Date   

Regina and Rebecca KAHN #hungary

Posthumus, Paul <pj.posthumus@...>
 

Dear Vivian Kahn,

I think Kahn is a common surname for jews in Hungary, but i ask anyway:

I have a Regina an d a Rebecca Kahn in my tree. Regina is the daughter of
Rebecca. Regina married Moritz Gestetner >from Csorna. They had a lot of
children. Among those children were two girls by the names of Irma and
Rosalia. They both married Jakab Federer (1855-1943) >from Janoshaza. Rosalia
married Jakab and had eight daughters. When Rosalia died, Jakab married her
younger sister Irma and had 3 sons and 2 daughters. The oldest son Sandor
(1899-1967) is my grandfather.

Is there any connection?

Paul Posthumus, Judith Federer

Moderator VK: Paul doesn't say where his KAHN relatives lived but I think it's very unlikely that there's any connection between my KAHN family and Paul's. Here are some of the reasons why. My great-grandfather was named Dov Berisch KAHANA and he lived in Maramarossziget, now Sighetu Marmatei, Romania. My grandfather Chaim, who was born in Sziget in 1869, changed his name to KAHN when he emigrated to the US in 1903. His brother Naftule Herz, who arrived in 1914, used the surname KAHAN so I have a bunch of second cousins who have that surname. If Paul's KAHN relatives came >from Maramaros they are probably KAHANs as well.

Janos Bogardi has a fascinating feature on his website that shows the prevalence of the most common Hungarian surnames. KAHAN is an extremely common name in Maramaros and is also found in Bereg and other nearby counties. KAHN and KOHN, the surname of one of my paternal great-grandmother's are surnames that doesn't occur in Maramaros and other northeastern megye but are very prevalent in Pest and are also found in Sopron, where Regina's husband lived. Check out the map at <http://www.radixindex.com/cgi-bin/ipvm.pl?surname=Kahn> which is based on the occurrence of names in a late 19th century business directory.


Hungary SIG #Hungary Regina and Rebecca KAHN #hungary

Posthumus, Paul <pj.posthumus@...>
 

Dear Vivian Kahn,

I think Kahn is a common surname for jews in Hungary, but i ask anyway:

I have a Regina an d a Rebecca Kahn in my tree. Regina is the daughter of
Rebecca. Regina married Moritz Gestetner >from Csorna. They had a lot of
children. Among those children were two girls by the names of Irma and
Rosalia. They both married Jakab Federer (1855-1943) >from Janoshaza. Rosalia
married Jakab and had eight daughters. When Rosalia died, Jakab married her
younger sister Irma and had 3 sons and 2 daughters. The oldest son Sandor
(1899-1967) is my grandfather.

Is there any connection?

Paul Posthumus, Judith Federer

Moderator VK: Paul doesn't say where his KAHN relatives lived but I think it's very unlikely that there's any connection between my KAHN family and Paul's. Here are some of the reasons why. My great-grandfather was named Dov Berisch KAHANA and he lived in Maramarossziget, now Sighetu Marmatei, Romania. My grandfather Chaim, who was born in Sziget in 1869, changed his name to KAHN when he emigrated to the US in 1903. His brother Naftule Herz, who arrived in 1914, used the surname KAHAN so I have a bunch of second cousins who have that surname. If Paul's KAHN relatives came >from Maramaros they are probably KAHANs as well.

Janos Bogardi has a fascinating feature on his website that shows the prevalence of the most common Hungarian surnames. KAHAN is an extremely common name in Maramaros and is also found in Bereg and other nearby counties. KAHN and KOHN, the surname of one of my paternal great-grandmother's are surnames that doesn't occur in Maramaros and other northeastern megye but are very prevalent in Pest and are also found in Sopron, where Regina's husband lived. Check out the map at <http://www.radixindex.com/cgi-bin/ipvm.pl?surname=Kahn> which is based on the occurrence of names in a late 19th century business directory.


Re: WALTS GALORE #southafrica

Kahn <denmor@...>
 

Dear Adam,

Alexander WALT is related to my BERGMAN family.
Rosa BERGMAN married Harry WALT (born Wilkomer 1889, died Bloemfontein
1931).
They had three daughters: Miriam married to her cousin Sydney WALT, Elsa
married to Louis Shapiro, and Celia married to Chuckie JAWITZ.
Myriam, Elsa and Celia wrote the history of their family in 1987. Lifsha
WALT is mentioned as the daughter of Alexander WALT and Chasa PLUTZKY;
Lifsha died in Cape Town (1971).
I have a copy of the story which can be posted to you.
I have lost contact with the WALT sisters, can try to find their offspring
in Cape Town.

