Date   

French Holocaust: Vél d'Hiv Roundup, the Last Witnesses . FRANCE 24 English #france #holocaust

Jan Meisels Allen
 

 

“Over two days in the summer of 1942, French police carried out Western Europe’s largest wartime roundup of Jews, acting on orders from occupying German forces and their French allies in the Vichy Regime.

 

On July 16 and 17 of that year, a total of 12,884 Jews – men, women and children – were snatched from their homes in Paris and in neighboring suburbs. Some were taken directly to an internment camp in Drancy, northeast of the capital. The rest were crammed into the Vélodrome d’Hiver, a stadium located on the banks of the Seine in the 15th arrondissement (district) of Paris, which would give its name to this sinister chapter in French history.

 

To mark the 80th anniversary of this tragic event, FRANCE 24 has gathered the eyewitness accounts of witnesses of the Vél d’Hiv roundup, all of them children at the time. They recall the shock and horror of those days, and the extraordinary circumstances that allowed them to avoid deportation to Nazi death camps.”

 

When the video is in French there are English subtitles.

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 


Now online: new episode of Genealogy Coffee Break on searching Ellis Island arrival records #announcements #education #usa

Moriah Amit
 

In our July episode, learn why your family's names were NOT changed at Ellis Island and how to use SteveMorse.org to search for records of your family's arrival at Ellis Island. You may now view this episode and all of our previous episodes anytime on the Center for Jewish History's Facebook page or YouTube channel (closed captions are available on both). To receive updates on future episodes, please "Like" or "Follow" our Facebook page or subscribe to our YouTube channel. 
--
Moriah Amit
Senior Genealogy Librarian, Center for Jewish History
New York, NY
mamit@...


Re: DNA matches by country #dna

Bob Smiley
 

Hi Ed. The original question was finding the locations of ancestors, not surnames.
However, if you want to search the surname of the tester, and NOT their ancestors, then you could download the CSV data, but why? You can do that search in FTDNA. The search box allows you to search on names, or ancestor names, or all, or other options. That is determined by the filter applied to the search.
The names in the CSV file will not find ancestors, or anyone who used an alias, or used their married name. It would not guarantee to provide the name you want.
--
Bob Smiley
Kirkland, Washington USA


Immigration Through Winnipeg Under Maiden Name #canada

Carl Kaplan
 

I was able to use a record match from the Minsk Archives to find nephew (and his wife) of my great-grandmother, here in the U.S. The wife came in 1908, they married in 1910, and they lived in New Jersey 1920 onwards. All of this is confirmed by new cousins. HOWEVER, I just found an immigration record for the wife under her maiden name in 1916 (3 children later) arriving in Winnipeg, Canada, with a final destination of Chicago. They were not, and never, divorced. Any ideas about why this might be? Was she "sneaking" across the border? How would one arrive at the Port of Winnipeg in 1916? Thanks in advance.
--
Carl Kaplan

KAPLAN Minsk, Belarus
EDELSON, EDINBURG Kovno, Lithuania
HOFFERT, BIENSTOCK< BIENENSTOCK Kolbuszowa, Galicia
STEINBERG, KLINGER, WEISSBERG, APPELBERG Bukaczowce, Galicia


California Attorney General Bonta Stands Up For Descendants of Holocaust Survivors to Recover Art Stolen by Nazis #announcements #holocaust #usa

Jan Meisels Allen
 

I have posted on this forum last October about the US Supreme Court agreeing to hear museum winning in Nazi-Plundered Art, Rue Saint-Honoré in the Afternoon. Effect of Rain - Pissarro, Camille. Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza.  California Attorney General Rob Bonta announced filing an amicus brief in support of the Cassirer family’s efforts to recover a painting stolen from them by Nazis during the Holocaust. The oil painting — an 1897 work by French impressionist Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro. The painting is currently on display at the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid, Spain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


In the friend-of-the-court brief, the Attorney General highlights the state’s strong interest in helping Holocaust victims and their descendants seek justice and urges the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit to reverse a lower court ruling that blocked the family's lawsuit seeking the return of the painting.

