This week's Yizkor book excerpt on the JewishGen Facebook page #yizkorbooks
“On the day of the liquidation, as though heaven sent, there arrived a peasant acquaintance, Vasil Vaika from Kozmatch, to save me and my child.”
So begins the account of Chana Weinheber-Hacker from the Yizkor book of Kolomey (Kolomyya, Ukraine). It is one of several testimonies in a chapter titled “Khurbn,” the Yiddish for Holocaust. As the sound of shooting from the ghetto made clear that the extermination of Jews there had begun, Weinheber-Hacker found herself in peril from an “old witch” who threatened to reveal her hiding place to the Gestapo unless she was given more money — and the amount increased by the hour.
After three days, the peasant showed up with his wagon. “The Escape,” as this testimony is called, began “with fear of death and hope of being saved” for the three women, including Weinheber-Hacker, who were dressed to look like peasant women whose husbands had been called to work in Kolomey, and their children, hidden under the hay. The group reached a new hiding place where they crowded — seven people in all — in a small attic over a cow’s stall.
“The peasant was a wonderful person. He rightfully wanted to keep us alive even though he knew very well that his head was at stake.” The danger for him was very real, and ultimately Weinheber-Hacker and her group had to undertake a new journey to safety.
Silver Spring MD
The Israel Genealogy Research Association (IGRA) is deeply saddened to
hear of the passing of Zvi Bernhardt, Deputy Director of the Hall of
Names at Yad Vashem.
Our organization, as well as many of the individuals that make up our
leadership and members, worked closely with Zvi on a multitude of
projects over his years working at Yad Vashem, from the earliest days
of our organization (and earlier) to as recently as this week. We will
miss him, as both a colleague and as a friend.
It is hard to express the shock we feel at this loss. An empty void is
left behind in the worlds of Holocaust research and Jewish genealogy,
two areas that he worked in and tried to integrate.
To his colleagues at Yad Vashem, and in the many organizations that
worked with him, we share in your sorrow.
To his family, we offer our deepest condolences. May God comfort you
among the mourners of Zion and Jerusalem.
זכר צדיק לברכה
With a heavy heart,
Re: Former Neveklarsfeld Website #hungary
The names are now part of USHMM's Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database, https://www.ushmm.org/online/hsv/person_advance_search.php.
Megan Lewis, reference librarian
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
If you have the document posting a picture on Jewishgen's Viewmate will probably give you more productive responses. Here we can only guess wildly without seeing other handwriting for comparison.
Also more information would help like knowing if it's a male or female name, the area and time period of the document, and whether it's actually Yiddish or Hebrew.
Hi Lee, just my two cents' but I certainly think it possible Jake traveled as a child with some other family, under their surname, as if he was part of their family during the voyage/travel. These passenger arrival records can be very difficult to find for obvious reasons, and even if found, difficult to prove they are one and the same person.
I've seen similar cases of people who also derived US citizenship from the father's naturalization and who later in their life needed documentary proof of that citizenship. These cases would open at INS (now USCIS) from the 1930's through the 1950's and 1960's, where the applicant told a similar tale (traveled with aunt & uncle, traveled with friends of the family, etc.) and recorded under the other family's name (which they often did not remember).
Re: The Rabbi of Wolbrom's Daughter #general
Back in September, I wrote an email asking if anybody could help me
figure out something regarding the daughter of the rabbi of Wolbrom.
Since then, I was able to get more information about the matter, so I
figured I would write up and share.
