Date   

Switzerland's Zurich Kunsthaus Museum Has Art Work to Bührle, Which Belonged to Jews During World War ll #announcements #holocaust

Jan Meisels Allen
 

 

 

A new, $220-million extension to the Kunsthaus Zurich, left, faces the museum’s original 19th-century building across a central Zurich square. Credit...©Luxwerk, Zurich

 

The Zurich Kunthaus Museum became the largest art museum in Switzerland with a new extension which includes the masterpieces once owned by Emil Georg Bührle, a Swiss industrialist who died in 1956 but whose dark legacy haunted the opening of the new $220-million extension. Bührle made his fortune by selling arms to Nazi Germany, and that he bought art that was looted by the regime, new revelations keep emerging.

 

The Swiss magazine “Beobachter, reported that Bührle employed hundreds of girls and young women from troubled backgrounds in slave-labor-like conditions in Switzerland as late as the 1950s. This month, the magazine said that in 1941, Bührle snapped up two Swiss spinning mills at bargain prices after their previous owners — Jews whose assets in Germany had been “aryanized” in forced sales — had fled to Argentina.”

 

“Now, 203 artworks belonging to the Foundation E. G. Bührle Collection, an organization set up by the industrialist’s family after his death, have entered the Kunsthaus collection on a 20-year loan. About 170 are on show in the new extension.

 

During World War II, his company produced weapons for both the Allies and Nazi Germany, and Bührle became the richest man in Switzerland. Though the Allies put his company on a blacklist after the war, the boycott was lifted in 1946 and the business continued to expand.

 

Between 1936 and 1956, Bührle bought more than 600 artworks — some of them looted from Jews by the Nazis. In 1948, the Swiss Supreme Court ordered him to return 13 pieces.

 

The Bührle Foundation itself began conducting provenance research in 2002, and the results are published on the foundation’s website (https://www.buehrle.ch/sammlung/) , though there is no detailed ownership history on the labels next to the paintings on display in the Kunsthaus.

 

Lukas Gloor, the director of the Bührle Foundation, said in an interview that ‘today, we can be sure that there is no looted art, in the strictest sense, in the collection,’ but added, ‘we do not rule out the possibility that new information could come to light.’

 

One such work is an 1879 Cézanne work, ‘Paysage,’ The foundation’s website doesn’t mention that its prewar owners, Martha and Berthold Nothmann, were Jewish; it says the couple ‘left Germany in 1939,’ instead of spelling out that they fled persecution.

 

Monet’s 1880 ‘Poppy Field Near Vétheuil’ is another contested work. Bührle bought it in 1941 at a Swiss gallery for less than half its market value, according to a 2012 report by the historian Thomas Buomberger. It had been offered for sale by Hans Erich Emden, the son of a German Jewish department-store mogul whose assets in Germany were expropriated by the Nazis after he moved to Switzerland. The foundation rejected a claim from Emden’s heirs, arguing that the sale was not a result of Nazi persecution. Gloor said that cases in which German Jews sold assets while exiled in Switzerland should not necessarily be considered sales under duress. “Switzerland was not German-occupied; there was no persecution in Switzerland,” he said. ‘People were free to sell, or not sell.’

 

With the collection’s move to the Kunsthaus, responsibility for provenance research now rests with the museum, though any restitution decision would fall to the foundation as the owner, Gloor said.”


To read more see:

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/11/arts/design/kunsthaus-zurich-buhrle-collection.html

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 


Re: Why St. Louis? #usa

Cantor Dan Singer
 

Judith, where is your Singer surname from? Also Lithuania? If so, is it near Paneveys? My Singer family comes from Birzai, but most of the Singers who remained there were murdered in the Holocaust. Wondering if we have a connection.

Dan Singer.


Re: Ustilug ? #galicia

Beverly Benz
 

Question: was Ustilug in Galicia?

