Re: German Reparation Files #records #germany

Michael Danziger

Thank you so much for your reply Corinna. 

As you know, reparations were paid to non-German residents as well. So where would one write to find those records (for example, for my Polish family)?

Warm regards,

Michael Danziger

New Jersey

Re: German Reparation Files #records #germany


Dear Michael, dear  Eleanor and dear readers of the list:
There is a central card index:


Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf

- Dezernat 15 (Bundeszentralkartei) -

Postfach 30 08 65

40408 Düsseldorf

Tel.: 0211/475 - 3071 oder 3571

Fax.: 0211/475 - 3979

Email: bzk@...

You can ask them via e-mail. They are able to tell you where the files concerning a person are held.
Some are in the state archives of the region where the person lived or submittel claims. Some are still stored with the authorities.
In Berlin you can search a database of the Berlin states archives. 
But they have only the files for lost propertiy restitution  claims. The other files are still held at the

Entschädigungsbehörde des Landes Berlin 

Normally the files can be accessed thirty years after death of the person. Sometimes they whant a formless declaration about being related.

Kind regards
Barbara Elkeles

Re: PotatoNik (not kugel!) #general

Moshe Berman

Wikipedia has this article that looks interesting. I haven’t read it yet. Apparently there are TWO foods that share that name.

Moshe Berman,

Re: What is the meaning of this sign being displayed by POWs in WWI? #translation #photographs #hungary #austria-czech

Ellen Garshick

Nancy, I see that you have ancestors from Radzivilov. Our Kremenets-district group has translated many records from Radzivilov, including some vital records for the Zagoroder family. There are more than 100 entries in the Indexed Concordance of Personal Names and Town Names (a name-town index; see see for Zagarader/Zagoroder (and more than 440,000 entries overall). If you find records of interest, let me know!

(The main towns in the Kremenets district are Belozirka, Berezhtsy, Folwarki Wielkie, Katerburg, Kozin, Kremenets, Krupets, Lanovtsy, Oleksinets, Pochayev, Podbereztsy, Radzivilov, Rokhmanov, Shumsk, Sosnivka, Staryy Aleksinets, Vishnevets, Vyshgorodok, and Yampol.)


Ellen Garshick

Co-Coordinator, Kremenets Research Area/Jewish Records Indexing-Poland

an activity of the Kremenets District Research Group


Researching BAT, AVERBAKH from Kremenets, Shumsk, Katerburg, and Folvarki, Ukraine; GERSHIK, HURWITCH from Staryye Dorogi and Bobruisk, Belarus; ROTHKOPF (ROTKOP), GOLDBERG from Bialystok, Poland, and Baranivichi and Slonim, Belarus 

Re: PotatoNik (not kugel!) #general


Jules Levin asked if potatonik was a potato knish. Different animal entirely Jules.

My Bubba (great-grandmother) and her daughter (my grandmother) from Poltava in eastern Ukraine, often made potato knish and it was delicious. Rather like a strudel, made with rolled up flour dough and filled with mashed potato, fried onions and lashings of chicken schmaltz and griven.

Unfortunately I don't have the recipe but I have found one in a wonderful Jewish cookery book published in 1957 by Sara Kasdan called Love and Kishkes. It's my favourite. Her dedication is 
"To the wonderful women who never cooked from a book ... if the way to a man's heart is through his stomach, then knishes will get there faster ... and stay there longer."

Alan Cohen

Re: Private sale of valuable Jewish records (Pinkasim) #general #records

Wendy Kalman

It also liinks back to a blog I wrote when Mattan Segev-Frank first brought up the topic in the Facebook Group Jewish Genealogical Portal. The article is fabulous but if you want to know more, I think the blog is worth delving into too:

Wendy Kalman
Acworth, GA

Re: PotatoNik (not kugel!) #general

Moshe Berman

Ms. Levin,

Respectfully, I’m finding myself overreacting. 

Potatonik is not a Kugel, nor a Latke, Derma, Kishka, and certainly not a Knish. As a Lower East Sider, I am compelled to insist that Potatonik is a flavor unto itself, a culinary delight unlike any other.

It consists of a very thin, brittle, dark brown crust. Its inner texture is moist, when fresh. As it ages, it dries out until it’s nearly impossible to swallow. A slice of potatonik always has holes like a sponge. The flavor is that of a potato, seasoned with black pepper. 

It’s best to have the bakery slice it, unless you want a mess of crumbs. And if you eat it too quickly, it’s easy to cough on the very same crumbs, but it’s too good not to eat it quickly, always wanting more. The aftertaste lingers with that black pepper. It’s divine.

Based on the conversation here, I’m guessing that there’s probably no oil in the batter, probably water, potatoes, pepper and maybe a small amount of eggs. I wouldn’t be surprised if the sponginess was caused by yeast. 

You can still buy this unique item at Moisha’s Bakery at Grand and East Broadway, between the kosher butcher and the kosher grocery. 

