Date   

Re: The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos #hungary

tom klein <h-sig@...>
 

vilmos is the hungarian version of william (in this case the idea of "equivalent" names is quite correct), and likewise of wilhelm, guillaume, and liam. the only reason for linking wilhelm to binyamin/zeev/wolf (see jewishgen archives for why these three names are linked) was originally the similarity of sound , in german, and later on probably just because it was "inherited" that way, because there is no other logical connection to associate them.

in fact, probably the most famous binyamin zeev is a great example of how hungarian jews named their children: theodor herzl. (maybe his parents didn't like yedidiah or velvel?)

i also think that the idea that jewish parents consulted a book of gittin when naming a baby is silly. the names had to have come first, and the books later sought to codify the naming patterns that were already in use. with the popularity of completely non-jewish names (like janos and pisti or geza) following the emancipation, the books of gittin gained importance. (rabbis didn't need a book to remind them that yankel was a diminutive of jacob.)

the point is not whether one individual vilmos had a jewish name of zeev or binyamin, but rather that, given a secular name like vilmos (or arpad or zoltan, or theodor), it is impossible to make any conclusions about their jewish name (without further evidence).


....... klein tamas, toronto

From: "Judy and Gary Floam" <gfloam@...> wrote:

Just a further thought on this question: does the name "vilmos" have a
meaning in Hungarian? And does it have anything to do with wolves?
"Ze'ev" means wolf in Hebrew and the Yiddish-German-English counterparts to
that Hebrew name were often Wolf or William (including my father and one of
my mother's brothers).

Judy Floam
Baltimore, Md.


Re: The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos #hungary

GilaMiriam Chait <gilamiriamchait@...>
 

Vilmos is the Hungarian equivalent of William. I too
have two great uncles whose names were recorded as
Wolf at birth and were later known as Vilmos, or Vili.

Gila Miriam Chait,
Manchester, England

--- Judy and Gary Floam <gfloam@...> wrote:

Just a further thought on this question: does the
name "vilmos" have a
meaning in Hungarian? And does it have anything to
do with wolves?
"Ze'ev" means wolf in Hebrew and the
Yiddish-German-English counterparts to
that Hebrew name were often Wolf or William
(including my father and one of
my mother's brothers).

Judy Floam
Baltimore, Md.
<snip>


Hungary SIG #Hungary Re: Re: Re:The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos #hungary

tom klein <h-sig@...>
 

vilmos is the hungarian version of william (in this case the idea of "equivalent" names is quite correct), and likewise of wilhelm, guillaume, and liam. the only reason for linking wilhelm to binyamin/zeev/wolf (see jewishgen archives for why these three names are linked) was originally the similarity of sound , in german, and later on probably just because it was "inherited" that way, because there is no other logical connection to associate them.

in fact, probably the most famous binyamin zeev is a great example of how hungarian jews named their children: theodor herzl. (maybe his parents didn't like yedidiah or velvel?)

i also think that the idea that jewish parents consulted a book of gittin when naming a baby is silly. the names had to have come first, and the books later sought to codify the naming patterns that were already in use. with the popularity of completely non-jewish names (like janos and pisti or geza) following the emancipation, the books of gittin gained importance. (rabbis didn't need a book to remind them that yankel was a diminutive of jacob.)

the point is not whether one individual vilmos had a jewish name of zeev or binyamin, but rather that, given a secular name like vilmos (or arpad or zoltan, or theodor), it is impossible to make any conclusions about their jewish name (without further evidence).


....... klein tamas, toronto

From: "Judy and Gary Floam" <gfloam@...> wrote:

Just a further thought on this question: does the name "vilmos" have a
meaning in Hungarian? And does it have anything to do with wolves?
"Ze'ev" means wolf in Hebrew and the Yiddish-German-English counterparts to
that Hebrew name were often Wolf or William (including my father and one of
my mother's brothers).

Judy Floam
Baltimore, Md.


Hungary SIG #Hungary Re: Re:The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos #hungary

GilaMiriam Chait <gilamiriamchait@...>
 

Vilmos is the Hungarian equivalent of William. I too
have two great uncles whose names were recorded as
Wolf at birth and were later known as Vilmos, or Vili.