Beverly Benz
Moderator Note: Please reply pruvately


Re: Searching in Zaklikow (Poland) #poland

Stanley Diamond
 

-
JRI-Poland has offline records for Zaklikow.

To learn about offline records for your town, write to [townname]@jri-poland.org
 
Stanley Diamond, M.S.M.    
Executive Director, Jewish Records Indexing - Poland, Inc.
 
 

1a. 
Searching in Zaklikow (Poland) #poland
From: Wendy Griswold
Date: Mon, 18 Oct 2021 15:13:01 EDT

Dear friends and cousins,

at my wits' end. I have a 92 year old second cousin by marriage in
Uruguay who is begging me to find out something about his mother and
siblings from Zaklikow circa 1900. I don't find anything on JRI that looks 
promising. I assume that whatever records may exist are not on line.

He has found out that the records about his siblings were sent ca.
1944 to Kielce (Sandomierz office, according to my cousin).

Anyone know how to write there and find out if there is something on his family?

Suggestions welcome.

B'shalom
Wendy Griswold, Pittsfield MA
Searching: Galicia: Blitz, Pfeiffer, Rothman (any spellings)
Nowy Sacz area: Einhorn, Wenzelberg, Shifuldrem (any spellings)
Ekaterinoslaw Dwass (any spellings)


Help deciphering a civil wedding certificate, Johannesburg (1936) #southafrica

MosheO
 

This is my Great Grandmother's civil wedding certificate.

I am trying to find out more about the Rabbi who officiated (surname - Woolf, first name unclear, perhaps Wm. denoting William?) and to identify the synagogue in which the marriage might have taken place. Does anyone have any information pertaining to a Rabbi Woolf, who officiated marriages in Johannesburg in the 1930s?

Help deciphering the address listed for my Great Grandmother would be helpful. It looks to be in the Yeoville suburb of Johannesburg, but I can't read the rest. It may give a clue as to the likely shul in which the marriage would have taken place.

The Race/Ras is also listed as E - does anyone know what this refers to in civil wedding certificates in South Africa at that time?


With thanks,

Matthew Owen.

London, UK


Re: Chiena? #names

estherahr@...
 

My greatgrandmother was Chiena  (Herschman). She lived in Vitebsk, then Lithuaina and afterwards in Beliki Luki, now Russia. We are descendents of the Vilna Gaon. I was told that this name is common in his family. Evidently it was the name of one of his daughters. My father said it was derived from the name Chana.
Esther (H[G]erschman) Rechtschafner
Kibbutz Ein-Zurim, ISRAEL


Re: NORDHEIMER Family of Memmelsdorf in Unterfranken #germany

Ralph Baer
 

It took me a couple of days to get over the shock of receiving an answer to a post which I made to GerSIG back in 2003. It was one of a series of about 40 posts I made over about a year at the suggestion of the moderator John Lowens. I will reply to Stefan Rohrbacher in detail as well as the other posters and the people who emailed me over the next few days.

 

Ralph N. Baer   RalphNBaer@... Washington, DC


--
Ralph N. Baer        RalphNBaer@...       Washington, DC


Re: Looking for info on towns: Bartfeld & Bardejov #austria-czech

Dan Rottenberg
 

Also check out the yizkor book for Bardejov/ Bartfeldt, published by Abraham Grusgott of Brooklyn, about 1980. In English and Yiddish.

Dan Rottenberg
Philadelphia PA


Re: Beth Moses Cemetery in Bronx, NY #usa #photographs

Rebecca Parmet
 

Correction to original post.

Beth Moses Cemetery is in West Babylon, NY.  

(I confused the cemetery location for where they lived in the Bronx).  Sorry and thank you for the correction.

I created a memorial on findagrave.com for the 2 people I am looking for at Beth Moses Cemetery.  I have also requested a photo there but a lot of times my requests are unanswered which is why I posted here.

