Date   

Query about Hungarian marriage certificate from 1903 #hungary #general

Richard Gartner
 

Hello everyone,
 
This is my first message to this list and I would like to say hello. My query relates to a record I have found of my grandparents' marriage in 1903. It took place in Kezmarok, now in Slovakia but then in the Kingdom of Hungary.
 
My grandmother was born Rosa SCHENKHEIN in Krakow in 1885 but on the record she is recorded as 'Rachel GARTNER' - GARTNER was her groom's surname. This is rather strange but I wonder if it was the custom to record the bride with her new surname and to use a biblical first name instead of her original one?
 
I wonder if anyone who has experience with the genealogy of this area could clear up this mystery?
 
Many thanks and it's nice to meet you all!
 
Best wishes,
Richard Gartner
 
 


Help locating J. Weissberg or his family #general #usa

JOSEPH GODELNIK
 

I found, right these days, a letter envelope, bearing the date of October 1963. The letter sent to my father (Chaim Godelnik) who died in 1977. The name and address of the sender is J. Weissberg 1822 E. 29th St. Bklyn N.Y. USA. I have a reasonable basis to believe that this is a relative. I would appreciate help in locating the writer or his family members so I can contact them.

 

--
Joseph Godelnik


A Murder #ukraine #general

sandra.penn@...
 

In 1937, Yehuda Pen was murdered in Vitebsk, Ukraine. He was the first art teacher of Marc Chagall. I have not been able to find out his relatives. We share the name Pen (my grandfather and father were listed as Pen on their documents.) The name is unusual in eastern Europe. How would I find out if we are related when I can find no family for him?
Thank you.
Sandra Penn (the extra n was added at Castelgarten.)


Survivors Returning to Sighet and Maramures #holocaust #hungary

Sandra Malek
 

Survivors Returning to Sighet and Maramures

We are in the process of indexing some interesting new records for Maramaros-Maramures researchers! These are the books that registered returning persons from the Shoah, and recorded accounts of money and goods, such as clothing, food, and bedding that were provided to the returners.

There are two record books in this set:

·         Book I, Returning Persons to Sighet, Maramures, Romania, and

·         Book II, Returning Persons from various towns to Maramures, Romania.

These books were kept in the Jewish Community Center in Sighet, Maramures, Romania. They are not in the Romanian National Archives, so far as we know.

The fields of information indexed in this set, for either of the books, are as follows:

·         Record number, organized alphabetically, by first letter of surname. And then by registration or arrival date after the Shoah

·         Date of return or registration

·         Surname and Given name of returned person

·         Town of residence, with street address where available (primarily in Sighet). It is not clear if this address is where the person lived before deportation, or where they were living at the time of their registration

·         Occupation, translated from Romanian as possible

·         Birthplace

·         Date of birth

·         Surname and given name of the mother

·         Place from which the person was deported

·         Place where the person was interned

·         Record number. It is unclear what this number represents. In many cases it appears to be the ID given inmates in the camps, but there is no explanation in the record.

Not included as a field in the index where the record kept on money provided to the returning persons, or records of food, bedding and clothing distributed to the persons.

You can search the records in the Holocaust database, and the Hungarian and Romanian databases. You can also search it through a general search.

We thank the following individuals who have devoted much time and effort to indexing these materials:

Daniel Horowitz, who located the records, arranged permission from the Jewish Community Center in Sighet, Romania, to photograph the pages, made the images, and then stitched them together beautifully!

Indexers Ronald Wagmann, Ida Gold, Suzanne Geroe, and Sandy Malek for the Sighet book. Sandy Malek for the Maramures book.  Special thanks to Vivian Kahn and Nolan Altman for all support freely given!

The book of Sighet returners is now available on JewishGen, and contains in excess of 2100 records. The book of Maramures returners will be available shortly, and will contain in excess of 5000 additional records.

