serne (Szernye) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Shalanky (Salank) Vynohradivskiy (82)

Shyrokyy Luh (Szeles-Lonka) Taichivskiy (92)

Simer (Oszemere) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look again in=20
2014.

Smerekovo (Szemereko) Velykobereznianskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Sokirnitsa (Szeklencze) Khustskiy (380)

Som (Beregsom) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stanovo (Szanfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stuzhnytsia (Patakofalu [O- / Uj-]) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Tereblya (Talaborfalu) Taichivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Ternove (Kokenyes) Taichivskiy (359)

Torun' (Toronya) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Trosnyk (Tiszasasvar) Vynohradivskiy (156)

Tur'ya Pasika (Turjavagas) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look=
=20
again in 2014.

Tur'ya Polyana (Turjamezo) Perechynskiy (22)

Tykhyy (Tiha) Velykobereznianskiy (43)

Tysaashvan' (Tiszaasvany) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Tysobyken' (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Uhlya (Uglya) Tiachivskiy - Still a "Jurassic Park," gate doors were=20
stolen since 2012 and poorly constructed walls have fallen down.

Uzhhorod (Ungvar) Uzhhorodskiy (1,694 - Section 1), (2,126 - Section 2),=
=20
(2,223 - Section 3) [Sections 4 and 5 - Return in 2014.]

Veliki Bakta (Nagybakta) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Veliki Roztoka (Gazlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Velikiye Komyaty (Magyarkomjat) Vynohradivskiy (281) and synagogue GPS=20
location

Velyatyn (Velete) Khustskiy (173)

Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocsko) Rakhivskyi (302) [124 in 2012]

Velyka Palad=E2=80=99 (Nagypalad) Vynohradivskiy (59)

Velyki Heyivtsi (Nagygejocz) Uzhhorodskiy (11)

Velyki Lazy (Nagylaz) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Verbovets' (Verbocz) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Verkhni Remety (Felsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Verkhniy Bystryy (Felsobisztra) Mizhhirskiy (160)

Verkhniy Studenyy (Felsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy (91 - Cemetery 1),=20
[Cemetery 2 - Return in 2014.]

Vil'khivka (Olyvos) Irshavsky (387)

Vil'khivtsy) (Irhocz) Tiachivskiy (74 - Cemetery 1), (614 - Cemetery 2)

Vil'shynky (Egreshat) Perechynskiy (11)

Volovets' (Voloc) Volovetskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Vovchansky (Farkasfalva) ? - No cemetery

Vylok (Tiszaujlak) Mukachevskiy - I stopped several times to visit with=20
Miklos (Miki) Weisz.

Vynogradiv) (Nagyszollos) Vynohradivskiy (72 - New cemetery), (2,414 -=20
Old cemetery)

Yasinya (Korosmezo) Rakhivskyi (1,057)

Yulivtsi (Szolosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Zahattya (Hatmeg) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Zapson=E2=80=99 (Zapszony) Berehivskiy (62)

Zavydovo (Davidfalva) Mukachevskiy (12)

Zhnyatyno (Izsnyete) Mukachevskiy (132)

Zhornava (Malomret) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Znyats'ovo (Ignec) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

=3D End =3D =20


Tracing Family Gerstein. Left Dubno Russia l895-l890. #ukraine

elva taylor <elva.taylor@...>
 

Dear Readers and Fellow Geneologists,

I have been attempting for the past several years to gain any evidence I can
for my family records, of my Zeider Israel, and Booba Feigele Gerstein.
Maiden name of Booba Seidler. They came >from Dubno, around l885 - l890,
and settled in Kingston upon Hull in Yorkshire United Kingdom.
They had a large family, and I with 6 other cousins, am the surviving Grand
Children, who wish to fill in our Family Tree.
I am hopeful that someone might know of a contact in Dubno, who can not only
speak English, but is able to trace any sign of my families
Ancestors. The History of Dubno, >from the Jewish perspective, is quite
extensive, and I believe that the first Shool was built with the blessing
of the Local Count in the Middle Ages. My only contact to date is a Rabbi
Alexander Duchovny, who serves a large community in nearby
Kiev. Unfortunately to date, I have not been able to keep contact due to
pressure of work, as his is with a newly formed Jewish Community.
Anyhow if anyone knows of any information that might throw some light of the
current situation in Dubno, I would be much obliged to hear
from you., and of course any knowledge of whether there is still in
existence a Jewish Cemetery, which might offer some evidence.


Best Regard,


(Ellis Taylor.) England.


Ukraine SIG #Ukraine Tracing Family Gerstein. Left Dubno Russia l895-l890. #ukraine

elva taylor <elva.taylor@...>
 

Dear Readers and Fellow Geneologists,

I have been attempting for the past several years to gain any evidence I can
for my family records, of my Zeider Israel, and Booba Feigele Gerstein.
Maiden name of Booba Seidler. They came >from Dubno, around l885 - l890,
and settled in Kingston upon Hull in Yorkshire United Kingdom.
They had a large family, and I with 6 other cousins, am the surviving Grand
Children, who wish to fill in our Family Tree.
I am hopeful that someone might know of a contact in Dubno, who can not only
speak English, but is able to trace any sign of my families
Ancestors. The History of Dubno, >from the Jewish perspective, is quite
extensive, and I believe that the first Shool was built with the blessing
of the Local Count in the Middle Ages. My only contact to date is a Rabbi
Alexander Duchovny, who serves a large community in nearby
Kiev. Unfortunately to date, I have not been able to keep contact due to
pressure of work, as his is with a newly formed Jewish Community.
Anyhow if anyone knows of any information that might throw some light of the
current situation in Dubno, I would be much obliged to hear
from you., and of course any knowledge of whether there is still in
existence a Jewish Cemetery, which might offer some evidence.


Best Regard,


(Ellis Taylor.) England.


Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013 #subcarpathia

Marshall Katz
 

Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013

"Tour de Carpat"

by
Marshall Katz
Camp Hill, PA

I won't repeat the general information that I provided in my 2011 and 2012 =
=20
reports, found at the Sub-Carpathia SIG "Portal," SEE: Travel =20
Planning/Trip Reports. [ http://www.jewishgen.org/sub-carpathia ] =20

Before traveling to Sub-Carpathia, I spent three days in Budapest to visit =
=20
three libraries. I photographed a few interesting books, such as List of =
=20
Orthodox and Neolog Jewish communities in Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia)=20
c.1942 and their officiating rabbi's name, A felekezeti anyak=C3=B6nyvek=
=20
Magyarorsz=C3=A1gon (Registers in Hungary) by Dr. Artur Stein 1941, List o=
f Doctors in=20
Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia) c.1942, Census by Religion (incl. Sub-Carpa=
thia)=20
in 1880, 1910, 1921, 1930, and 1941. All of these books will be a great=
=20
help to me when I create KehilaLink web sites.

My 2013 "Tour de Carpat" was quite an experience again this year. The=20
weather started out being cold and very wet for two weeks, then changed to=
=20
very hot, then back to cold and wet, and the last three weeks were very ho=
t. =20
I guess we were experiencing the tail end of what Europe was experiencing,=
=20
but without the flooding.

