Date   

Spanish Diplomat Angel Sanz Briz Recognized for Saving 5,000 Jews From Nazi Persecution #hungary #holocaust

Jan Meisels Allen
 

A mural of Ángel Sanz Briz was painted in 2016        

in Budapest. (Gobierno de Espana)

 

After the Nazi invasion on 19 March 1944, codenamed Operation Margarethe, the chief SS Holocaust organizer Adolf Eichmann moved to Budapest with a plan to eliminate Hungary's roughly one million Jews in record time.  In a matter of weeks the SS deported more than 400,000 Jews to Auschwitz. 

 

Spanish diplomat, Ángel Sanz Briz, who saved over 5,000 Jews from Nazi persecution in Hungary has been given an online tribute 40 years after his death in Argentina.  He is sometimes referred to as the “Angel of Budapest”.

 

 

As reports grew about the escalating Holocaust at Auschwitz and other Nazi killing sites, Sanz Briz started informing the fascist Franco government in Spain about the appalling truth.  A key document he sent was the Vrba-Wetzler report, by two Jewish escapees from Auschwitz.

 

Part of the Vrba-Wetzler report on the Nazi gas chambers at Auschwitz - sent by Sanz Briz to Madrid

 

He began to take the law into his own hands, falsifying consular documents to grant nationality to refugees on the basis of a long-expired 1924 Spanish law aimed at Sephardic Jews, even though Hungary's Jewish community was overwhelmingly Ashkenazi.

 

Sanz Briz was appointed by Spain to the Hungarian diplomatic post in 1944.  He received the consent of the Hungarian authorities to enable 200 Spanish Jews to receive them, but he turned that into 200 families, and kept increasing the number. It is believed that in the last seven months of 1944, Briz issued forged Spanish documents to 5,200 Jews.  As the Nazis and Hungarian fascists closed in on the city's Jews, moving them into confined quarters and killing people in the streets, Sanz Briz rented 11 apartment buildings to house the approximately 5,000 people he had placed under Spain's protection.

 

To read more see:  https://www.jta.org/quick-reads/spanish-schindler-who-reportedly-saved-over-5000-jews-during-wwii-given-online-tribute

 

Sanz Briz set up special apartment buildings with Spanish flags, marking these buildings as part of the Spanish Legation and therefore protected, to house Jews.  Since those Jews staying in the “Spanish Houses” were forbidden from leaving the buildings, he also provided them with food and other necessities.  Sanz Briz continued to use his power to help save Jews by urging the Red Cross representative to put Spanish signs on hospitals, maternity clinics, and orphanages in Budapest where there were Jews so that these buildings would also be under Spanish protection.  Jews were hidden in the Spanish embassy in Buda, bribes were paid to local officials.

 

Read more at: https://jfr.org/rescuer-stories/sanz-briz-angel/

 

Sanz Briz left Budapest in November 1944, ordered out by his superiors in Madrid, who feared he would suffer reprisals from the approaching Soviet army, due to Spain's help for the Germans on the Eastern front.

To read more see:  https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-47536432

 

He died in 1980.  Yad Vashem recognized him as Righteous Among the Nations in 1966. 

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 


Re: Lincoln Brigade and Spanish Civil War #usa

Kenneth Ryesky
 


This was in 2006; perhaps I spoke with the wrong bureaucrat at the library.  Oftentimes, bureaucrats (library or otherwise) at academic institutions are students who are pleased to get some sort of paltry income from an institution that is pleased to be able to find someone to accept substandard wages.

[During my undergrad years I myself was employed as a "student assistant" shelving books at the university's library.  On my income tax returns, I entered "Bibliotechnician" as my occupation.].

Sometimes, asking someone else after the first bureaucrat says "no" can get you to a "yes," but for me it never came to that because I did a workaround through the good offices of my contacts at my own institution's library.


Thanks for the clarification, Erika.

-- KHR

--
Ken Ryesky,  Petach Tikva, Israel     kenneth.ryesky@...


Re: Does anyone know where Nishene Russia is? #poland #russia

Kenneth Ryesky
 

Nezhin comes immediately to mind.

There used to be a Neziner Congregation in Philadelphia (until one of the rabbis they engaged stole its sefer Torah).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nizhyn
--
Ken Ryesky,  Petach Tikva, Israel     kenneth.ryesky@...


Re: Why would my Grandfather travel under his older brother's name? #names

Cheryl Lynn Blum
 

My grandfather also traveled under his older brother's name, but his older bother stayed behind, living under his own name in Vilna. (When he came over 20 years later, he had to use his middle name because his name was already taken.) 


Re: "His name was changed at Ellis Island" #names

Dahn Cukier
 

Mr. Bloomberg, I do claim the changes were made at point of departure.