Sandy Malek,

Coordinator of the Maramures Records Indexing Project of the Hungarian Research Division

#general, #holocaust, #hungary, #romania

 


Re: German Jewish Community: Grötzingen, Alb-Donau-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany or Grötzingen, Durlach, Baden, Württemburg #germany

Andreas Schwab
 

Durlach is today part of the city of Karlsruhe. It was the capital of the Margravate (Duchy) of Baden-Durlach, which existed from 1535 bis 1771. The Alb-Donau-Keis region was formed in 1973. The two regions are at two opposite ends of Baden-Württemberg: Karlsruhe in the West almost near the Rhine river, and  Alb-Donau-Keis at the East surrounding Ulm at the Danube river. 
In order to help you, we would need more details of the sources you have, most importantly about the time frame. Germany's political geography has changed many times during the last millennia.
 
Andreas Schwab, Montreal, Canada


Re: Ancestry Appoints Former Amazon and Facebook Executives #announcements #records

Ellen Slotoroff Zyroff
 

This added, hand-picked team, hired because of their very specialized expertise, is scary, though not, sad to say, totally unexpected, given the every increasing and pervasive data gathering already in more than full swing about us all across the globe.

This set of very high level new hires is a very specialized set of data miners, data manipulators, data sorters and data intercessionists.

Already we have the chilling reality that everyone who spends any time online is already being defined, sliced and diced, and categorized according to our demographics, religion, documented and perceived political registration and views, the sites we look at and/or to which we subscribe and/or to which we post, who are our relatives and friends, what kind of purchases we make, trips we take, the kinds of searches we do online, with whom do we communicate, to what organizations do we and other family members belong, to whom to we make donations, With the data rich far more detailed data that sits on genealogical websites and discussion boards archives and family trees, and the proven connections revealed by DNA, connections that most often prove our ethnic ancestry, the reason some people have refused to participate in DNA testing begins to loom large. Those who have stayed away from creating a DNA trail and/or even a paper trail perhaps don't seem as paranoid as they once did. Given the ever increasing surge of anti-Semitism worldwide, including an increasing number of very active, high profile policy-making Jew/Israel haters in Congress and at every level of government and of agencies and the unravelling of logic and unravelling of personal safeguards in government, what would prevent the easy mining and Boolean searching of the humongous amount of data already on Ancestry, both the data posted there, the uploads from big partner organizations and what I think is the largest personal DNA source anywhere.

The decision to innocently or not innocently search out members of the tribe, or those who have x-amount of social and/or genetic relationship currently or historically is a piece of cake, then put it all in zip code, voting district, or neighborhood order, or further defined by affiliations, could be carried out in a matter of minutes. That the walls between the online data giants and government are just about all gone is clear to anyone who follow the news.

The players are conglomerates and their active scope of information and communication reach is at all levels, from international to local to block to house level to individual level.

Nobody asked any of us for truly informed permissions, or even bothered to make clear the "innocent" or perhaps even not innocent extent of the societal and individual privacy/liberty invasion and capture and storage of who we and our ancestors were, what they did, where they came from, what ethnic names they had, who our relatives are, when Amazon and the other now big data companies started and when they continue to ramp up the invasion of our every key strike, every communication, every on demand connection that artificial intelligence can is making.

Some will respond that the world today is indeed a Big Brother world with full Big Brother capabilities, but that David and Sarah Citizen should not fall into the paralyzing paranoia of seeing a Hitler around ever corner. Most of us would have agree with that 20 years ago, even 10 years ago.

Still, it's impossible for people like the participants here, who know Jewish history, know about "in every generation," we who have been thick into the every more sophisticated and ever more searchable and manipulatable and multiple factor drill down data retrieval, not to think about what "value added" outputs of multifaceted family data might be requested, facilitated...and used by the infusion of a cherry picked set of corporate/government partnership players - players who are identified by just such skills - into what has been until the almost entirely non-political genealogical enterprise.

Ellen Zyroff

On Saturday, September 18, 2021, 04:29:56 PM PDT, Jan Meisels Allen <janmallen@...> wrote:


Ancestry has appointed Brian Donnelly formerly head of Diagnostics and Genomics at Amazon, has been  named Senior Vice President and General Manager of AncestryDNA, Ashish Nayyar Facebook’s Senior Director of Data Science, as Chief Data Officer and Heather Friedland Promoted to Chief Product Officer. Formerly Heather served as Senior Vice President, New Products & Growth.