Gila Miriam Chait,
Manchester, England

--- Judy and Gary Floam <gfloam@...> wrote:

Just a further thought on this question: does the
name "vilmos" have a
meaning in Hungarian? And does it have anything to
do with wolves?
"Ze'ev" means wolf in Hebrew and the
Yiddish-German-English counterparts to
that Hebrew name were often Wolf or William
(including my father and one of
my mother's brothers).

Judy Floam
Baltimore, Md.
<snip>


Re: The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos #hungary

Katz, Itzik <Itzik.Katz@...>
 

Vilmos has no meaning in Hungarian. The Hungarian word and equivalent
name for Zeev (wolf) is Farkas (Hungarian spelling were s =3D sh). My
great grandfather's Hebrew name was Chaim Zeev and incidentally his
Hungarian name was Farkas. As mentioned many time in the H-SIG there
isn't always a connection between a person's Hebrew name to his
Hungarian one.

Isaac Katz
Israel

-----Original Message-----
From: Judy and Gary Floam [mailto:gfloam@...]=20
Sent: Sunday, June 18, 2006 6:57 PM
To: H-SIG
Subject: Re: Re:[h-sig] The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos

Just a further thought on this question: does the name "vilmos" have a
meaning in Hungarian? And does it have anything to do with wolves?
"Ze'ev" means wolf in Hebrew and the Yiddish-German-English counterparts
to
that Hebrew name were often Wolf or William (including my father and one
of
my mother's brothers).

Judy Floam
Baltimore, Md.




----- Original Message -----
From: Prof. G. L. Esterson <jerry@...>
To: H-SIG <h-sig@...>
Cc: Amos Israel Zezmer <amos.zezmer@...>
Sent: Saturday, June 17, 2006 4:14 PM
Subject: Re:[h-sig] The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos

<snip>


Hungary SIG #Hungary RE: Re:The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos #hungary

Katz, Itzik <Itzik.Katz@...>
 

Vilmos has no meaning in Hungarian. The Hungarian word and equivalent
name for Zeev (wolf) is Farkas (Hungarian spelling were s =3D sh). My
great grandfather's Hebrew name was Chaim Zeev and incidentally his
Hungarian name was Farkas. As mentioned many time in the H-SIG there
isn't always a connection between a person's Hebrew name to his
Hungarian one.

Isaac Katz
Israel

-----Original Message-----
From: Judy and Gary Floam [mailto:gfloam@...]=20
Sent: Sunday, June 18, 2006 6:57 PM
To: H-SIG
Subject: Re: Re:[h-sig] The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos

Just a further thought on this question: does the name "vilmos" have a
meaning in Hungarian? And does it have anything to do with wolves?
"Ze'ev" means wolf in Hebrew and the Yiddish-German-English counterparts
to
that Hebrew name were often Wolf or William (including my father and one
of
my mother's brothers).

Judy Floam
Baltimore, Md.




----- Original Message -----
From: Prof. G. L. Esterson <jerry@...>
To: H-SIG <h-sig@...>
Cc: Amos Israel Zezmer <amos.zezmer@...>
Sent: Saturday, June 17, 2006 4:14 PM
Subject: Re:[h-sig] The Hebrew equivalent of Vilmos

<snip>


Resource Room at IAJGS Conference #southafrica

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
 

The Resource Room at the 26th IAJGS International Conference on Jewish
Genealogy will provide a wide range of electronic, print, microfilm, and
human resources to assist attendees with their research.

Computer services and databases will include....

* access to Ancestry.com, HeritageQuest census records, the New York
Times (1857-2000) and newspaper archives and Godfrey Library's
collection of online databases

* U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Database - (three million records normally
available only at the Museum) and the Shoah Foundation's Visual History
Archive search tool and testimony catalog

* Manhattan Brides Index (the data entered so far in the Genealogy
Federation of Long Island project to index 1,400,000 marriage licenses by
bride's name)

* Memorial Database of Jewish Soldiers, Partisans and Workers Killed in
Action during Nazism (a searchable database of Jews in the Russian army
killed and missing in action during WWII)

Among the 100-plus books and other print materials on hand will be...