I was able to travel to 176 villages and towns---passing through many=20
other villages and towns---and I photographed 100 cemeteries and all of th=
e=20
tombstones therein, except Uzhhorod's cemetery. It took an inordinate amo=
unt=20
of time to photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery because of its size, as big as=
=20
three football fields. I had to wait until the last week of my trip to=20
photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery. Because of all of the rain---the cemete=
ry=20
was quickly overgrown again and it took three weeks for the workers to cle=
ar=20
the growth. I was only able to complete photographing the tombstones in=
=20
sections 1, 2 and 3, due to the large number of tombstones and the size of=
=20
the cemetery sections. Sections 4 and 5 remain to be done, giving me a go=
od=20
excuse to go back in 2014. I observed that there are over 400=20
tombstones that have fallen, fortunately most on their back side so I coul=
d=20
photograph them, and which remain to be erected. Many tombstones need t=
o be=20
re-cemented to their bases, because if bumped, they could topple on a work=
er or=20
visitor. Other tombstones need to be set upright because they are=20
leaning. If you have a connection to the Uzhhorod cemetery, or are intere=
sted in=20
it, your financial help is needed to help correct many of these issues. =
=20
Contact me for more information. =20

All of the roads in Sub-Carpathia are a nightmare; they have more potholes=
=20
than last year and many of them are very deep, causing us to drive at less=
=20
than five miles per hour in many places, especially off the main roads =20
leading to the villages. The main roads, to a certain point, were patched b=
y=20
the middle of June, but the secondary roads have been ignored for years. =
=20
It's a miracle we were able to get around to all of the villages on my lis=
t in=20
such a short period of time. Therefore, when you are planning a visit to=
=20
multiple villages that are not co-located, you need to ensure you have=20
sufficient travel days included in your itinerary to compensate for the=20
additional time required to drive >from place to place. If your villages a=
re not=20
co-located, you may not have time to visit them in one day.

Again this year, several cemeteries that I visited were a very long=20
walk---up and far back in the mountain---and once found, it was difficult =
to=20
access the tombstones due to interlocking of the underbrush with "jagger"=
=20
bushes ["Pittsburgh-ese" for a bush with thorns on it.] One type of tho=
rn=20
bush in Sub-Carpathia has inch-long thorns and they get your attention whe=
n=20
you get caught by them. I guess I need to add a machete to my cemetery k=
it.=20
When visiting cemeteries in Sub-Carpathia, outside of urban towns, you=20
should wear good leather boots with gripping soles. We wear Timberline=20
boots. Most cemeteries are not maintained by locals and are severely over=
grown.=20
Several cemeteries, with walls and a locked gate, had no visible contact =
=20
information for the person with the key to the lock, so we had to climb=20
over the walls. In some cases, the caretaker of the cemetery has died and=
=20
nobody was contacted to replace them---so the cemetery today is overgrown.=
It=20
is important to state that anyone visiting Sub-Carpathia cemeteries and=20
requiring the assistance of the locals, be very respectful to them. We ha=
d a=20
complaint at one cemetery about earlier visitors.

As in previous years, villagers who were promised payment for caring for a=
=20
cemetery, were not being paid. This includes villagers who have the key=
=20
to the cemeteries. This is an easy fix, so if you know of someone who is=
=20
remiss in paying for their cemetery's maintenance, please tell them to hon=
or=20
their agreements. It would be sad to travel to Sub-Carpathia and not be=
=20
able to access your ancestral cemetery because of lack of payment for =20
maintenance.

The good news is that a few of the cemeteries we visited were in the=20
process of being restored, with walls around the cemetery and the tombston=
es=20
being set upright. =20

We located two cemeteries that previously we were told did not exist and=
=20
we were unable to locate a couple cemeteries that I was told did exist, so=
=20
we will spend more time next year looking for them. In some cases, a few=
=20
cemeteries were destroyed by the locals and the land was being used for=20
agricultural farming or commercial purposes---blamed on the Soviet period.=
=20

I noticed several cases of encroachment on a couple cemeteries---being=20
used for a garden---which seems a common problem when a cemetery borders t=
he=20
backyard of a house. One needs to recall that when Jewish cemeteries wer=
e=20
first established---on the outskirts of a village---it was a remote and=20
unused area of land. Today, most villages have grown in size and cemeteri=
es=20
border properties with houses on them. We noticed, in one case, tombstone=
s=20
were moved and stacked against a tree to allow for storage of building=20
materials next to a house. Cows are allowed to graze in some of the cemet=
eries=20
and are probably responsible for toppled or broken tombstones in some=20
cases. Without any Jews living in the villages to protect the cemeteries,=
=20
little can be done to prevent such actions.

This year, whenever we entered a village, we asked a minimum of three=20
"Babushkas" (grandmothers) and/or "Dedushkas" (grandfathers) where the=20
Hebraiski Clabisheh - RU or Jido Temeto - HU (Jewish cemetery) was located=
. In=20
most all cases, everyone knows the location of the cemetery and, oftentime=
s,=20
will gladly show us where it is, either by accompanying us in the car or b=
y=20
walking to the cemetery location with us---even if it is a long walk up=20
into the mountain. Most all villagers refuse payment for helping us locat=
e=20
cemeteries.

Because of the wet weather, moss was a problem on many of the tombstones=
=20
in the forests where sunlight doesn't reach them. Conversely, the forest,=
=20
in most cases, because of the lack of sunlight, helps to preserve and=20
protect the inscriptions on the tombstones. Sadly, one cemetery on a=20
mountainside had many beautiful marble stones---in very good condition---b=
ut they all=20
had toppled over face down on the mountainside due to their size and havin=
g=20
been placed on a very small base. It would take a tripod and winch to=20
raise them. Another cemetery we re-visited had its large metal doors sto=
len=20
since last year.

When trekking around Sub-Carpathia, one must learn to recognize two types=
=20
of dangerous bushes: "Borschovik" bushes, which can burn the skin and=20
cause severe blistering (worse than poison ivy or poison oak) and "Krapiva=
"=20
bushes, which can cause irritation of the skin---but also has some medicin=
al=20
properties. =20

The weather here seemed to bring out the snakes this year; we encountered=
=20
them in several cemeteries, especially in the mountains.=20

There is always a funny event in my travels and it happened when I kneeled=
=20
down to photograph a tombstone that was leaning over, almost to the=20
ground. I didn't notice that I had knelt on an ant hill, and I had thousa=
nds of=20
red ants all over my clothes. I ran to the street, took off my shirt and=
=20
pants to shake them off. Two "Babushkas" (grandmothers) were sitting on a=
=20
bench across the street, and they got a good laugh seeing me dancing in th=
e=20
street shaking the ants off of my shirt and pants in my "gatchies"=20
["Pittsburgh-ese" for "underwear"].

In Berehove (Beregszasz) we were able to view the restoration of the=20
small Orthodox synagogue which is progressing very nicely, and a Sub-Carpa=
thia=20
Jewish Museum therein is in the planning stages. They have started to=20
receive interesting articles for the museum, including items donated >from =
the=20
Holocaust Museum in Budapest which has items formerly >from Sub-Carpathia. =
=20
If you, or anyone you know, has religious artifacts, books, etc., from=20
Sub-Carpathia either >from before or after the war, please consider donatin=
g the=20
item(s) to the museum in Berehove, to memorialize your Sub-Carpathian=20
families. If you do not have anything you could contribute, you can help =
with=20
financial assistance as another way to memorialize them. Write to me and I=
=20
will provide contact information---they have a web site.

