Re: Russian Translation Requests #holocaust #russia #translation


1944, October 30
From the act of the Rezekne district commission on the atrocities of the GERMAN-Fascist invaders and their accomplices in the town of Rezekne and the surrounding area.
The German fascist invaders introduced a regime of bloody violence and terror in the town of Rezekne.
They destroyed everyone who, for the most trifling reasons, was displeasing to them. First of all, advanced Soviet people and people of Jewish nationality were subjected to senior repression. Fascist monsters cruelly tortured Soviet citizens, brutally mocked and mocked them. Thus, a resident of the city of Rezekne Izrailit H. Ya. tells:
“Three Germans approached one Jewish house, noticing a 16-year-old girl, attacked her, raped her, and then killed her. German monsters walked around the houses, forced the girls to undress, mocked and shot them, and robbed the apartments. All Jews were obliged to wear yellow stars: one on the chest, and the other on the back, to walk around the city only on the pavement without hats. "
With the arrival of the Germans on the territory of the Latvian SSR, all the prisons and police basements were overcrowded with Soviet citizens, where they were also subjected to terrible torture and humiliation.
“In the prison, the guards scoffed terribly, beat them with a rifle butt, knocked out teeth and eyes, pulled out gold teeth with ticks from their mouths,” reports a resident of Rezekne, Izrailit H. Ya.
During interrogations, the fascist monsters subjected the prisoners to the most terrible tortures. So a citizen of the village of Suniny, Prelskaya volost, says: "My brother Artemiy was killed during interrogations."
A citizen of the city of Preili Trifonova, who was imprisoned in Rezeknaya prison from 18.2.1943 to 15.10 of the same year, reports the following: “Whoever was held in the prison, they were brought in for interrogations, tortured, they put an electric car and put iron rings on their hands and turned on current. The whole person was shaking, the electricity was not turned off until the person fell unconscious. "
By order of the fascist authorities, the Germans and their accomplices were placed at the head of the prisons and camps, who were ordered to mercilessly exterminate the Soviet people.
 Esak, Osip Isidorovich, a former senior warden of Rezekne prison during the occupation, gives the following testimony:
“With the arrival of the Germans, the prison administration consisted almost entirely of members of the German army. The dispatch of large quantities of prisoners for shooting began immediately. Policemen were taken out of the prison and escorted to the place, but the Germans themselves shot them. Small parties were sometimes shot by the police, and the big ones were always shot by the Germans. For this, a special detachment "SS" was always allocated. Shooting and torture began right from the very first days of the German occupation.
On July 15, there were mass shootings in the Leszczynski garden in the center of Rezekne. The grave-pit is located in the north-western part of the garden, on the right bank of the Rezekne River, measuring 21x2.5 m. The execution took place early in the morning. 120 Jewish citizens were shot here.
At the beginning of August 1941, there were mass shootings at the Jewish cemetery in the city of Rezekne. Most of the shot were citizens of Jewish nationality. "An eyewitness of the shot, a citizen of deravnaya Pleshni-Pustyakova, says:" In August 1941, for two weeks, shots were heard every morning at the Jewish cemetery. They shot the Jews. "
Similar testimony is given by a resident of the town of Rezekne, Matsan. At the Jewish cemetery, 3 graves were found with dimensions: 1 / 14x2.5; 2 / 16x2.5; 3 / 20x2.5. One grave is located in the southeast, and two in the southwestern part of the cemetery. About 2,500 civilians were killed and tortured in the Jewish cemetery.
On August 23, 1941, mass shootings began in the Anchupan mountains. The Anchupan Mountains are located 6 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, in a northwest direction along the Dritsanskoe highway. The place of execution of the Soviet people took place on the former dash of the Aizsargs. For 3 years, people who were doomed to die were systematically brought to these mountains in cars and driven on foot. Those who were shot were put on the edge of a dug hole, along the foot of the mountain, where their corpses were dumped. Here, in this terrible place, more than 8,000 civilians of various nationalities were shot.
Before the execution, the fascist monsters committed monstrous atrocities. So a resident of Rezekne says:
"I saw how the guys were dragged out of the house of detention, their arms were pulled out and thrown into trucks."
Fedotova T.P., a resident of the village of Lyady Makashan volost, says:
"They were shooting adults, and children were thrown alive into the pit."
Fascist bloodsuckers knew no bounds for their refined, wild sadism.
A resident of the village of Makarovka, Makashan volost, Vassanova P.O. reports: “I saw how one Jewish woman, an ambulance together with everyone else, was being taken to execution in the Anchupan Mountains, in despair she tore her hair and screamed, and the policeman put a rubber stick in her mouth. Citizen ZS Greywuls, who lives in the village of Greyvuli , Makashensky volost, says: “When they began to get out of the car doomed to death, everyone was beaten with rubber truncheons. I watched all this through the fence. "
Before the execution, the fascist sadists stripped their victims naked. "When Jews were brought to the Anchupan Mountains, they were driven into a house that stood there, by the mountain, stripped to the bone, then driven out and put in a pit," says Anton Andreyevich Massan, a resident of the village of Makarovka, Makashan Volost. For the slightest support that the inhabitants provided to the prisoners of war dying of hunger, the Germans cruelly dealt with the population. This is evidenced by the order of the commander of the German State Security Police of Latvia Strauch. According to his order, the village of Audrini, Makashan parish was swept off the face of the earth, and the inhabitants in the number of 194 people were arrested and imprisoned in the Rezekne prison. Of these, 30 males were publicly shot in the market square of Rezekne, including a 12-year-old boy. Rastrell was made on Sunday, January 12, 1942. The shot were thrown into a truck and taken to the Anchupan Mountains. A citizen of the village of Makarovka says about this: "In January 1942, I saw how a full car of civilians from the village of Audrini, shot in the town of Rezekne, was being taken to the Anchupan Mountains. You could see how the bloody heads of the shot were hanging from the side of the car, blood oozing from the body."