* dozens of reference books on general and Jewish genealogy, Jewish and New
York history, immigration, translation, cemetery research, rabbinic
research, the Holocaust and a large collection of volumes on Jewish
Bialystok

* large scale insurance maps of New York's old Lower East Side and a variety
of historical and modern maps of Europe

* the Center for Jewish History Genealogy Institute Fact Sheets

* individual research projects

We are also delighted to offer...

* a large collection of microfilm of Jewish interest usually housed at the
Woodside (Queens) Family History Center - including the Hamburg Emigration
Lists - and 10 microfilm readers on which to view them

Plus we welcome the participation in the Resource Room of...

* translators to interpret documents in Russian, Polish, Spanish, Hebrew,
Yiddish, and other languages

* representatives of Ancestry.com in the Resource Room to assist in using
that site and representatives of the Shoah Foundation, available for
consultation

Please check the Resource Room page on the Conference website
(www.jgsny2006.org/resource_room.cfm) for details, additional items, and
updates. If you have material to share, please contact us at
resources@jgsny2006.

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
26th Annual IAJGS Conference Program Committee Chair
glory1@...


South Africa SIG #SouthAfrica Resource Room at IAJGS Conference #southafrica

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
 

The Resource Room at the 26th IAJGS International Conference on Jewish
Genealogy will provide a wide range of electronic, print, microfilm, and
human resources to assist attendees with their research.

Computer services and databases will include....

* access to Ancestry.com, HeritageQuest census records, the New York
Times (1857-2000) and newspaper archives and Godfrey Library's
collection of online databases

* U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Database - (three million records normally
available only at the Museum) and the Shoah Foundation's Visual History
Archive search tool and testimony catalog

* Manhattan Brides Index (the data entered so far in the Genealogy
Federation of Long Island project to index 1,400,000 marriage licenses by
bride's name)

* Memorial Database of Jewish Soldiers, Partisans and Workers Killed in
Action during Nazism (a searchable database of Jews in the Russian army
killed and missing in action during WWII)

Among the 100-plus books and other print materials on hand will be...

* dozens of reference books on general and Jewish genealogy, Jewish and New
York history, immigration, translation, cemetery research, rabbinic
research, the Holocaust and a large collection of volumes on Jewish
Bialystok

* large scale insurance maps of New York's old Lower East Side and a variety
of historical and modern maps of Europe

* the Center for Jewish History Genealogy Institute Fact Sheets

* individual research projects

We are also delighted to offer...

* a large collection of microfilm of Jewish interest usually housed at the
Woodside (Queens) Family History Center - including the Hamburg Emigration
Lists - and 10 microfilm readers on which to view them

Plus we welcome the participation in the Resource Room of...

* translators to interpret documents in Russian, Polish, Spanish, Hebrew,
Yiddish, and other languages

* representatives of Ancestry.com in the Resource Room to assist in using
that site and representatives of the Shoah Foundation, available for
consultation

Please check the Resource Room page on the Conference website
(www.jgsny2006.org/resource_room.cfm) for details, additional items, and
updates. If you have material to share, please contact us at
resources@jgsny2006.

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
26th Annual IAJGS Conference Program Committee Chair
glory1@...


Resource Room at IAJGS Conference #courland #latvia

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
 

The Resource Room at the 26th IAJGS International Conference on Jewish
Genealogy will provide a wide range of electronic, print, microfilm, and
human resources to assist attendees with their research.

Computer services and databases will include....

* access to Ancestry.com, HeritageQuest census records, the New York
Times (1857-2000) and newspaper archives and Godfrey Library's
collection of online databases

* U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Database - (three million records normally
available only at the Museum) and the Shoah Foundation's Visual History
Archive search tool and testimony catalog

* Manhattan Brides Index (the data entered so far in the Genealogy
Federation of Long Island project to index 1,400,000 marriage licenses by
bride's name)

* Memorial Database of Jewish Soldiers, Partisans and Workers Killed in
Action during Nazism (a searchable database of Jews in the Russian army
killed and missing in action during WWII)

Among the 100-plus books and other print materials on hand will be...