In Vynogradiv, we were able to view the restoration of that synagogue=20
which is progressing very nicely. We were unable to go inside as it was a=
=20
Sunday and work was stopped.

In Khust, the small chapel is very nice, but the main sanctuary is in dire=
=20
need of restoration. The frescoes on the ceiling are wonderful works of=
=20
art. This synagogue was flooded in the past and all the floorboards of th=
e=20
main sanctuary need to be replaced and the interior restored.

In Mukacheve, I found and photographed the Sheyovich Brick Factory, the=20
site of the second Munkacs Ghetto. Also, since last year, I photographed =
a=20
new memorial which was erected in the middle of the old Munkacs cemetery.

In Velikiye Komyaty, we located the wooden synagogue, but the cheder=20
building preceding it was torn down and the property is now being used for=
an=20
agricultural purpose. The synagogue is located at North 48 deg., 14.302 =
and=20
East 22 deg., 58.690. The synagogue building is in very bad condition and=
=20
may not last much longer, succumbing to expansion of the hot houses on the=
=20
adjoining property.

One often-overlooked source of genealogical information is the "sidurim"=
=20
(prayer books) found in the synagogues of Berehove, Vynogradiv and Khust. =
=20
Next year, time permitting, I will try to photograph the writings in the=
=20
books I noticed on this trip, such as: names, dates, etc. Due to restorat=
ion=20
of the synagogues in Berehove and Vynogradiv, the books were in storage at=
=20
this time. =20

I met briefly with the Hungarian consul >from Uzhhorod (Ungvar) who is=20
keenly interested in what I have been doing throughout Sub-Carpathia,=20
documenting cemeteries and creating web sites. Another meeting is planned=
for the=20
future. Next year will be 70 years since the Holocaust touched=20
Sub-Carpathia, and the Hungarian government is planning a remembrance prog=
ram which=20
will include Sub-Carpathia. More information to follow on this whenever i=
t=20
becomes available.

I was interviewed by Transcarpathian TV concerning my "Tour de Carpat,"=20
which will soon be aired in Ukraine. The purpose of the interview was to=
=20
explain several things, namely my personal connection to Sub-Carpathia, wh=
at I=20
am doing in Sub-Carpathia regarding Jewish cemeteries and other=20
miscellaneous topics of general and genealogical interest. I also asked t=
he viewers,=20
who may have Jewish items left behind after the deportations or after=20
1945, to consider donation of the items to the Sub-Carpathia Jewish Museum=
=20
being planned in Berehove. I was also invited to participate in a radio t=
alk=20
show, but I was unavailable that day.

I attended a festival in Leysichovo which has a really interesting and=20
famous blacksmith shop, powered by water wheels. Also, while traveling, I=
=20
found and photographed one wooden synagogue and several very old wooden=20
churches. =20

There are ten places I wanted to visit and a couple cemeteries I wanted to=
=20
photograph, but due to the weather and other circumstances beyond our=20
control, they will have to wait until I return in 2014. They are all=20
identified in the following list of towns and villages. =20

Due to the fact that there are more than one town with the same name in=20
Sub-Carpathia, one can become quickly confused as to which place is which,=
so=20
I have numbered them, 1, 2, etc., and they are easily differentiated by=20
their Hungarian name and their Ukrainian raion (county).

If you are planning a visit to Sub-Carpathia, the best suggestion is to=20
employ the services of a Jewish man in Uzhhorod who speaks Hungarian,=20
English, Ukrainian and Russian, and who knows all of Sub-Carpathia and its=
=20
cemetery locations. He can pick you up at the airport in Budapest, Kosice=
, Kiev,=20
Lviv, Uzhhorod or elsewhere and get you to your destination in =20
Sub-Carpathia. He can handle one or two people as well as larger groups w=
ith his fleet=20
of vehicles. He can make reservations for you at hotels and ensure that=
=20
you get to your ancestral villages and towns. Make your plans early in th=
e=20
year if you plan to use his services, as his schedule fills up very =20
quickly. His services are very reasonable and you will feel safe during y=
our=20
travel with him. Of course, if you are satisfied with his services, a "ti=
p"=20
would be very much appreciated. E-mail me for his contact information.

Tombstone images will be available once the full cemetery set has been=20
translated and uploaded to the photo album of the respective KehilaLink we=
b=20
site.=20

Places visited in 2013 (in alphabetical order by their Ukrainian name)

KEY: =20

Ukrainian name, (Hungarian name), Sub-Carpathian raion/county, (number of=
=20
images) and any comments

Note 1: The number of images does not equate to the number of tombstones.=
=20
I usually take multiple photos of each tombstone and a few panorama photos=
=20
of the cemetery.

Note 2: Where you see "No cemetery," in most all cases, we learned that=
=20
people were buried in the next larger village or town with a cemetery.

Badalovo (Badalo) Berehivskiy (52) =20

Barbovo (Bardhaza) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Barkasovo (Barkaszo) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Belki (Bilke) Irshavsky (1646)=20

Bene (Bene) Berehivskiy (76)=20

Benedykivtsi (Benedike) Mukachevskiy (60) =20

Bereghrestia (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Berezovo (Berezna) Khustskiy (318)=20

Bobove (Bobove) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Bobovo (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Bochansky (?) ? - No cemetery

Bogdan (Tiszabogdany) Rakhivskyi (155) =20

Borzhava (Nagyborzsova) Berehivskiy (120) =20

Bukivts'ovo (Ungbukkos) Velykobereznianskiy (9)

Bukovets' 1 (Beregbardos) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Bukovets' 2 (Bukkospatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Chaslivtsi (Ungcsaszloc) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Chepa (Csepe) Vynohradivskiy (120)

Cherna (Csarnato) Vynohradivskiy (54)

Chertezh (Ungcsertesz) Uzhhorodskiy (5)

Choma (Tiszacsoma) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Chomonin (Csongor) Mukachevskiy (79)

Chornoholova (Csornoholova) Velykobereznianskiy (80)

Chornyi Potik 1 (Kenezpatak) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Chornyi Potik 2 (Feketepatak) Vynohradivskiy (24)

Chynadiiovo (Bereg-Szentmiklos) Mukachevskiy (34)

Dertsen (Dercen) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Deshkovytsya (Deskofalva) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Drotyntsi (Tiszaszirma) Vynohradivskiy (40)

Dyula (Szollosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Dzvonkovoye (Haranglab) Berehivskiy (7)

Fanchykovo (Fancsika) Vynohradivskiy (36)

Fedoreve (Tivadar) ? - No cemetery

Fertesholmash (Fertoalmas) Vynohradivskiy (25)

Forholan' (Forgolany) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Halabor (Halabor) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Haloch (Galocs) Uzhhorodskiy (19)

Hetynya (Tiszaheteny) Vynohradivskiy - Not found, return in 2014.