 

To read the press release and learn more about the three new Ancestry leaders see:

https://www.ancestry.com/corporate/newsroom/press-releases/ancestry-appoints-former-amazon-and-facebook-executives-propel-family

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 


--
ZOLOTOROV (Chernigov, Ukraine; Kiev, Ukraine);
SLOTOROFF (Kiev, Ukraine)
CHARKOVSKY or SHARKOVSKY(Ukraine);
LEVINE (Ukraine and Minsk, Belarus);
GLUSKIN (Ukraine)
LIMON (Berestechko, Volynia, Ukraine)
TESLER (Horochiv, Volynia, Ukraine)
ZYRO (Zabolativ, Ukraine) 
TAU (Zalolativ, Ukraine)
PISTERMAN (Ukraine)
ROTH / ROT (Ataki, Bessarabia, Moldova)
BLAUSTEIN (Chernigov, Ukraine or Minsk, Belarus)


German Jewish Community: Grötzingen, Alb-Donau-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany or Grötzingen, Durlach, Baden, Württemburg #germany

ccelaynarose3@...
 

I have a question that I hope that someone can help me with. My 4th g grandfather was born in Grötzingen, Baden, Württemburg, Germany. Now, I've seen records in Canada, where he "immigrated" (was sent as a soldier), lived and died. Those sources say that he was born in the "Durlach" Province. Then,  on another site, I saw that he was born in that "Alb-Donau-Keis" Province or region. I can't verify that source as it is on a site that I don't have access to. Does anyone know the difference between the two regions? Are they the same? I've been researching all day and can't find enough information on either to make a determination. I also can't seem to verify which area that my ancestor was actually born in. Is there a good site to verify this information on? His surname changed from Germany to Canada and then again from him to his children and so forth. Additionally, I don't know who his parents are! My ancestor is Michel Süder, just in case you were curious...☺️

Any info on this town would be very helpful.
--
Connie Derosier Carter
Kissimmee, FL, Leominster, MA


Steven Turner
 

Erev Sukkot 1941 the Nazis planned a test aktion in Nadworna. Today is the Yahrzeit.
 

The first Aktion took place on 10.6.1941. The Germans and the members of the Ukrainian police burst into the homes of the Jews and started to assemble them in the square near the church. On the way [there] many of those who refused to go were killed and also those who tried to escape. The Ukrainian population was very active in chasing the Jews down and in their return [to the Germans]. In the afternoon trucks arrived and the Jews were transported to the Bukowinka forest. There they were killed and thrown into ditches. During the killing many of them were being beaten cruelly, and especially, both the Nazis and their helpers, taunted [translator's note: physically abused through pushing, shoving, beating, etc.] the old, the women, the children and the handicapped. Some of the Jews were buried alive. More than 2000 of the Nadwórna Jews were killed in this Aktion and also Jews from the surrounding villages. Among the killed there were also the refugees from Carpatoros.

After a few days the Jews of Nadwórna got permission from the German authorities to cover up the ditches in Bukovinka because the corpses of the killed were thrown around on the ground. The place was fenced in by the surviving members of the community, and even a public kaddish was said over the dead. The apartments of those killed were confiscated and the property was taken out of them and partially was given to the Germans and the remainder was looted by the local population. Now in those apartments lived the members of the German government and Ukrainian families. After the Aktion, the remaining members of the Jewish community wanted to get work permits for the places of work essential for the German industry. 600 Jews worked daily in a sawmill and the young Jews were kidnapped in the autumn of 1941 in order to work in work camps in the area.

 
This was the first mass shooting in Galicia and a test aktion for the Nazis to see how the townspeople would react to their neighbors being murdered and how psychologically the shooters would handle it. Sadly for our people none of this turned out to be a problem and we all know how many more massacres there were to follow.
 
Today we remember these sacred martyrs of Nadworna. Attached is a picture from our group trip in 2018 of a Soviet era memorial at the site.
 
Chag Sukkot Sameach,
Steven Turner
President, Gesher Galicia
 
 


Stolpersteine in present-day Poland #poland

Gerald and Margaret
 

I would like to set up " Stolpersteine" to commemorate my paternal grandparents in a small town, then KANTH, SILESIA  now Katy Wroclawskie in Poland. .  This town is  and was near the chief Silesian City BRESLAU/ WROCLAW,  the capital .  

Has anyone the experience of anything helpful , from a Silesian town council?  They have to be approached first , but many state the relevant records were lost after the War.  Any suggestions what to do next.  ?