* dozens of reference books on general and Jewish genealogy, Jewish and New
York history, immigration, translation, cemetery research, rabbinic
research, the Holocaust and a large collection of volumes on Jewish
Bialystok

* large scale insurance maps of New York's old Lower East Side and a variety
of historical and modern maps of Europe

* the Center for Jewish History Genealogy Institute Fact Sheets

* individual research projects

We are also delighted to offer...

* a large collection of microfilm of Jewish interest usually housed at the
Woodside (Queens) Family History Center - including the Hamburg Emigration
Lists - and 10 microfilm readers on which to view them

Plus we welcome the participation in the Resource Room of...

* translators to interpret documents in Russian, Polish, Spanish, Hebrew,
Yiddish, and other languages

* representatives of Ancestry.com in the Resource Room to assist in using
that site and representatives of the Shoah Foundation, available for
consultation

Please check the Resource Room page on the Conference website
(www.jgsny2006.org/resource_room.cfm) for details, additional items, and
updates. If you have material to share, please contact us at
resources@jgsny2006.

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
26th Annual IAJGS Conference Program Committee Chair
glory1@...


Courland SIG #Courland #Latvia Resource Room at IAJGS Conference #courland #latvia

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
 

The Resource Room at the 26th IAJGS International Conference on Jewish
Genealogy will provide a wide range of electronic, print, microfilm, and
human resources to assist attendees with their research.

Computer services and databases will include....

* access to Ancestry.com, HeritageQuest census records, the New York
Times (1857-2000) and newspaper archives and Godfrey Library's
collection of online databases

* U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Database - (three million records normally
available only at the Museum) and the Shoah Foundation's Visual History
Archive search tool and testimony catalog

* Manhattan Brides Index (the data entered so far in the Genealogy
Federation of Long Island project to index 1,400,000 marriage licenses by
bride's name)

* Memorial Database of Jewish Soldiers, Partisans and Workers Killed in
Action during Nazism (a searchable database of Jews in the Russian army
killed and missing in action during WWII)

Among the 100-plus books and other print materials on hand will be...

* dozens of reference books on general and Jewish genealogy, Jewish and New
York history, immigration, translation, cemetery research, rabbinic
research, the Holocaust and a large collection of volumes on Jewish
Bialystok

* large scale insurance maps of New York's old Lower East Side and a variety
of historical and modern maps of Europe

* the Center for Jewish History Genealogy Institute Fact Sheets

* individual research projects

We are also delighted to offer...

* a large collection of microfilm of Jewish interest usually housed at the
Woodside (Queens) Family History Center - including the Hamburg Emigration
Lists - and 10 microfilm readers on which to view them

Plus we welcome the participation in the Resource Room of...

* translators to interpret documents in Russian, Polish, Spanish, Hebrew,
Yiddish, and other languages

* representatives of Ancestry.com in the Resource Room to assist in using
that site and representatives of the Shoah Foundation, available for
consultation

Please check the Resource Room page on the Conference website
(www.jgsny2006.org/resource_room.cfm) for details, additional items, and
updates. If you have material to share, please contact us at
resources@jgsny2006.

Gloria Berkenstat Freund
26th Annual IAJGS Conference Program Committee Chair
glory1@...


Former Inhabitants of Bleicherode #germany

GSt <beagun27@...>
 

I have been in correspondence with Dr. Dirk Schmidt in Germany, who is compiling
the history and fate of the former Jewish citizens of Bleicherode.

The following lists re submitted to me for checking and comment. It seemed that
the names might be of interest to some GerSig readers.

I have added English translation to some paragraphs in [italics ].
Dr. Schmidt can be contacted at :Dr.Dirk.Schmidt@...