Await your reaction.

Sincerely,
Dennis KAHN,
Amsterdam

----- Original Message -----
From: adamandlopa yamey <adamandlopa@yahoo.co.uk>
To: South Africa SIG <safrica@lyris.jewishgen.org>
Sent: Monday, September 09, 2002 12:39 AM
Subject: [safrica] WALTS GALORE


PROBLEM 1:
Many of the descendants of Alexander WALT of Ukmerge
(Wilkomir), lived in South Africa. As did many of the
descendants of Benjamin Leib Walt also >from Wilkomir.
Whilst I know quite a lot about Alexander's
descendants, I know little about those of Benjamin.

One of Benjamin's sons was Abraham Jacob WALT (who had
an uncle known as Jekkel) who owned a hardware store
in Claremont, Cape, South Africa. As a young man
Abraham worked for Chuck JAWITZ who was married to
Celia WALT who is a descendant of Alexander WALT. Als
Abraham had a cousin Morris WALT.

Does anyone have any information which might in some
small way help me to establish whether a relationship
exists between Alexander WALT and Benjamin Leib WALT?

PROBLEM 2: The late Dr Alexander Walt (1923-1996) was
an eminent surgeon at Wayne State University. Does
anyone have any recollections or biograhical details
about this man (a descendant of Alexander WALT, see
above)?

PROBLEM 3: 'Sonny' WALT was a medical practitioner in
South Africa. He was also descended >from Alexander
WALT. What was his real name? Does anyone have any
recollections/bigraphical details about him?

PROBLEM 4: Thee was a firm called Walt&Gorfinkel in
Cape Town, South Africa. Does anyone know who was the
Walt in this name and also can anyone tell me anything
about the activities of this firm?

PROBLEM 5: Another harware store in Claremont: M. GENN
& Co. Was this owned by Meyer GENN who was married to
Lifsha WALT?

Any help on any of the above will be gratefully
received by me, Adam Yamey, London, UK<adamandlopa@yahoo.co.uk>


Cousin in Johannesburg #southafrica

Miccind@...
 

Hi Genners-

Has anyone have information regarding a cousin of mine?

His name is P. JACOBSON and he resided at 115 Rissus Street, Johannesburg in
1914?

Any input as to full name, occupation, age, etc would be greatly appreciated.

Myron Freedman
Tucson, AZ


South Africa SIG #SouthAfrica Re: WALTS GALORE #southafrica

Kahn <denmor@...>
 

Dear Adam,

Alexander WALT is related to my BERGMAN family.
Rosa BERGMAN married Harry WALT (born Wilkomer 1889, died Bloemfontein
1931).
They had three daughters: Miriam married to her cousin Sydney WALT, Elsa
married to Louis Shapiro, and Celia married to Chuckie JAWITZ.
Myriam, Elsa and Celia wrote the history of their family in 1987. Lifsha
WALT is mentioned as the daughter of Alexander WALT and Chasa PLUTZKY;
Lifsha died in Cape Town (1971).
I have a copy of the story which can be posted to you.
I have lost contact with the WALT sisters, can try to find their offspring
in Cape Town.

Await your reaction.

Sincerely,
Dennis KAHN,
Amsterdam

----- Original Message -----
From: adamandlopa yamey <adamandlopa@yahoo.co.uk>
To: South Africa SIG <safrica@lyris.jewishgen.org>
Sent: Monday, September 09, 2002 12:39 AM
Subject: [safrica] WALTS GALORE


PROBLEM 1:
Many of the descendants of Alexander WALT of Ukmerge
(Wilkomir), lived in South Africa. As did many of the
descendants of Benjamin Leib Walt also >from Wilkomir.
Whilst I know quite a lot about Alexander's
descendants, I know little about those of Benjamin.

One of Benjamin's sons was Abraham Jacob WALT (who had
an uncle known as Jekkel) who owned a hardware store
in Claremont, Cape, South Africa. As a young man
Abraham worked for Chuck JAWITZ who was married to
Celia WALT who is a descendant of Alexander WALT. Als
Abraham had a cousin Morris WALT.

