Date   

1858 Gazetteer #latvia

SVass@...
 

For your edification and use.

from Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer or Geographical Dictionary of the World
Edited by J. Thomas, MD and T. Baldwin assisted by several other gentlemen
Philadelphia, JB Lippincott & Co. 1858

BAUSKEA, a small town of Russia, government of Courland, with a castle on th=
e=20
Aa, 23 miles SE of Mitau. Population 1200

COURLAND, or Kurland, a government of Russia, mostly between latitude 56=20
degrees and 58 degrees North and longitude 21 and 27 degrees East,; having=20
south the government of Wilna, East Vitebsk, North Livonia and the Gulf of=20
Riga and West the Baltic. Area, 10608 square miles. Population 539,270,=20
mostly Protestants, and of Lithuanian descent. Coast flat; surface=20
undulating. Principal rivers, the Duna, Buller, Aa, and Windau; lakes=20
numerous. Soil fertile in the east, but in many other parts swampy; about=20
two-fifths of the surface are covered with forests of fir and oak. More cor=
n=20
is raised than is required for home consumption, with flax, hemp, tobacco,=20
and fruits. Pasturage scanty, and the oxen, sheep, and horses are generally=
=20
of inferior breeds. In manufacturing industry Courland ranks nearly the las=
t=20
among the Russian governments; it has only a few manufactures of paper and=20
copper-wares, with distilleries and tile factories. Principal towns, Mitau=20
the capital, Libau, Goldingen, and Jacobstad. Courland formed an independen=
t=20
duchy >from 1561 to 1795; it was incorporated with Russia in the latter year,=
=20
but the Courlanders maintained their ancient rights and privileges.

DUNA an important river of Russia, rises in the W. of the government of Tver=
,=20
near the souces of the Volga with which it is connected by a canal, flows at=
=20
first SW betwwn the governments of Smolensk and Pskov, and afterwards NW , i=
n=20
the lower part of its course separating Courland on the S >from Vitebsk and=20
Livonia, and enters the Gulf of Riga, 7 miles NW of Riga. Its length direct=
=20
is 400 miles, for nearly all of which is navigable; although its mouth, and=20
many other parts of the river are encumbered by shoals, rendering its=20
navigation unsafe and only fit for small vessels, except during the spring=20
thaws and autumnal rains. Opposite Riga, it is about 2400 feet broad, and=20
crossed by a floating bridge, which is taken down annually in September and=20
again erected early in April. The principal affluents are the Evst and=20
Drissa >from the N, and the Mezha and Desna >from the E and S. It is connecte=
d=20
by canals with Lake Ilmen, the Beresina, and the Niemen.

DUNABURG, or Dinaburg a strongly fortified town of Russian Poland, in the=20
government of Vitebsk, on the right bank of the Duna, where it is crossed by=
=20
the railway in course of construction >from St Petersburg to Warsaw, 57 miles=
=20
WNW of Drissa. A railway is also in course of construction connecting=20
Dunaburg with Riga, and another is projected to Moscow. The town has Greek=20
United and Roman Catholic churches. population 6300.

FREDERICKSTADT, a town of Russia, government of Courland on the Dwina, 48=20
miles east of Mitau

KOVNO or Kowno, a town of Russian Poland, government and 58 miles WNW of=20
Vilna, capital of a district, on the right bank of the Niemen, at the influx=
=20
of the Sviets-Niemen. Population 7006. It has many religious=20
establishments, including an old Jesuit college. Large quantities of mead=20
are brewed here, and the town has an active trade in corn, &c.

KREUZBURG or Kreutzburg a strongly fortified town of Russia, government of=20
Vitebsk on the Duna 52 miles west of Rezhitea, population 2000 It has a=20
palace.

LIBAU (Lettish Leapaia) a seaport town of Russia, government of Courland, on=
=20
the Baltic, North of Lake Libau, and 105 miles WSW of Mitau. Population=20
10,110. It is enclosed by walls, and has a council-hall, theatre, Lutheran,=
=20
Roman Catholic and Calvinist churches; a synagogue, hospital, 2 extensive=20
almshouses, and an orphan asylum. Its harbor is artificial. Its trade is=20
considerable.

LIVONIA (Ger. Liefland), a maritime government of Russia, mostly lying=20
between 56 degrees 30 minutes N and 58 degrees 30 minutes N latitude and=20
longitude 24 to 28 degrees East, having West the Gulf of Livonia. Area,=20
comprising the island Oesel, in the Baltic, 20,450 square miles. Population=
=20
in 1851 821,457. Surface mostly flat and marshy. Principle rivers, the Dun=
a=20
and Evst, and on the South frontier, the Bolder-aa, Fennern, and Emba. Lake=
s=20
numerous. Soil fertile, and grain is raised for export, principally rye and=
=20
barley, but also comprising wheat, oats, and buckwheat; the rearing of live=20
stock is of great importance. It has manufactures of cotton and woolen=20
stuffs, sugar, tobacco, glass, &c. The population is very mixed, and mostly=
=20
Lutherans. Principal towns, Riga (the capital,) Dorpat, Pernau and Venden,=20
with Arensburg, in the island of Oesel.