Thanks,
Rebecca Parmet
drparmet@...
Researching surnames: Lachman, Lakhman, Buchdrucker, Hirschmann, Milgendler/Milander


Re: To offer genealogy services in Ukraine #ukraine #general

Mark Halpern
 

Hi Ronald:

Many of the records of both Skalat and Podwoloczyska have been indexed and those indices are online at JRI-Poland and Gesher Galicia. Many of those indices are linked to images placed online by the AGAD Archives. 

For any research for towns now in Ukraine but formerly in Galicia, researchers should definitely check out the databases of both JRI-Poland and Gesher Galicia before contacting professional researchers in Ukraine. This makes sense also for towns in Poland. 

Mark Halpern
JRI-Poland Coordinator for Eastern Galicia
Gesher Galicia Member

 

On 2021-10-18 2:55 pm, gensurgmd wrote:

Good afternoon,
My family was from Poswolocheskay and Skalat.  Are there records there to be found concerning these towns.  If so, please let me know and send your fee schedule.  I will send you what I know so far.
Boshoi spaceba

Ronald Kaplan
Atlanta, Georgia


Re: Beth Moses Cemetery in Bronx, NY #usa #photographs

Sherri Bobish
 

Rebecca,

As Renee said, Beth Moses Cemetery is on Long Island.  Where did you get the information on the name and location of the cemetery?

Have you searched these sources of possible tombstone photos on-line?

JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry
https://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/

FindAGrave
https://www.findagrave.com/

Good luck in your search,

Sherri Bobish

Searching: RATOWSKY / CHAIMSON (Ariogala / Ragola, Lith.)
WALTZMAN / WALZMAN (Ustrzyki Dolne / Istryker, Pol.)
LEVY (Tyrawa Woloska, Pol.)
LEFFENFELD / LEFENFELD / FINK, KALTER (Daliowa/ Posada Jasliska, Pol.)
BOJDA / BERGER (Tarnobrzeg, Pol.)
SOKALSKY / SOLON / SOLAN / FINGER(MAN) (Grodek, Bialystok, Pol.)
BOBISH / APPEL (Odessa?)


Searching in Zaklikow (Poland) #poland

Wendy Griswold
 

Dear friends and cousins,

at my wits' end. I have a 92 year old second cousin by marriage in
Uruguay who is begging me to find out something about his mother and
siblings from Zaklikow circa 1900. I don't find anything on JRI that
looks promising. I assume that whatever records may exist are not on
line.

He has found out that the records about his siblings were sent ca.
1944 to Kielce (Sandomierz office, according to my cousin).

Anyone know how to write there and find out if there is something on his family?

Suggestions welcome.

B'shalom
Wendy Griswold, Pittsfield MA
Searching: Galicia: Blitz, Pfeiffer, Rothman (any spellings)
Nowy Sacz area: Einhorn, Wenzelberg, Shifuldrem (any spellings)
Ekaterinoslaw Dwass (any spellings)


Re: To offer genealogy services in Ukraine #ukraine #general

gensurgmd
 

Good afternoon,
My family was from Poswolocheskay and Skalat.  Are there records there to be found concerning these towns.  If so, please let me know and send your fee schedule.  I will send you what I know so far.
Boshoi spaceba

Ronald Kaplan
Atlanta, Georgia


Re: Chiena? #names

billie.stein@...
 

I knew a Chiena in New York. In English, she spelled it Cheyenne.

Billie Stein
Givatayim, Israel


Re: Chiena? #names

binyaminkerman@...
 