Does anyone have any information which might in some
small way help me to establish whether a relationship
exists between Alexander WALT and Benjamin Leib WALT?

PROBLEM 2: The late Dr Alexander Walt (1923-1996) was
an eminent surgeon at Wayne State University. Does
anyone have any recollections or biograhical details
about this man (a descendant of Alexander WALT, see
above)?

PROBLEM 3: 'Sonny' WALT was a medical practitioner in
South Africa. He was also descended >from Alexander
WALT. What was his real name? Does anyone have any
recollections/bigraphical details about him?

PROBLEM 4: Thee was a firm called Walt&Gorfinkel in
Cape Town, South Africa. Does anyone know who was the
Walt in this name and also can anyone tell me anything
about the activities of this firm?

PROBLEM 5: Another harware store in Claremont: M. GENN
& Co. Was this owned by Meyer GENN who was married to
Lifsha WALT?

Any help on any of the above will be gratefully
received by me, Adam Yamey, London, UK<adamandlopa@yahoo.co.uk>


South Africa SIG #SouthAfrica Cousin in Johannesburg #southafrica

Miccind@...
 

Hi Genners-

Has anyone have information regarding a cousin of mine?

His name is P. JACOBSON and he resided at 115 Rissus Street, Johannesburg in
1914?

Any input as to full name, occupation, age, etc would be greatly appreciated.

Myron Freedman
Tucson, AZ


Klarsfeld Foundation #france

Bernard Kouchel <koosh@...>
 

I'd apprciate the address of The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation,
Paris. I have an old New York address. Mercie!
--
koosh@att.net
Bernard Kouchel


French SIG #France Klarsfeld Foundation #france

Bernard Kouchel <koosh@...>
 

I'd apprciate the address of The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation,
Paris. I have an old New York address. Mercie!
--
koosh@att.net
Bernard Kouchel


Re. Zolkiewka surname list - wrong link #poland

Kirsten Gradel <kmgradel@...>
 

2 days ago I posted an announcement about the PSA indices for Zolkiewka
1881-98. I gave a link for the PSA surname list, but it doesn't work -
and the surname list doesn't seem to be posted yet on Jewish Records
Indexing - Poland's web page.

I have the list on my computer and those who are interested in knowing
whether "their" names occur on the list and with what frequency are
welcome to contact me.

Kirsten Gradel
Nyborg, Denmark
Zamosc Archive Project Coordinator
CO-OP Zolkiewka
Town leader Gorzkow, Wysokie and Zolkiewka

kmgradel@dadlnet.dk


JRI Poland #Poland Re. Zolkiewka surname list - wrong link #poland

Kirsten Gradel <kmgradel@...>
 

2 days ago I posted an announcement about the PSA indices for Zolkiewka
1881-98. I gave a link for the PSA surname list, but it doesn't work -
and the surname list doesn't seem to be posted yet on Jewish Records
Indexing - Poland's web page.

I have the list on my computer and those who are interested in knowing
whether "their" names occur on the list and with what frequency are
welcome to contact me.

Kirsten Gradel
Nyborg, Denmark
Zamosc Archive Project Coordinator
CO-OP Zolkiewka
Town leader Gorzkow, Wysokie and Zolkiewka

kmgradel@dadlnet.dk


Genealogical software recommendations requested for MAC OSX #lithuania

KKirshner@...
 

I have just upgraded my computer and software (ongoing), a G4 emac with OSX and soon Jaguar OS. I do not know what happened to my original genealogical software package which I vaguely remember as Family Reunion. I did not focus on entries at the time and now would like a genealogical software program that is most recommended by Jewishgenners to work on the Mac with OSX and beyond. Please offer suggestions and any recommendations of where I can obtain the software at a good price. Thank you.

Karen Kirshner, East Meadow, NY, USA
Kkirshner@aol.com
Searching: KIRSHNER, KIRSNER, KERZNER of Luoke (Luknik), Telsai region of
Lithuania; WOLFBERG, WOLBERG of Mittau, Riga, Latvia and Luoke, Lithuania;

MODERATOR'S NOTE: Please respond privately.


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania Genealogical software recommendations requested for MAC OSX #lithuania

KKirshner@...
 