MITAU or MITTAU (L. Mittavia, Lettish Jelgava) a town of Russia, capital of=20
the government of Courland, in a low sandy district on the Aa, crossed by a=20
bridge of boats, 25 miles SW of Riga, 350 miles SW of St Petersburg. =20
Population 28,100: half of whom are of German descent, and 1000 are Jews. I=
t=20
covers a large space, of which, however, a considerable portion is occupied=20
by gardens; it is indifferently built, the houses being chiefly of wood,=20
painted green or reddish brown; many of the streets narrow and crooked, but=20
some also wide, straight, and regular. The most interesting building is the=
=20
Castle, the residence of the old Dukes of Courland. It had almost become a=20
mere ruin, when, in 1739, Marshal Biron, the favorite of the Empress Anne,=20
commenced a palace on the same site and completed it after his return from=20
exile. It stands on an island surrounded by the canals of the Aa. Among=20
other buildings and institutions, may be mentioned 4 churches, a Greek, a=20
Roman Catholic, a Lutheran, and a Reformed church; 3 synagogues, a museum, a=
=20
library of 20,000 volumes, an observatory, a gymnasium, with 9 professors,=20
Courland Society of Literature, a hospital, an orphan and a lunatic asylum,=20=
a=20
casino, and a theatre capable of containing 3,000 spectators. Its=20
manufactures, which are of little moment, include linen, hosiery, soap, and=20
leather; and its trade is very limited.

PONEVIEZH or Ponviej written also Poneviesch, a town of Russian Poland,=20
government, and 84 miles NNE of Vilna, on an affluent of the Niemen.=20
Population 3580. It has a Piarist college.

RIGA an important fortified city, and the second commercial port of European=
=20
Russia, capital of Livonia, on the Duna, here crossed in summer by a=20
temporary bridge of boats, 2400 feet in length, about 5 miles above its mout=
h=20
in the Gulf of Riga, and 312 miles southwest of St Petersburg. A railway,=20
138 miles in length has been projected >from Riga to Dunaburg where it will=20
connect with the great line of railway in course of construction >from St=20
Petersburg to Warsaw. The city is situated on a sandy flat, surrounded by=20
hills, on which numerous fine villas make a cheerful and showy appearance. =20
It consists of the town proper, and suburbs mor extensive than the town=20
itself. The communication across the river is kept up by a bridge of boats=20
about 500 yards long. Riga is surrounded both by walls and bastions, and is=
=20
defended by a citadel. The older part of the town, still confined within=20
earthen walls, consists of narrow, winding streets, huddled together without=
=20
any regularity. The more modern parts of the town are much better built, an=
d=20
contain three good squares. Along the river, on both sides are spacious=20
quays, which afford excellent promenades; and the esplanades and gardens,=20
both within and near the town, are well laid out. The principal structures=20
are the cathedral, rebuilt in 1547; the church of St Peter, with a tower 440=
=20
feet in height; the castle, with a chancery and residence of the general and=
=20
civil governors, hall of the provincial states, town-house, exchange,=20
arsenal, and a magnificent column with a colossal bronze statue of Victory,=20
erected in 1817. It has several colleges, a school of navigation, and=20
various other schools, a public library, with 15,000 volumesand numerous=20
rare manuscripts, a cabinet of natural history, an observatory, and a societ=
y=20
of Lithuanian literature. In 1835 it had 15 manufactories of cotton cloth=20
and rugs, sugar refineries, tobacco factories, and breweries. Quays stretch=
=20
for more than 1 mile along the river; but the inner harbor does not admit=20
vessels drawing more than12 to 15 feet water; ships of larger burden lad an=
d=20
unload at Bolder-aa, a small port outside of the bar, at the mouth of the=20
Duna, where is the custom-house. Its principal merchants are of German=20
descent. Corn used to be the principal article of export, but it is now=20
superseded by flax and flax-seed; besides which, hemp, linseed, wool, hides,=
=20
tallow, timber, tobacco, spars, and feathers are the chief exports.=20

SHAVLI, Chavli, or Schawli a town of Russian Poland, government of Vilna, 50=
=20
mile SSW of Mitau on the route to Kovno

TUKUM a town of Russia, government of Courland, near the Gulf of Riga, on th=
e=20
Slok, 38 miles west of Riga. Population 2800. It has a ruined castle, and=20=
a=20
female seminary.

VILNA or WILNA a government of Russian Poland, having on the south, the=20
government of Grodno, East-Minsk, North-Courland, West-East Prussia, and on=
=20
the South West, the kingdom of Poland, >from which it is separated by the=20
river Niemen. Area 16,434 square miles. Population in 1851 787,609. The=20
surface is a wide plain, interspersed with a few sand-hills, and numerous=20
marshes and lakes. Principal rivers, the Vilia, and other affluents of the=20
Niemen in the South, Windau and Alass in the North, Rather more corn (chiefl=
y=20
rye) is raised than is required for home consumption. Large quantities of=20
hemp and flax are produced; hops and pulse to a less extent. The forests ar=
e=20
very extensive and tar, potash, deals, &c, are important products, also=20
honey, and skins of elks, bears, wolves, foxes, martens, and squirrels. The=
=20
Urus or wild bull is here met with. Manufactures have increased of late, bu=
t=20
they are not yet of much consequence. The raw produce is exported down the=20
Duna to Riga, or overland to the Baltic by way of Prussia. The trade is=20
mostly in the hands of Jews. This government retains many of its old=20
privileges. It is divided into 11 circles. Principal towns, Vilna, the=20
capital, Kovno, Troki, Rossienna, and Kieydani.

