US Supreme Court Sides With Germany in Nazi Art Dispute #holocaust #germany #hungary #usa

Jan Meisels Allen


On February 3, 2021 the US Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Germany had sovereign immunity in US Courts from claims over the Guelph Collection of gold crosses, jewels and other religious works from the 11th to the 14th centuries. The collection, is called the Welfenschatz in German.


The heirs of the art dealers contended the sale of the works, now said to be worth at least $250 million, was done under pressure. Germany and the state-run foundation that owns the collection, which is on display in Berlin’s Museum of Decorative Arts, argued the case did not belong in American courts. A German commission found the artworks’ sale was made voluntarily and for fair market value. The Supreme Court rejected a suit by the heirs of Nazi-era Jewish art dealers for compensation from Germany for a storied collection of medieval art treasures. The IAJGS Records Access Alert first report on the litigation on December 4, 2020.


The nine justices ruled that Germany was protected by the US Foreign Sovereign Immunity Act (FSIA), which insulates foreign governments from lawsuits in US courts, with only a few exceptions Even in the case of “monstrous” abuse, the justices said in their opinion, “We have previously rejected efforts to insert modern human rights law into FSIA exceptions ill-suited to the task.”  The justices said the heirs had not at this point shown that federal law allowed them to bring their case in U.S. courts. The court sent the case back for additional arguments on remaining issues.


The Supreme Court did not comment on the merits of the claim that a group of art dealers was illegally forced to sell the collection at reduced prices in 1935 to Prussia then run by Gestapo founder Hermann Goering as Jews were being threatened.


Germany argued that the dealers were not robbed in the 1935 sale but simply cut their losses after paying too much for the collection on the eve of the global depression of the early 1930s.


Due to the decision on the Guelph treasure the Supreme Court sent a different dispute involving a suit against Hungary back to a lower court for further consideration. That case was filed in 2010 by 14 survivors of the Hungarian Holocaust, including some who survived being sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp. They are seeking to be compensated for property taken from them and their families when they were forced to board trains to concentration camps.


Chief Justice John Roberts wrote the opinion for the unanimous court. To read the opinion go to:


To read more see:


The heirs previously  for their bid for compensation lost in Germany and tried in the US Courts.


Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee


Re: Jewish Community in Finland #general #russia

Helen Gardner

I find it very interesting that Finland had no Jews until the 19th century.
As someone with Polish ancestry, I was totally surprised when I got my mtDNA HVR1 results  to find that I had 154 matches from Finland (plus 54 from Norway and 36 from Sweden).
As I understand it, mtDNA results generally indicate a common ancestor some centuries ago.  Does that mean that my "Finnish" matches actually refer to long ago Russian ancestors?
Helen Gardner

ancestral names, all from Poland, mostly Warsaw


Translation request--RUSSIAN #translation

Joseph Walder

I have posted a record in Russian for which I need a translation. It is on ViewMate at the following address:

It comes from an 1835 revision list and contains information about some members of the Luchansky family of Koshevata, Tarashcha district, Kiev uyezd. I am wondering if there is anything here aside from names and ages.

Please respond via the form provided on the ViewMate image page.
Thank you very much.

Joseph Walder
Portland, Oregon, USA

Do you use to gather at Templul Cahal Strada Sfânta Vineri? #rabbinic #romania


I'd  like to ask people who use to attend services at the beit knesset Templul Cahal, Bucuresti, whether or not you meet Madam Ernestina Kanner, widow of Artur Kanner, my uncle.

My name is Artur Canella Avelar, from Brazil, son of the late romanian immigrant Enrich Kanner, Ernestina's brother-in-law.

Thank you in Advance.
Artur Avelar

I have put in a ViewMate request for translation of a Polish Warsaw newspaper announcement #translation

David Ziants

I have put in a ViewMate request for translation of a Polish Warsaw newspaper announcement of the death of
Israel SCHLOSBERG in 1933:-

On ViewMate is just the clipping and the whole page of the newspaper can also be found at the following link:
and there is an index to it on JRI Poland (Warsaw Nasz Przeglad Deaths 1923-39), but this does not give any data apart from the newspaper name, date,  page number and the name of the deceased. 

It is also possible that the announcement doesn't say more than this, so please reply also if this is the case.

Am especially curious to try and find out if he has any relationship to Israel Zelig SCHLOSBERG (original family name ZENETSKY) from Bielsk - came to London, UK and after his first wife died, he remarried and they lived in Warsaw, Poland.
Many thanks in advance.