Holiatyn (Oholyatin /Tarfalu ?) Mizhhirskiy (167)

Horinchovo (Herincse) Khustskiy (162)

Horonhlab (Haranglab (Kis-)) Mukachevskiy (33)

Hreblya (Felsokaraszlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Hudya (Godenyhaza) Vynohradivskiy (19)

Hunyadi (Hunyadi) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Il=E2=80=99nytsia (Iloncza) Irshavsky (729)

Irlyava (Ungsasfalva) Uzhhorodskiy (49)

Izky (Iszka) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Kalyny (Alsokalinfalva) Tiachivskiy (284)

Karachyn (Karacsfalva) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Khmil'nyk (Komlos) Irshavsky (149) [76 taken in 2012]

Kholmets=E2=80=99 (Korlathelmecz) Uzhhorodskiy (39)

Khudl'ovo (Horlyo) Uzhhorodskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Khust (Huszt) Khustskiy (530 - New cemetery), (2,950 - Old cemetery)

Khyzha (Kistarna) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Kidesh (K=C3=ADgyos) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Klyachanovo 1 (Klacsano) Mukachevskiy (281)

Klyachanovo 2 (?) ? - Need to locate in 2014

Kolodne (Darva) Tiachivskiy (117)

Korytniany (Kereknye) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Koshel'ovo (Keselymezo) Khustskiy (842)

Kosivs=E2=80=99ka Polyana (Kaszopolyana) Rakhivskyi - Return in 2014.

Krychovo (Kricsfalva) Tiachivskiy (33)

Kuz'myno (Beregszilvas) Mukachevskiy (91)

Kvasovo (Kovaszo) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Kyblyary (Kobler) Uzhhorodskiy (104)

Lalovo (Leanyfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Lazy 1 (Timsor) Volovetskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Lazy 2 (Laz) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Lintsi (Unggesztenyes) Uzhhorodskiy (30)

Lopukhiv (Brusztura) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Loza (Fuzesmezo) Irshavsky (110)

Lozyans=E2=80=99kyy (Cserjes) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Lubnya (Kiesvolgy) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Luh (Kislonka) Rakhivskyi (176)

Lyakhivtzi (Lehocz) Uzhhorodskiy (27)

Lypcha (Lipcse) Khustskiy (110)

Lyuta (Havaskoz) Velykobereznianskiy (54)

Mala Dobron' (Kisdobrony) Uzhhorodskiy (138)

Mala Kopanya (Alsoveresmart) Vynohradivskiy (48)

Mala Roztoka (Szolosrosztoka) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Mali Heyivtsi (Kisgejoc) Uzhhorodskiy (21)

Malyy Bychkiv (Kisbocsko) Rakhivskyi - No cemetery

Matiyovo (Matyfalva) Vynohradivskiy (74)

Maydan (Majdanka) Mizhhirskiy (238)

Mizhhirya (Okormezo) Mizhhirskiy (5) - Updated town photos and former=20
property photo of Rita (nee SCHNEIDER) POLLACK

Mukacheve (Munkacs) Mukachevskiy (5) - Sheyovich Brick Factory and the new=
=20
Menorah Memorial in the Old cemetery photos

Muzhiyevo (Nagymuzsaly) Berehivskiy (306)

Nankovo (Husztkoz) Khustskiy (78)

Nizhneye Selyshche (Alsoszelistye) Khustskiy (156)

Nove Selo 1 (Beregujfalu) Berehivskiy (133)

Nove Selo 2 (Tiszaujheley) Vynohradivskiy (62 - Cemetery 1), (4 - Cemetery=
=20
2)

Novoselytsya 1 (Taracujfalu) Taichivskiy (245)

Novoselytsya 2 (Novoselice ) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 3 (Ujkemencze) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 4 (Sosfalu) Vynohradivskiy (14)

Novoselytsya 5 (Tarujfalu) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 6 (Novoselice ) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Nyzhnii Remety (Alsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Nyzhnii Solotvino (Alsoszlatina) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Nyzhnii Studenyy (Alsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery; SEE: =20
Pylypets'

Oleksandrivka (Osandorfalva) Khustskiy (222)

Oleshnyk (Szolosegres) Vynohradivskiy (62)

Onok (Ilonokujfalu) Vynohradivskiy (228)

Orosievo (Sarosoroszi) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Pastilky (Kispasztely) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Patskan'ovo (Patakos) Uzhhorodskiy - Updated village photos

Perekhrestya (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Pidplesha (Pelesalja) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Pidvynohradiv (Szolosvegardo) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Popovo (Csonkapapi) Berehivskiy (25)

Poroshkovo (Porosko) Perechynskiy (102)

Potochok (Kishpatak) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Pryslip (Pereszlo) Mizhhirskiy (749)

Puzniakivtsi (Szarvasret) Mukachevskiy (45)

Pyiterfolvo (Tiszapeterfalva) Vynohradivskiy - Updated village photos

Pylypets' (Fulopfalva) Mizhhirskiy (305)=20

Rafaylovo (Rafajnaujfalu) Berehivskiy (25)

Rakhiv (Raho) Rakhivskyi (700)

Rakove (Rako) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Rakovo (Rako) Perechynskiy (7)

Repynnye (Repenye) Mizhhirskiy (112)

Richka (Kispatak) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rokosovo (Rakasz) Khustskiy (189)

Roztoka 1 (Rosztoka) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Roztoka 2 (Alsohatarszeg) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rus'ka Kuchava (Oroszkucsova) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Rus'ke (Orosztelek) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Sasivka (Szaszoka) Svaliavskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Sasovo 1 (Tiszaszaszfalu) Vynohradivskiy (303)

Sasovo 2 (Szallaspatak) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Serne (Szernye) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Shalanky (Salank) Vynohradivskiy (82)

Shyrokyy Luh (Szeles-Lonka) Taichivskiy (92)

Simer (Oszemere) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look again in=20
2014.

Smerekovo (Szemereko) Velykobereznianskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Sokirnitsa (Szeklencze) Khustskiy (380)

Som (Beregsom) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stanovo (Szanfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stuzhnytsia (Patakofalu [O- / Uj-]) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Tereblya (Talaborfalu) Taichivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Ternove (Kokenyes) Taichivskiy (359)

Torun' (Toronya) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Trosnyk (Tiszasasvar) Vynohradivskiy (156)

Tur'ya Pasika (Turjavagas) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look=
=20
again in 2014.

Tur'ya Polyana (Turjamezo) Perechynskiy (22)

Tykhyy (Tiha) Velykobereznianskiy (43)

Tysaashvan=E2=80=99 (Tiszaasvany) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Tysobyken' (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Uhlya (Uglya) Tiachivskiy - Still a "Jurassic Park," gate doors were=20
stolen since 2012 and poorly constructed walls have fallen down.

Uzhhorod) (Ungvar) Uzhhorodskiy (1,694 - Section 1), (2,126 - Section 2),=
=20
(2,223 - Section 3) [Sections 4 and 5 - Return in 2014.]

Veliki Bakta (Nagybakta) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Veliki Roztoka (Gazlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Velikiye Komyaty (Magyarkomjat) Vynohradivskiy (281) and synagogue GPS=20
location

Velyatyn (Velete) Khustskiy (173)

Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocsko) Rakhivskyi (302) [124 in 2012]

Velyka Palad=E2=80=99 (Nagypalad) Vynohradivskiy (59)

Velyki Heyivtsi (Nagygejocz) Uzhhorodskiy (11)

Velyki Lazy (Nagylaz) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Verbovets' (Verbocz) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Verkhni Remety (Felsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Verkhniy Bystryy (Felsobisztra) Mizhhirskiy (160)

Verkhniy Studenyy (Felsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy (91 - Cemetery 1),=20
[Cemetery 2 - Return in 2014.]