"Notes:
Die folgende Aufstellung soll auf einer Tafel 50x100 cm in der
Dokumentation gezeigt werden. In ihr werden alle juedischen BFCrger von
Bleicherode erwaehnt, die in der Zeit vom 20.01.1933 bis 1943 in der Stadt

gelebt haben. Daraus soll sich das AusmaDF der Vertreibung und Verfolgung in
Bleicherode ergeben. Ihr fielen immerhin etwa 2 % der Bevoelkerung zum Opfer.
Die Aufstellung kann noch Fehler enthalten. Sie beruht insbesondere auf
Arbeiten der Kleinen Synagoge, Erfurt.
Folgende Fragen sind noch zu beantworten:

[The following list is to be displayed in a table in the documentation. In
it, all Jewish citizens of Bleicherode are mentioned who lived in the town
between Jan 20, 1933 and 1943. The degree of the expulsion and persecution
in Bleicherode can be deduced. Approximately 2% of the population were
victims. The compilation may contain errors. It is based especially on the
efforts of the "Little Synagugue" in Erfurt.]

1. Frankenberg, Harry: Wohnte er in Bleicherode zwischen 1933 u. 1943?
2. Martha, geb. 1882,gest.1943 in Berlin. Frage wie 1.
3. Fruehauf, Anna: Frage wie 1.
4. Goldmann, Marie, geb. 1916. Frage wie 1.
5. Karl Helft, emigriert 1933/34. Wer war das?
6. HERZFELD, Erich. Frage wie 1.
7. Hermann. Frage wie 1.
8. Irme geb. Schoenheim. Frage wie 1.
9. Rothenberg, Heinz. Wann emigriert?
10. Scheyer, Julius: Frage wie 1.
11. Clara Schoenheim: Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten.
12. Ernst und Lotte Schoenheim, Kinder Ursula und Walter:
Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten.
13. SCHWABE, Grete: Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten.
14. Kurt: Emigriert 1939. Was wurde aus der Familie?
15. Seelig, Gert: Frage wie 1.
16. Tachau, Martha geb.Helft:Frage wie1.
17. Wallach, Helmut: Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten, Verbleib der Familie.

Sie wohnten in der Zeit vom 30.01.1933-1943 in Bleicherode:

(*: Geburtsdatum; +: Sterbedatum; v:
verschollen; d: deportiert; e: emigriert,
t: fFCr tot erklE4rt)

