Re: New Jewish DNA From 14th Century Erfurt #sephardic #dna #germany

Kevin Brook


For the handful of maternal and paternal haplogroups in Ashkenazim that are closely linked to the North Ossetians and Turkic peoples like Bashkirs -- I mentioned 3 out of the 4 haplogroups of this nature in JewishGen message #667951 -- I would posit anew the migrational path I had proposed decades ago whereby a small number of Khazars who remained Jewish were living in what became Kievan Rus' and became a part of East Knaanic Jewry, intermarrying with assorted Romaniote Jews and Mizrahi Jews, and subsequently mixing with other Jewish groups including West Knaanic Jews and Ashkenazic Jews.  The Khazars switched their language from Turkic to Slavic to Yiddish, and their writing system from Turkic runes to Cyrillic to Hebrew square script.

I cannot agree with your proposal that Turkic elements were incorporated into a Jewish community in southern Italy, such as a population of proto-Ashkenazim.  Modern Sicilian Catholics, who sometimes have several segments of Sicilian Jewish DNA, don't show Turkic admixture in the calculators nor do they have Turkic uniparental haplogroups.  There are no living people whose ancestry is 100 percent Sicilian Jewish so we can't test your hypothesis in the best way but I never saw a reason to believe they had relations with peoples from northern and eastern Asia, nor that any Khazar Jews or Avar Jews had moved into southern Italy, although small numbers of Khazar Jews did live at least temporarily in a more eastern area of the Byzantine Empire and in Spain.

As others have said, the Jews in 14th-century Erfurt were a very mixed group and some members had genetic affinities that others didn't, sometimes seemingly randomly, without a completely consistent pattern when it comes to non-Slavic elements like South Asian, North African, and even East Asian, other than for example the "EA_Devils_Gate" element that Michalis Moriopoulous incorporated into his custom Vahaduo model using G25 coordinates to determine the Erfurt Jews' admixtures.

4 of the Erfurt Jews from the Eastern Profile group scored that element whereas none of the Erfurt Jews from the Western Profile group did.  "EA_Devils_Gate" is a Northeast Asian cluster similar to modern Ulchi of far-eastern Russia and other Tungusic-speaking ethnicities and to also forming a minority portion of Koreans and Japanese but not found in most Han Chinese, especially not the Southern Chinese where Ashkenazim got mtDNA haplogroup M33c from.  So I think "EA_Devils_Gate" would be Turkic Khazarian in this case, and would be at the deepest root of the "Siberian" and "Mongolian/Manchurian" affinities for Ashkenazim in some calculators.

In Moriopoulous's experiment, some of the Erfurt Jews with "EA_Devils_Gate" don't score in the other East Asian element, "EA_Hanben", which appears to represent affinity to Hanben people from Taiwan, and visa versa.  The EA_Hanben element is in 10 of the samples, this time including members of both the Eastern Profile and Western Profile groups as well as among what Moriopoulous calls the Mixed Western-Eastern Profile.  In fact, the highest Hanben score (2 percent) is in a Western Profile sample (I13863).

Using Eurogenes K13's admixture estimates, Erfurt Jewish sample I13869 scores 3.08 percent Siberian and 2.06 percent East Asian, adding up to 5.14 percent. Her Siberian score is the highest of all the tested Erfurt Jews.

The only carrier of mtDNA haplogroup N9a3 (which probably originated with a Khazarian convert), sample I14740, scores 2.74 percent Siberian and 0.95 percent East Asian in Eurogenes K13. She has the third-highest Siberian score among these samples.

The authors of the Erfurt study cannot be correct in assuming that East Eurasian DNA came into Ashkenazim from a Slavic people.  There's evidence in these samples as well as uniparental evidence that Slavic DNA in Ashkenazim is related to the Slavic peoples of Czechia, Poland, and perhaps eastern Germany (e.g., the Sorbs in the 14th-century Krakauer Berg DNA samples), rather than to those of Russia or Ukraine.  Ethnic Czechs and Poles have very low East Eurasian DNA proportions so it can't explain what Ashkenazim have.

The Erfurt sample I14899 scores 0 percent Siberian and 0 percent East Asian but 21.37 percent Baltic in Eurogenes K13.  This disparity would show what some of us already knew that the Slavic and East Eurasian elements in Ashkenazim don't come from the same ultimate non-Jewish source population if we went back to the 10th century.  But the Slavic-admixed and Eastern-admixed Jewish populations would have started intermarrying a short time after that.