Vil'khivka (=C3=96lyvos) Irshavsky (387)

Vil'khivtsy) (Irhocz) Tiachivskiy (74 - Cemetery 1), (614 - Cemetery 2)

Vil'shynky (Egreshat) Perechynskiy (11)

Volovets' (Voloc) Volovetskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Vovchansky (Farkasfalva) ? - No cemetery

Vylok (Tiszaujlak) Mukachevskiy - I stopped several times to visit with=20
Miklos (Miki) Weisz.

Vynogradiv) (Nagyszollos) Vynohradivskiy (72 - New cemetery), (2,414 -=20
Old cemetery)

Yasinya (Korosmezo) Rakhivskyi (1,057)

Yulivtsi (Szolosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Zahattya (Hatmeg) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Zapson=E2=80=99 (Zapszony) Berehivskiy (62)

Zavydovo (Davidfalva) Mukachevskiy (12)

Zhnyatyno (Izsnyete) Mukachevskiy (132)

Zhornava (Malomret) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Znyats'ovo (Ignec) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

=3D End =3D
=20


Subcarpathia SIG #Subcarpathia Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013 #subcarpathia

Marshall Katz
 

Sub-Carpathia Trip Report - May/July, 2013

"Tour de Carpat"

by
Marshall Katz
Camp Hill, PA

I won't repeat the general information that I provided in my 2011 and 2012 =
=20
reports, found at the Sub-Carpathia SIG "Portal," SEE: Travel =20
Planning/Trip Reports. [ http://www.jewishgen.org/sub-carpathia ] =20

Before traveling to Sub-Carpathia, I spent three days in Budapest to visit =
=20
three libraries. I photographed a few interesting books, such as List of =
=20
Orthodox and Neolog Jewish communities in Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia)=20
c.1942 and their officiating rabbi's name, A felekezeti anyak=C3=B6nyvek=
=20
Magyarorsz=C3=A1gon (Registers in Hungary) by Dr. Artur Stein 1941, List o=
f Doctors in=20
Hungary (incl. Sub-Carpathia) c.1942, Census by Religion (incl. Sub-Carpa=
thia)=20
in 1880, 1910, 1921, 1930, and 1941. All of these books will be a great=
=20
help to me when I create KehilaLink web sites.

My 2013 "Tour de Carpat" was quite an experience again this year. The=20
weather started out being cold and very wet for two weeks, then changed to=
=20
very hot, then back to cold and wet, and the last three weeks were very ho=
t. =20
I guess we were experiencing the tail end of what Europe was experiencing,=
=20
but without the flooding.

I was able to travel to 176 villages and towns---passing through many=20
other villages and towns---and I photographed 100 cemeteries and all of th=
e=20
tombstones therein, except Uzhhorod's cemetery. It took an inordinate amo=
unt=20
of time to photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery because of its size, as big as=
=20
three football fields. I had to wait until the last week of my trip to=20
photograph the Uzhhorod cemetery. Because of all of the rain---the cemete=
ry=20
was quickly overgrown again and it took three weeks for the workers to cle=
ar=20
the growth. I was only able to complete photographing the tombstones in=
=20
sections 1, 2 and 3, due to the large number of tombstones and the size of=
=20
the cemetery sections. Sections 4 and 5 remain to be done, giving me a go=
od=20
excuse to go back in 2014. I observed that there are over 400=20
tombstones that have fallen, fortunately most on their back side so I coul=
d=20
photograph them, and which remain to be erected. Many tombstones need t=
o be=20
re-cemented to their bases, because if bumped, they could topple on a work=
er or=20
visitor. Other tombstones need to be set upright because they are=20
leaning. If you have a connection to the Uzhhorod cemetery, or are intere=
sted in=20
it, your financial help is needed to help correct many of these issues. =
=20
Contact me for more information. =20

All of the roads in Sub-Carpathia are a nightmare; they have more potholes=
=20
than last year and many of them are very deep, causing us to drive at less=
=20
than five miles per hour in many places, especially off the main roads =20
leading to the villages. The main roads, to a certain point, were patched b=
y=20
the middle of June, but the secondary roads have been ignored for years. =
=20
It's a miracle we were able to get around to all of the villages on my lis=
t in=20
such a short period of time. Therefore, when you are planning a visit to=
=20
multiple villages that are not co-located, you need to ensure you have=20
sufficient travel days included in your itinerary to compensate for the=20
additional time required to drive >from place to place. If your villages a=
re not=20
co-located, you may not have time to visit them in one day.

Again this year, several cemeteries that I visited were a very long=20
walk---up and far back in the mountain---and once found, it was difficult =
to=20
access the tombstones due to interlocking of the underbrush with "jagger"=
=20
bushes ["Pittsburgh-ese" for a bush with thorns on it.] One type of tho=
rn=20
bush in Sub-Carpathia has inch-long thorns and they get your attention whe=
n=20
you get caught by them. I guess I need to add a machete to my cemetery k=
it.=20
When visiting cemeteries in Sub-Carpathia, outside of urban towns, you=20
should wear good leather boots with gripping soles. We wear Timberline=20
boots. Most cemeteries are not maintained by locals and are severely over=
grown.=20
Several cemeteries, with walls and a locked gate, had no visible contact =
=20
information for the person with the key to the lock, so we had to climb=20
over the walls. In some cases, the caretaker of the cemetery has died and=
=20
nobody was contacted to replace them---so the cemetery today is overgrown.=
It=20
is important to state that anyone visiting Sub-Carpathia cemeteries and=20
requiring the assistance of the locals, be very respectful to them. We ha=
d a=20
complaint at one cemetery about earlier visitors.

As in previous years, villagers who were promised payment for caring for a=
=20
cemetery, were not being paid. This includes villagers who have the key=
=20
to the cemeteries. This is an easy fix, so if you know of someone who is=
=20
remiss in paying for their cemetery's maintenance, please tell them to hon=
or=20
their agreements. It would be sad to travel to Sub-Carpathia and not be=
=20
able to access your ancestral cemetery because of lack of payment for =20
maintenance.

The good news is that a few of the cemeteries we visited were in the=20
process of being restored, with walls around the cemetery and the tombston=
es=20
being set upright. =20

We located two cemeteries that previously we were told did not exist and=
=20
we were unable to locate a couple cemeteries that I was told did exist, so=
=20
we will spend more time next year looking for them. In some cases, a few=
=20
cemeteries were destroyed by the locals and the land was being used for=20
agricultural farming or commercial purposes---blamed on the Soviet period.=
=20

I noticed several cases of encroachment on a couple cemeteries---being=20
used for a garden---which seems a common problem when a cemetery borders t=
he=20
backyard of a house. One needs to recall that when Jewish cemeteries wer=
e=20
first established---on the outskirts of a village---it was a remote and=20
unused area of land. Today, most villages have grown in size and cemeteri=
es=20
border properties with houses on them. We noticed, in one case, tombstone=
s=20
were moved and stacked against a tree to allow for storage of building=20
materials next to a house. Cows are allowed to graze in some of the cemet=
eries=20
and are probably responsible for toppled or broken tombstones in some=20
cases. Without any Jews living in the villages to protect the cemeteries,=
=20
little can be done to prevent such actions.