1. BAUM, Grete geb. Oppenheim, * 16.11.1909, + 1945 Auschwitz, t.
2. BESTHOFF, Alma geb. Beyth, *07.08. 1895, d 1941 Lodz, + 1945, t.
3. BEYTH, Carl, *22.03.1903, e 1936.
4. Lisa geb. Rosenbaum, *27.12.1906,e 1936.
5. Baruch, *31.01.1931,e 1936
6. DANKWERTH, Rebecca geb. Schwed *02.05.1846,+ 22.01.1942 Hannover,
7. Max, *22.02.1868,e 1934,
8. Adolf, *1908, e 1934.
9. ENOCH, Margarete *29.11.1877,e 1938,
10. FRANKENHEIM Harry,
11. Martha, *06.04.1882,+ 30.03.1943
12. FRUEHAUF, Gustav, *23.08.1884, d,v Auschwitz
13. geb. Blum, *29.09.1894, d,v Auschwitz,
14. Anna,
15. FRUEHBERG, Dr., Hans *06.06.1893, d 1944 Auschwitz,+1988 Sehnde [???]
16. FRUHBERG, Hedwig geb. Wormser,*14.11.1908,d Auschwitz, +01.03.1945 Bergen-
Belsen,
17. GOLDMANN, Marie, * 21.09.1916,
18. GOLDSCHMIDT, Bertha geb. Rosenstein, *22.03.1873,d,+28.10.1942
Theresienstadt
19. HELFT, Paula geb. Elsberg, *29.12.1872,+ Freitod Nov.1938,
20. Hermann, *12.03.1895, e 1939.
21. Sofie geb. Weiss, *25.11.1902, e 1939.
22. Karl-Wolfgang, *03.09.1930, e 1938.
23. Felix, *29.07.1879,+ 02.06.1935 in Bl.
24. Alice geb. Schlesinger, 17.07.1879, e 1939.
25. Gerhard, *29.06.1906, e 1939.
26. Karl,
27. HERZFELD, Alfred, *09.09.1873, d, +16.03.1943 Theresienstadt,
28. Karl,
28. Ilse, *23.04.1907, e 1938.
29. Mary, *29.03.1902, d, v, + Distrikt Lublin,
29. Bertha geb. Gottschalk, *11.06.1879, d, + Riga, t,
30. Erich, *26.02.1889, d, v Trawnik/Polen,
31. Gerhard, *28.08.1904, e 1939,
31. Martha geb. Hartmann, *21.10.1901, e 1939,
32. HESS, Mathilde geb. Kahn, *02.10.1857, d,+ 1942 Theresienstadt,
33. HOHENBERG, Fritz, * ,+ 1937/38,
34. Fanny geb. Fromme, *25.07.1870, e 1940.
35. KATZ, Selma geb. Gruenstein, *28.08.1869, d, + 31.03.1944 Theresienstadt.
36. KATZ, Hedwig, d, v im Distrikt Lublin.
37. KATZ, Alfred, *19.04.1899, e 1939.
38. KATZ, Werner, e 1939.
39. KATZ, Walter,
40. KATZ, GFCnther,
41. KIEWE, Max, *20.08.1885, KZ Buchenwald 09.11.38 , dann verzogen.
42. KOHLMANN, Ida geb. Mandel, *1860, e 1939, + 17.06.1942.
43. LEWITZ, Samuel/Siegfried, *19.01.1871, d 1942, + 29.07.1943 Theresienstadt.
44. LEWITZ, Margarethe geb. Herzfeld, *1876,+23.10.1938.
45. MARCUS, Max, *18.04.1875, e 1939.
46. MARCUS, Else geb. Schlesinger, *23.06.1887, e 1939.
47. MEYER, Ida, *28.08.1873, 1938 verzogen, d, + 1942 Treblinka.
48. MICHAELIS, Wolfried, *18.02.1868, +1938.
49. Anna geb. Graefenberg, *21.01.1874, e 1939.
50. Heinrich, *03.04.1883, e 1933.
51. Irma geb. Schoenheim, * ,e 1933.
52. Karl, *02.06.1879, e 1939.
53. Frieda geb. Kohlmann, *03.03.1887, e 1939.
54. Arthur, *17.08.1903, e 1939.
55. Wilhelmine geb.Reinhold, *1909, e 1939
56. Judith, *1936, e 1939.
57. Eva, *1937, e 1939.
58. Edgar,
59. Gerhard,
60. Lothar,
61. NEUHAUS, Harry, *o5.05.1895, e 1934.
62. Gertrud geb. Helft, 14.03.1897, e 1934.
63. Peter, * 01.12.1925, e 1934.
64. Michael, * 18.05.1928, e 1934.
65. OPPENHEIM, Siegfried, *11.08.1875, e 1938/39.
66. Martha geb. Lebrecht *11.10.1878, e 1938/39.
67. Walter, * , e ?
68. ROSENBAUM, David, *07.08.1861, d 1942, + 02.02.1943 Theresienstadt.
69. ROSENBAUM, Selma geb. Arensberg, *01.01.1873, d 1942, + 20.081943
Theresienstadt.
70. ROTHENBERG, Hedwig geb. May, *21.05.1901, e 1938.
72. Carl, *10.10.1876, e 1933.
73. Felix, *1879, +19.10.1939 (Freitod),
74. Else geb. Hildesheimer, *31.07.1890, d Auschwitz, +1943.
75. Heinz, *16.10.1911, e 193.
76. Lore verh. Adler, *14.11.1917, e 1939.
77. Ida geb. GrE4fenberg, *22.06.1867, e 1939.
78. Hans, *26.02.1892, verzogen 1939 nach Leipzig, d 1942, v in Riga.
79. Gertrud Adelheid geb. OppE9, * 13.09.1895, verzogen 1939
nach Leipzig, d 1942, v in Riga.
80. Inge, *04.03.1924, wie Eltern Nr. 75/76.
81. Erich, *05.05.1929, wie Eltern Nr. 75/76.
82. Richard Ernst, *18.05.1891, verzogen 1939 Berlin,
d 1943, + Auschwitz, t.
83. Margarete geb. Eichenberg, *26.04.1898, wie Nr. 79.
84. Inge, *13.12.1926, wie Eltern Nr. 79/80.
85. SCHEYER, Julius, *24.05.1867,d 1942,+Theresienstadt.
86. SCHLESINGER, Oskar, *03.04.1878, e 1939.
87. Helene geb. Michaeli, * , e 1939.
88. Walter Schlesinger, *20.04.1881, e 1939.
89. Else geb. Mannheimer, *16.07.1890, e 1939.
90. Otto, Nathan Schlesinger, *01.03.1860, + 09.12.1933.
91. Ida geb. Levi, *01.12.1873, e 1939. [lived and died in London]
92. Kurt, *13.01.1900, e 1939. [ditto]
93. Richard, *1903, e 1939. [ditto]
94. Rosa, *26.04.1902, e 1939. [ditto]
95. SCHOENHEIM, Max, *20.03.1852,+01.03.1942 Hannover (jued. Altersheim)
96. SCHONHEIM, (O umlaut) Ernst, *27.10.1894, verzogen nach Leipzig, Niederlande,
+ 01.10.1944 Auschwitz.
97. Karl, *08.05.1901, e 1939.
99. SCHWABE,Grete, * , d 1942 Lublin, v.
100. SCHWED, Josef, *04.10.1861, e 1939. [the Schwed family lived in New York]
101. Minna geb. FFCrst, *22.02.1865, e 1939.
102. Martha, *29.11.1896, e 1939. [died in Miami Beach in 199?]
103. Frieda, * , e 1939.
104. Hanna, * , e 1939.
105. STEIN, Leopold, *05.02.1880, verzogen 1933 nach Erfurt, d. 1943 Polen, v.
106. Elly geb. StrauDF, *19.06.1890, wie Nr. 102.
107. Lotte verh. StrauDF, *14.12.1913, verzogen 1933 nach Erfurt, e 1935.
108. Ruth verh. Cemach, *20.12.1918, verzogen 1933 nach Erfurt, e 1939.
109. STRUPP, Fritz, *06.08.1888, e 1939.
110. Grete geb. Hildesheimer, *15.11.1900, e 1939.
111. Marion verh. Gutheim *23.09.1924, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107
112. Hans-Adolf, *05.07.1927, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107.
113. Guenther, *15.02.1929, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107.
114. Werner, *15.02.1929, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107.
115. TACHAU, Martha geb. Helft, * , e
116. WALLACH, Helmut, *10.01.(11.?) 1908, e Tel Aviv
117. WELS, Max, *27.11.1898, d 1942 Theresienstadt, + 1943 Auschwitz.
118. WELS, Meta, * , e 1938.
Andere emigrierten bereits vor 1933 wegen der von Nazis und
Deutschnationalen betriebenen
antisemitischen Hetze.
[Others emigrated before 1933 because of the hate campaigns by the Nazis
and German Nationalists]