VILNA or WILNA a city of Russian Poland, capital of the government of the=20
same name and formerly captal of Lithuania, is situated at the confluence of=
=20
the Viteika and Vilia 98 miles northeast of Grodno. Population 52,286 of=20
whom 20,000 are Jews. It stands on hilly ground, enclosed by a wall, and is=
=20
built chiefly of timber. It has a cathedral of the 14th century, containing=
=20
good paintings, and the marble chapel and tomb of St Casimir; numerous other=
=20
Roman Catholic, and Greek, Lutheran, and Calvinist churches, 2 synagogues, a=
=20
mosque, a fine town-hall, an arsenal, exchange, theatre, several hospitals,=20
barracks, magazines, a governor=E2=80=99s palace, and some noble residences,=
which=20
are handsome buildings, and remains of the royal castle of the Jagellon,=20
kings of Poland. Vilna is the residence of civil and military governors, se=
e=20
of a Greco-Russian archbishop a a Roman Catholic bishop, and the seat of a=20
medico-chirurgical school, with a botanic garden, an ecclesiastical seminary=
,=20
several gymnasia, and other high schools, and an academy, replacing its=20
university, which was suppressed in 1832, and the library and museums of=20
which were chiefly removed to Kiev. It has a few manufactures and a=20
considerable trade. Vilna was founded in the beginning of the 14th century.=
=20
Many of the nobility still continue to reside in it. It repeatedly suffered=
=20
from fire in the last century.
Sam Vass
Kent, WA, USA


Latvia SIG #Latvia 1858 Gazetteer #latvia

SVass@...
 

For your edification and use.

from Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer or Geographical Dictionary of the World
Edited by J. Thomas, MD and T. Baldwin assisted by several other gentlemen
Philadelphia, JB Lippincott & Co. 1858

BAUSKEA, a small town of Russia, government of Courland, with a castle on th=
e=20
Aa, 23 miles SE of Mitau. Population 1200

COURLAND, or Kurland, a government of Russia, mostly between latitude 56=20
degrees and 58 degrees North and longitude 21 and 27 degrees East,; having=20
south the government of Wilna, East Vitebsk, North Livonia and the Gulf of=20
Riga and West the Baltic. Area, 10608 square miles. Population 539,270,=20
mostly Protestants, and of Lithuanian descent. Coast flat; surface=20
undulating. Principal rivers, the Duna, Buller, Aa, and Windau; lakes=20
numerous. Soil fertile in the east, but in many other parts swampy; about=20
two-fifths of the surface are covered with forests of fir and oak. More cor=
n=20
is raised than is required for home consumption, with flax, hemp, tobacco,=20
and fruits. Pasturage scanty, and the oxen, sheep, and horses are generally=
=20
of inferior breeds. In manufacturing industry Courland ranks nearly the las=
t=20
among the Russian governments; it has only a few manufactures of paper and=20
copper-wares, with distilleries and tile factories. Principal towns, Mitau=20
the capital, Libau, Goldingen, and Jacobstad. Courland formed an independen=
t=20
duchy >from 1561 to 1795; it was incorporated with Russia in the latter year,=
=20
but the Courlanders maintained their ancient rights and privileges.

DUNA an important river of Russia, rises in the W. of the government of Tver=
,=20
near the souces of the Volga with which it is connected by a canal, flows at=
=20
first SW betwwn the governments of Smolensk and Pskov, and afterwards NW , i=
n=20
the lower part of its course separating Courland on the S >from Vitebsk and=20
Livonia, and enters the Gulf of Riga, 7 miles NW of Riga. Its length direct=
=20
is 400 miles, for nearly all of which is navigable; although its mouth, and=20
many other parts of the river are encumbered by shoals, rendering its=20
navigation unsafe and only fit for small vessels, except during the spring=20
thaws and autumnal rains. Opposite Riga, it is about 2400 feet broad, and=20
crossed by a floating bridge, which is taken down annually in September and=20
again erected early in April. The principal affluents are the Evst and=20
Drissa >from the N, and the Mezha and Desna >from the E and S. It is connecte=
d=20
by canals with Lake Ilmen, the Beresina, and the Niemen.

DUNABURG, or Dinaburg a strongly fortified town of Russian Poland, in the=20
government of Vitebsk, on the right bank of the Duna, where it is crossed by=
=20
the railway in course of construction >from St Petersburg to Warsaw, 57 miles=
=20
WNW of Drissa. A railway is also in course of construction connecting=20
Dunaburg with Riga, and another is projected to Moscow. The town has Greek=20
United and Roman Catholic churches. population 6300.

FREDERICKSTADT, a town of Russia, government of Courland on the Dwina, 48=20
miles east of Mitau

KOVNO or Kowno, a town of Russian Poland, government and 58 miles WNW of=20
Vilna, capital of a district, on the right bank of the Niemen, at the influx=
=20
of the Sviets-Niemen. Population 7006. It has many religious=20
establishments, including an old Jesuit college. Large quantities of mead=20
are brewed here, and the town has an active trade in corn, &c.

KREUZBURG or Kreutzburg a strongly fortified town of Russia, government of=20
Vitebsk on the Duna 52 miles west of Rezhitea, population 2000 It has a=20
palace.