 

“While nothing can undo the horrors the Cassirer family and millions of Jews suffered during the Holocaust, the simple act of returning a family heirloom is the right — and legally sound — thing to do,” said Attorney General Bonta. “Finders keepers might work on a playground, but it shouldn’t work in a court of law. My office respectfully urges the Ninth Circuit to apply our state’s laws and support a California family’s fight to recover a painting unjustly stolen by Nazis.”

 

History

In 1939, Lilly Cassirer Neubauer and her husband sought to flee Nazi Germany in the face of increasing persecution. In order to obtain exit visas, they were forced to “sell” the painting in question to a Nazi art appraiser. Although they later received monetary compensation from the German government, the Cassirer family never waived their right to seek restitution or the return of the lost painting. Unbeknownst to the family, the painting was sold to a dealer in Beverly Hills in 1951, subsequently sold to a Missouri art dealer in 1952, re-sold to a Dutch-born Swiss Baron in 1976, and finally purchased by the Kingdom of Spain in 1992. In 2000, a descendant of the Cassirer family who had moved to San Diego in 1980 discovered that the painting was on display at the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum and promptly filed a petition with the Kingdom of Spain seeking its return. When the petition was rejected, the family filed a lawsuit in California in 2005 asserting property claims under California law. Over the years, the case worked its way through the courts and was ultimately remanded back to the Ninth Circuit by the U.S. Supreme Court on April 21, 2022 for further consideration. Under California law, victims of art theft are entitled to make their claims against museums in possession of stolen art for up to six years after discovery.

 

To read Secretary Bonta’s press release see: https://oag.ca.gov/news/press-releases/attorney-general-bonta-stands-ability-descendants-holocaust-survivors-recover

 

A copy of the amicus brief may be found at: https://oag.ca.gov/system/files/attachments/press-docs/Cassirer%20-%20Amicus%20%2B%20Motion%20for%20Leave%20to%20File.pdf

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 


(US-CA) Attorney General Bonta Stands Up For Descendants of Holocaust Survivors to Recover Art Stolen by Nazis

Jan Meisels Allen
 

I have posted on this forum last October about the US Supreme Court agreeing to hear museum winning in Nazi-Plundered Art, Rue Saint-Honoré in the Afternoon. Effect of Rain - Pissarro, Camille. Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza.  California Attorney General Rob Bonta announced filing an amicus brief in support of the Cassirer family’s efforts to recover a painting stolen from them by Nazis during the Holocaust. The oil painting — an 1897 work by French impressionist Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro. The painting is currently on display at the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid, Spain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


In the friend-of-the-court brief, the Attorney General highlights the state’s strong interest in helping Holocaust victims and their descendants seek justice and urges the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit to reverse a lower court ruling that blocked the family's lawsuit seeking the return of the painting.

 

“While nothing can undo the horrors the Cassirer family and millions of Jews suffered during the Holocaust, the simple act of returning a family heirloom is the right — and legally sound — thing to do,” said Attorney General Bonta. “Finders keepers might work on a playground, but it shouldn’t work in a court of law. My office respectfully urges the Ninth Circuit to apply our state’s laws and support a California family’s fight to recover a painting unjustly stolen by Nazis.”

 

History

In 1939, Lilly Cassirer Neubauer and her husband sought to flee Nazi Germany in the face of increasing persecution. In order to obtain exit visas, they were forced to “sell” the painting in question to a Nazi art appraiser. Although they later received monetary compensation from the German government, the Cassirer family never waived their right to seek restitution or the return of the lost painting. Unbeknownst to the family, the painting was sold to a dealer in Beverly Hills in 1951, subsequently sold to a Missouri art dealer in 1952, re-sold to a Dutch-born Swiss Baron in 1976, and finally purchased by the Kingdom of Spain in 1992. In 2000, a descendant of the Cassirer family who had moved to San Diego in 1980 discovered that the painting was on display at the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum and promptly filed a petition with the Kingdom of Spain seeking its return. When the petition was rejected, the family filed a lawsuit in California in 2005 asserting property claims under California law. Over the years, the case worked its way through the courts and was ultimately remanded back to the Ninth Circuit by the U.S. Supreme Court on April 21, 2022 for further consideration. Under California law, victims of art theft are entitled to make their claims against museums in possession of stolen art for up to six years after discovery.