Margaret Levin 
N London, UK


Re: Trebisov, Slovakia #slovakia

alfred@...
 


--
Alfred J. Holzman
Miami, Florida
alfred@...

Hello Ozzy (Wherever you are)

Perhaps I can help.
There was a Slovak program with money set aside to compensate (heirs) for property owned by Holocaust victims located in Slovakia.
This program compensated our family for its loss in Turcianske Rudno in about 2004. It would have the street name you are seeking.

I advise you to make the following contact.  Hopefully they still exist/operate
Council for the Compensation of Holocaust Victims
Kancelaria Rady na odskodnenie holokaustu
P.O. Box 115
820 05 Bratislava 25
Slovak Republic
Telephone No.  011 421 2 554 21 771
Fax No.  011 421 554 21 680
email: kancrada@...
Web (hopefully operating) www.holocaustslovakia.sk

Good luck,

SEEKING:
Holzman: Turc. Rudno, Rajec, Kremnice, Podhora, Laclava..Slovakia
Kohn: Slovenske Pravno, Klastor...Slovakia
Trostler: Sucany...Slovakia
Guttman: Nyirmada, Kisvarda, Vaja...Hungary
Weingarten: Chust, Pecs, Kosice...Hungary


Re: Invitation: Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Miami Sunday, September 26 at 10:30 am #jgs-iajgs #announcements

Jgsgm President
 

 


Newsletter from the Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Miami

Submitted by Yoram Millman (JGSGM Programming Chair)

The Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Miami (JGSGM) will present

Libby Copeland, award winning journalist, discussing

on Sunday, September 26 at 10:30 am

The Cultural Phenomenon of Home DNA Testing (Virtual presentation)

 

Libby Copeland: is an award-winning journalist who has written for the Washington PostNew York magazine, the New York Times, the Atlantic, and many other publications. She specializes in the intersection of science and culture and will explore with us the extraordinary cultural phenomenon of home DNA testing, which is redefining family history. It will draw on Libby Copeland’s years of research for her new book The Lost Family: How DNA Testing is Upending Who We Are (Abrams, 2020), which The Wall Street Journal calls “a fascinating account of lives dramatically affected by genetic sleuthing.” With more than 37 million people having been tested, a tipping point has been reached. Virtually all Americans are affected whether they have been tested or not, and millions have been impacted by significant revelations in their immediate families.  The presentation will discuss the implications of home DNA testing for Jewish genealogy, as well as the unique challenges of genetic genealogy for Ashkenazim.

 

Program cosponsored with Temple Beth Am Sunday Salon.

Registration required

Contact jgsgm.vpprogramming@...

 

Paulette Bronstein

President

Jewish Genealogical Society of Greater Miami

jgsgm.president@...


Current USCIS Guidance #guidelines #usa

Seymour Samuels
 

Received the following from US Citizenship and Immigration Service. Note time lags for requests and links resources that USCIS has.

It is our goal to complete all requests within 90 days of receipt. Nevertheless, due to an increased volume of requests the current processing times are as follows:

The USCIS Genealogy Program processes Form G-1041, Index Search Requests, and Form G-1041A, Genealogy Record Requests.

Current Average Processing Time for Form G-1041, Index Search Requests

                     178 business days

Current Average Processing Time for Form G-1041A, Genealogy Record Requests

                     180 business days

Status information is updated on a monthly basis

Checking your Genealogy Request Case Status

USCIS Genealogy Program only accepts status order inquiries by emailGenealogy.USCIS@....
You can also monitor your request status through our Genealogy Request Case Status Inquiry webpage at 
https://genealogy.uscis.dhs.gov/casestatus.aspx .

Which records can I receive?

If you would like to see a preview of the records you can receive please visit our Image Galleries:

• Alien Files A-File Image Gallery                                                          • Registry Files
• Alien Registration Forms (AR-2) Image Gallery                          • Visa Files
• Naturalization Certificates (C-File) Image Gallery

Genealogy Program Updates

USCIS increased most filing fees on December 23, 2016.  Forms postmarked or filed on or after that due date must include the fees or we will not accept them.  The new fee for Form G-1041, Genealogy Index Search Request, and Form G-1041A, Genealogy Records Request, will be $65. 