LIBAU (Lettish Leapaia) a seaport town of Russia, government of Courland, on=
=20
the Baltic, North of Lake Libau, and 105 miles WSW of Mitau. Population=20
10,110. It is enclosed by walls, and has a council-hall, theatre, Lutheran,=
=20
Roman Catholic and Calvinist churches; a synagogue, hospital, 2 extensive=20
almshouses, and an orphan asylum. Its harbor is artificial. Its trade is=20
considerable.

LIVONIA (Ger. Liefland), a maritime government of Russia, mostly lying=20
between 56 degrees 30 minutes N and 58 degrees 30 minutes N latitude and=20
longitude 24 to 28 degrees East, having West the Gulf of Livonia. Area,=20
comprising the island Oesel, in the Baltic, 20,450 square miles. Population=
=20
in 1851 821,457. Surface mostly flat and marshy. Principle rivers, the Dun=
a=20
and Evst, and on the South frontier, the Bolder-aa, Fennern, and Emba. Lake=
s=20
numerous. Soil fertile, and grain is raised for export, principally rye and=
=20
barley, but also comprising wheat, oats, and buckwheat; the rearing of live=20
stock is of great importance. It has manufactures of cotton and woolen=20
stuffs, sugar, tobacco, glass, &c. The population is very mixed, and mostly=
=20
Lutherans. Principal towns, Riga (the capital,) Dorpat, Pernau and Venden,=20
with Arensburg, in the island of Oesel.

MITAU or MITTAU (L. Mittavia, Lettish Jelgava) a town of Russia, capital of=20
the government of Courland, in a low sandy district on the Aa, crossed by a=20
bridge of boats, 25 miles SW of Riga, 350 miles SW of St Petersburg. =20
Population 28,100: half of whom are of German descent, and 1000 are Jews. I=
t=20
covers a large space, of which, however, a considerable portion is occupied=20
by gardens; it is indifferently built, the houses being chiefly of wood,=20
painted green or reddish brown; many of the streets narrow and crooked, but=20
some also wide, straight, and regular. The most interesting building is the=
=20
Castle, the residence of the old Dukes of Courland. It had almost become a=20
mere ruin, when, in 1739, Marshal Biron, the favorite of the Empress Anne,=20
commenced a palace on the same site and completed it after his return from=20
exile. It stands on an island surrounded by the canals of the Aa. Among=20
other buildings and institutions, may be mentioned 4 churches, a Greek, a=20
Roman Catholic, a Lutheran, and a Reformed church; 3 synagogues, a museum, a=
=20
library of 20,000 volumes, an observatory, a gymnasium, with 9 professors,=20
Courland Society of Literature, a hospital, an orphan and a lunatic asylum,=20=
a=20
casino, and a theatre capable of containing 3,000 spectators. Its=20
manufactures, which are of little moment, include linen, hosiery, soap, and=20
leather; and its trade is very limited.

PONEVIEZH or Ponviej written also Poneviesch, a town of Russian Poland,=20
government, and 84 miles NNE of Vilna, on an affluent of the Niemen.=20
Population 3580. It has a Piarist college.

RIGA an important fortified city, and the second commercial port of European=
=20
Russia, capital of Livonia, on the Duna, here crossed in summer by a=20
temporary bridge of boats, 2400 feet in length, about 5 miles above its mout=
h=20
in the Gulf of Riga, and 312 miles southwest of St Petersburg. A railway,=20
138 miles in length has been projected >from Riga to Dunaburg where it will=20
connect with the great line of railway in course of construction >from St=20
Petersburg to Warsaw. The city is situated on a sandy flat, surrounded by=20
hills, on which numerous fine villas make a cheerful and showy appearance. =20
It consists of the town proper, and suburbs mor extensive than the town=20
itself. The communication across the river is kept up by a bridge of boats=20
about 500 yards long. Riga is surrounded both by walls and bastions, and is=
=20
defended by a citadel. The older part of the town, still confined within=20
earthen walls, consists of narrow, winding streets, huddled together without=
=20
any regularity. The more modern parts of the town are much better built, an=
d=20
contain three good squares. Along the river, on both sides are spacious=20
quays, which afford excellent promenades; and the esplanades and gardens,=20
both within and near the town, are well laid out. The principal structures=20
are the cathedral, rebuilt in 1547; the church of St Peter, with a tower 440=
=20
feet in height; the castle, with a chancery and residence of the general and=
=20
civil governors, hall of the provincial states, town-house, exchange,=20
arsenal, and a magnificent column with a colossal bronze statue of Victory,=20
erected in 1817. It has several colleges, a school of navigation, and=20
various other schools, a public library, with 15,000 volumesand numerous=20
rare manuscripts, a cabinet of natural history, an observatory, and a societ=
y=20
of Lithuanian literature. In 1835 it had 15 manufactories of cotton cloth=20
and rugs, sugar refineries, tobacco factories, and breweries. Quays stretch=
=20
for more than 1 mile along the river; but the inner harbor does not admit=20
vessels drawing more than12 to 15 feet water; ships of larger burden lad an=
d=20
unload at Bolder-aa, a small port outside of the bar, at the mouth of the=20
Duna, where is the custom-house. Its principal merchants are of German=20
descent. Corn used to be the principal article of export, but it is now=20
superseded by flax and flax-seed; besides which, hemp, linseed, wool, hides,=
=20
tallow, timber, tobacco, spars, and feathers are the chief exports.=20

SHAVLI, Chavli, or Schawli a town of Russian Poland, government of Vilna, 50=
=20
mile SSW of Mitau on the route to Kovno

TUKUM a town of Russia, government of Courland, near the Gulf of Riga, on th=
e=20
Slok, 38 miles west of Riga. Population 2800. It has a ruined castle, and=20=
a=20
female seminary.