- - - - - - - -
see document # 80
All other inhabitants of the village of Audrini were also taken from the Rezeksnaya prison to the Anchupan mountains and shot there.
In the Anchupan mountains, 2 huge pits-graves were discovered in size: 1 / 123x3 and 2 / 83x3 meters.
After the brutal murders, the fascist executioners arranged drinking bouts at the place of execution and, with songs, returned to the city in cars.
"Cars with drunken policemen who sang songs were going back," says MI Mashnikova, a citizen of the village of Makarovka, Makashenskaya volost.
In December 1942, Hitler's executioners began to shoot people in the Vypinsky forest. Mainly peasants were shot here. The Vypinsky forest is located approximately 2 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, eastward along the Stolyarovsky highway. In the direction of Rezekne-Stolyarovka, 2.5 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, on the right side of a 250-meter high road, 6 graves were found in size: 1 / 2.5x5.5; 2 / 2x4; 3 / 2x4; 4 / 2.5x4.5; 5 / 3x6.5; 6 / 3x2.5; on the left side, 500 meters from the road, 2 graves: 1 / 6x3; 2 / 5x3. Approximately 300 civilians were killed and tortured in the Vypinsky forest.
In March 1943, Nazi executioners shot political prisoners from the Rezekne prison in the Grishkan forest of the Rezekne parish. Grishansky forest is located 8 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, along the main road to Ludza. During the executions, the execution site was cordoned off by the police and aisargs, who made sure that outsiders did not approach the place of execution.
Shooting Soviet citizens, the killers sang songs and raised whistles, trying to drown out the screams and groans of dying people with noise. Describing the executions of civilians, citizen Novatskaya, a resident of the village of Grishkany, Rezekne volost, testifies: "In the spring of 1943, I saw 4 trucks passing by on their way to the Grishkansky forest. It was at 5-6 am. There was a forest around a dense ring of the German gendarmerie. In the forest there were shouts and groans of people condemned to death, and the gendarmerie, trying to drown all this, raised a shout and whistle. That day 50 people were shot. " Feeling the hour of reckoning for the atrocities committed, the German executioners tried to hide the traces of their crimes by burning corpses. In April 1944, pits were opened at the places of execution, corpses were removed and burned. Moreover, the burning of corpses took place by pouring some flammable liquid. In this way, the corpses of Soviet citizens were removed and burned in the Leshchinsky Garden, at the Jewish cemetery, in the Anchupan mountains, in the Vypinsky and Grishansky leases.
On October 17, 1944, a medical expert commission went to the places of mass extermination of Soviet people. The commission examined the site of rastrels in the Anchupan forests, at the Jewish cemetery and in the Leshchinsky garden.
The following was discovered: the graves-pits, in which, after the brutal execution, the bodies of the dead were buried, in the Anchupan mountains, are scattered in various directions. Around the graves there are a lot of bottles of alcoholic beverages, which were apparently consumed by the participants in the brutal murders. The sand on the hillside near the graves is strewn with bullets. On the slope, fragments of the cranial bones of people of different ages were found, from senile to the bones of babies. Moreover, when examining individual bones, it was established that the executions were carried out with explosive bullets from weapons of different caliber. On the surface near the graves, several tufts of hair were found, up to 60 centimeters long, of a chestnut color with individual pieces of leather. At a distance of 2 meters from the graves, there are places of burning corpses, with an area of ​​250 square meters. Charred human bones of various parts of the body, metal frame of glasses, the sole of men's shoes, the heel of women's shoes, children's burnt shoes, a strap from women's watches, a buckle from ladies' shoes, metal buttons, a strap from a children's bag, a tooth with a gold crown ...
Similar material evidence was also found at the Jewish cemetery and in the Leshchinsky garden.
In conclusion, the medical expert commission came to the following conclusion: German-fascist bandits carried out mass executions of civilians of different ages and covering the traces of their crimes, subjecting the corpses to burning not only with fire, but even with some kind of liquid resembling oil in color and smell, which remained on until now on the surface of the earth.
In total, during the period of the Nazi occupation, the fascist bandits and their accomplices in the territory of the city of Rezekne and the surrounding area killed and tortured about 11,000 civilians, 1,000 of them children.
The main places of detention before the execution of civilians are the Rezekne prison and the detention house on Zamkovaya street, where the ghetto was also found.
For all the atrocities committed by the German fascist invaders and their accomplices, the German government and the military command, as well as the following organizers and direct perpetrators of the atrocities, are responsible: the commander of the Latvian State Security Police, the German Strauch;
Eikhelis, head of Rezekne county;
Chief of the Political Police, Major of the SS Troops - Albert;
Head of Rezekne Prison - Kramins;
Secret police officers Rush, Kargashin, Geger, Strautmanis
Ilyin, Gedush, Laysan
Archpriest of the Rezhitskaya St. Nokolskaya Church E. Rushanov
Kan, Loginov