 

To read Secretary Bonta’s press release see: https://oag.ca.gov/news/press-releases/attorney-general-bonta-stands-ability-descendants-holocaust-survivors-recover

 

A copy of the amicus brief may be found at: https://oag.ca.gov/system/files/attachments/press-docs/Cassirer%20-%20Amicus%20%2B%20Motion%20for%20Leave%20to%20File.pdf

 

Jan Meisels Allen

Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee

 


Re: German Jews incarcerated in England/Scotland during WW2 #unitedkingdom #holocaust

Santa Traugott
 


https://www.forces-war-records.co.uk/units/4445/pioneer-corps

Many Jews went from the Isle of Mann  into the Pioneer Corps (a kind of auxilary) and from there into the regular army.   I have been reading about the Ritchie Boys and the use of German Jews as interrogators in general, and have noted that some of these interrogators came from the Pioneer Corps.  

Santa Traugott


This week's Yizkor book excerpt on the JewishGen Facebook page #JewishGenUpdates #yizkorbooks #poland

Bruce Drake
 

In “The Miracle of the Last Jews in Chelm” from that Polish town’s Yizkor book, the Gestapo is preparing to evacuate as Soviet forces approach. The sadistic and murderous chief of the prison where the Jews were being held was getting drunk on whiskey. The writer of the chapter encounters him and summons the courage to say, “Herr Chief: As you know, we are the last Jews in Chelm and our fate lies in your hands. If you want, we could remain alive. We are the last of the last.”
He says, “One thing is clear. If I remain alive, you will remain alive; but when I die, you too will die.”
Some time after, the prisoners hear in the distance the sound of cannons and Soviet planes bombing the German’s escape routes. “It was for us like a beautiful rhapsody, just as if nature wanted to present a magnificent concert with our long time torturers…We wanted to look into the eyes of the Germans, to see their nastiness mixed with fear.”
The prisoners hid in a cellar catacomb — a night full of nightmares — listening to the sound of battle and wondering what the outcome and their fate would be.
In the morning, the prison courtyard was packed with Russian soldiers. The Germans were gone except for tired and broken down soldiers staggering back from the front.
Liberation was bittersweet:
“It was July 22, 1944, a lovely, warm day. The sun shone brightly, or maybe that was just what we thought. But where would we go? Where was our home, where were our families and friend, where were our people, where were our good Chelemer Jews? The town was empty. A town without Jews, and we, the last of the Mohicans, the last Chelemer Jews, now felt the entirety of the tragedy, the heartbreak.”
 

--
Bruce Drake
Silver Spring, MD

Researching: DRACH, EBERT, KIMMEL, ZLOTNICK
Towns: Wojnilow, Kovel


Re: Chernivtsi or Chernivtsi? #russia #ukraine #austria-czech

Susan Watchman
 

My father and his family immigrated to US from Romanian Chernivitsi in 1929. It was definitely populated by Austrian Galicians  and his family had come there from Jagielnica around 1900. It was heavily ethnically German and German speaking among the Jews and German (not Yoddish) was my dad's 1st language . And when they immigrated to US they had to get Romanian citizenship papers first. But that could have been a result of the 1922 and 1924 immigration law change. So I would say if they said they were Russian it was the town not the city. 
--
Susan Watchman
Phoenix, Az


Re: Ship Manifest Notation Question #records

Marian
 

Hello David,

This question is about the local file numbers annotated on this passenger list page, but I find myself drawn to all the other great information noted there too.  First, I'll try to answer your specific question.

The numbers "424/2860" and "423/2244" appear to be local Seattle office files to hold the correspondence regarding the bonds (authority to give bond typically required approval from Washington prior to 1950, hence the need for correspondence).  However, I'm unable to match any files with that prefix to what I know about surviving Seattle files in NARA Seattle.  I would recommend contacting NARA Seattle archivists to see if they can identify such files and whether they survive.

Meanwhile this passenger list is chock full of information (once you see the whole thing).  