VILNA or WILNA a government of Russian Poland, having on the south, the=20
government of Grodno, East-Minsk, North-Courland, West-East Prussia, and on=
=20
the South West, the kingdom of Poland, >from which it is separated by the=20
river Niemen. Area 16,434 square miles. Population in 1851 787,609. The=20
surface is a wide plain, interspersed with a few sand-hills, and numerous=20
marshes and lakes. Principal rivers, the Vilia, and other affluents of the=20
Niemen in the South, Windau and Alass in the North, Rather more corn (chiefl=
y=20
rye) is raised than is required for home consumption. Large quantities of=20
hemp and flax are produced; hops and pulse to a less extent. The forests ar=
e=20
very extensive and tar, potash, deals, &c, are important products, also=20
honey, and skins of elks, bears, wolves, foxes, martens, and squirrels. The=
=20
Urus or wild bull is here met with. Manufactures have increased of late, bu=
t=20
they are not yet of much consequence. The raw produce is exported down the=20
Duna to Riga, or overland to the Baltic by way of Prussia. The trade is=20
mostly in the hands of Jews. This government retains many of its old=20
privileges. It is divided into 11 circles. Principal towns, Vilna, the=20
capital, Kovno, Troki, Rossienna, and Kieydani.

VILNA or WILNA a city of Russian Poland, capital of the government of the=20
same name and formerly captal of Lithuania, is situated at the confluence of=
=20
the Viteika and Vilia 98 miles northeast of Grodno. Population 52,286 of=20
whom 20,000 are Jews. It stands on hilly ground, enclosed by a wall, and is=
=20
built chiefly of timber. It has a cathedral of the 14th century, containing=
=20
good paintings, and the marble chapel and tomb of St Casimir; numerous other=
=20
Roman Catholic, and Greek, Lutheran, and Calvinist churches, 2 synagogues, a=
=20
mosque, a fine town-hall, an arsenal, exchange, theatre, several hospitals,=20
barracks, magazines, a governor=E2=80=99s palace, and some noble residences,=
which=20
are handsome buildings, and remains of the royal castle of the Jagellon,=20
kings of Poland. Vilna is the residence of civil and military governors, se=
e=20
of a Greco-Russian archbishop a a Roman Catholic bishop, and the seat of a=20
medico-chirurgical school, with a botanic garden, an ecclesiastical seminary=
,=20
several gymnasia, and other high schools, and an academy, replacing its=20
university, which was suppressed in 1832, and the library and museums of=20
which were chiefly removed to Kiev. It has a few manufactures and a=20
considerable trade. Vilna was founded in the beginning of the 14th century.=
=20
Many of the nobility still continue to reside in it. It repeatedly suffered=
=20
from fire in the last century.
Sam Vass
Kent, WA, USA


"Neighbors , the destruction of a Jewish Community" now available #latvia

Carol Skydell <cskydell@...>
 

The book you've been hearing about, reading about, talking about
....originally published in Polish, soon to be released in English, is now
available on the JewishGenMALL at a discounted pre-publication price of
$18.95 plus shipping and handling.

Jan Gross' "Neighbors", is the chilling tale of one summer day in 1941
when half the Polish town of Jedwabne murdered the other half. 1,600
Jewish men, women and children murdered not by the Nazis as many believed,
(and as many would have the world continue to believe) but by their Polish
neighbors who destroyed all but seven of the town's Jews.

The author puts together a shocking and brutal story >from eyewitness
accounts remembered well by locals but forgotten by history. His
investigation reads like a detective story, putting truth to the often told
lie.

"Neighbors, the Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne" will be
available in April, but because of expected interest the JewishGenMALL is
accepting advance orders.

Please visit http://www.jewishgen.org/jewishgenmall/ and find "Neighbors"
easily by clicking on the New Items button. If you click on the title you
can read more about the book, and if you are ready to place your order
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You don't need to limit your purchase to the recommendation above....take
your time.....browse the bookstore and all the other sales sections. In
case you haven't yet purchased gifts for the kids, grandkids,
greatgrandkids anybody ?
be sure to look over the Passover specials.

All purchases help JewishGen's Operations budget and we thank you in
advance for shopping with us.

Carol

Carol Skydell, Jewishgen Operations


Latvia SIG #Latvia "Neighbors , the destruction of a Jewish Community" now available #latvia

Carol Skydell <cskydell@...>
 

The book you've been hearing about, reading about, talking about
....originally published in Polish, soon to be released in English, is now
available on the JewishGenMALL at a discounted pre-publication price of
$18.95 plus shipping and handling.

Jan Gross' "Neighbors", is the chilling tale of one summer day in 1941
when half the Polish town of Jedwabne murdered the other half. 1,600
Jewish men, women and children murdered not by the Nazis as many believed,
(and as many would have the world continue to believe) but by their Polish
neighbors who destroyed all but seven of the town's Jews.

The author puts together a shocking and brutal story >from eyewitness
accounts remembered well by locals but forgotten by history. His
investigation reads like a detective story, putting truth to the often told
lie.

"Neighbors, the Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne" will be
available in April, but because of expected interest the JewishGenMALL is
accepting advance orders.