Basically, I was reading the Sefer Yizkor for the town of Wolbrom
(available through the NYPL at this link: https://tinyurl.com/y5rsfn6t
the relevant passage is on page 175 in the reader, which is page 129
in the actual book's pagination) where it discusses my
ggggg-grandfather Rabbi Yaakov HaLevi Segal who was the rabbi of the
town before he became the rabbi of Krakow. (He is also mentioned in an
English overview of the history of Wolbrom prepared by Yad Vashem,
see: https://tinyurl.com/ycvvte38 )
In the Sefer Yizkor mentioned above, it alludes to some sort of
controversy over the rabbi's daughter Tovah and the identity of her
husband, but does not spell out what's going, simply citing a
different work Eshkol vol. 5 which discuss the matter. Back in
September, I asked my fellow researchers here on JewishGen to see if
they can help me figure out what's going on (ViewMate of the relevant
passage: https://tinyurl.com/y9r3zhly )
As far as I know, my gggg-grandfather Binyamin Eliezer UNGAR-AUERBACH
married a daughter of Rabbi Yaakov Segal, but I don't know her name or
anything else about her, except that her son was Rabbi Reuven Chaim
KLEIN I who served as a rabbi in Davidkoff (near Muncasz), Hungary. So
I thought that this discussion might have been relevant to my
I have finally been able to locate the work HaEshkol cited by the
Sefer Yizkor for Wolbrom. I figured out that HaEshkol refers to a
scholarly journal published in Krakow in the late 1800's (for more
information about it, see https://tinyurl.com/y7rwlksp from the Ohio
State University). If you look in volume 5 of that journal (available
online at: https://tinyurl.com/y86hoexr ) on pages 254-255 (which are
pages 258-259 in the PDF) there is a book review written by P. H.
Wettstein of the book Luchot Zikaron by Chaim Dov Freidberg (also
available for online: https://hebrewbooks.org/7510 ) in which, inter
alia, the reviewer chides Friedberg for writing that Rabbi Yaakov
Segal's daughter Tovah married somebody named Eliyahu PIASKER (son of
Hirsch PIASKER) disputing that such a thing ever happened. This is the
controversy to which the Sefer Yizkor for Wolbrom referred. So on the
one hand, I'm a bit disappointed that it has no further information
about what I'm looking for, but at least I was able to get down to the
bottom of the matter.
Just to clarify, one researcher wrote to me in September that Binyamin
Eliezer UNGAR-AUERBACH's wife was named Charna, but that has proven to
be a misunderstanding based on something I myself wrote on my own
website Essentially, that researcher confused Binyamin Eliezer the
FATHER of Rabbi RC KLEIN with Binyamin Eliezer the SON of Rabbi RC
KLEIN. It was the son who married a woman named Charna.
Zei Gezunt & Kol Tuv,
Reuven Chaim Klein
Beitar Illit, Israel
It can be the Hebrew name: Ami which mean "my nation", or shortness of Hebrew names: Amichi, Amiran, Amihud
Zvi BERNHARDT Z"L #announcements
Dear Colleagues & Friends,
It is with great shock and sadness I am sorry to advise you of the untimely passing of our friend and colleague Zvi BERNHARDT of Yad VaShem.
Zvi was the Deputy manager of the Hall of Names and the Deputy manager of the consulting department at Yad VaShem archive.
Zvi was very knowledgeable and was always there for us in good advice and facilitated access to genealogical resources.
In recent years Zvi advanced courses in genealogy that Yad Vashem introduced together with the Central Zionist Archives.
May his memory be of blessing.
Ramat HaSharon, Israel
SEARCHING: KRMARUTSKY, KRIVORUCHKI, Kaunas, Lithuania
SLOMOVITS, Sighet, Romania
New additions to the All Galicia Database; progress on the Identification Project #announcements
Gesher Galicia SIG
In the past three months, the following record sets have been added to
the All Galicia Database, at https://search.geshergalicia.org/ .
- Kroscienko nad Dunajcem: Jewish deaths, death certificates 1902,
1930-1938 (97 records), Jewish births 1919-1926, 1931, 1937-1938 (168
- Lezajsk: Jewish deaths 1827-1866 (1,736 records);
- Stanislawow: Jewish deaths 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938 (1,208 records);
- Stanislawow province, assorted towns, loose assorted Jewish vital
records 1870-1934 (13 records), along with Tyszkowce Jewish residents
1922 (27 records);
- Strusow: Jewish births 1837-1870 (445 records).
Coming soon in vital records:
Kosow B 1842-1868; Stanislawow B 1933, 1934, 1938; M 1938; Strusow M
1853-1859, 1862, 1870.
New taxpayer records
- Narajow, 1936 (77 records); Olesko, 1936 (116 records); Zloczow,
1936 (528 records).
