Re: Portuguese Legislators Step Back from Attempt to Severely Limit Applications for Citizenship From Sephardic Jews Descendants #sephardic

Schelly Talalay Dardashti

The Portuguese process requires an excellent generation by generation genealogical report (with images of birth, death, marriage documents). Just having such a family tree (like that described above) won't be considered proof.


Re: Recommendations for scanning photos #photographs

Philip Trauring

If you want high quality scans, your only real option is a flatbed scanner. Scanner apps can be okay, and some of them conveniently scan more than one photo at once, but keep in mind when doing that you are reducing the resolution of your scans. If you're only scanning prints, then you have lots of options. If you need to scan negatives and slides, you'll either need a dedicated scanner for those, or a flatbed scanner with built-in lighting which the more expensive ones have. If only prints, I'm a fan of the Canoscan LiDE scanners, the most recent one of which is the Canonscan LiDE 400:

For scanning negatives and slides also, take a look at the line of Epson scanners:

If you notice, the Epson Perfection V39 is pretty similar to the Canoscan LiDE 400. The next more expensive scanners are all much thicker, which is to make room for the top-lighting for negatives and slides. The more expensive you go in their scanners the more resolution and dynamic range you'll get, although I think those are diminishing returns in most cases.

Also worth considering is the scanning software you use. I've used the same software with many scanners over the years and it's been great. It's called VueScan ( and it's worth paying for the professional version. In addition to having a consistent interface to many scanners, it also supports older scanners that the manufacturers don't even support anymore, so it will increase the amount of time your scanner will work.

It helps to figure out what the best settings are to use for the photos you are scanning. These setting will differ based on whether the photos are color or B&W, how big the photos are, etc. The most important setting I can emphasize is that you should scan to TIFF format and not JPEG. JPEG is by definition a lossy compressed format, and will never retain the details of a TIFF file. TIFF also has compression, but it is not lossy, so will retain details better.

Re: Ballasagyarmat: what census records are there? #hungary


Hi Julia
Bingo! The 1848 Balassa records are in your link at pages 83-96,
Very many thanks! It's great to have access to it, although it will take some studying to find any names I recognise, and the first few pages are not very legible. But fingers crossed I find something!!
Many thanks again

Re: Are ship manifests available from departing ports in Europe? #general


Hamburg and Bremen both have manifests. I also think Liverpool.  

Re: Train travel Ukraine 19th-20th Century/ #ukraine

Carole Shaw

I believe someone recently enquired about train travel to Lemberg (present Lviv) from Czernowitz (present Chernivtsi) or between other parts of Ukraine in pre WW1 days to elucidate the journey their forebears might have undertaken to reach the UK/US.


Both these town are now in Ukraine but previously in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The line between these 2 town was constructed in 1866 and other lines followed to the rest of the Ukraine in subsequent years.  Further information can be found at


Last year I was planning a rail trip from SW Ukraine to Lviv.  The journey from Chernivtsi to Lviv takes 4-6 hours.


Carole Shaw, London UK
SCHNEIDER: Kamanets Podolsk, Ukraine & Libava/ Libau/Liepaja, Latvia
KLUGMAN, GOLDSCHMID (plus variations), BRAUER: Libava/Libau/Liepaja, Latvia & Johannesburg
SAMSON, BLIK: Amsterdam, Zandvoort, Holland


ZANDGRUNDT (plus variations), SANDGROUND: Warsaw, London and beyond

JACOBOVITCH/JACKSON: Staszow, Poland & London

KOSKOVITCH/KENTON: Staszow, Poland & London


Re: Please translate German to English #translation


Hi Kathy,

Hereby the translations. I did not come across Hedwig
Ron Peeters
Ulvenhout (NL)

Re: Ballasagyarmat: what census records are there? #hungary


Hi Julia
I've looked at the references from Judy above (1729913, 34 and 35) and your link (7995363), but I couldn't see Balassa in the first 3 Nograd docs, only lots of other towns. Your link is for an earlier 1845/6 tax record, do you know if there would have been a separate one for 1848 that would have, say, grouped families together like you see on the 1848 transcribed records within this site. I think that might be the one that would yield the most information.
Many thanks

Re: Origin of the name BIALYI #names #belarus


One didn't have to live in Bialoskok or even in Belarus to acquire the name that meant 'white' like Bialy or Bialik. The same way that Schwartz means 'black' in German but not associated to a region. The same way that Cherny / Chorny means 'black' in Russian and is also a common Jewish surname. 

Kuchen is also a German word that followed the Ashkenazim on their migration routs but was applied to different kinds of pastry at different times in different countries. 

Bena Shklyanoy, Chicago.

Re: Marriage records from Nancy, France #france

David Choukroun*:*?cDateBegin_range_date_min=1922&cDateBegin_range_date_max=1922

if you have the exact date of the wedding, it will be easier to parse the full 1922 documents

Hope you will find it

David Choukroun
Paris, France

On Sun, Jul 19, 2020 at 05:45 AM, David wrote:

Re: "adoption" to avoid the czar's army #general #lithuania


I just saw your name and wonder if you could be a missing cousin. Was Tillie Zilber an ancestor? Or one of her sons Jake or Meyer?