Our agency is funded almost entirely by fees.  By law, we conduct a fee review every 2 years to ensure that we recover the full cost of processing immigration benefits. 

If you have any questions, email us at Genealogy.USCIS@....

To receive the latest updates and news on the Genealogy Program please subscribe to our mailing list.

Advancing your Historical Research

USCIS Historical Research Branch offers several webinars designed for beginning and advanced researchers. Webinars are an easy and free way to learn about our history, library, and genealogy programs and services.
Our webinars cover:
• History Library Catalog and Services                            • Guide to I&N History Research
• Genealogy Program Introduction                                   • For more information please visit our Webinar page

 

 

 

Contact Us

If you have a question about our programs and services, please check our Frequent Asked Questions:
• General Genealogy Program FAQs                                   • Record Request FAQs
• Searching the Index FAQs                                                     • Case Status FAQs

If you cannot find the answer to your question in the FAQ sections and you need to communicate with one of our specialists, please email us at  Genealogy.USCIS@....

Thank you for contacting the USCIS Genealogy Program.

--

Seymour (Sam) Samuels, III

Gainesville, Virginia, USA

e-mail: linsam2@...

Search Interests (Name – other information):

Samuels – Channel Islands (UK); Germany; Poland; Tennessee

Rosenfeld – Germany; District of Columbia; Virginia, Atlanta, GA, USA; Confederate Soldiers; Union Soldiers

Berg – Coblenz (or Koblenz), Germany; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Bobrow – Russia; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Denver, Colorado, USA

Wofsy – Daugavpils, Latvia; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Haas – Germany (along Rhine River near Worms); Ohio, USA; Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Schoen – Germany (Furth (near Nuremberg) and Berlin); Ohio, USA; Atlanta, Georgia

Wenar – Prague; Vienna, Austria; Bernam, Texas, USA; New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

 


Re: Elizabeth Abrahams c1786 London #sephardic #unitedkingdom

lizgraves@...
 

Thanks Mike and David. Elizabeth Abrahams married Israel Jacobs at the Great Synagogue ( Ashkenazi) in 1806. I am guessing her father may have been Ashkenazi, as his Hebrew name is listed as Abraham HaLevi ( Abrahams possibly a patronymic name). I am wondering whether Elizabeth’s mother could have been Sephardi? However, I have no name for her. She would have married into her husband’s Synagogue ( Ashkenazi). Without  a name for her mother I am at a loss on what name to search in the Bevis Marks ( Sephardic) records. This time period would be mid/ late1700s. Any further help/ suggestions on where to go would be appreciated. 

Many Thanks

Elizabeth Graves, London, UK


Re: Ancestry Appoints Former Amazon and Facebook Executives #announcements #records

mpipik
 

It isn't good news at all.

Even after reading the press release I don't understand new things can be done for genealogy research.   Yes we need access to more records from places that have been hard to access, but Ancestry is already working on that.  DNA?  What are we going to learn that we don't already have access too?  We don't have samples of our ancestors DNA unless you are going to dig up a grave; but then you already know that ancestor. The genomic research institutions are doing their own work on populations not individuals.

Yes, some sort of monetization of the data and invasion of privacy does seem in the cards. 

Jessica Schein


Re: 84 Willett Street #general #usa

crystalbrown3431@...
 

Carl
Here is a photo taken of the corner of Willets and Delancey Streets.circa 1901. I found it via Google from some NYC records. The photo tells us a lot..... I suspect NYC has more. Also believe there were fire insurance records for many streets which ofteen include photos. Not sure where t hese can be found.

On a personal note, my own grandmother lived at 105 Willetts from 1898 till 1901, before moving to Williamsburg. She is listed in the 1900 Census probably a page or two after your family.

Richard B. Brown
Glastonbury, CT


Re: Elizabeth Abrahams c1786 London #sephardic #unitedkingdom

Mike Coleman
 


Re: 84 Willett Street #general #usa

Erika Gottfried
 

The New York Public Library has numerous collections that hold photographs of New York street scenes and houses, a portion of which have been digitized.  See:
https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/collections/lane/collections-about-new-york-city

See also a very useful 2014 piece, "How to Find Historical Photos of New York City," by Carmen Nigro, research librarian at NYPL's division of local history and genealogy, at:  https://www.nypl.org/blog/2014/07/30/find-historical-photos-nyc
A Google search with the following search terms "nypl local history nyc street photos" yielded some useful results as well.  