Translated by Michael Ryabinky

Re: Family Tree Recommendations #general


I have not had a good experience with MyHeritage.

Main problems:

- Places. It wants modern names of places instead of the genealogically-correct name at the time of the event, and there are many, many, many places that it simply Will Not Take under any label that I've been able to come up with.

- Names. It insists that a married woman's surname is the same as her husband's, which is just Totally WRONG for my ancestors. I can turn this behavior off for myself, but that does not help with hints and other external material.

- Data presentation. It calls everything a "historical record" -- actual historical records, phone book compilations, user-contributed trees, miscellaneous online dreck: all of it is a historical record with default confidence "primary source".

- Paywalls. It tries to charge me money to access data from FamilySearch. This includes tree matches (a "primary source", donchaknow, see above) with profiles that I put on FS in the first place. I really don't know why nobody has sued them over this: how is it not blatant fraud to charge me money for freely-available material (which happens to be my own work)?

Offline, I use a glorified text editor to work directly with a GEDCOM file. This suits my brain, but is not what most people are looking for. There are lots of options, though, and many of them are free or have free versions ( (One important detail: last I checked, Legacy still hadn't implemented Unicode, so if you have ancestors from any place further east than England, you'll have trouble entering their names correctly in that program.)

The online free trees I have experience with are all collaborative: FamilySearch Family Tree, WikiTree, Geni. They are generally good places to work, as long as you're clear that it's not "your tree", and your work there should be supplemented with an offline file, as backup and as a repository for information about living relatives (which doesn't belong anywhere online, no matter how privatized).

./\ /\

Re: Town name, Ukraine #ukraine #records

David Mason

The town name in Russian would be Kirovgrad.  In cursive script, lower case д looks exactly like our cursive g.