This year, whenever we entered a village, we asked a minimum of three=20
"Babushkas" (grandmothers) and/or "Dedushkas" (grandfathers) where the=20
Hebraiski Clabisheh - RU or Jido Temeto - HU (Jewish cemetery) was located=
. In=20
most all cases, everyone knows the location of the cemetery and, oftentime=
s,=20
will gladly show us where it is, either by accompanying us in the car or b=
y=20
walking to the cemetery location with us---even if it is a long walk up=20
into the mountain. Most all villagers refuse payment for helping us locat=
e=20
cemeteries.

Because of the wet weather, moss was a problem on many of the tombstones=
=20
in the forests where sunlight doesn't reach them. Conversely, the forest,=
=20
in most cases, because of the lack of sunlight, helps to preserve and=20
protect the inscriptions on the tombstones. Sadly, one cemetery on a=20
mountainside had many beautiful marble stones---in very good condition---b=
ut they all=20
had toppled over face down on the mountainside due to their size and havin=
g=20
been placed on a very small base. It would take a tripod and winch to=20
raise them. Another cemetery we re-visited had its large metal doors sto=
len=20
since last year.

When trekking around Sub-Carpathia, one must learn to recognize two types=
=20
of dangerous bushes: "Borschovik" bushes, which can burn the skin and=20
cause severe blistering (worse than poison ivy or poison oak) and "Krapiva=
"=20
bushes, which can cause irritation of the skin---but also has some medicin=
al=20
properties. =20

The weather here seemed to bring out the snakes this year; we encountered=
=20
them in several cemeteries, especially in the mountains.=20

There is always a funny event in my travels and it happened when I kneeled=
=20
down to photograph a tombstone that was leaning over, almost to the=20
ground. I didn't notice that I had knelt on an ant hill, and I had thousa=
nds of=20
red ants all over my clothes. I ran to the street, took off my shirt and=
=20
pants to shake them off. Two "Babushkas" (grandmothers) were sitting on a=
=20
bench across the street, and they got a good laugh seeing me dancing in th=
e=20
street shaking the ants off of my shirt and pants in my "gatchies"=20
["Pittsburgh-ese" for "underwear"].

In Berehove (Beregszasz) we were able to view the restoration of the=20
small Orthodox synagogue which is progressing very nicely, and a Sub-Carpa=
thia=20
Jewish Museum therein is in the planning stages. They have started to=20
receive interesting articles for the museum, including items donated >from =
the=20
Holocaust Museum in Budapest which has items formerly >from Sub-Carpathia. =
=20
If you, or anyone you know, has religious artifacts, books, etc., from=20
Sub-Carpathia either >from before or after the war, please consider donatin=
g the=20
item(s) to the museum in Berehove, to memorialize your Sub-Carpathian=20
families. If you do not have anything you could contribute, you can help =
with=20
financial assistance as another way to memorialize them. Write to me and I=
=20
will provide contact information---they have a web site.

In Vynogradiv, we were able to view the restoration of that synagogue=20
which is progressing very nicely. We were unable to go inside as it was a=
=20
Sunday and work was stopped.

In Khust, the small chapel is very nice, but the main sanctuary is in dire=
=20
need of restoration. The frescoes on the ceiling are wonderful works of=
=20
art. This synagogue was flooded in the past and all the floorboards of th=
e=20
main sanctuary need to be replaced and the interior restored.

In Mukacheve, I found and photographed the Sheyovich Brick Factory, the=20
site of the second Munkacs Ghetto. Also, since last year, I photographed =
a=20
new memorial which was erected in the middle of the old Munkacs cemetery.

In Velikiye Komyaty, we located the wooden synagogue, but the cheder=20
building preceding it was torn down and the property is now being used for=
an=20
agricultural purpose. The synagogue is located at North 48 deg., 14.302 =
and=20
East 22 deg., 58.690. The synagogue building is in very bad condition and=
=20
may not last much longer, succumbing to expansion of the hot houses on the=
=20
adjoining property.

One often-overlooked source of genealogical information is the "sidurim"=
=20
(prayer books) found in the synagogues of Berehove, Vynogradiv and Khust. =
=20
Next year, time permitting, I will try to photograph the writings in the=
=20
books I noticed on this trip, such as: names, dates, etc. Due to restorat=
ion=20
of the synagogues in Berehove and Vynogradiv, the books were in storage at=
=20
this time. =20

I met briefly with the Hungarian consul >from Uzhhorod (Ungvar) who is=20
keenly interested in what I have been doing throughout Sub-Carpathia,=20
documenting cemeteries and creating web sites. Another meeting is planned=
for the=20
future. Next year will be 70 years since the Holocaust touched=20
Sub-Carpathia, and the Hungarian government is planning a remembrance prog=
ram which=20
will include Sub-Carpathia. More information to follow on this whenever i=
t=20
becomes available.

I was interviewed by Transcarpathian TV concerning my "Tour de Carpat,"=20
which will soon be aired in Ukraine. The purpose of the interview was to=
=20
explain several things, namely my personal connection to Sub-Carpathia, wh=
at I=20
am doing in Sub-Carpathia regarding Jewish cemeteries and other=20
miscellaneous topics of general and genealogical interest. I also asked t=
he viewers,=20
who may have Jewish items left behind after the deportations or after=20
1945, to consider donation of the items to the Sub-Carpathia Jewish Museum=
=20
being planned in Berehove. I was also invited to participate in a radio t=
alk=20
show, but I was unavailable that day.

I attended a festival in Leysichovo which has a really interesting and=20
famous blacksmith shop, powered by water wheels. Also, while traveling, I=
=20
found and photographed one wooden synagogue and several very old wooden=20
churches. =20

There are ten places I wanted to visit and a couple cemeteries I wanted to=
=20
photograph, but due to the weather and other circumstances beyond our=20
control, they will have to wait until I return in 2014. They are all=20
identified in the following list of towns and villages. =20

Due to the fact that there are more than one town with the same name in=20
Sub-Carpathia, one can become quickly confused as to which place is which,=
so=20
I have numbered them, 1, 2, etc., and they are easily differentiated by=20
their Hungarian name and their Ukrainian raion (county).

If you are planning a visit to Sub-Carpathia, the best suggestion is to=20
employ the services of a Jewish man in Uzhhorod who speaks Hungarian,=20
English, Ukrainian and Russian, and who knows all of Sub-Carpathia and its=
=20
cemetery locations. He can pick you up at the airport in Budapest, Kosice=
, Kiev,=20
Lviv, Uzhhorod or elsewhere and get you to your destination in =20
Sub-Carpathia. He can handle one or two people as well as larger groups w=
ith his fleet=20
of vehicles. He can make reservations for you at hotels and ensure that=
=20
you get to your ancestral villages and towns. Make your plans early in th=
e=20
year if you plan to use his services, as his schedule fills up very =20
quickly. His services are very reasonable and you will feel safe during y=
our=20
travel with him. Of course, if you are satisfied with his services, a "ti=
p"=20
would be very much appreciated. E-mail me for his contact information.