Hope this clarifies things,
Moshe Berman,
Boca Raton, FL

Re: Uruguay Sources #poland

kosfiszer8@...  is a database of immigrants to the port of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is in Spanish and it requires the exact spelling of the family name, that may not be the spelling that one expects. Another source is the Jewish Genealogy group AGJA and their email consultas.agja@... (I do not know if they will correspond in English). If any family member died in Buenos Aires, the records of the Jewish cemetery at Tablada are available on line. Good luck

Angel Kosfiszer

Richardson, Texas

Re: Trying to get record of death from Vienna, 1941 #austria-czech #records

Veronica Zundel

I would be interested in this too, as I would like to see a death record of my birth grandmother Etie Horoschowska who died in the Spanish flu epidemic, I believe in 1919.
Veronica Zundel, London
Searching descendants of Josef Jakob Horoschowski b. 1905 Drohobych

Re: German Reparation Files #records #germany

Eleanor Lind

Where do I write for Berlin please?
eleanor Lind

MNJGS will host Risa Daitzman Heywood, Sept 19, 2021, 11AM central time on Zoom: "The Power of the Catalog – Unindexed Records and How to Find Them" #events #education #announcements


The Minnesota Jewish Genealogical Society will host Risa Daitzman Heywood, Sept 19, 2021 at 11AM central time, speaking on "The Power of the Catalog – Unindexed Records and How to Find Them." 

Did you know that over 75% of the records available on FamilySearch cannot be accessed by a simple records search? Did you know that Ancestry has record collections that are available to browse but that cannot be searched because they are not yet indexed? While digitizing records is relatively fast and inexpensive, indexing those records is much costlier. Many online repositories have made these records available for browsing but working with them can be a challenge. This presentation will show you how to find and use these unindexed records to greatly enhance your research.


The program will take place on-line via Zoom. Questions can be emailed to MNJGS by clicking here. There is no cost for MNJGS Members and a suggested donation of $5 for nonmembers.

Registration is required via the link below:

Liba Casson-Nudell
Minneapolis, MN

Re: PotatoNik (not kugel!) #general

Jules Levin

On 8/27/21 9:18 AM, rebasolomon wrote:

Does anyone know a recipe for Potatonik?  I’ve tried the NY Times recipe online, and it’s not what I knew and loved.

Growing up, we never had potato kugel. My “Bubba” (not Bubbie, not Bobbie) always made Potatonik!  Her family was from Galicia, south of Przemysl and Western Ukraine (Ustrzyki Dolne, Posidov-Nowy Miasto, and Mostyska.) Potatonik used to be sold in the bakeries but now it has disappeared.

Is it possible that what people are calling potatonik is a potato knish?  That would explain why it was sold in the bakeries.  But the word potatonik is as I said unknown east of Ellis Island--Yinglish--which is Yiddish English, like the word "derma" for kishka, which was invented by Jews because it sounds less Jew-ish than kishke.  I believe the word was used in Saul Bellow's Augie March, written in the '40's when gentiles didn't know from Yiddish words.  Now I hear proper Anglo New Englanders throwing in Yiddish words in radio commentary.

Jules Levin, Los Angeles

Reba Harris Solomon

Re: Transcription Needed #translation


Odeda is correct that Solomon's father is Shimon. Shlomo is Solomon's Hebrew name, not his father.
Binyamin Kerman
Baltimore MD

SPIELER Lodz, Zloczew, Belchatow

Re: German Reparation Files #records #germany

Corinna Woehrl (nee Goslar)

Hello Michael and list-readers,


I can only inform you about the procedures at the Hamburg State Archives:

Here you will find restitution files (called Wiedergutmachungsakten) for people who lived in Hamburg prior to their escape or deportation.

You can search by name via

The main department is 351_11 Amt für Wiedergutmachung, but you will also find files in other places.

Please keep in mind that the information can be disturbing: you will find a lot of rejection in early documents (depending on the person in charge at the office - sometimes they were the same people who had also been on duty during the Nazi era). In my experience, later (after ca. 1960), the tone of the correspondence changed and was more respectful. 


I'm not quite sure - but think the files for people from former eastern provinces (e.g. Posen) are kept at the German State Archives which you can search via the following link


So you have to know in which city the person you are seeking information about had lived. Then you have to ask at the local archive where the files ("Wiedergutmachungsakten") are stored.

In general, they are a great treasure as they often include a résumé and other correspondence revealing lots of family details. 


The general retention period is 30 years after the death of the 'subject' for whom the record was compiled - if you are a direct descendant, you can get insight earlier.


Kind regards from Germany


Corinna Wöhrl, Hoisdor (near Hamburg), Germany

Amsterdam Museum Will Return Forced Art Sale During Holocaust to Jewish Heirs Following Outcry #announcements #holocaust

Jan Meisels Allen



“Painting with Houses” (Bild mit Häusern ) by Wassily Kandinsky worth $22 million will be returned to the Jewish family following public outcry. The painting was acquired from Irina Klein and her husband under duress during the Holocaust for $1,600. Amsterdam said its city-owned museum, Stedelijk Museum, should return the painting to the family of Irina Klein. 