Dave Mason

Re: I Want My Trees To Outlive Me #general


Beit HaTfutsot in Tel Aviv is another option
They collect digital genealogies in their Goldman genealogy section.
Louise Goldstein


Re: How to correct information in Jewishgen Databases #records

Chana Bonn

In the case of Prefseizen versus Presseizen, the transcriber may not have realized that a double "s" can be written so that the first "s" looks like an "f".  Take a look at something like a reproduction of an older English document, for example, and the "s" is often written in a way that it looks like a modern letter "f".  Perhaps that is where the problem lies, and the name has always been Presseizen.

Chana Bonn

Re: Ancestry Promises Holocaust Records Will Be Free #announcements #holocaust

Josh Freeling

My personal opinion, regarding the USC Shoah testimony. I think it's great. My grandfather and his brother both recorded testimony, as did other family member's. I don't feel betrayed at all. Honestly all they have done was take what USC Shoah Foundation has on their site (indexed names, locations, etc) and transferred at no charge so they could be found Ancestry. It actually helped me find info I didn't find previously. I don't know if it's because of Ancestry, or perhaps I never searched previously on the USC Shoah Foundation site. As long as both parties are clear about what is going on and everything remains free, I personally do not have issue.

Josh Freeling

Re: I Want My Trees To Outlive Me #general


Michael McTeer: FS has multiple parts. You're talking about the collaborative tree. I'm talking about the Genealogies section, which is an archive that anyone can look through but nobody can change, except that the original contributor can delete an uploaded file at any time (and/or upload a different one).

Geni and WikiTree are the other major players in the collaborative tree concept. They're no more suited to unchangeable archiving than FamilySearch's tree.

./\ /\

verse on a tombstone in Kishinev #bessarabia #yiddish

Yefim Kogan

Here is a terrific verse I found on a tombstone of Olga Shraybman (in Kishinev Jewish Cemetery):

Dear Olga!
You are not dead.
With that beautiful soul, 
With that great love to people
You live among us for ever.

Only person who could write it in Kishinev was Ikhil Shraybman, and Olga was his dear wife.

I have also attached an image of the tombstone of famous Jewish writer Ikhil Shraybman  (Kishinev Jewish Cemetery).

His Yiddish is so wonderful,  I recommend to read his works even in translations.

On Ikhil's stone it is written in Yiddish and Russian:

I am not writing in Yiddish, 
Yiddish I Kiss..
Yiddish is my Great Happiness.

Yefim Kogan

Re: I Want My Trees To Outlive Me #general

Christine Hills

I have had my tree on WikiTree since 2014 and find it excellent.  It is entirely free and is a worldwide collaborative tree. The profiles will never be deleted.  The only drawback I can see re. what you are looking for is that other people can edit your open profiles, that is those which relate to a person born over 100 years ago, unless that person is alive.  There is one profile for one person, so if people share an ancestor they share the profile.  However all entered data is saved, so you can find your own edit and reuse it. I have never had a problem with shared profiles, on the rare occasions someone has added anything it has always been helpful.  You might like to take a look at for more information.
Best wishes,
Christine Hills Dublin Ireland

Re: Staraya Ushitsa, Ukraine, records #ukraine

Chuck Weinstein

There are no known records of births, deaths, or marriages.  There are voter lists in both the Khmelnitski and Vinnisia Archives, as well as several other record sets pertaining to the Jewish community.  Most surviving known records are now in the Khmelnitski Archives, having been removed from Kamanets-Podolski following a fire in 2004.  The status of some of those records is unclear.  

Chuck Weinstein
Towns Director, JewishGen Ukraine Research Division

Re: Family Tree Recommendations #general

Karen Lukeman

I originally put my family tree on MyHeritage, but when I exceeded the number of entries, I created a family tree on Geni because it was free & unlimited AND so that I could link up with the World Family Tree. Subsequently, I was able to find two branches of my Israeli family on of which made me learn that my great-grandfather had remarried after my great-grandmother passed away so I have lots more cousins!!

I also have since subscribed to MyHeritage for full is a long term deal, so that the annual price was much better.  
Karen Calmon Lukeman
KALMANOWITZ (Lyubcha and towns near Grodno, Vilna and Minsk)
GOLDSMITH (Bakshty and Ivje)
NASSER (Damascus)
BENBAJI (Damascus)
BALLAS (Damascus)

Re: How to correct information in Jewishgen Databases #records

Sally Bruckheimer <sallybruc@...>

"JewishGen records do not exist in and of themselves, for no reason except documentation. JewishGen records exist to aid people searching for ancestral family, and as such, should, as far as possible, provide help to share knowledge which will allow other people finding records to make connections they might not otherwise have been able to make."

