Re: Marriage ceremonies in homes 19th century UK #unitedkingdom

Philip Freidenreich

My uncle had a Jewish wedding in our home because he was both a Kohen marrying a divorcee and because he was an atheist.

Phil Freidenreich
Yardley, PA

Re: Marriage ceremonies in homes 19th century UK #unitedkingdom

Dan Nussbaum

My parents, may they rest in peace, had a home wedding in my maternal grandparents', may they rest in peace, apartment in Brooklyn, New York in 1939, because nobody involved could afford anything else.

Daniel Nussbaum II, M.D., FAAP
Retired Developmental Pediatrician
Rochester, New York
Tone can be misinterpreted in email. Please read my words with warmth, kindness, and good intentions.

Jewish Genealogical Society of Montreal - Family Tree Workshop – February 20 #events #canada #announcements #education

Andreas Schwab

The next FAMILY TREE WORKSHOP of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Montreal, hosted by genealogy guru Stanley Diamond, will be held on February 20 from 10 am to noon. The workshop will feature another TOOL TIME mini-lesson, with our IAJGS award-winning webmaster Gary Perlman demonstrating how to use online tools to further your research.

The Zoom workshop, where you can ask your own question, will be limited to 25 people. The Zoom link and other details required for live participation will be sent exclusively to our Workshop Email List. To subscribe, write to workshop@....

Alternately, you can just watch a live stream of the workshop at:

We also plan to post a recording of the workshop at the same link on our You Tube channel for future viewing.

Visit our web site at

Andreas Schwab, Montreal, Canada

This week's Yizkor book excerpt on the JewishGen Facebook page #yizkorbooks #ukraine #JewishGenUpdates

Bruce Drake

This heartbreaking passage, “The Great Tragedy of Three Small Orphans,” is part of a long section in the Yizkor book of Kovel (Ukraine) titled “Thus the City Was Destroyed” by Ben-Zion Sher. The chapter revolves around the last days of life for the Jews were rounded up and held in the Great Synagogue before being taken to their deaths. This was the site of the well-known writings on the synagogue wall — the last laments and cries for vengeance penciled or scratched on the wall in Hebrew, Yiddish and Polish. (You can find the writings here:
The whole chapter from which I took this passage is a graphic account of those last days. Sher and several others managed to escape by jumping through a high window, cushioning their fall by first throwing 10 coats to the ground. The tragedy of the orphans begins when Sher encounters a woman who recognizes him and brings him to an attic where she is hiding with three children. They “lay on the floor, for they couldn't stand on their feet…they looked like living skeletons.” He managed to find and cook food for them. Four days later he returned to see if they had recovered but “When I saw them – my heart fell.”

Bruce Drake
Silver Spring, MD

Towns: Wojnilow, Kovel

Seeking help with handwriting and town name (Russian Empire) on manifest #poland #latvia #lithuania


In far right column near bottom, above "Sakolkey": Name of town looks like "Zelody" but I'm not sure. In what country would this town have been in 1908? Thanks.
Kathy Goldberg

Interpreting the Hebrew from my relative’s will #rabbinic #translation


Shalom friends,

 My relative writes the following in his will:

 ואבי זקני רבי שמואל מיום הולדו חכמתו האירה פניו ונבאו לו עתידות גדולות, כמה שהיו באמת בהגדלו. עודנו נער קטן היה כבר מתמיד ושוקד גדול בלמודו וכל רואיו התפלאו על חשקו העז בתורה. ובהגיעו לארבעה עשר שנה השיאו אביו אשה, כנהוג בימים ההם, בת איש נכבד ונשוא פנים רבי זאב וואלף ז"ל ממשפחת השל"ה הקדוש זי"ע.

Until today, I assumed this meant Rabbi Ze’ev Wolf was a direct descendant of the Shelah HaKadosh. However, it was pointed out to me that “משפחת” is technically “family of”.

Does this actually mean that Rabbi Ze’ev Wolf was not a direct descendant of the Shelah HaKadosh, but rather just related to the Horowitz family? Or am I overthinking this?

Shabbat shalom,

Yoav Aran

Re: need help with town name on passenger list #names

Steve Stein

Based on hits on Jewishgen and alternate spellings I have found, I would guess Mogilëv-Podol'skiy (Mohyliv-Podilskyy), Ukraine.

Steve Stein
Highland Park, NJ

Idea for sharing family history #photographs

Shlomo Katz

If you are like me, you have spent years, or even decades, assembling family history, only to discover that no one else in your family cares. I have learned that genealogy is either something you love, or something you think is an absolute waste of time. That can very frustrating for those of us who are in the former group.
About 9 months ago, my mother-in-law passed away. As the family genealogist, I began to sort through thousands of family pictures (my mother-in-law's, her mother's, and her grandmother's). I then started sending out a weekly WhatsApp message to the immediate family (my own immediate family and my wife's siblings and their children) entitled, "This Week in Family History." It might be about a birthday, a wedding anniversary, the day someone became an American citizen, a Holocaust related event, a Yahrzeit, etc. Each message includes a family photo, a document from JewishGen, or, etc. Previously disinterested relatives love it, and it justifies the fact that I helped myself to all those photos.
One lesson learned: Please, please, please label all your photos so that the next generation will know who these people are. I have a whole stack of photographs, in some cases more than 100 years old, whose identity is probably lost forever.
Shlomo Katz
Silver Spring, MD

Re: Request for someone with book יהדות ליטא #lithuania

Yehoshua Sivan

I seem to have a different edition of Yahadut Lita, from which I made these scans.  I don't know of they are helpful.  There is another Rabbi Ze'ev Wolf ben Rw Yizhak Eizik Avrech.  If you want I can scan that name, too.