He was admitted only for the purpose of transiting the US.  Columns 12 & 13 show he was issued a transit certificate at the US Embassy or Consulate at Moscow on Dec 23, 1940.  He was admitted as a transit on that certificate at Seattle in late June 1941. However, he did not transit (he did not exit the US shortly after).  This is understandable given the state of undeclared war in Atlantic in 1941, lots of people could not travel.

So the annotations beginning in column 8 tell us what happened next.  At first I thought the "Ext to 12/14/43- head tax paid" referred to an extension of his transit certificate (or his legal nonimmigrant status generally), but now I think it is referring to his Polish passport.
It also says "Adm Rouses Point, NY, 5/3/1943 for perm[anent] res[idence]."  So May 3, 1943 is his official immigration arrival date, and we need to look for that record.

Sadly the records needed (NARA pub M1463) is not on Ancestry (I will never understand that omission).  It is on FamilySearch but not well indexed.  I found the reels, Soundexed the name, and navigated around (very old school!) and found what I was looking for.

First I found a manifest card Form 548 for Abram Liver with all the standard information.  I've pasted it below with the FamilySearch Film ID and image number showing.  Seems Abram had been living in Albany, NY and after getting a visa went to Canada and turned around to immigrate "officially" via Rouses Point on May 3rd.  This card documents that admission.  



But this card also had a cross-reference, saying "See 548 of Abram LIWER."  So I Soundexed again and navigated again and found a second manifest card 548 with both sides completed and some more of the story (tho' the quality of the image is poor, I corrected it a bit).




It was April 27,1943 when Abram went to the Immigration Office in Albany, NY to be pre-examined as a prospective immigrant.  He was found admissible as long as he got a valid immigration visa (much more possible by 1943--and he apparently had or obtained one in the following 2 weeks).  At that time the Albany office re-registered him under the 1940 Alien Registration Act.  It says he was previously registered but never received his receipt card.  We don't know if he was really registered before, it is very possible, but we don't know the number.  This 548 tells us his A-number from 1943 is A7814518.  I tried looking for it among the A-files at NARA but had no luck.  It likely remains with USCIS.  If you request it**, be sure to send a copy of this card (front & back) to prove that is his A-number (just in case they try to say they can't find anything).  **UNLESS he naturalized prior to 4/1/1956, in which case you need to request the C-file!

The second card also references:
- An Ellis Island correspondence file, 99569/805 (looks like), and those files do NOT survive.
- A "CO" (Washington, DC) Pre-Examination file PE-18231.  IF it survives it is in the A-file.  Otherwise no.
- A CO INS correspondence file, looks like 56097/241.  This is a file that is very likely to survive at the National Archives in Washington, within the series that is NAID 559947.  If I were to send Archives I an email requesting it, I would include/associate "May 1943" with this file number because we don't know if it is just one file about this one immigrant, or a BIG multi-part file on pre-examinations arranged chronologically.  But no one will know until it is requested.

I hope all that is not too much!

Marian Smith


Gesher Galicia’s Emergency Appeal for the Ukrainian Galician Jewish Community #galicia #ukraine #announcements

Steven Turner
 

Dear Friends,

When Russia illegally invaded Ukraine we were all shocked and horrified and wanted to immediately do whatever we could to help. The Board of Gesher Galicia hastily huddled together and decided to institute an Emergency Appeal for the aid of the Ukrainian Galician Jewish Community.

A letter was mailed out to our membership on February 26th, information was posted on our website and the response to it was immediate and overwhelming. To date we have received over $66,000 and donations were received from over 600 individuals.

On advice of counsel, due to the nature of our solicitation, we were only able to donate to Jewish organizations operating in the former lands of Galicia in Ukraine. Our aid did not just help Jewish people or refugees but it was administered by Jewish organizations.

Sadly, the war has dragged on but the suffering has not stopped. The time for an emergency appeal has passed and we are shutting down this campaign. Hopefully we won’t have to, but if circumstances dictate we will start a new appeal with different parameters that will allow us to donate to other organizations.