I have just upgraded my computer and software (ongoing), a G4 emac with OSX and soon Jaguar OS. I do not know what happened to my original genealogical software package which I vaguely remember as Family Reunion. I did not focus on entries at the time and now would like a genealogical software program that is most recommended by Jewishgenners to work on the Mac with OSX and beyond. Please offer suggestions and any recommendations of where I can obtain the software at a good price. Thank you.

Karen Kirshner, East Meadow, NY, USA
Kkirshner@aol.com
Searching: KIRSHNER, KIRSNER, KERZNER of Luoke (Luknik), Telsai region of
Lithuania; WOLFBERG, WOLBERG of Mittau, Riga, Latvia and Luoke, Lithuania;

MODERATOR'S NOTE: Please respond privately.


Searching for Robert L. Kushnick #lithuania

rlberliner@...
 

Joseph Jacobs and Robert L. Kushnick were Executors of the Estate of Abraham Jacobs. If Mr. Kushnick's name is familiar to anyone, please contact me privately. Joseph Jacobs was possibly Abraham's grandson.

Many, many thanks with deep appreciation to all who viewed VM-1734 and
VM-1735. Additional deep appreciation to Carol Rombo Rider who informed me
that she had helped copy the funeral home information for the Jewish History Museum in Baltimore.

I contacted them and have received a copy of the funeral home records. This
information has given the full name of Abraham's mother as Leah Glassman and his father as J. Jacobs.

The funeral was ordered by Mollie Jacobs for the Estate of Abraham I.
Jacobs.

Thank you Chuck Weinstein for writing . . . The father's name is almost
certainly Zorach J. Jacobs. Zorach is a Biblical name (a grandson of
Jacob). . .The Death Certificate, as you will recall, showed the father to
be Zorach S-or-J. Jacobs. FYI, Abraham's tombstone shows Avraham Yitzhak
ben Yakov. So we definitely seem to have Zorach Jacob Jacobs.

I can't help wondering if the Jacobs name is because of his being "a
grandson of Jacob" as there were no surnames in Poland/Russia during that
period of time.

My search continues, however. Please let me know privately if the
descendants of Robert L. Kushnick are in your family and if so, how I may
contact them.

Again, my sincere appreciation to all of you. I hope I missed no one in my
personal responses.

May we all be blessed with A Peaceful, Happy & Healthy New Year!

Sincerely,
Rachelle Leaf Berliner
Savannah, GA
rlberliner@aol.com or rlberliner@comcast.net
Searching: *ISLER/EICHLER/EHRLICH/JACOBS/GOLDSTEIN (>from Poznan or Posen,
Poland/Prussia/Germany/Russia to London to Baltimore)
* Additional search Names in U.S. - HELLMAN, LEVY, COHEN, SAM FINE, RAYMOND
FINE, KAHANOW, LEAF (the 7 Jacobs sisters married names)


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania Searching for Robert L. Kushnick #lithuania

rlberliner@...
 

Joseph Jacobs and Robert L. Kushnick were Executors of the Estate of Abraham Jacobs. If Mr. Kushnick's name is familiar to anyone, please contact me privately. Joseph Jacobs was possibly Abraham's grandson.

Many, many thanks with deep appreciation to all who viewed VM-1734 and
VM-1735. Additional deep appreciation to Carol Rombo Rider who informed me
that she had helped copy the funeral home information for the Jewish History Museum in Baltimore.

I contacted them and have received a copy of the funeral home records. This
information has given the full name of Abraham's mother as Leah Glassman and his father as J. Jacobs.

The funeral was ordered by Mollie Jacobs for the Estate of Abraham I.
Jacobs.

Thank you Chuck Weinstein for writing . . . The father's name is almost
certainly Zorach J. Jacobs. Zorach is a Biblical name (a grandson of
Jacob). . .The Death Certificate, as you will recall, showed the father to
be Zorach S-or-J. Jacobs. FYI, Abraham's tombstone shows Avraham Yitzhak
ben Yakov. So we definitely seem to have Zorach Jacob Jacobs.

I can't help wondering if the Jacobs name is because of his being "a
grandson of Jacob" as there were no surnames in Poland/Russia during that
period of time.

My search continues, however. Please let me know privately if the
descendants of Robert L. Kushnick are in your family and if so, how I may
contact them.