The Erfurt sample I13862 scores modestly in the East Eurasian elements but has 18.25 percent Baltic, again all per Eurogenes K13.
Kevin Brook

Re: Unable to identify town in "Russia" #russia

Chloe Kogan

On Thu, Jun 23, 2022 at 03:31 AM, <topaz1943@...> wrote:
Hi Dianne,

I was able to find this website that mentioned a nearly identical town name:

Valacreszr, Russian Poland

The RUSSIAN Poland makes me even more confident that this could be the town you're looking for. I'm replying publicly just in case this could be of use to anyone else looking for this town.

Best of luck,
Chloë Kogan
Arizona, USA
Email: KoganAncestry@...

  • KOGAN (Tarutyne & Kakhovka, Ukraine):
    • Great-grandparents Bentzion (b. 1871; sochet, cantor, soapmaker; murdered Kakhovka 1941) & Frieda nee BERCOVICI (b. Akkerman, Ukraine), and their children Joseph (Montreal, Canada), Riva / Rebekah (Moscow), Israel (Moscow), Blyuma (murdered Kakhovka 1941), Moisey (killed at the front near Kiev 1941), Unknown child.
  • FISHER / FISERAS (Anyksciai, Kupiskis, Skapiskis, and Utena, Lithuania):
    • Searching for my paternal grandmother's brother, Jankelis / Jankel / Jacak / Yaakov FISHER / FISERAS (born ~1899 in Utena) & wife Sonia nee PICKER / PIKERAITE (born ~1898 in Anyksciai), and their children.

Re: Unable to identify town in "Russia" #russia

Hap Ponedel


I agree with Angel. Perhaps you could post a screenshot of the text here.
Otherwise, here is a page from the JewishGen gazetteer that has many hits on it for Volkacreszer:|BO|HR|EZ|EN|HU|LG|LH|MD|PL|RO|RS|LO|SI|UP&Miles=MILES&cl=capital&stype=D&accnt=Y&HttpVerb=Post

Once you can secure the name I would like to find a historical map of the area for you. You may be able to use the map to understand the immediate environment around the town/village.

Hap Ponedel
Eugene, OR

Deciphering First Names In a Manifest #names

Harry Moatz

Hello, I wonder if anyone can help decipher the first names of Rosa Teitelbaum's parents in this manifest.  The names appear on three pages, and I have included the entirety of each page to assist in deciphering the handwriting.  Rosa is on line 6 of the first two pages, and line 10 of the list of detained passengers.   If you want an enlarged version of the area of interest, please contact me privately.
Harry Moatz
Potomac, MD, USA

BRODESKY - Berdichev
GOLDMAN / PASNIKOW - Hadiach or Gadyach
KESSLER - Pruzhany
KLAUBER - Sambir or Sambor
SCHWARTZ / SCHWARZ / SZWARZ - Monasterzyska and Stanislawow
TEITELBAUM - Yazloweic or Yazlovets
WARECK and MEYER / MEER - Dembitz or Debica

ViewMate translation request - Russian #translation


I've posted a vital record in Russian for which I need a translation. It is on ViewMate at the following address ...
Family Surname: MER and KLANK
Country: Poland
Town: Grabowiec
Date of Image: 1878
Please respond via the form provided on the ViewMate image page.
Thank you very much.

Esther Kleinman

Re: Margolioth rabbinic dynasty— Galicia #galicia #rabbinic

Dan Rottenberg

Thanks for the citation. I'm well aware of Meir Wunder's Elef Margaliot. But does it contain any reference to Yosef Margaliot b'Alexander Sender that I haven't mentioned above?
Dan Rottenberg
Philadelphia PA

Re: Margolioth rabbinic dynasty— Galicia #galicia #rabbinic


The best source for the Marioloit/Margolis Rabinnic family is Meir Wunder's  "Elef Margaliot" 

אלף מרגליות : ספר עזר לחקר יוחסין : תולדות חייהם ושלשלת יחוסם של יותר מאלף אבות משפחתנו ... מימי קדם עד אבינו ... מוהר"ר ישראל אריה מרגליות ... / נערכו ונסדרו ... על ידי הרב מאיר וונדר.
Additional Titles ספר עזר לחקר יוחסין
מילואים ותיקונים לספר אלף מרגליות
Related place Jerusalem (Israel)-place of publication
Co-Author מרגליות, אפרים זלמן בן מנחם מניש, 1760-1828.
Publisher ירושלים : המכון להנצחת יהדות גליציה
Creation Date תשנ"ג-תשס"ט
Content [א]. תשס"ג. טו ע', 776 עמודות, [46] ע'. [46] הע' כוללים: ספר מעלות היוחסין / אפרים זלמן מרגליות ושער נוסף באנגלית.
[ב]. מילואים ותיקונים. תשס"ט. עמודות 777-824.
Extent 2 כרכים ([א-ב]) : איורים, פורטרטים, פקסימילים
28 ס"מ.