Good luck with your search.
Erika Gottfried
Teaneck, New Jersey


Re: The Hebrew translation for the name Yetta #names

Michele Lock
 

My experience has been that on US records where a person is listed, who never came to the US, that their first name is 'Americanized' to the most common one used by Jewish immigrants. For example, 'Wulf' changed to 'William', Tsali changed to 'Charlie', 'Chaya' changed to 'Ida', 'Dvora' changed to 'Dora'. Our immigrant forebears must have had a mental list of the most common Americanized form of a Yiddish name, and then used that one. 

For Jennie, the most common original Yiddish first name was Sheina (or its related spellings). Jennie may also have been from Channah, Zlata, or Zisl. 

Occasionally (maybe 5-10% of the time), I've also had the original maiden surname of a person who did not come to the US, also Americanized, or just outright changed to something completely different from the original. I have a Great great grandmother who Jewishgen records show as Beile Eivus (possibly related to Heifetz). On the US marriage records of her children, they always use Bella as the first name, but have Havets, Fineberg, Bargman, or Levine given as her maiden surname. I suspect that the one written as Havets is closest to the original surname.

When in doubt, keep looking for more records to sort out inconsistencies.
--
Michele Lock

Lak/Lok/Liak/Lock and Kalon/Kolon in Zagare/Joniskis/Gruzdziai, Lithuania
Lak/Lok/Liak/Lock in Plunge/Telsiai in Lithuania
Trisinsky/Trushinsky/Sturisky and Leybman in Dotnuva, Lithuania
Olitsky in Alytus, Suwalki, Poland/Lithuania
Gutman/Goodman in Czestochowa, Poland
Lavine/Lev/Lew in Trenton, New Jersey and Lida/Vilna gub., Belarus


Trying to find contact information for Rabbi Meir Wunder #galicia

Yehuda Rubin
 

Rabbi Meir Wunder is the author of the Encylopedia of Galician Sages (Meorei Galicia), a six volume set of biographies of Galician rabbis in alphabetical order.
I have some research questions which I believe he may be able to answer. Does anyone know how to contact him? 
Thanks in advance for any help you may be able to give,
--
Yehuda Rubin
Lakewood, NJ
yehudazevrubin@...

MODERATOR NOTE: Please reply privately with any contact information


Netherlands King Unveils Holocaust Names on Monument in Amsterdam #announcements #holocaust

Jan Meisels Allen
 

                             

A visitor touches one of the name stones in a new monument in Amsterdam               King of Netherlands at Memorial                                                                                                                Anne Frank Stone at Memorial

honoring the more than 102,000 Dutch victims of the Holocaust.

(Peter Dejong / Associated Press)

 

King Willem-Alexander officially unveiled a new memorial in the heart of Amsterdam’s historic Jewish Quarter on Sunday honoring more than 102,000 Dutch victims of the Holocaust, and the Dutch prime minister vowed that it would remind citizens today to be vigilant against antisemitism.

https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2021-09-19/dutch-king-unveils-holocaust-name-monument-in-amsterdam

https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/netherlands-holocaust-memorial-scli-intl/index.html

 

Designed by Polish-Jewish architect Daniel Libeskind, the memorial is made up of walls shaped to form four Hebrew letters spelling out a word that translates as “In Memory Of.”

 

The walls are built using bricks, each of which is inscribed with the name, date of birth and age when they died of one of the more than 102,000 Jews, Roma and Sinti who were murdered in Nazi concentration camps during World War II or who died on their way to the camps.

It was paid for in part by crowdfunding: 84,000 people paid 50 euros each to sponsor one of the bricks. Construction of the memorial faced years of delays, amid disputes about where it should be built, the cost and the design. The €15 million ($17.6 million) monument was funded by private donations and Amsterdam and other municipalities.

 

Before the Holocaust there were around 140,000 Jews living in the Netherlands. By the war's end, more than two thirds of the country's Jewish population had been murdered by the Nazis.

The memorial is built close to a former concert hall where Jews rounded up by Amsterdam’s wartime Nazi occupiers were held before being sent to the camps.

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 

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