Tombstone images will be available once the full cemetery set has been=20
translated and uploaded to the photo album of the respective KehilaLink we=
b=20
site.=20

Places visited in 2013 (in alphabetical order by their Ukrainian name)

KEY: =20

Ukrainian name, (Hungarian name), Sub-Carpathian raion/county, (number of=
=20
images) and any comments

Note 1: The number of images does not equate to the number of tombstones.=
=20
I usually take multiple photos of each tombstone and a few panorama photos=
=20
of the cemetery.

Note 2: Where you see "No cemetery," in most all cases, we learned that=
=20
people were buried in the next larger village or town with a cemetery.

Badalovo (Badalo) Berehivskiy (52) =20

Barbovo (Bardhaza) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Barkasovo (Barkaszo) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Belki (Bilke) Irshavsky (1646)=20

Bene (Bene) Berehivskiy (76)=20

Benedykivtsi (Benedike) Mukachevskiy (60) =20

Bereghrestia (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Berezovo (Berezna) Khustskiy (318)=20

Bobove (Bobove) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Bobovo (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Bochansky (?) ? - No cemetery

Bogdan (Tiszabogdany) Rakhivskyi (155) =20

Borzhava (Nagyborzsova) Berehivskiy (120) =20

Bukivts'ovo (Ungbukkos) Velykobereznianskiy (9)

Bukovets' 1 (Beregbardos) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Bukovets' 2 (Bukkospatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Chaslivtsi (Ungcsaszloc) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Chepa (Csepe) Vynohradivskiy (120)

Cherna (Csarnato) Vynohradivskiy (54)

Chertezh (Ungcsertesz) Uzhhorodskiy (5)

Choma (Tiszacsoma) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Chomonin (Csongor) Mukachevskiy (79)

Chornoholova (Csornoholova) Velykobereznianskiy (80)

Chornyi Potik 1 (Kenezpatak) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Chornyi Potik 2 (Feketepatak) Vynohradivskiy (24)

Chynadiiovo (Bereg-Szentmiklos) Mukachevskiy (34)

Dertsen (Dercen) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Deshkovytsya (Deskofalva) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Drotyntsi (Tiszaszirma) Vynohradivskiy (40)

Dyula (Szollosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Dzvonkovoye (Haranglab) Berehivskiy (7)

Fanchykovo (Fancsika) Vynohradivskiy (36)

Fedoreve (Tivadar) ? - No cemetery

Fertesholmash (Fertoalmas) Vynohradivskiy (25)

Forholan' (Forgolany) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Halabor (Halabor) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Haloch (Galocs) Uzhhorodskiy (19)

Hetynya (Tiszaheteny) Vynohradivskiy - Not found, return in 2014.

Holiatyn (Oholyatin /Tarfalu ?) Mizhhirskiy (167)

Horinchovo (Herincse) Khustskiy (162)

Horonhlab (Haranglab (Kis-)) Mukachevskiy (33)

Hreblya (Felsokaraszlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Hudya (Godenyhaza) Vynohradivskiy (19)

Hunyadi (Hunyadi) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Il=E2=80=99nytsia (Iloncza) Irshavsky (729)

Irlyava (Ungsasfalva) Uzhhorodskiy (49)

Izky (Iszka) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Kalyny (Alsokalinfalva) Tiachivskiy (284)

Karachyn (Karacsfalva) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Khmil'nyk (Komlos) Irshavsky (149) [76 taken in 2012]

Kholmets=E2=80=99 (Korlathelmecz) Uzhhorodskiy (39)

Khudl'ovo (Horlyo) Uzhhorodskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Khust (Huszt) Khustskiy (530 - New cemetery), (2,950 - Old cemetery)

Khyzha (Kistarna) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Kidesh (K=C3=ADgyos) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Klyachanovo 1 (Klacsano) Mukachevskiy (281)

Klyachanovo 2 (?) ? - Need to locate in 2014

Kolodne (Darva) Tiachivskiy (117)

Korytniany (Kereknye) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Koshel'ovo (Keselymezo) Khustskiy (842)

Kosivs=E2=80=99ka Polyana (Kaszopolyana) Rakhivskyi - Return in 2014.

Krychovo (Kricsfalva) Tiachivskiy (33)

Kuz'myno (Beregszilvas) Mukachevskiy (91)

Kvasovo (Kovaszo) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Kyblyary (Kobler) Uzhhorodskiy (104)

Lalovo (Leanyfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Lazy 1 (Timsor) Volovetskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Lazy 2 (Laz) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Lintsi (Unggesztenyes) Uzhhorodskiy (30)

Lopukhiv (Brusztura) Tiachivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Loza (Fuzesmezo) Irshavsky (110)

Lozyans=E2=80=99kyy (Cserjes) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Lubnya (Kiesvolgy) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Luh (Kislonka) Rakhivskyi (176)

Lyakhivtzi (Lehocz) Uzhhorodskiy (27)

Lypcha (Lipcse) Khustskiy (110)

Lyuta (Havaskoz) Velykobereznianskiy (54)

Mala Dobron' (Kisdobrony) Uzhhorodskiy (138)

Mala Kopanya (Alsoveresmart) Vynohradivskiy (48)

Mala Roztoka (Szolosrosztoka) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Mali Heyivtsi (Kisgejoc) Uzhhorodskiy (21)

Malyy Bychkiv (Kisbocsko) Rakhivskyi - No cemetery

Matiyovo (Matyfalva) Vynohradivskiy (74)

Maydan (Majdanka) Mizhhirskiy (238)

Mizhhirya (Okormezo) Mizhhirskiy (5) - Updated town photos and former=20
property photo of Rita (nee SCHNEIDER) POLLACK

Mukacheve (Munkacs) Mukachevskiy (5) - Sheyovich Brick Factory and the new=
=20
Menorah Memorial in the Old cemetery photos

Muzhiyevo (Nagymuzsaly) Berehivskiy (306)

Nankovo (Husztkoz) Khustskiy (78)

Nizhneye Selyshche (Alsoszelistye) Khustskiy (156)

Nove Selo 1 (Beregujfalu) Berehivskiy (133)

Nove Selo 2 (Tiszaujheley) Vynohradivskiy (62 - Cemetery 1), (4 - Cemetery=
=20
2)

Novoselytsya 1 (Taracujfalu) Taichivskiy (245)

Novoselytsya 2 (Novoselice ) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 3 (Ujkemencze) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 4 (Sosfalu) Vynohradivskiy (14)

Novoselytsya 5 (Tarujfalu) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Novoselytsya 6 (Novoselice ) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Nyzhnii Remety (Alsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Nyzhnii Solotvino (Alsoszlatina) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Nyzhnii Studenyy (Alsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery; SEE: =20
Pylypets'

Oleksandrivka (Osandorfalva) Khustskiy (222)

Oleshnyk (Szolosegres) Vynohradivskiy (62)

Onok (Ilonokujfalu) Vynohradivskiy (228)

Orosievo (Sarosoroszi) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Pastilky (Kispasztely) Perechynskiy - No cemetery

Patskan'ovo (Patakos) Uzhhorodskiy - Updated village photos

Perekhrestya (Tiszakeresztur) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Pidplesha (Pelesalja) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Pidvynohradiv (Szolosvegardo) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Popovo (Csonkapapi) Berehivskiy (25)

Poroshkovo (Porosko) Perechynskiy (102)

Potochok (Kishpatak) Khustskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Pryslip (Pereszlo) Mizhhirskiy (749)

Puzniakivtsi (Szarvasret) Mukachevskiy (45)