There is a name Chayna pronounced "khayna" that does seem to commonly be paired with the name Chaya.
I would guess that the name is related to the Hebrew word חן "khayn" meaning grace or charm. I'm not sure if this is the same name as what Carol and Helen mentioned since that Chiena seems to have three syllables.
--
Binyamin Kerman
Baltimore MD

Researching:
KERMAN Pinsk 
SPIELER Lodz, Zloczew, Belchatow
SEGALL, SCHWARTZ Piatra Neamt


SCJGS invites you to- O'Canada: Researching Your Canadian Jewish Ancestors from Afar with Marion Werle on October 24 #announcements #events #canada #records

Leah Kushner
 

Santa Cruz Jewish Genealogy Society  invites you to  
"O' Canada! Researching Your Canadian Jewish Ancestors from Afar "   
Speaker:  Marion Werle. Professional genealogist

Sunday, October, 24. 2021, 1pm Pacific Time Zone/4pm Eastern  . 

Register:Here

Free to Members, $5.00 to Guests
 

This presentation concentrates on internet-based Canadian family research that can be done from virtually anywhere. The focus is on the major years of Jewish immigration to Canada after 1880 and ranges from Jewish farming settlements in the Canadian West to immigration to larger cities. The presentation covers the major sources of Canadian genealogical records– government, general genealogy websites, educational and other institutions – and includes ship manifests, naturalization records, Canadian census and census substitutes, city directories, voter lists, 1940 residence records, Jewish communal institutions, vital records, cemetery data, military records and local histories.


Bio: Marion Werle, a professional genealogist, began family history research 25 years ago, researching family from Lithuania, Latvia and Belarus, who settled in the US, Canada, UK, and Israel. She has been on the boards of JGSLA and JGSCV (Conejo Valley/Ventura County) and is a past president and founding member of the Latvia SIG (Special Interest Group). She is currently on the board of the revitalized JewishGen Latvia Research Division. She has an ongoing interest in applying general genealogical methodology standards to Jewish research. Marion has also spoken at several IAJGS conferences and local genealogical societies in the Southern California area.


Zoom link will be sent to your email the week of the event, please check your Spam folder. For more information or membership information membership.scjgs@...

Contact: Leah Kushner

President, SCJGS
Santa Cruz, California

SCJGSociety@...

 


Re: NORDHEIMER Family of Memmelsdorf in Unterfranken #germany

Reuven Mohr
 

Ralph, in case this is of interest:
in my file is a Jette Nordheimer, b. 30 jun 1825 in Memmelsdorf; she died there 20 feb 1888; (I have no ancestors, and nothing more on the Nordheimer side, only for the Gunzenhauser side)
she married David Raphael Gunzenhauser/Gunzenhaeuser from Binswangen, son of Rabbi Isak Hirsch G. 1851 in Ebensdorf;
I have one son:
Moritz G. b. 8 aug 1852 in Memmelsdorf; d. 31 jan 1917 in Memmelsdorf;
married to Dina Hessdoerfer from Ottensoos. probably they had more children

Reuven Mohr
Israel


Re: Chiena? #names

carol lipson
 

My mother’s name was Chiena. She came from Russia/Belarus. The name seems to be a Russification of Chana, or a combination of Chaya Chiena. It doesn’t seem to be a nickname; it was the passport name, the naturalization name (in Canada), the marriage certificate name, etc. For those who couldn’t say Chiena, she used the name Anne. \

There are several Chienas in the Jewish cemeteries in. Syracuse, NY.

Carol Litwin Lipson


Re: Volhynia Gubernia - Three Districts Translation Project #records #ukraine

Steve Stein
 

Can you specify which towns and which years are available for Starokonstyantinov district? Thanks.

Steve Stein
Highland Park, NJ


Re: NORDHEIMER Family of Memmelsdorf in Unterfranken #germany

Myra Fournier
 

The name Nordheimer caught my eye because close family friends of my parents in Boston were Lothar Nordheimer and his wife Alice. We called them aunt and uncle, although we were not blood-relared. I just did some digging - Lothar was born in Leipzig on June 24, 1899; married Alice Hammerstein in Berlin on 10/17/1921; and died in Brookline, MA in May 1972. Hope this helps.
Myra Fournier
Bedford, MA
mjfourn@...

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