David Ziants
Ma'aleh Adumim, Israel

ViewMate Translation Request - Russian #translation



I have posted a record in Russian from the 1875 Volodarka Residents List. I would like to know the complete translation for all of the families on the page.

The record is on ViewMate at the following address:

Please respond via the form provided on the ViewMate image page.

Thank you very much.
Ben Zitomer

Re: Koidanov Massacre of 1941 #belarus

Lewis, Megan

The Extraordinary State Commission to Investigate German-Fascist Crimes Committed on Soviet Territory from the USSR contains name lists for some towns/villages.
Both Yad Vashem and USHMM have indexed the collection and the names are findable in their names databases.

Megan Lewis
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum  

Re: ViewMate translation request - Yiddish postcard #translation #yiddish

Lee Jaffe

I've reposted an enlarged and enhanced version of the text of a postcard (see link below), posted earlier, in the hope that it will be easier to read and translate.  As before, it is from a postcard to my great-grandfather Jacob Joroff in New Haven, CT, postmarked Brooklyn, 1911. There are photos of two men on the other side of the card and hope that the text says who they are.  Otherwise, I'd like to know the name of the sender and any other information that identifies family names or relationships. 

Jacob's wife Dora was part of a large Koshkin family from Snovsk, and perhaps Romny, in Ukraine.  But I haven't been able to discover Jacob's family or origins.   I'm hoping there might be a lead to understanding further family connections here.  Why would this card have been saved?
Please respond via the form provided on the ViewMate image page.
Thank you very much.

Lee Jaffe
Joroff / Koshkin

Re: What happened on 7 March 1612 in Poznan? Mass death of Jews #general #poland

Krzysztof Witaszek

Hello Gerson

First question: What the records  really say?

How did you figure out from them that there must have been a mass execution of Jews on 7 March 1612 in Poznan”.

Aren’t there any other possible causes for sudden death of many? ( fires, accidents, plaques)

I don;t know what the cause was, but for example in 1613 there was a fire that destroyed the Jewish quarter in Poznan.

When you write „in Poland, on very ripe ground for anti-Jewish sentiment”

the words of Moses Isserles ( XVIc Rabbi of Cracow), come to mind:

If God had not given the Jews Poland as a refuge, Israel's fate would have been unbearable indeed”.

And why the Poland was called at that time “Paradise of the Jews”?

And Chmielnicki’s uprising? – that was a completely different story.

Let's try to seek the truth about the past, instead of building  fantasies out of stereotypes.

Krzysztof Witaszek


The Alter Rebbe Schneur Zalman BORUCHOVITCH of Liadi, founder of Chabad #latvia #rabbinic #russia #belarus

Hilary Osofsky

I'm helping my son-in-law search for a descendant of the Alter Rebbe Schneur Zalman BORUCHOVITCH of Liadi, founder of Chabad (1745-1813). The unindexed, partial genealogies that are online are, not surprisingly, somewhat inconsistent. I'm hoping someone can refer me to an index to the names of his descendants, otherwise to a reliable, complete genealogy that is in English and online.

In that regard, the name for which I'm searching is Rabbi Moses (Michel) BOVSHEVER (variations include BOWSCHEVER and BOWCHEVER), of Liadi, whose wife was Chaya (Charlotta) EDEL (or bat Edel). They were my s-i-l's third great-grandparents.

Based on the approximate dates of birth of the first three children in the list below, 1859-1869, I'm guestimating that Rabbi Moses was born in Liadi c. 1834-1841.

Separately, although I'm only in the beginning stages of research, I would be happy to assist other descendants of  Chaya and Rabbi Moses Bovshever, but they should contact me privately.

Their known children were Samuel, Genesha, Mendel, Siskind, Eleazer, Joseph, Abraham, and David.  

Some family members moved from Liadi (also known as Ljady, now Lyady, Belarus) to Riga and Libau, Latvia, others to Moscow.  

The names of female descendants include VELIKOVSKY and KONOVICH, 

I greatly appreciate any help that can be provided.

Thank you.

Hilary Osofsky

Re: location of Givozits? #general

Mark Halpern

Your town is definitely the Galician town of Gwozdziec, now called Hvizdets in Ukraine, located at coordinates 4835, 2517 about 19 km ENE of Kolomyja. This town had a famous wooden synagogue. The painted ceiling and timber-frame roof of the synagogue was reproduced for the core exhibition of POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews. See

If you are interested in the Jewish vital records for this town, please contact me privately at mark@....