- Taxpayer records from Zbaraz, 1936; Sasow, 1939; Podkamien [Tarnopol
Przemysl Identification Project
Details of the latest files to be identified and the identification
verified can be found in the members-only "Members Portal" on the
Gesher Galicia website. Sixty-one files have now been verified, and
around another 25 identified but are still in the process of being
verified. Books, mainly index books of vital records, have now been
identified (not necessarily verified) from the following 27 towns, all
but two within the former Galicia:
Biala Podlaska, Boryslaw, Bursztyn, Drohobycz, Jaworow, Klasno,
Kolomyja, Kozlow, Krakow, Lublin, Mikulince, Mosty Wielkie, Muszyna,
Nadworna, Nowy Sacz, Obertyn, Olesko, Pruchnik, Rohatyn, Skole,
Stanislawow, Stary Sacz, Stary Sambor, Stryj, Tarnopol, Tyczyn, and
Nineteen of the books so far identified are from Drohobycz, and seven
each from Nowy Sacz and Tarnopol. New and revealing information has
been discovered in several instances, with the full record book from
which the index books have been derived either missing or
Our other research projects are continuing, and our online inventories
of Jewish records are regularly updated. Our "Global Search" facility
in particular can be freely made use of at:
For more information on Gesher Galicia's research projects and online
inventories, as well as on the Przemyśl Identification Project, or for
general questions or information about Gesher Galicia, please contact:
Please do not reply to this email address.
Research Coordinator, Gesher Galicia
PLEASE DO NOT REPLY TO THIS EMAIL ADDRESS.
Send all inquiries to info@...
Smolyansky (Smoliansky) #lithuania
I am looking for the family from Eishishkes Lithuania by surname Smoliansky (Smolyansky).
I have a partial tree based on Revision lists which I can share.
Most of the family perished in WWII but some members I strongly believe survived.
Any information greatly appreciated.
Researching the ROWINSKY family in Kobryn, Belarus #belarus
Is anyone researching the ROWINSKY family from Kobryn, Belarus? I would love to make contact you to discuss whether we have any family in common.
Here are some of the family members in my family branch:
Isadore (Itzyk) ROWINSKY (b. ~ 1880) m. Perel (in Kobryn)
Sam (Schlome), born ~1903, Kobryn
William (Welwel), born ~1906, Kobryn
The family emigrated to the USA during the early part of the 20th Century and settled in Chicago.
Please send me a message if you have any information on this family.
Palo Alto, California
r_ogus at hotmail.com
Where might we locate the mentioned records? Jews baptized in Poland #poland
Our Jewish Family History Research
Please see that attached link which
gives insight into the history of Jacob Frank and his followers the Frankists, Jews baptised in Poland. There is mention that by 1790, 26,000 Jews were recorded baptised in Poland. Does anyone know if those records are accessible? Many thanks in advance.
Researching GRUSZECKI,GRUSZECKA from various areas of Poland
Where might we locate the mentioned records?
Re: calendar of Torah and Haftarah portions #general
David, sorry, in Bereshit the part is "weiira", Kaf"Alif
2020 RootsTech Sessions Available Online for Free Access #events
Jan Meisels Allen
RootsTech 2020 is past but there is public access for the keynote sessions and some of classes for free.
Keynotes and general sessions:
These includes: Judy Russell, the Legal Genealogist
Crista Cowan, Ancestry
Blaine Bettinger on DNA
Mike Mansfield, MyHeritage
Jan Meisels Allen
Chairperson, IAJGS Public Records Access Monitoring Committee
Former Neveklarsfeld Website #hungary
Does anyone know whether all of the information on the former Neveklarsfeld website (www.neveklarsfeld.org) has been transferred elsewhere, and whether it is currently on-line?
To date, Yad Vashem seems not to have the deportation information that was formerly available on Neveklarsfeld - at least not as to my family members.