Yehoshua Sivan

Facebook group Bessarabian/Moldavian Jewish Roots #bessarabia

Inna Vayner

I just wanted to share that our Bessarabian/Moldavian Jewish Roots group has now more than three thousand members, who are actively participating in every day discussions, share information, and assist each other with the research. If you haven't joined the group yet, here is the link

Inna Vayner

Kittsee, Austria Chevra Kadisha register #austria-czech #records


Hi all,
i recently read that the burial register (“pinkas”) of the burial society (Chevra Kadisha) of Kittsee, Austria, has been published in facsimile around 1990. Does anyone know where I may find a copy, or even what the title of the book might be?
several of my ancestors should be listed. 

thank you. 
David Dubin
Teaneck, NJ
researching WEISS Bratislava, Slovakia & Kittsee, Austria

Re: Marriage ceremonies in homes 19th century UK #unitedkingdom

Jill Whitehead

I have noticed a pattern in the incidence of home marriages as opposed to synagogue marriages in my family.  Home marriages seemed to occur under the following circumstances - 1) Poorer members of the family who were being funded by the more prosperous members 2) Family members who had been orphaned, and so did not have a parent to fund a synagogue marriage 3) Family members who had emigrated much later than the main part of the family, and so were not established in the areas they went to.  They also seemed to be more common in certain towns than others. Whether this was a reflection on the cost or availability of a synagogue wedding I do not know, but all my ancestors came over between 1865 and 1875 to Northern England or Scotland, when there were fewer synagogues to choose from.  As soon as they were established, the home weddings receded in favour of those in synagogues, until more secular choices in the 20th century, after WW2.

Jill Whitehead, Surrey, UK 

Re: Help needed understanding Hebrew text #records #translation


Hi Yoav, 

Rabbi Yehezkel Katzenellenbogen, of Altona, does not belong to this family. He is the author of Knesset Yehezkel where the grand father of the father in law of Rabbi Shmuel Chasdid is mentioned.

Best regards, 

Laurent Kassel 
Moreshet, Israel 

Marriage ceremonies in homes 19th century UK #unitedkingdom

Nettie Edwards

I’d like to know more about Jewish marriage ceremonies that took place in homes during the 18th and early 20th century. How was a location chosen? One of my family’s weddings took place in the home of the bride, another in the home id a person who appears to have been a family friend (currently doing research to ascertain if there was any closer relationship) Was there any protocol concerning choice of witnesses? Did the order of service the same form as in a Synagogue? 
thanks and best wishes,
Nettie Edwards,
Gloucestershire UK

JGS Toronto. Free Virtual Meeting. Jewish Emigration from Imperial Russia — the Forgotten Baltic Route. Sunday, 27 February 2022, at 10:30 a.m. ET. #announcements #events #russia

Jerry Scherer

Jewish Genealogical Society of Toronto



Jewish Emigration from Imperial Russia — the Forgotten Baltic Route


Dr. Nicholas Evans


Sunday, 27 February 2022, at 10:30 a.m. ET.


Virtual Meeting: Join from Home


Virtual doors open at 10:20 a.m. ET.


This illustrated talk explores the often-forgotten port of Libau (Liepaja) enabling hundreds of thousands of Jews to flee Latvia and Lithuania between 1876 and 1917. The emergence of a major Baltic port with global shipping connections allowed Jewish refugees to bypass German ports — thereby reducing the cost of leaving imperial Russia. Jewish agents and middlemen stationed throughout their journey facilitated this mass migration, which resulted in Jews securing a home in far-flung destinations including Canada, America, Britain, Australia, and South Africa.


Our speaker is Dr. Nicholas Evans from the University of Hull. An authority on the global migration of Jews during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, he relishes sharing his knowledge with family historians on both sides of the Atlantic. He has regularly spoken at IAJGS conferences in America and Europe, and was added to the JGSGB's roll of honour for his work in tracing migrant ancestry. 



To register, please go to


You will then receive an immediate acknowledgement plus the link to access the event on 27 February.


The presentation will be recorded. It will be available to JGS Toronto members in the “Members Only” section of the Society website a few days after the event. It will also be available to non-member registrants for one week after the event in the “Registration” location.


To our guests, consider joining our membership for only $40.00 per year by Clicking Here or consider a donation by Clicking Here to assist us in continuing our mission providing a forum for the exchange of genealogical knowledge and information. (Canadians receive a CRA tax receipt.)