Please visit http://www.jewishgen.org/jewishgenmall/ and find "Neighbors"
easily by clicking on the New Items button. If you click on the title you
can read more about the book, and if you are ready to place your order
click on the Add button to put it into your shopping cart.

If this is your first time purchasing something >from the Jewishgenmall, the
program will take you through setting up an account. Do not be fearful
about accepting a cookie on your browser, it merely is there so the next
time you visit you don't have to go through setting up your personal
account all over again.

If you have any difficulties, or questions, please click the Contact Us
button.

You don't need to limit your purchase to the recommendation above....take
your time.....browse the bookstore and all the other sales sections. In
case you haven't yet purchased gifts for the kids, grandkids,
greatgrandkids anybody ?
be sure to look over the Passover specials.

All purchases help JewishGen's Operations budget and we thank you in
advance for shopping with us.

Carol

Carol Skydell, Jewishgen Operations


Not sure where to address your messages? #ukraine

haflo <haflo@...>
 

Hello U Siggers:

Every week I receive personal mail with the question about how to post
letters to our mailing list. At this URL -
http://www.jewishgen.org/ukraine/Subscription.htm
you will find those instructions on our website (under the link "Subscribe
Here").

In case you're unsure, all of your email questions, etc. should be
addressed to <ukraine@...> & they'll find their way to our
moderators.

Thanks & good luck,
Florence Elman
U SIG Coordinator
<haflo@...>


Ukraine SIG #Ukraine Not sure where to address your messages? #ukraine

haflo <haflo@...>
 

Hello U Siggers:

Every week I receive personal mail with the question about how to post
letters to our mailing list. At this URL -
http://www.jewishgen.org/ukraine/Subscription.htm
you will find those instructions on our website (under the link "Subscribe
Here").

In case you're unsure, all of your email questions, etc. should be
addressed to <ukraine@...> & they'll find their way to our
moderators.

Thanks & good luck,
Florence Elman
U SIG Coordinator
<haflo@...>


Re: Need address for Mt. Hebron Cemetery #general

Herb <herbiem@...>
 

Address for Mt. Hebron Cemetery:

130-04 Horace Harding Expressway
Flushing, NY

P.O Box, 228
Flushing, NY 11352

(718) 939-9405

Herb Meyers
Boulder, Colorado


Re: Superior Court,NY Co.Naturalization #general

Lew Norman <lewnorman@...>
 

I found a record in an FHL film index to petitions for naturalizations. It
indicates that the naturalization took place at the Superior Court, NY
County, in Oct.1890..also had the volume number and copy record number. Is
there an address for the Superior Court to obtain a copy of this
naturalization? If not, where do I write for it?
The Superior Cout was legislated out of existance about 100 years ago, and
is now called the Supreme Court, which is New York State's court of
"general jurisdiction" or "trial term" and is the lowest court in the
state -- most states refer to their highest court or appeals court as the
Supreme Court. Old New York State naturalizations can be obtained from
the Old Records division of the Supreme Court, on the 7th floor of
31 Chambers Street. Too bad I didn't read this post earlier because I was
there yesterday (March 8th) and could have easily obtained it for you.
Sorry. Information on where and how to write for these records can be
obtained by reading the JewishGen Info files. These files will answer all
your questions. Good luck.

Sincerely,
Lew Norman
NYC

MODERATOR NOTE: The JewishGen Infofile entiled "New York Vital Records"
can be found at <http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ny-vital.html>.
It contains information for County Clerk's Office - State Supreme Court.


Searching: GRUNHUT/GRUENHUT #general

Joe Lonstein <jlonst@...>
 

Hello everyone,

I'm searching for the family GRUNHUT (GRUENHUT) >from the area
of Prossnitz (Prostejov) and Brno, Czech Republic. My great-great-
grandfather was Herman GRUNHUT. Herman was married twice. I
know nothing about his first wife or their children. His second wife
was Juliana KOCH, by whom he had at least 5 children (Regina,
Malvine, Josef, Walter, Viktor). Herman's mother's name was
Rosalie (born 1815 in Brno); father's name unknown. Herman had
at least one sibling, a sister named Rosa GRUNHUT (born in
Prossnitz, 1847) who married a man in Prossnitz named Adolf
WAGNER (born 1838). The family owned a large goose farm in
Prossnitz. Apparently, all of the family moved to Vienna by 1900;
many were subsequently killed in WWII.

Have any of the numerous JewishGen GRUNHUT-seekers ever
come across this family? I've already contacted a few of you
directly but never previously posted a message. I'll appreciate any
help on this.

Thanks again,
Joe Lonstein
Northampton, MA
lonstein@...

searching:
GRUNHUT/GRUENHUT - Prossnitz and Brno, Czech Republic; Vienna, Austria
SCHIROK - Galicia, Poland; Blatna, Czech Republic; Vienna, Austria
LONSTEIN - Minsk, Belarus; Kovno, Lithuania
BESSER - Lodz, Poland
NEUMANN - Blatna, Czech Republic; Vienna, Austria


Explanation OF "Nee" #general

avidan <BUTCHKUCAN@...>
 

Hello to all,
Frequently I see the word nee in different names, I also have names
with example Ann Nee -------- what is the meaning or origin of the nee.
thanks......Avidan Kucan
butchkucan@...