It is at point of departure that the manifest was made, and the passenger ship
company was very careful that the manifest was correct. So much so that
when my GF's wife was not listed correctly, they were sent to
have the manifest corrected.

If there are no changes at EI, there are no mistakes due to EI.

I have found only one grandparent's name in Romania, the spelling at
EI is the same as his family name in the book Dorohoi. My GF arrived in 1913,
the book was compiled after WWII. His brother arrived (1907) with the same
name, but by 1913 he had changed the spelling.

I support the theory that names were NOT changed at Ellis Island.
I propose the theory that names were changed at point of departure
by the purser who was responsible for making out the manifest and
the spelling variations and changes were the difference between the
pronunciation and the local - to the port - language. Not every language
has the sounds of every other.

The back of manifest documents (1920) document what may be changed
by the Ellis Island people, names are not included.

Dani

If a Mexican named Jesus walked to Canada and boarded a ship without
documents how would his name be spelt?

When you start to read readin,
how do you know the fellow that
wrote the readin,
wrote the readin right?

Festus Hagen
Long Branch Saloon
Dodge City, Kansas
(Gunsmoke)


On Saturday, July 11, 2020, 07:35:44 PM GMT+3, Bob Bloomberg <rpbrpb2012@...> wrote:


I did not say that anyone wrote a name down.  What I said was that people make mistakes, especially when overwhelmed, over worked  and maybe not paying strict attention.  Name tag or no, manifest or no, questions or no, mistakes were made, and names INADVERTENTLY were changed.  You might want to read Dahn Cukier's response.
 
What I don't understand is why people blame the discrepancies on points of embarkation, faulty manifests, whatever, but NEVER at Ellis Island.


Kornitzer family in Brooklyn #usa

Neil Rosenstein
 

Trying to make contact with the family of Feige Rachel (Faye),
daughter of Rabbi Avarham David Rubin who was the Lacunt Rebbe. Faye
married Moshe Yehoshua Kornitzer. Children are Binyamin Zeev and
Shalom Akiva.


Re: "His name was changed at Ellis Island" #names

Jules Levin
 

All the mistakes and incompetence in the world could not a change a
person's name against his will.  Why is that so difficult to get?   The
US did not care what name you used, that is what people are trying to
get thru to all the myth-clingers.  Can our current IRS with all its
incompetence and errors change your name on your tax form such that that
will be your new name??  That is what you are saying.


On 7/11/2020 8:58 AM, Bob Bloomberg wrote:
I did not say that anyone wrote a name down.  What I said was that
people make mistakes, especially when overwhelmed, over worked  and
maybe not paying strict attention.  Name tag or no, manifest or no,
questions or no, mistakes were made, and names INADVERTENTLY were
changed.  You might want to read Dahn Cukier's response.
What I don't understand is why people blame the discrepancies on
points of embarkation, faulty manifests, whatever, but NEVER at Ellis
Island.


Re: finding Yosef BARMATZ #poland #belarus #holocaust #israel

aryeh.lopiansky@...
 

If you want phone numbers for his children, send me an email [aryeh.lopiansky@...]. I don't think I'm allowed to post numbers.


Re: #belarus #hungary #holocaust #belarus #hungary #holocaust

Judith Shamian
 

Thank you re potential correction of Orsha, where can I find more info and potentially list of people who were at the labour camps?


Re: Does anyone know where Nishene Russia is? #poland #russia

Ina Getzoff
 

Deanna:
Do you possibly mean Neshvitz which is in Belarus? It was part of the Ukraine.
 
Ina Getzoff
Delray Beach, Fla.


Hebrew Translation of Headstone please #translation

Karen Gramigna-Warren
 


Could someone please translate the Hebrew on the Headstone?

Thanks in Advance.
Karen


Re: Need help with "Records of Aliens Pre-Examined in CANADA" 1918 #canada

Sherri Bobish
 


Hi Eileen,

On Ancestry I put 198 5th in the keyword search.  I typed Montreal in the "any event" section.  I found the 1921 census listing a family ASH living there at that time.

Of course, a different family may have been living at that address when Fannie visited.

You may be able to use Montreal city directories from the 1919 time frame to find out who was living at 198 5th when Fannie visited.

Regards,

Sherri Bobish
Princeton, NJ


Re: Why would my Grandfather travel under his older brother's name? #names

Matt Friedman
 

There are many reasons... in one instance, a person was ill and could not travel so he gave the ticket to his brother. 
 
Matt Friedman


Re: Why would my Grandfather travel under his older brother's name? #names

Marilyn Feingold
 

My grandfather used his brother's passport to come to America. He then sent it back to his brother so his brother could  use it to come to America. 
 
He left because his brother was in the military and was not making enough money to live. My grandfather's parents felt it was better for my grandfather to  immigrate to American rather than join the military for 25 years.
 