Four organizations ended up receiving aid from this appeal:
  • The Jewish Community of Ivano-Frankivsk (formerly Stanisławów)
  • The United Jewish Community of Ukraine (UJCU)
  • The Jewish Religious Community of Progressive Judaism – Tevya in Lviv
  • Hesed-Arieh All Ukrainian Jewish Charitable Foundation – in Lviv
There was much publicity of what our aid provided for the community in Ukraine. Examples of that are:
From the Ukrainian Jewish News – UJCU PURCHASED OVER 13 TONS OF FOOD TO SEND TO JEWISH COMMUNITIES
In Ivano-Frankivsk – Passover Food Distribution

The UJCU is an umbrella group of Jewish Communities in Ukraine. Working together with their COO, Vitaly Kamozin we were able to arrange aid to be given to small Jewish communities in the Galician oblasts that fall under the radar of the larger aid groups.

The Tevya group in Lviv used our aid to help feed many of the refugees that were flooding the former capital of Galicia, purchase bed linens and blankets, medicine and medical supplies, and more. Hesed-Arieh used our aid to purchase computers to help refugees keep in touch with those that they left behind and to navigate their lives while displaced.

The secular head of the I-F Jewish Community, Igor Perelman worked tirelessly distributing food parcels to refugees and the Jewish community. As a matter of fact he was stabbed in an antisemitic attack outside the Tempel Syngague of Ivano-Frankivsk doing this work. Thank G-d he was not seriously injured. He spoke to Gesher Galicia in a podcast about the attack and his aid work. You can listen to it here.

We thank you for your support and please stay in touch with us through our social media and discussion list accounts for further updates. For those of you who are not members, please consider joining Gesher Galicia.

Sincerely,
The Board of Directors,
Gesher Galicia, Inc.
Dr. Steven S. Turner, President


Re: Pre-Holocaust Family and Individuals' Photographs #holocaust #photographs

Dominique Anderson
 

So, it is still available but only to the members of the Institut, therefore not available to anybody else?
--
Dominique Anderson 
Charlottesville, VA


Re: DNA matches by country #dna

EA Wurster
 

Bob,
Are you able to do that search by downloading match list in CSV, and then using your spreadsheet to search or filter on the SURNAMES column?
I was able to do that in the past with my ftDNA matches.

--
Ed Wurster
Voorhees, NJ
Leider | Leader | Samowitz | Samuels


Your help appreciated with records in Russian #poland #translation

Alex Guri
 

Hello,

I've posted vital records in Russian for which I'd appreciate a translation.
They are on ViewMate at the following addresses:

https://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM99089
https://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM99090
https://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM99091
https://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM99092

Please respond via the form provided on the ViewMate image page.
Thank you very much,
Alex Guri


New translated sections of Lutsk Yizkor book #yizkorbooks

Sandy Crystall
 

Hello Jewishgenners-

 

The translation of Yiddish sections of the Seyfer Lutsk, Memorial Book of Lutsk is underway.  

 

You can find the new translated Yiddish sections in The Era of the First World War “chapter”  and one new section in The Communal-Political Life - Organizations and Parties. The sections translated to date are visible via the blue links in: https://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Lutsk1/lutsk1.html#TOC   

 

If you are looking for more information about ancestors or relatives in Lutsk, consider donating to the Lutsk Yizkor book translation project. Donations can be made here: https://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen-erosity/v_projectslist.asp?project_cat=23.  Many thanks to those who have donated thus far.

 

Shabbat Shalom ,

 

Sandy Crystall

New Hampshire, USA

 

 

Researching: CHARNAM/CHANAM(?), SOBEL, PASTERNAK/ POSTERNAK, GLECKEL, STUTMAN, WILLIK- Belozerka, Ukraine; GREENBERG/ GLASS- Grodno, Belarus; CRYSTAL, KRISTAL- Latvia/Lithuania (Riga/Sirvintos/Zagare?); MURMAN- Rozhyshche, Lutsk; SHERMAN- London, England: Pasvalys, Lithuania; Bauska, Latvia; Melbourne, Australia; Brooklyn, NY; Baltimore, MD; Chicago, IL, Los Angeles, CA; KAPITNIK- Belarus; KATZENBURG- South Africa; LEVINSON- Ventspils; STEINGRUB- Latvia/Lithuania; FEINSTEIN/ GOODMAN- Lithuania/Latvia (?); TUKATCH/ TKACZ Lithuania/Belarus
 