I'm particularly interested in the status of the following lists:
- Jews conscripted for forced labor by the Hungarian government
- Jews prior to deportation drawn up by Hungarian officials
- Surviving Jews registered in Budapest after World War II
Hilary (Stein) Osofsky
NUERNBERGER Zalesie, Podolinec, Hagy, Soporna, Vysne Ruzbachy, Hafka, Presov, and environs
WOLF Huncovce, Vysne Ruzbachy, Bucovce, Malý Slavkov, Satu Mare, and environs
REICHER Benadikova, Vrutky, Halvan, and environs
FRIEDLENDER Benadikova and environs
STEIN Vychodna, Kral'ova Lehota, Liptovsky Hradok, Zalesie, Budapest, and environs
A few follow ups, corrections and comments about my post and the replies I received here and privately.
I didn't provide as much detail as some asked or expected. I didn't imagine that others would try to research my family for me. Also, I wrote the note on my phone and tried to same myself typing more than absolutely necessary. I have reasonably good records of some key highlights of my family history once they arrive in the US. But only sketchy information about life in the Pale and immigration. I do have the yizkor book for Suchowola which features a passage (with a photo) about my great-great-grandparents Leyzer and Freydl Jaffe, and a long obituary of Henry's brother Zalman, who died in Tel Aviv, 1954. I have naturalization papers for Henry and individually for his sons Samuel and Albert, the manifest for Bessie, Samuel and Charles.
I have census records for the family starting 1900 with a farm in New Jersey (one of Baron de Hirsch's scheme). In the 1900 census, Bessie reported having 8 children, 8 living. Seven are recorded in the household in 1900. Elexander (Samuel), Charles, Jacob (born in Russian (Poland), Elizabeth (Memphis), Maurice and Freda (Phila.) and Solomon (NJ). Albert remained behind to finish rabbinic studies and immigrated in 1905, settling in Pittsburgh. I have various family entries from city directories, draft registrations. death certificates ... I'm in touch with Albert's granddaughter and Solomon's son. Henry, Bessie, Charles, Jacob and Elizabeth are buried in the family plot outside of Philadelphia (Mt. Sharon).
My ggf Henry didn't immigrate in 1875 as I wrote. (1875 was reported as his arrival date in the 1910 US census but 1887 arrival, reported elsewhere, is more likely.) He filed his intention to become a citizen in 1890 and I have what looks like the original Certificate of Naturalization filed in criminal court in Shelby County, Tennessee, 20 May 1895. Neither form provides information about his arrival. There is some family lore that Henry went back and forth, looking for a place to settle his family, apparently fathering some of the children during visits. I heard from a couple of sources that he and his brother Zalman went to Ottoman Palestine in the early 1880s. Henry left, either because of allergies or because he didn't like laws prohibiting Jews from owning land, but Zalman remained.
Henry apparently followed his younger brother Moses to Memphis when he arrives in 1887(-8). I have my ggm Bessie (Pesche) Steel Jaffe on a manifest traveling with two sons, Sender (Elexander or Samuel) and Gedale (Charles), arriving NY on the Red Sea from Bremen, 17 July 1893. I was able to line up Pesche, Sender and Gedale with Bessie, Samuel and Charles with the names on their gravestones, and the Last Residence entry on the manifest reads Suchowola, which we know to be their hometown.
Someone suggested I try to research and collate as much family data as possible to 1) look for other relatives who could have brought Jacob over with them and 2) establish as much data about Jacob to help search other arrival dates. To the first point, I can identify no other relatives on the Jaffe side who could have brought Jacob in time for him to be enumerated in the 1900 census. The only family remaining behind arrived in 1903 or later. The missing piece, which might provide an answer, is his mother Bessie's family. I barely know her parents' names (from her death certificate) and know nothing of siblings or other relations. Once I accept that Bessie came with two of her sons but left the youngest behind, the most likely scenario was that he arrived with other family, but I haven't found a record showing when or how this happened. For the second case, I have a spreadsheet with every data point I've encountered. Jacob reports immigrating 1892 (1910 census), 1893 (1900 census), 1897 (1920 census), 1899 (1930 census) and naturalized 1892 (1920 census), arrived 1893 and father naturalized 1895 (on Jacob's passport application). His year of birth varies from 1884 to 1888 depending when you asked.