 
CAMENCA-Schlaffer,Tessler, Malamud, Luber,Schleifer, Schaffer
TULCHIN-Milgrom, Milgram, Lerner
OBIDIVKA/TROSTONETS- Milgrom, Kolker, Spivak


Re: Need help with "Records of Aliens Pre-Examined in CANADA" 1918 #canada

Diane Jacobs
 

You way want to search  stevemorse.org

for the Canadian border crossings and passenger manifests, there is lits of good information if you find family there

Diane Jacobs


Sent from my Verizon, Samsung Galaxy smartphone

-------- Original message --------
From: "Eileen Kessner via groups.jewishgen.org" <e.kessner1=verizon.net@...>
Date: 7/11/20 6:40 PM (GMT-05:00)
To: main@...
Subject: [JewishGen.org] Need help with "Records of Aliens Pre-Examined in CANADA" 1918 #canada

 

I found this record of my grandfather’s sister FANNIE GOODINSKY having resided in Canada

https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=WinnipegAliens&h=309827

 

I do not fully understand the document.  She states she resides in Montreal at 198 Fifth Ave Dom. Pk., and she is travelling to her sister at 1010 Tremont Avenue which I believe is in the Bronx.  The ticket was paid for by herself.  Would this be a train ticket? Can anyone locate this address in Montreal for me and help me understand why she would be in Montreal?  She stated she had resided in the US from 1912 to December 10, 1918.  There is no family that I know of ever having lived in Canada.  She married in the Bronx in 1920 and remained there until her death in April 1984. Thanks in advance.

 

Eileen Goode Kessner

Researching : GOODINSKY, SCHMIDT from PRENAI, SALK, KATSEV from VILKOMIR, AUGUST from WIELKE-OCHY and FREEDMAN from LEEDS, UK

 

Attachments:


--
Diane Jacobs, Somerset, New Jersey


Need help with "Records of Aliens Pre-Examined in CANADA" 1918 #canada

Eileen Kessner
 

 

I found this record of my grandfather’s sister FANNIE GOODINSKY having resided in Canada

https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=WinnipegAliens&h=309827

 

I do not fully understand the document.  She states she resides in Montreal at 198 Fifth Ave Dom. Pk., and she is travelling to her sister at 1010 Tremont Avenue which I believe is in the Bronx.  The ticket was paid for by herself.  Would this be a train ticket? Can anyone locate this address in Montreal for me and help me understand why she would be in Montreal?  She stated she had resided in the US from 1912 to December 10, 1918.  There is no family that I know of ever having lived in Canada.  She married in the Bronx in 1920 and remained there until her death in April 1984. Thanks in advance.

 

Eileen Goode Kessner

Researching : GOODINSKY, SCHMIDT from PRENAI, SALK, KATSEV from VILKOMIR, AUGUST from WIELKE-OCHY and FREEDMAN from LEEDS, UK

 


Re: How to determine Warsaw street address? #warsaw

Alexander Sharon
 

According to Warszawa Taryfa - 1877

https://praktykowaniegenealogii.wordpress.com/taryfa-domow-dla-warszawy-1877/

# 1101 / Grzybów 16

ps
Grzybow 16 is related to Grzybowski Place or Grzybowski Street.


Re: Immigration to US of Avram/Abraham BERCOVICI/BERKOWITZ from #romania

rich.meyersburg@...
 

Mike

this is a long shot, but have you looked for Avram traveling under the name Grossman?

Rich Meyersburg
Laurel MD


New recorded webinars available on IGRA website #announcements #events

Garri Regev
 

IGRA (Israel Genealogy Research Association) has released two lectures from its recent virtual seminar day (June 23, 2020)
 
Lecture in English: JDC Archives and Name Search Possibilities, Dr. Anat Kutner
 
Lecture in Hebrew: 
מהויסלה ועד העלטלנה: מקורות גנאלוגיים בארכיון מכון ז'בוטינסקי - מירי יהלום 
 
 
Both can be accessed here https://genealogy.org.il/videos/webinars/ and are free for registered IGRA users for the upcoming week (until July 19). Following that they are available to paid members.
 
Garri Regev
President, IGRA


Re: Origin of the name LAJOUS #france

paveanyu@...
 

Hi Everybody                     11th July 2020

I would like to mention--that as I am Hungarian born, in my view: --Lajous   with a strong probability could be  the Hungarian Lajos.

I wonder, do you have another name, in addition to the Lajos/--as Lajos is a 'first name'    Equal? a variation of LASZLO?--Laci ?

Or in my understanding in a 'Slovak' language--might be  Lagyislav--, with 'Cirril' lettering  ( I do not have on my computer)

As for Ludovicus? I wonder it may mean 'son of Ludov'--.

Best wishes to all

Veronika Pachtinger

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