Pyiterfolvo (Tiszapeterfalva) Vynohradivskiy - Updated village photos

Pylypets' (Fulopfalva) Mizhhirskiy (305)=20

Rafaylovo (Rafajnaujfalu) Berehivskiy (25)

Rakhiv (Raho) Rakhivskyi (700)

Rakove (Rako) Taichivskiy - No cemetery

Rakovo (Rako) Perechynskiy (7)

Repynnye (Repenye) Mizhhirskiy (112)

Richka (Kispatak) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rokosovo (Rakasz) Khustskiy (189)

Roztoka 1 (Rosztoka) Volovetskiy - No cemetery

Roztoka 2 (Alsohatarszeg) Mizhhirskiy (129)

Rus'ka Kuchava (Oroszkucsova) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Rus'ke (Orosztelek) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Sasivka (Szaszoka) Svaliavskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Sasovo 1 (Tiszaszaszfalu) Vynohradivskiy (303)

Sasovo 2 (Szallaspatak) Tiachivskiy - No cemetery

Serne (Szernye) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Shalanky (Salank) Vynohradivskiy (82)

Shyrokyy Luh (Szeles-Lonka) Taichivskiy (92)

Simer (Oszemere) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look again in=20
2014.

Smerekovo (Szemereko) Velykobereznianskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Sokirnitsa (Szeklencze) Khustskiy (380)

Som (Beregsom) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stanovo (Szanfalva) Mukachevskiy - No cemetery

Stuzhnytsia (Patakofalu [O- / Uj-]) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Tereblya (Talaborfalu) Taichivskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Ternove (Kokenyes) Taichivskiy (359)

Torun' (Toronya) Mizhhirskiy - No cemetery

Trosnyk (Tiszasasvar) Vynohradivskiy (156)

Tur'ya Pasika (Turjavagas) Perechynskiy - Cemetery not found, will look=
=20
again in 2014.

Tur'ya Polyana (Turjamezo) Perechynskiy (22)

Tykhyy (Tiha) Velykobereznianskiy (43)

Tysaashvan=E2=80=99 (Tiszaasvany) Uzhhorodskiy - No cemetery

Tysobyken' (Tiszabokeny) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Uhlya (Uglya) Tiachivskiy - Still a "Jurassic Park," gate doors were=20
stolen since 2012 and poorly constructed walls have fallen down.

Uzhhorod) (Ungvar) Uzhhorodskiy (1,694 - Section 1), (2,126 - Section 2),=
=20
(2,223 - Section 3) [Sections 4 and 5 - Return in 2014.]

Veliki Bakta (Nagybakta) Berehivskiy - No cemetery

Veliki Roztoka (Gazlo) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Velikiye Komyaty (Magyarkomjat) Vynohradivskiy (281) and synagogue GPS=20
location

Velyatyn (Velete) Khustskiy (173)

Velyikyiy Bychkiv (Nagybocsko) Rakhivskyi (302) [124 in 2012]

Velyka Palad=E2=80=99 (Nagypalad) Vynohradivskiy (59)

Velyki Heyivtsi (Nagygejocz) Uzhhorodskiy (11)

Velyki Lazy (Nagylaz) Uzhhorodskiy (24)

Verbovets' (Verbocz) Vynohradivskiy - No cemetery

Verkhni Remety (Felsoremete) Berehivskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

Verkhniy Bystryy (Felsobisztra) Mizhhirskiy (160)

Verkhniy Studenyy (Felsohidegpatak) Mizhhirskiy (91 - Cemetery 1),=20
[Cemetery 2 - Return in 2014.]

Vil'khivka (=C3=96lyvos) Irshavsky (387)

Vil'khivtsy) (Irhocz) Tiachivskiy (74 - Cemetery 1), (614 - Cemetery 2)

Vil'shynky (Egreshat) Perechynskiy (11)

Volovets' (Voloc) Volovetskiy - Return in 2014. =20

Vovchansky (Farkasfalva) ? - No cemetery

Vylok (Tiszaujlak) Mukachevskiy - I stopped several times to visit with=20
Miklos (Miki) Weisz.

Vynogradiv) (Nagyszollos) Vynohradivskiy (72 - New cemetery), (2,414 -=20
Old cemetery)

Yasinya (Korosmezo) Rakhivskyi (1,057)

Yulivtsi (Szolosgyula) Vynohradivskiy - Return in 2014.

Zahattya (Hatmeg) Irshavsky - No cemetery

Zapson=E2=80=99 (Zapszony) Berehivskiy (62)

Zavydovo (Davidfalva) Mukachevskiy (12)

Zhnyatyno (Izsnyete) Mukachevskiy (132)

Zhornava (Malomret) Velykobereznianskiy - No cemetery

Znyats'ovo (Ignec) Mukachevskiy - Cemetery was destroyed.

=3D End =3D
=20


ViewMate: Uniform Identification Request #galicia

Dale Friedman
 

I have posted a photo in ViewMate of a man >from the town of Rohatyn in
Galicia (in modern day Ukraine.) The photo was probably taken around
1915 to 1925.

I would like to know if the man is wearing a military uniform
(Austrian-Hungarian army?) or is it perhaps a police or fire brigade
uniform or some other type of uniform?

If you can help me identify the type of uniform, I would very much
appreciate it.

It is in ViewMate at the following address:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28146

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you in advance for any help you might provide.

Dale Friedman

Berkeley, CA

BRATSPIESS, GIRE >from Rohatyn, Ukraine
MANN >from Gargzdai, Lithuania
FRIEDMAN >from Berdichev, Ukraine
HALPERN >from Golovchin, Belarus


Gesher Galicia SIG #Galicia ViewMate: Uniform Identification Request #galicia

Dale Friedman
 

I have posted a photo in ViewMate of a man >from the town of Rohatyn in
Galicia (in modern day Ukraine.) The photo was probably taken around
1915 to 1925.

I would like to know if the man is wearing a military uniform
(Austrian-Hungarian army?) or is it perhaps a police or fire brigade
uniform or some other type of uniform?

If you can help me identify the type of uniform, I would very much
appreciate it.

It is in ViewMate at the following address:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28146

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thank you in advance for any help you might provide.

Dale Friedman

Berkeley, CA

BRATSPIESS, GIRE >from Rohatyn, Ukraine
MANN >from Gargzdai, Lithuania
FRIEDMAN >from Berdichev, Ukraine
HALPERN >from Golovchin, Belarus


Viewmate Translation Requests - Polish #poland

Genealogykid20 <genealogykid20@...>
 

I've posted some vital records in Polish for which I need loose
translations. They are on ViewMate at the following URLs:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28222
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28204
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28203
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28202
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28201

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thanks for your help!!

Aaron Biterman
Washington DC

Lublin district network: http://chelm.freeyellow.com/lublin.html


JRI Poland #Poland Viewmate Translation Requests - Polish #poland

Genealogykid20 <genealogykid20@...>
 

I've posted some vital records in Polish for which I need loose
translations. They are on ViewMate at the following URLs:

http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28222
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28204
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28203
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28202
http://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM28201

Please respond via the form provided in the ViewMate application.

Thanks for your help!!

Aaron Biterman
Washington DC

Lublin district network: http://chelm.freeyellow.com/lublin.html

142181 - 142200 of 668813