Tel 647-247-6414         twitter: jgsoftoronto

facebook: Jewish Genealogical Society of Toronto



Jerry Scherer

Vice President, Communications




Seeking Old Photos from Kamenets Litovsk #yizkorbooks #belarus #poland #photographs


My name is Nina Schwartz. I am a volunteer graphic designer working with JewishGen on Yizkor books.

Do you have old family photos from when your relatives lived in Kamenets Litovsk? The English translation of the Memorial Book of Kamenets Litovsk, Zastavye, and Colonies (Kamyanyets, Belarus) will soon be ready to print. Photos are needed for the cover. 

It is difficult to find good 1880-1940 photos online, and JewishGen cannot afford to license them from Getty Images, Alamy, USHMM, etc. 

I am looking for photos that—as much as possible—show the typical daily life of these towns:

1. The Jewish part of town, showing Jewish buildings such as synagogues, study houses, the marketplace, shops, houses, schools, etc. Old postcards may be used.

2. Non-family groups, such as a class, Zionist group, factory workers, club, professional group, or just people at work or play (outdoor photos preferred).
3. Single portraits and family groups, 1-20 people
4. Modern photos of the old Jewish area, where some old structures remain, such as synagogues, cemetery headstones, houses or other Jewish buildings. Or a panorama or aerial view of the town.

Images must be in good focus, but do not have to be in perfect condition. I may even be able to repair fading, rips, blotches and other problems, making your photo more useful to you.

If you have old photos, don’t send them yet—Please write to me at 
artstop@... for instructions on how to scan or re-photograph them. 

I look forward to hearing from you soon. Many thanks in advance for your kind help!

Nina Schwartz

need help with town name on passenger list #names

Lee Jaffe

I'm hoping someone on this list can help identify the town (pictured here) from a 1905 manifest. 
If it helps, here is a link to the passenger record.  The entry we're interested in is on line #3 Sonia Koschkin.

Thank you.

Lee David Jaffe

Surnames / Towns:  Jaffe / Suchowola, Poland ; Stein (Sztejnsapir) / Bialystok and Rajgrod, Poland ; Joroff (Jaroff, Zarov) / Chernigov, Ukraine ; Schwartz (Schwarzman?, Schwarzstein?) / ? ;  Koshkin / Snovsk, Ukraine ; Rappoport / ? ; Braun / Wizajny, Suwalki, Poland,  Ludwinowski / Wizajny, Suwalki, Poland


Re: 1850 revision list #records

David Ellis

In the entry for Leib Osherovich PRAISMAN, the surname is PRAISMAN, and Osherovich is a patronymic indicating his father's name was Osher.  Leib's son Osher was named after his paternal grandfather, who died before the younger Osher was born.  Naming patterns such as these are great clues for fitting together the pieces of a family puzzle.


David Ellis
Natick, MA

Re: New York City Death Records #usa #records


I've never heard of such a thing. Seems like revenge for you
testifying. You could sue them for false accusations without any proof.
Seems to me you would win. (Another reason to get records through the
Family History Library, and they're a whole lot cheaper.) I'm so sorry
to hear they've done this to you.

Jeri Friedman
Port Saint Lucie, Florida

On 2/3/2022 5:32 PM, Robert Avner via wrote:
In October 2017 my wife Regina & I testified at a hearing of the New
York City Department of Health to eliminate restrictions on access to
Death Certificates from the years 1949 to the present. I offered
suggestions such as stamping the death certificates with the words “For
Genealogy Purposes Only” as California uses. There were many other
people testifying including representatives of Reclaim The Records. We
questioned why the NYC Department of health had possession of death
certificates over 50 years old & why they hadn’t turned them over to the
NYC Municipal Archives which holds death certificates prior to 1949. In
October 2019 I received a call from the NYC Department of Investigation
requiring me to appear at their downtown offices wanting to know why I
had requested “so many” death certificates over the years & accusing me
of using them to acquire such information as Social Security numbers
even though on many applications I had the SS# & the certificate didn’t.
They informed me I was prohibited from ordering any further certificates
under the current rules & restrictions. I wanted to know if anyone else
had a similar experience. It has been over 4 years since the hearing at
the NYC Dept. of Health & I realize that we have been dealing with Covid
for the last two years but has any progress been made?
Robert Avner
This email has been checked for viruses by Avast antivirus software.

Quick Tip for finding Jewish Records in FamilySearch #hungary #records #usa


A quick and efficient way to find all Jewish Records available for a locality in FamilySearch is as follows:
Log on to FamilySearch
Click on Search and select Catalog
Click on the word Subjects and type into that search box the words Jewish Records
Then click on the word Keywords and type into that search box the locality you want
Click on the Update button
A list will appear. You can click on any of them to see more detail and access the records.
Though I am focused on Hungary, this method should work anywhere in the world.

For an example in Hungary, searching for Subjects: Jewish Records and Keywords:  Sopron   gives