Mark Halpern

Re: great synagogue in london hebrew translation #translation


It looks like Jubilee Street to me but I’m unable to translate for you.

Kind regards,
Adrienne Ross

Re: What happened on 7 March 1612 in Poznan? Mass death of Jews #general #poland

Alexander Sharon


I'm afraid that Jewish pogrom in 1612 Poznan is not noted in Poland's historiography and the reasons for Ukraine Khmelnitsky 1648 Uprising is not related to Fettmlich's Frankfurt pogrom either.
Alexander Sharon

Re: Translation: Language unknown #translation

David Barrett

I apologise but had to laugh. The language is yiddish - you have to reverse the photo to read it . Regards 
David Barrett

Dear sister, we sent you all the photographs for David your husband

Jewish Orphanages during WW1 #general

Andrea Tzadik

My Grandfather's family was from a small Shtetel in Galicia, Knhynicze, 
My Grandfather and all the men and boys in his family were sent to work camps in Russia,
When the Russian troops invaded and burned down their town.
My Grandfather's sister, Chaya Sarah, was left alone and was put in an orphanage.
At the end of the War she ended up in Switzerland and was repatriated to the US on an 
emergency passport. 
My question is, where were these orphanages that Jewish children were placed in during the War?
Andrea Tzadik
Santa Monica, Ca.

location of Givozits? #general


I’m trying to research my parents and great grandparents. I was told by my Mother that
they lived in Givozits also mentioning Galicia,Kolomya and Bukovina. ( This must be a city , state, geographic area thing.)
I’m not sure which country database to use while researching the Jewishgen site.
   Thank you,
Saul Joseph David

researching Brecher and Sabat(h)

Re: Translation: Language unknown #translation




The writing is upside down and it is in Yiddish.

Shalom, Malka Chosnek



great synagogue in london hebrew translation #translation

arnold friedman <afriedman21@...>

appreciate someone's help in translating all the hebrew in this document from the great synagogue. In addition, I am having difficulty reading the street (in English)  for Simon SHERATSKI
arnold friedman
Marriage Authorisation 31825.jpg

My auntie Ernestina from Bucuresti #holocaust #latinamerica #romania


Dear Gennies,

I hope someone could put me in contact with Mrs. Ernestina Kanner, widow of late Adv. Artur Kanner. They used to live in Bucuresti. My late father, Enrich Kanner was Artur's Brother, migrated to Brazil after Shoa. They lived at 5 alexandru Balesceanu Str. 

Kind Rgds

Artur Canella Avelar

David ABRAMOWITZ-New Haven/Boston-early 20th cent. #usa

Yonatan Ben-Ari

My great great grandmother, Rivka ABRAMOWITZ, came to the USA as a
widow with 4 orphaned children. To the best of our knowledge-we have
no records of any kind-she came around 1870-1880 to New Haven. Her
children were ;David, Sarah, Mayer and Kalman.

Her eldest son David, who was in his late teens went to Boston to
"seek his fortune". According to family lore, he changed his family
name at some point. Went to work in a department store and rose to
management level. Supposedly, around the mid 1930s his nephew, Chaim
Yitzchak ABRAMOWITZ, son of Mayer (and my grandfather) who had
emigrated from Israel to the states tried to contact his uncle David
and was repulsed by David's office stating that he was elderly and
sick and was recuperating at his Florida home.

Sarah probably had ongoing contact with her brother but I have no
information regarding any of Sarah's or David's descendants. Except,
and again according to family lore, Sarah and her husband lived on
Coney Island in the mid 1930s and she had at that time a grandson,
Tom, who was going to College in Boston.

My great grandfather , Mayer was sent to Jerusalem as a youth as was
his younger brother, Kalman. Kalman it seems was to young to be
without his mother and so returned shortly to the USA while Mayer
stayed, lived and died in Jerusalem as did his children.

Most of the above is based on an autobiography of Mayer's grand
daughter who specifically states that her book is a story rather than
a book of records so some of the "facts" above may be surmises. We
have contact with Kalman's descendants who don't know more about
David's and Sarah's descendants and base their family history on the
above autobiography.

The difficulty in finding more facts about Sarah and David is that if
it is true that avid changed his family name it could be anything
especially if he wanted to distance himself from Jewish tradition. And
as to Sarah, we don't know her married name.

I am hoping that someone may have a similar background and thus may be
we can share some information.


Yoni Ben-Ari, Jerusalem

8701 - 8720 of 664002