Again, my sincere appreciation to all of you. I hope I missed no one in my
personal responses.

May we all be blessed with A Peaceful, Happy & Healthy New Year!

Sincerely,
Rachelle Leaf Berliner
Savannah, GA
rlberliner@aol.com or rlberliner@comcast.net
Searching: *ISLER/EICHLER/EHRLICH/JACOBS/GOLDSTEIN (>from Poznan or Posen,
Poland/Prussia/Germany/Russia to London to Baltimore)
* Additional search Names in U.S. - HELLMAN, LEVY, COHEN, SAM FINE, RAYMOND
FINE, KAHANOW, LEAF (the 7 Jacobs sisters married names)


try this website - Jewish Encyclopedia 1906 #lithuania

Harvey Kaplan <harvey@...>
 

Try www.JewishEncyclopedia.com

This website contains the complete contents of the 12-volume Jewish
Encyclopedia, which was originally published between 1901-1906. The Jewish
Encyclopedia, which recently became part of the public domain, contains
over 15,000 articles and illustrations.

Although it dates >from 1906, it is a great snapshot of pre-war life in
Eastern Europe.


Harvey Kaplan

Glasgow, Scotland


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania try this website - Jewish Encyclopedia 1906 #lithuania

Harvey Kaplan <harvey@...>
 

Try www.JewishEncyclopedia.com

This website contains the complete contents of the 12-volume Jewish
Encyclopedia, which was originally published between 1901-1906. The Jewish
Encyclopedia, which recently became part of the public domain, contains
over 15,000 articles and illustrations.

Although it dates >from 1906, it is a great snapshot of pre-war life in
Eastern Europe.


Harvey Kaplan

Glasgow, Scotland


Taverns, Taxation and Bibliographical Sources #lithuania

H. Elliott Lipschultz <adoniram@...>
 

Geoffrey Hosking, Russia and the Russians: A History (Cambridge: Belknap
Press of Harvard University Press, 2001) - p. 12 - Discusses a 16th century
increase in the number of taverns was a concern of the Church - "promoted
licentious and immoral behavior sometimes associated with pagan
celebrations."

Yet the state did not have an interest in limiting intoxicating drink. Reason - Alexander I in the early 19th Century "No other major source of revenue enters the treasury so regularly, punctually, and easily as the revenue >from the liquor farm; indeed its regular receipt on a fixed date each month greatly eases the task of finding cash for other expenditures."

While in the 18th century, liquor tax was 50% of the treasury's indirect tax revenue, for most of the 19th century it was 1/3. A footnote indicates: R.E.F. Smith and David Christian, Bread and Salt: Social and Economic History of Food and Drink in Russia (Cambridge University Press, 1984). David Moon, The Russian Peasantry, 1600-1930; World the Peasants Made (Longman, 1999). Paul Robert MaGocsi, A History of Ukraine (University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1997, chapters 10-12.
Norman Davies, God's Playground: History of Poland, Vol. 1 Columbia
University Press, 1982.

During the 16th Century Jews move into Poland-Lithuania protected by the
Poland-Lithuanian Crown, serving for the convenience of the szlachta who offered patronage, employment as tavenkeepers.

Geoffrey Hosking - p. 258 - notes that The Jewish Statute of 1804 confirmed their right of self-government in the local commune or kahal, though insisting it be separated >from the religious establishment, the rabbinate. Jews were allowed to attend Russian schools or to found their own, to open commercial and manufacturing establishments, and to buy and lease land in the Pale. On the other hand, they were barred >from the liquor trade, which had been a major source of income for them in Poland...." footnote: John Doyle Klier, Russia Gathers Her Jews: Origin of the Jewish Question in Russia 1772-1825 (Dekalb: Northern Illinois Univrsity Press, 1986).

H. Elliott Lipschultz
adoniram@taxhistoryfoundation.org


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania Taverns, Taxation and Bibliographical Sources #lithuania

H. Elliott Lipschultz <adoniram@...>
 

Geoffrey Hosking, Russia and the Russians: A History (Cambridge: Belknap
Press of Harvard University Press, 2001) - p. 12 - Discusses a 16th century
increase in the number of taverns was a concern of the Church - "promoted
licentious and immoral behavior sometimes associated with pagan
celebrations."