The records are what they are. We can not expect to 'fix' records more than 100 years ago.  I just found a record for Shayna Leah Ruslander Stolowski's death, as Shayna Leah Vertcikovski Stolowski. Rather than wanting to 'fix' this to what you expect, I find it a link to the origin of the Ruslanders, before they went to the Kingdom of Poland and were known as 'Russian'. Shayna Leah was born in 1835, about the time the family went to Polish Russia. What if somebody changed it, so I wouldn't have that information.

That reminds me of a woman in the LDS library where I worked, who had ordered Swedish birth records. She was surprised that they weren't in English!

If you want to share your knowledge with others, perhaps you should put your tree on FTJP, with the 'correct' information. Otherwise, everything will turn into Geni, where people can 'correct' other peoples trees with incorrect information.

Sally Bruckheimer
Princeton, NJ

Re: OLD FAMILY TREE #general


Before computers helped us organize our genealogical information, there were a variety of numbering systems. I have a couple of old articles in my files from those days. 

But, since we live in the age of information technology, I looked on the internet and found this Wikipedia article on genealogical numbering systems.  Perhaps it will help:

Note that there were many different methods.  You will have to figure out which one your tree uses.

Peggy Mosinger Freedman
Atlanta, GA

Re: I Want My Trees To Outlive Me #general


I will look into this. I have contributed to Yad Vashem but did not know they archived genealogies. Thank you. 

Reba Harris Solomon

Re: I Want My Trees To Outlive Me #general


Thank you as I had not looked into Wikitree. Now at first look it seems to be a collaborative tree, like Genie and I’m looking more for a searchable archive that will remain intact. 

Reba Harris Solomon

Re: U.S. Appeals Court Rules Spanish Museum May Keep Nazi Looted Art #announcements #holocaust

Todd Warnick

It's like buying fenced properly. This is a scandalous decision. 

Re: I Want My Trees To Outlive Me #general


What is Wikitree?  I've come across once or twice but wasn't really sure what it is and how it works.

I am also interested in the question originally posted.  I've done so much research over the years and would hate for all of it to be lost after I'm gone.  I don't have children to pass it on to, but my cousins and (more likely) their children and grandchildren may be interested in the future.


Re: Shlomo Boruch Tennenbaum #slovakia #austria-czech #rabbinic


Hello, Mr.Moishe  Tannenbaum,                            27th August 2020

I wonder, may I politely ask,  did you read Dr Neil Rosenstein's  "  The Unbroken Chain --THIRD EDITION--chapter nine--page 722--725  ?

I wonder, if you are connected to the Tannebaum Family--from Szendro--my grandmother /Grunwald/Grunfeld was born there--or for that matter;Erdobenye, Putnok Tallya, Edeleny etc.we might have some joint ancestors around 1800?

Best wishes
Veronika-Mindle Malka - Pachtinger--London UK

Social History Ternopil 1870-1880s #galicia

Deborah HOLMAN

I am looking for some resources to help me understand what my great-grandfather's life as a young man might have been like in 1870-1880s Tarnopol. He was born in 1875 to Rachmiel LICHTENTHAL, a dealer of leather, and left Tarnopol around 1890 to make a living in the hat-making industry. He eventually settled in Vienna, Austria.  Due to COVID limiting access to libraries, I'd appreciate online resources.

Thank you,
Deborah Holman
Hamden, CT USA

Re: ViewMate - Hebrew handwriting interpretation request #belarus #yizkorbooks #holocaust

Dubin, David M. MD

A few things:
1- the image is upside-down
2- the black areas look like tape that covers many parts of names. A better image is needed.

Upper left section with image right-side up
Itzik                 Auschklar
?                     Politschuk
Buchlinich?     Gessek
?                     Duker

Upper left section
B__nstein        Lipik
Abrovitsch?      Gutman
Ken_nst_n        Schusterman
Milstein (three?)   Weissbrod

Lower right section
Sobetzky (maybe corresponds to Sawicki on your list)
(second column illegible to me)

Lower left section

Good luck

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