https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/belozerka/

https://iijg.org/maps-of-jewish-communities/

--
Researching: CHARNAM/CHANAM(?), SOBEL, PASTERNAK/ POSTERNAK, GLECKEL, STUTMAN, WILLIK- Belozerka, Ukraine; GREENBERG/ GLASS- Grodno, Belarus; CRYSTAL, KRISTAL- Latvia/Lithuania (Riga/Sirvintos/Zagare?); SHERMAN- London, England: Pasvalys, Lithuania; Bauska, Latvia; Melbourne, Australia; Brooklyn, NY; Baltimore, MD; Chicago, IL, Los Angeles, CA; KAPITNIK- Belarus; KATZENBURG- South Africa; LEVINSON- Ventspils; STEINGRUB- Latvia/Lithuania; FEINSTEIN/ GOODMAN- Lithuania/Latvia (?); TUKATCH/ TKACZ Lithuania/Belarus

https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/belozerka/

https://iijg.org/maps-of-jewish-communities/


Subject: HEILPERNs Trying to Leave Vienna - German Translation Help, Please #translation

Sniderlh
 

I have three notes I would appreciate having help translating from German to English.  Between some of the abbreviations & the dialect, I am stymied and would greatly appreciate some assistance.  The 3 letters are on View Mate:
https://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM99109, 
https://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM99108,
https://www.jewishgen.org/viewmate/viewmateview.asp?key=VM99107 

Responses can be done via View Mate.  Thank you in advance for your assistance. I am sure these notes will shed some unknown personal details for me on these family members as they tried to flee from Vienna following the Anschluss.

Sincerely,
--
Leah Heilpern Snider
Silverdale, Washington/ USA


Re: Pre-Holocaust Family and Individuals' Photographs #holocaust #photographs

P. S. Wyant
 

Hello.

To bring folks up to date ... I have found that this information is still available. The site ( http://vor-dem-holocaust.de/ ) is owned and maintained by the Fritz Bauer Institut in Frankfurt a/M. However, due to "legal reasons" (I suspect to do with Datenschutz), information on the site is only available to be searched from inside the Institut.

Peter Wyant
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada


Re: MyHeritage Adds Historical Record Collection From Vienna Free Access to Search; Adds 1 Million Norwegian Emigrant Registers Free to Search #announcements #austria-czech #records #scandinavia

George
 

I"m not a member of MyHeritage.  I wonder whether anyone would help me out to access records for my grandparents Berl Frankel and Roisa (Roza) Frankel and their 7 children.   

Thank you

George Frankel

Moderator note: Please respond privately to George. If you do not know how to reply directly to an individual, please see:

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1W1tIJXY80vSMUUCbifHcUFa9ao3o8MzZ7kHAGbY_qE8/edit?usp=sharing

 

 


Ship Manifest Notation Question #records

Susan&David
 

Abram LIVER, a Sugihara refugee arrived in Seattle on July 7, 1941 from
Yokohama,  aboard the Japanese ship Hie Maru.  The  manifest can be
found on both FamilySearch.org and on Ancestry.com by searching his
name, the date, and Seattle.
The attached excerpt shows him as passenger #1 with the notation "File
424/2860"  Passenger #6 has a similar notation, 423/2224
Both were Board of Special Inquiry cases and both had to post $500 bond
before being allowed to land.

Does anyone recognize the File 424/2860 notation and where the file
might be held today.?

David Rosen
Boston, MA


Re: DNA matches by country #dna

June Genis
 

Bob beat me to it.  That is exactly the problem.  What I want to know id where they think their ancestors are from, not where my matches are from.  My memory is that at one time in FTDNA you could search on any word which appeared in someone's surname list but that feature went away and has never come back.  I wish it would and I don't understand why it can't.
--
June Genis, 650--851-5224
Hemet, CA
Researching: GENIS, OKUN, SUSMAN, ETTINGER, KESSLER/CHESLER (Russian/Polish Empires)

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