Last December, it was reported on this forum that, “The Amsterdam District Court upheld a 2018 ruling by the Netherlands restitution committee and rejected a restitution case brought by the Jewish heirs that originally owned a painting by Wassily Kandinsky. The painting was bought by the city of Amsterdam at auction in 1940. Amsterdam District Court upheld a 2018 ruling by the Netherlands’ Restitutions Committee that the artwork titled “Painting With Houses,” which is in the collection of Amsterdam’s Stedelijk Museum, does not have to be returned to the Lewenstein family. Lawyers of the heirs said they will appeal. The painting is estimated to be worth €18m.”


The museum and city are in talks with the family about making the restitution happen in the near future, the report said.


The Municipality said in its statement, “ 'Due to the long lapse of time and the importance of rectifying injustice, we will return the work without further intervention of the Restitutions Committee. As a city, we have a history and with that a great responsibility for dealing with the injustice and irreparable suffering inflicted on the Jewish population during the Second World War. The municipality of Amsterdam has a moral obligation to act accordingly. The Municipal Executive stands for a fair and clear restitution policy, which essentially makes it possible to return as much art as possible to the rightful owners or the heirs of the owners,' according to the municipality.”  See:  (Use Chrome as your browser for translation from Dutch into English)


Before the war, the painting was part of the art collection of the Jewish couple Lewenstein, who ran a successful sewing machine shop on Dam Square. They had an extensive collection of paintings by Kandinsky, Van Gogh, Renoir and Manet, among others. They also had a Rembrandt collection. In the 1920s, the family had bought the 1909 oil painting Bild mit Häusern .  In 1940 the family fled the Nazis. The painting was offered n 19409at auction and the then-director of the Stedelijk Museum purchased the painting for 160 guilders considering its value at the times was 2,000-3,000 guilders. Today the painting is worth 20 million Euros.


The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany considers the painting stolen.  Dutch authorities recognized this but have said the “public interest” of having the painting on display at the Stedelijk outweighs that of the family trying to retrieve it.


This position, which diverges from international restitution norms, has provoked international pressure and protests, including by Dutch officials entrusted with handling restitution claims.





Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee


Uruguay Sources #poland

Paul Mayerowitz

I am looking for ancestors who emigrated from Poland through Argentina to Montevideo, Uruguay.  Are any of the sources online?  Is there a Chat Group/Facebook page/Mailing List for discussions in these countries?



Paul G. Mayerowitz

Searching for:

MORDKOVITCH, GOLDSTEIN, GOULD, GREEN (Nowy Dwor, Poland, London, England, New Jersey, USA);

MAYEROWITZ, MAYROWETZ (Ukraine, New Brunswick, New Jersey);

BRAUNER (Montevideo, Uruguay, Poland)


REISFELD, REISFIELD( Ukraine, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA)

BRAUNER (Poland, Montevideo, Uruguay)


Re: Why were so many children labeled "illegitimate" in Birth Registration (Metrical) Books of Subcarpathia - late 1800s #hungary

Veronica Zundel

Certainly in Poland, where my mother's birth family came from, Jewish marriages were not recognized in law and there was no civil marriage, only religious, so the wife could not use the husband's name and her children would have been seen as illegitimate. This was the case with my grandparents and my mother's birth siblings (she was later adopted, the others went into the Jewish orphanage in Vienna where her parents had fled to in WWI, but got separated on the way so my grandmother had no means of supporting her children after giving birth to my mother in Vienna.

Veronica Zundel, London
Searching descendants of Josef Jakob Horoschowski b. 1905 Drohobych

Re: PotatoNik (not kugel!) #general


I feel deprived, lol.  My mother made latkes and kugel but I never heard of potatonik until today.  My grandparents came from what is now Belarus.  Maybe it's because my grandmothers both died when my parents were young that they never mentioned it?

Barbara Sloan
Conway, SC

German Reparation Files #records #germany

Michael Danziger

Holocaust Survivors submitted "testimonies" to Germany for reparations. I have early drafts of these testimonies for my grandparents which contained a wealth of interesting information. I now realize that seeing these files for my parents and other relatives will be priceless in learning about my family's history. My questions:
1. To whom does one direct a request of this kind and what is required in the process?
2. What relatives does one have the right to see documents for?
Thank you. Michael Danziger
New Jersey

Re: PotatoNik (not kugel!) #general

Andrea Tzadik

My ancestors were from  a little Shtetl in then Galicia. They were not able to get matzos
where they lived. They always ate the version Todd  Brody gave instead of matzo.
Andrea Tzadik
Santa Monica, California

7521 - 7540 of 668973