Yet the state did not have an interest in limiting intoxicating drink. Reason - Alexander I in the early 19th Century "No other major source of revenue enters the treasury so regularly, punctually, and easily as the revenue >from the liquor farm; indeed its regular receipt on a fixed date each month greatly eases the task of finding cash for other expenditures."

While in the 18th century, liquor tax was 50% of the treasury's indirect tax revenue, for most of the 19th century it was 1/3. A footnote indicates: R.E.F. Smith and David Christian, Bread and Salt: Social and Economic History of Food and Drink in Russia (Cambridge University Press, 1984). David Moon, The Russian Peasantry, 1600-1930; World the Peasants Made (Longman, 1999). Paul Robert MaGocsi, A History of Ukraine (University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1997, chapters 10-12.
Norman Davies, God's Playground: History of Poland, Vol. 1 Columbia
University Press, 1982.

During the 16th Century Jews move into Poland-Lithuania protected by the
Poland-Lithuanian Crown, serving for the convenience of the szlachta who offered patronage, employment as tavenkeepers.

Geoffrey Hosking - p. 258 - notes that The Jewish Statute of 1804 confirmed their right of self-government in the local commune or kahal, though insisting it be separated >from the religious establishment, the rabbinate. Jews were allowed to attend Russian schools or to found their own, to open commercial and manufacturing establishments, and to buy and lease land in the Pale. On the other hand, they were barred >from the liquor trade, which had been a major source of income for them in Poland...." footnote: John Doyle Klier, Russia Gathers Her Jews: Origin of the Jewish Question in Russia 1772-1825 (Dekalb: Northern Illinois Univrsity Press, 1986).

H. Elliott Lipschultz
adoniram@taxhistoryfoundation.org


Lithuanian notary #lithuania

Herbert Lazerow
 

< My great-great grandfather, Jacob(?) Berbachek >from Vilna owned a saloon and was a notary public in Lithuania. How was this possible?>

In most of the Russian Empire, making and selling liquor was
reserved to the nobility. They commonly leased that right for a specific
location on a calendar year basis, often to Jews. They were called
shenks, and the people who actually operated them were shenkers.
(Imagine moving your family >from one shenk to another on 1 January
as one lease expired and another began!)

As to the notary part, that is more doubtful. All of continental
Europe's legal systems are based on the legal system of the Roman
Empire, each with many modifications. The officer that we know as
a notary public, a person authorized to administer oaths and to cer-
tify the identity of a person who signed documents, did not exist in
those systems. The notary there was a much more important person.
Wills and important contracts, such as those for marriage and for
the transfer of real estate, were executed before (and usually prepared
by) a notary. The notary would give one copy of the document to each
of the parties, and bind one copy into his notary book for the year
as a permanent record.

I do not know whether a Jew could be a notary in Lithuania.
As a legal matter, it may depend on the year. As a practical matter,
it is unlikely that the entire Russian Empire adhered in every respect
to the laws promulgated >from St Petersburg.

Bert
Herbert Lazerow
lazer@sandiego.edu


Lithuania SIG #Lithuania Lithuanian notary #lithuania

Herbert Lazerow
 

< My great-great grandfather, Jacob(?) Berbachek >from Vilna owned a saloon and was a notary public in Lithuania. How was this possible?>

In most of the Russian Empire, making and selling liquor was
reserved to the nobility. They commonly leased that right for a specific
location on a calendar year basis, often to Jews. They were called
shenks, and the people who actually operated them were shenkers.
(Imagine moving your family >from one shenk to another on 1 January
as one lease expired and another began!)

As to the notary part, that is more doubtful. All of continental
Europe's legal systems are based on the legal system of the Roman
Empire, each with many modifications. The officer that we know as
a notary public, a person authorized to administer oaths and to cer-
tify the identity of a person who signed documents, did not exist in
those systems. The notary there was a much more important person.
Wills and important contracts, such as those for marriage and for
the transfer of real estate, were executed before (and usually prepared
by) a notary. The notary would give one copy of the document to each
of the parties, and bind one copy into his notary book for the year
as a permanent record.

I do not know whether a Jew could be a notary in Lithuania.
As a legal matter, it may depend on the year. As a practical matter,
it is unlikely that the entire Russian Empire adhered in every respect
to the laws promulgated >from St Petersburg.

Bert
Herbert Lazerow
lazer@sandiego.edu