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: Need address for Mt. Hebron Cemetery #general

Herb <herbiem@...>
 

Address for Mt. Hebron Cemetery:

130-04 Horace Harding Expressway
Flushing, NY

P.O Box, 228
Flushing, NY 11352

(718) 939-9405

Herb Meyers
Boulder, Colorado


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: Superior Court,NY Co.Naturalization #general

Lew Norman <lewnorman@...>
 

I found a record in an FHL film index to petitions for naturalizations. It
indicates that the naturalization took place at the Superior Court, NY
County, in Oct.1890..also had the volume number and copy record number. Is
there an address for the Superior Court to obtain a copy of this
naturalization? If not, where do I write for it?
The Superior Cout was legislated out of existance about 100 years ago, and
is now called the Supreme Court, which is New York State's court of
"general jurisdiction" or "trial term" and is the lowest court in the
state -- most states refer to their highest court or appeals court as the
Supreme Court. Old New York State naturalizations can be obtained from
the Old Records division of the Supreme Court, on the 7th floor of
31 Chambers Street. Too bad I didn't read this post earlier because I was
there yesterday (March 8th) and could have easily obtained it for you.
Sorry. Information on where and how to write for these records can be
obtained by reading the JewishGen Info files. These files will answer all
your questions. Good luck.

Sincerely,
Lew Norman
NYC

MODERATOR NOTE: The JewishGen Infofile entiled "New York Vital Records"
can be found at <http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ny-vital.html>.
It contains information for County Clerk's Office - State Supreme Court.


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Searching: GRUNHUT/GRUENHUT #general

Joe Lonstein <jlonst@...>
 

Hello everyone,

I'm searching for the family GRUNHUT (GRUENHUT) >from the area
of Prossnitz (Prostejov) and Brno, Czech Republic. My great-great-
grandfather was Herman GRUNHUT. Herman was married twice. I
know nothing about his first wife or their children. His second wife
was Juliana KOCH, by whom he had at least 5 children (Regina,
Malvine, Josef, Walter, Viktor). Herman's mother's name was
Rosalie (born 1815 in Brno); father's name unknown. Herman had
at least one sibling, a sister named Rosa GRUNHUT (born in
Prossnitz, 1847) who married a man in Prossnitz named Adolf
WAGNER (born 1838). The family owned a large goose farm in
Prossnitz. Apparently, all of the family moved to Vienna by 1900;
many were subsequently killed in WWII.

Have any of the numerous JewishGen GRUNHUT-seekers ever
come across this family? I've already contacted a few of you
directly but never previously posted a message. I'll appreciate any
help on this.

Thanks again,
Joe Lonstein
Northampton, MA
lonstein@...

searching:
GRUNHUT/GRUENHUT - Prossnitz and Brno, Czech Republic; Vienna, Austria
SCHIROK - Galicia, Poland; Blatna, Czech Republic; Vienna, Austria
LONSTEIN - Minsk, Belarus; Kovno, Lithuania
BESSER - Lodz, Poland
NEUMANN - Blatna, Czech Republic; Vienna, Austria


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Explanation OF "Nee" #general

avidan <BUTCHKUCAN@...>
 

Hello to all,
Frequently I see the word nee in different names, I also have names
with example Ann Nee -------- what is the meaning or origin of the nee.
thanks......Avidan Kucan
butchkucan@...


Re: Mount Hebron Cemetery #hungary

Sally Hohensee <hohensees@...>
 

Dorothy, they were very helpful when I called them about my grandmother
Pauline SINGER HANDEL. I did not even know her date of death. Later I
also wrote to them and they were again helpful and prompt with their
response. I believe they also have a post office box address which I
will send later.

Mount Hebron Cemetery
13004 Horace Harding Expy.
Flushing, NY 11367
telephone: (718) 939-9405

Sally Hohensee
Prairie Village, Kansas, USA

Researching: FEIGENBAUM, FEIGEN, GELBSMAN, RUGG - Lubartow, Poland,
Russia, Boston; KIPERBERG, COOPER, MARCUS - Ostrog?, Russia, Boston;
HANDEL, HANDELMAN, SCHLOMJUK, SCHARF, THAU - Mikulince?, Galicia, Austria,
New York; SINGER - Verenchanka?, Bukovina, Austria, New York


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: Mount Hebron Cemetery #general

Sally Hohensee <hohensees@...>
 

Dorothy, they were very helpful when I called them about my grandmother
Pauline SINGER HANDEL. I did not even know her date of death. Later I
also wrote to them and they were again helpful and prompt with their
response. I believe they also have a post office box address which I
will send later.

Mount Hebron Cemetery
13004 Horace Harding Expy.
Flushing, NY 11367
telephone: (718) 939-9405

Sally Hohensee
Prairie Village, Kansas, USA

Researching: FEIGENBAUM, FEIGEN, GELBSMAN, RUGG - Lubartow, Poland,
Russia, Boston; KIPERBERG, COOPER, MARCUS - Ostrog?, Russia, Boston;
HANDEL, HANDELMAN, SCHLOMJUK, SCHARF, THAU - Mikulince?, Galicia, Austria,
New York; SINGER - Verenchanka?, Bukovina, Austria, New York


"Neighbors , the destruction of a Jewish Community" now available #warsaw #poland

Carol Skydell <cskydell@...>
 

The book you've been hearing about, reading about, talking about
....originally published in Polish, soon to be released in English, is now
available on the JewishGenMALL at a discounted pre-publication price of
$18.95 plus shipping and handling.