Re: "adoption" to avoid the czar's army #general #lithuania


My mother told me her mother's father was adopted by another family that didn't have a son, and it was a common custom. I've wondered if that's why her and one brother's birth certificate give their mother's birth name as Berger and the birth certificate of the four other children give her name as Lipinski.

Re: Warszawa Research Group Photos in Warsaw #warsaw

Michael Turnbull <corbie41@...>

Then you might be interested in the attached document on Business activities in Warsaw in the 1930s. My Uncle's father was Adolf Tarnower, who lived at Orla 5 in Warsaw in 1916.
I can't find a Street Directory for Warsaw in 1915 or 1914 or 1913 (?)

Re: Emigration Routes to London UK 1890s #courland #latvia #russia #poland #general


This is from the report of a couple leaving from Kozelets in Chernigi=ov in Ukraine: They went to Hamburg where they boarded the Sprite on May 24, 1890, which took them to Hull, on the east coast of England. They took a train across England to Liverpool where they boarded the City of Chicago, which arrived in New York on June 9. I have no idea how common a route that might have been.

Updated Database on IGRA Website #israel #announcements

Elena Bazes


The Israel Genealogy Research Association (IGRA) has just updated its database of the Maccabiah Games on its website. This release includes most of the athletes that participated in the 16th - 20th Maccabiah games in Israel from 2001-2017. The list of participants in 2013 and 2017 included some of the people accompanying the athletes, such as coaches and delegation members who were not competing.


There are over 1,500,000 records available in our databases. With each release we provide a variety of records to our collection.


A preview of the update is available at


Before viewing the database, please register for free on the IGRA website:


To view the database, go to the database tab on the website.


Please note, the IGRA databases are now searchable to all registrants. The search results page is also available to all registrants. Additional details regarding most databases are available only to paid IGRA members. Certain exceptions exist due to requests of the specific archives.

Elena Biegel Bazes

IGRA Publicity Chair


Re: Emigration Routes to London UK 1890s #courland #latvia #russia #poland #general

Jill Whitehead

Hi Rachel

I suggest you look at records held by 1) The UK National Archives online for migration 2) The University of Hull 3) Hull Maritime Museum and also Grimsby Maritime Museum, both ports on the River Humber 4) Hamburg port records- all available online. Also 5) Shipping line records especially the Wilson Shipping Line of Hull. NB there are few if any passenger manifests for any migration at this time as either they were not kept or they were destroyed.

My ancestors came over to Northern England and Scotland between 1865 and 1875, they came by sailing boat to Hull or Leith, the port for Edinburgh. Others went to the Port of London, or to other ports in NE England e.g. Newcastle on Tyne.The new deep water port of Grimsby opened in the early to mid 1890's from memory, to take steamships. 

Many sailed from Hamburg in the 1890's, after train trips from elsewhere in Estern Europe. My ancestors probably sailed from either Libau in Latvia or from Konigsberg - they lived on the border with Konigsberg, and there was a lot of human smuggling that occured across that border for those who had been called up by the Tsar to his army. 

Jill Whitehead, Surrey, UK

Re: "adoption" to avoid the czar's army #general #lithuania

David Choukroun

Same story on my side : to avoid the very long duty (several years) in the Czar' Army, the family legend is saying that 4 or 5 boys where registered (not sure about real adoption) under another name.  So this is clearly not a unique case

names : Winagrad, Rabinovitch, Bondar
location : Slonime (Russia), and Jassy (Bessarabia)

No clue about how to find the real names after such trick - by luck in looking at census with addresses, or missing children while looking at the years of birth (and only girls) etc... but really low low probability

David Choukroun
Paris, France

Re: Hebrew record, is Fani Taub here? #hungary


Are there many birth records, and for females too? Is it possible to see Fanni Taub here?
Thank you for your help
Best wishes

Re: Friedmann restaurant in Baden Bei Wien 1900-1915? #austria-czech #hungary


Hi Veronika
Sorry not to reply before, I have only just seen these messages, I didn't know to look here before.
I think it might be a different branch of the Friedmann family as he was married to Szidonia. I have now found quite a lot of information about them through various sources, but thank you for your interest and help!

Re: Friedmann restaurant in Baden Bei Wien 1900-1915? #austria-czech #hungary


Hi Michel
I'm so sorry not to have replied to this message, I have only just seen it, but now I also know to look here for responses. I think I did try to contact Irma, but perhaps a call would be better, I will try that. Your biography sounds very interesting, is it publicly available to read?
Many thanks for your help

Re: 1933 marriage Friedmann/Weiss at Schiffschule synagogue, Vienna #austria-czech


Aaaaah. Thank you Johann, I will have to add to my list of records to request when life normalises post Covid. So sorry I didn't reply before, I've only just clocked that messages can be sent within a thread publicly as well as by email.
Best wishes

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