Harold Rhode
website: (Please visit my website. Thanks,  Harold)

Re: New Jewish DNA From 14th Century Erfurt #sephardic #dna #germany

Adam Cherson


G25 components for the Erfurt data here:  and here are K13s, which I believe can be used on Gedmatch:
(You may need to start a free account to access these pages)

I'm not sure whether anyone has uploaded the data to Gedmatch as a kit yet.

Adam Cherson

Re: New Jewish DNA From 14th Century Erfurt #sephardic #dna #germany

Adam Cherson


Thanks for the observations and insights.

The initial period after a new data dump appears (such as the Erfurt data) is usually a highly exploratory time with several hypotheses emerging, re-formulating, and hopefully producing something that most can agree on. In that spirit I make a few tweaks to the initial interpretation from this thread.

I have modified the Sephardic explanation for the Erfurt-ME group because when I reviewed the data I saw that, genetically, the S. Italian Middle Age Jewish population, especially recent arrivals from the Levant, resemble Sephardim closely and could well have been the source of the ME in Erfurt. I now believe part of the Erfurt-ME group could just as well be S. Italian Jews migrating to Erfurt, not necessarily early Sephardic migrants to that area, although I still believe there could have been a few early Sephardic refugees at this time (not enough to constitute the Erfurt-ME group though)..

In some ways this modification would make the model simpler: a heterogeneous group of Italian Jews consisting of two sub-pops, one with some admixed Longobardic-Avar genes (Erfurt2) (BTW: I don't mean to suggest there was Longobardic-to-Jewish conversion, only that there was genetic mixing), and the other perhaps more recently arrived from the Levant (Erfurt1(b)), being more Middle Eastern. In Erfurt they meet a resident population of German Ashkenazim (Erfurt1(a)), and (this is new) they are met there also by a small number of Sephardic refugees (Erfurt3a: I14736 and I13867; the third Erfurt3 sample, I14897, seems to be a horse of different color, perhaps a person of more slavic origins, not sure). In time these 4 sub-pops merge into what we now call Eastern European Jewry (joined there perhaps by other populations migrating into EEs from other places, not included in this model). The fact that Erfurt 1(b) and Erfurt 2 are two different clusters does not imply they came from different places: both could have been S. Italian sub-pops, I figure. And I believe it makes some sense that there were already Jews in Erfurt who could have formed a slightly different cluster.

I am open to other possibilities regarding the origins of the East Asian and Siberian admixture. From where I sit, there is a certain logic to the idea that S. Italy is the pre-Erfurt melting pot and that the East Asian and Siberian admixtures occurred there. From this point of view it seems more likely that the socio-political vector for these genes would have been the Longobard occupation of the area around Benvento, including other populations politically associated and possibly intermixed with the Longobards. such as Avars. I find this historical scenario more compelling than the Khazar hypothesis since Khazaria was more distant from S. Italy than Pannonia and I am not aware of historical fact that would have brought Khazars into S. Italy.

Perhaps the Erfurt-EU group represents a population with a completely different geographical origin which does connect up better with Khazars. Are you able to summarize a historical progression that would have brought the Khazar genes into Erfurt by 1300 CE?

At this point I am seeking to gather as many plausible models for the Erfurt data as possible.

Adam Cherson

Re: Unable to identify town in "Russia" #russia


I recommend to publish an image of the document as the problem may be in the interpretation of the cursive characters

Angel Kosfiszer

Richardson, Texas

ViewMate translation request - Polish #poland #translation

Avi Bitron

I've posted a vital record in Polish for which I would appreciate a translation. It is on ViewMate at the following addresses:
Please respond via the form provided on the ViewMate image page.
Thank you very much.
Avi Bitron