Jan Gross' "Neighbors", is the chilling tale of one summer day in 1941
when half the Polish town of Jedwabne murdered the other half. 1,600
Jewish men, women and children murdered not by the Nazis as many believed,
(and as many would have the world continue to believe) but by their Polish
neighbors who destroyed all but seven of the town's Jews.

The author puts together a shocking and brutal story >from eyewitness
accounts remembered well by locals but forgotten by history. His
investigation reads like a detective story, putting truth to the often told
lie.

"Neighbors, the Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne" will be
available in April, but because of expected interest the JewishGenMALL is
accepting advance orders.

Please visit http://www.jewishgen.org/jewishgenmall/ and find "Neighbors"
easily by clicking on the New Items button. If you click on the title you
can read more about the book, and if you are ready to place your order
click on the Add button to put it into your shopping cart.

If this is your first time purchasing something >from the Jewishgenmall, the
program will take you through setting up an account. Do not be fearful
about accepting a cookie on your browser, it merely is there so the next
time you visit you don't have to go through setting up your personal
account all over again.

If you have any difficulties, or questions, please click the Contact Us
button.

You don't need to limit your purchase to the recommendation above....take
your time.....browse the bookstore and all the other sales sections. In
case you haven't yet purchased gifts for the kids, grandkids,
greatgrandkids anybody ?
be sure to look over the Passover specials.

All purchases help JewishGen's Operations budget and we thank you in
advance for shopping with us.

Carol

Carol Skydell, Jewishgen Operations


Searching Krakowski #warsaw #poland

Michè e Krakowski <michele.krakowski@...>
 

Hello everyone !
I'm new on this group. I'd like to find any informations about members
of my family who were born in Warsaw ( I have only their birthdates):
Familyname Krakowski/ka :
1- Geril(b. 1885). Dawid (b. 1886). Brandla (b. 1889). Fradla (b.1891),
all children of Moszek Krakowski and Estera Rozmarin.
2- Anna (b. 1889). Edward (b. 1892). Henryk (b. 1893). Justyna (b. 1897,
- she married in 1925 Szmul Kizelsztejn). Jakub (b. 1899). Hieronim
(b. 1903), all children of Szmul Dawid Krakowski and Gena Strasburger.
3- Mariam (b. 1898 ), daughter of Zymel Krakowski and Syma Aksamitnik.

I'll be grateful to any help and advice !
You can contact me privately at : michele.krakowski@...
Thank you in advance.
Michele


Warszawa Research Group #Warsaw #Poland Searching Krakowski #warsaw #poland

Michè e Krakowski <michele.krakowski@...>
 

Hello everyone !
I'm new on this group. I'd like to find any informations about members
of my family who were born in Warsaw ( I have only their birthdates):
Familyname Krakowski/ka :
1- Geril(b. 1885). Dawid (b. 1886). Brandla (b. 1889). Fradla (b.1891),
all children of Moszek Krakowski and Estera Rozmarin.
2- Anna (b. 1889). Edward (b. 1892). Henryk (b. 1893). Justyna (b. 1897,
- she married in 1925 Szmul Kizelsztejn). Jakub (b. 1899). Hieronim
(b. 1903), all children of Szmul Dawid Krakowski and Gena Strasburger.
3- Mariam (b. 1898 ), daughter of Zymel Krakowski and Syma Aksamitnik.

I'll be grateful to any help and advice !
You can contact me privately at : michele.krakowski@...
Thank you in advance.
Michele


Warszawa Research Group #Warsaw #Poland "Neighbors , the destruction of a Jewish Community" now available #warsaw #poland

Carol Skydell <cskydell@...>
 

The book you've been hearing about, reading about, talking about
....originally published in Polish, soon to be released in English, is now
available on the JewishGenMALL at a discounted pre-publication price of
$18.95 plus shipping and handling.

Jan Gross' "Neighbors", is the chilling tale of one summer day in 1941
when half the Polish town of Jedwabne murdered the other half. 1,600
Jewish men, women and children murdered not by the Nazis as many believed,
(and as many would have the world continue to believe) but by their Polish
neighbors who destroyed all but seven of the town's Jews.

The author puts together a shocking and brutal story >from eyewitness
accounts remembered well by locals but forgotten by history. His
investigation reads like a detective story, putting truth to the often told
lie.

"Neighbors, the Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne" will be
available in April, but because of expected interest the JewishGenMALL is
accepting advance orders.

Please visit http://www.jewishgen.org/jewishgenmall/ and find "Neighbors"
easily by clicking on the New Items button. If you click on the title you
can read more about the book, and if you are ready to place your order
click on the Add button to put it into your shopping cart.

If this is your first time purchasing something >from the Jewishgenmall, the
program will take you through setting up an account. Do not be fearful
about accepting a cookie on your browser, it merely is there so the next
time you visit you don't have to go through setting up your personal
account all over again.

If you have any difficulties, or questions, please click the Contact Us
button.

You don't need to limit your purchase to the recommendation above....take
your time.....browse the bookstore and all the other sales sections. In
case you haven't yet purchased gifts for the kids, grandkids,
greatgrandkids anybody ?
be sure to look over the Passover specials.

All purchases help JewishGen's Operations budget and we thank you in
advance for shopping with us.

Carol

Carol Skydell, Jewishgen Operations