Finally, at least two of you suggested using the searches available at https://stevemorse.org/ I've looked at this site but haven't discovered anything I wasn't able to find using the Ellis Island manifest search. Specifically, someone suggested searching simply by the Residence name but no service I've tried allows me to search without entering a family name. If there is a search tool that allows a broader approach, please provide a name or other pointers, Thanks.
p.s. For those who might be interested, the story my grandfather told me (and I recorded) is that he made the crossing at the age of 13, accompanying a younger cousin. They were smuggled across the Russian border and put on a train to Antwerp. The train was delayed and they arrived too late for the boat, requiring them to wait a week for the next ship. Since he was at leisure, my grandfather decided to explore the city. While in a public park surrounded by nice houses, a well-dressed man approached my grandfather and said to him, in perfect Yiddish, "Would you do me a favor? I need you take something to one of the houses here. Someone will give you an envelope in return. Bring it back to me. I'll be waiting for you." My grandfather said he knocked on the door and a woman answered, holding an envelope as if she expected him. He gave her his package and took the envelope back to where the man was waiting. The man took a large denomination bill from the envelope and gave it to my grandfather and walked away. (When I asked my grandfather what he thought that was about, he just shrugged.) He continued his trip, arriving in NY, where the cousin's family received him, took him to the baths and gave him a set of "modern" clothes. On the way to the baths, a ruffian called my grandfather a "greenie" and they got in a fight ("I got the best of him, believe you me."). The next morning they put him on a train to Philadelphia, with a note instructing the conductor where he needed to get to. Arriving in Phila., the conductor handed him over to a policeman who escorted him to his father's address. At his father's home, they were told that everyone was at work and the policeman took him there. However the foreman had them locked in and only after negotiations, one of the brothers was allowed to leave to take Jake to the house.
There are so many holes in the story, I don't know where to begin. Maybe he was telling someone else's story. Maybe it came from a book or a movie.
Looking for history books or research papers on the social and economic organization of a Galitzian shtetl in 1900 #galicia
Alberto Guido Chester
Of special interest to me is the organization of the Jewish community, its employees (shames, shojets, cantors, etc.) in any shtetl about 1900.
Not looking for novels, stories or creative writing but historic research.
Please answer your suggestions privately and I´ll try to put them together into a unique mail for reference.
Thanks in advance
Alberto Guido Chester, Buenos Aires, Argentina <agchester@...>
1. every census that your grandfather will appear in should have a column asking either "How long has this person been in the US" or "What year did they arrive in the US". Many states (especially NY) did their own censuses in between federal census years and also asked this question. From the answers, you should be able to get a good approximation of the year that your grandfather arrived.
2. if any of your foreign-born family members naturalized, or, if any of the foreign-born males registered for the WWI draft, those documents will list the town from which your family came.
3. if you know the name of the cousin that family lore says your grandfather came with, so much the better"
Not necessarily true. I have seen censuses and WW I draft notices which don't give this information. Just because you have seen the year of arrival on a couple censuses, that doesn't mean they all have them.
And if family lore says somebody came with somebody, that isn't necessarily true either. My mother, for example, mixed lots of stuff up. My grandfather was born in Missouri or Wisconsin or somewhere, for example.
Sally Bruckheimer, Princeton, NJ <sallybruc@...>
Good day all,
I am working for a family in Jerusalem who is seeking the whereabouts of Holocaust survivor - Edith/Miriam FRANKEL born August 4, 1933 in Hungary. Edith worked as a social worker in the greater Montreal area. Any information would be greatly appreciated.
With thanks, Abbee Abbee S. Corb, PhD, CAS, CMAS Email: abbeecorb@...
MODERATOR NOTE: Reply to sender only off list.
Trying to locate Valentin KHAIAT in Nof HaGalil #israel
Sorry, this is my first post and I am a true novice. I am trying to locate Valentin KHAIAT who may be a distant cousin. He completed a Testimony at Yad Vashem in 2005 for my PEKAR cousins. I am unable to read the address on the page of testimony but the city he lived in at that time is Nazareth Illit which I am told, is now Nof HaGalil, Israel. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Bonnie Gould, Los Angeles, California <mygeni4550@...>
MODERATOR NOTE: Send all replies off list to <mygeni4550@...>. Use "reply to sender" (Digest subscribers) or Reply and then PRIVATE (Summary subscribers)