Avi Biton

Malcov and Sznakó (towns in northern Slovakia, Saros county) #hungary #slovakia

Moishe Miller

Good morning from Brooklyn,
I am researching my older Miller roots from Saros county. Would anyone know if there is a town historian or some scholar that has detail about the history of the town of Malcov in Saros county? I am looking for some historical context about my gggg-gf, David (Pesach Dovid) Miller (c1803-c1872), who is enumerated in the 1848 and 1857 censuses in Malcov. By 1869 most of his children and grandchildren were living in Galicia. 
I have the same question for Sznakó, where Pesach Dovid was born to Abraham (Avrohom Aba), who was no longer alive by 1852 when my gg-gf was named for him. 
Thanks for any insight or resources you can share

Moishe Miller
Brooklyn, NY
JGFF #3391

Re: Viewmate Translations Request Russian #translation



In Russian:
Педагогический совет Брестских еврейских школ русской грамотности постановил ученика школы грамотности #2 Бульбина Авраама  книгой  за прилежание, хорошие успехи и благонравие.
Город Брест-Литовск
12 июня 1883 года
Заведующий школами Подпись Подпись Подпись Подпись 

Translated into English:

The Pedagogical Council of the Brest Jewish Schools of Russian Literacy awarded Bulbin Abraham, a student of Literacy School #2, a book for diligence, good progress and good manners.
City of Brest-Litovsk
June 12, 1883
Head of schools Signature Signature Signature Signature

Michael Ryabinky


Professional Help with Rabbinic Genealogy #rabbinic



For the past year or so, I have delved deeply into my Rabbinic line. I can only go back to the 1600s, which is not very far for Rabbinic families. 

I have documents that say some lines descend from Rabbis like the Shelah HaKadosh, but I have not managed to go back any further than the 1600s. 

The two families are:
Bendet (of Rabbi Bendet Podkover)
Lipkin (Yisrael Salanter's ancestors)

I was wondering if anyone might know a contact with expertise on Rabbinic genealogy. I do not think my current resources will enable me to go back any further. Many Rabbinic lines do go back much further, though, leading me to believe it is possible. 

Many thanks, 

Yoav Aran

Unable to identify town in "Russia" #russia


A census document which contains the name of my paternal great- great-grandfather states that he was born in "Valkacreszr Russia."
I have been unable to trace this town, including on the JewishGen site.
I would appreciate advice on how I may find the correct name and location of this place.
Sincere thanks
Dianne Moses

Re: Hebrew Translation #translation


I agree there are...... <ahem>.... some grammatical/spelling/logical 'inconsistencies'.  That is why I wrote above that it was "unclear to me".
However, the name seems to be Gdal (גדאל). I see an 'aleph' there.  I checked with Hebrew Google and the name does indeed exist, albeit quite rare.  As you said, it could be short for Gedalya - in which case an 'aleph' is more logical than a 'yod'
Steve Goldberg
Jerusalem, Israel
Sagan/Shagan family from Veliuona (Velon), Lithuania
Goldberg family from Vidukle, Lithuania
Susselovitch/Zuselovitch family from Raseiniai (Rassein), Lithuania

Re: help with Hebrew tombstone translation - #translation


Now that I look at it more closely, I agree with Malka's assertion that the year is 5685/1925.
Steve Goldberg
Jerusalem, Israel
Sagan/Shagan family from Veliuona (Velon), Lithuania
Goldberg family from Vidukle, Lithuania
Susselovitch/Zuselovitch family from Raseiniai (Rassein), Lithuania

Re: looking for information about the Schneerberg family from Pfaffenhoffen France #france

Rodney Eisfelder

The list of naturalizations/name adoptions for Bas-Rhin at
shows that the Scheeberger family was in Pfaffenhoffen by 1808.
You can view civil records for Pfaffenhofen and other towns in Bas Rhin at:
I looked at the decennial index for Pfaffenhofen and saw that there were four members of the Schneeberger family born between 1853 and 1859. Raphael Scheberger was born 2-May-1823 according to the decennial index. When you look at the individual birth records, you will find the names of the parents.

I hope this helps,
Rodney Eisfelder
Melbourne, Australia

ViewMate translation request - Polish #translation

Dror Bereznitsky


I've posted a vital record in Polish for which I need a translation. It is on ViewMate at the following address:

Please respond via the form provided on the ViewMate image page.

Thank you very much.
Dror Bereznitsky

Translation Request: Polish #poland #russia #translation


I wish to request full literal translation of two records from Polish.  The original  documents are on ViewMate at the following address: (AKTA-20)  (AKTA-13)
Please respond using the online ViewMate image page.
Thanks kindly,
Jeff A Skinnon

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