Gunther Steinberg Portola Valley CA 94028 <beagun27@...>


German SIG #Germany Former Inhabitants of Bleicherode #germany

GSt <beagun27@...>
 

I have been in correspondence with Dr. Dirk Schmidt in Germany, who is compiling
the history and fate of the former Jewish citizens of Bleicherode.

The following lists re submitted to me for checking and comment. It seemed that
the names might be of interest to some GerSig readers.

I have added English translation to some paragraphs in [italics ].
Dr. Schmidt can be contacted at :Dr.Dirk.Schmidt@...

"Notes:
Die folgende Aufstellung soll auf einer Tafel 50x100 cm in der
Dokumentation gezeigt werden. In ihr werden alle juedischen BFCrger von
Bleicherode erwaehnt, die in der Zeit vom 20.01.1933 bis 1943 in der Stadt

gelebt haben. Daraus soll sich das AusmaDF der Vertreibung und Verfolgung in
Bleicherode ergeben. Ihr fielen immerhin etwa 2 % der Bevoelkerung zum Opfer.
Die Aufstellung kann noch Fehler enthalten. Sie beruht insbesondere auf
Arbeiten der Kleinen Synagoge, Erfurt.
Folgende Fragen sind noch zu beantworten:

[The following list is to be displayed in a table in the documentation. In
it, all Jewish citizens of Bleicherode are mentioned who lived in the town
between Jan 20, 1933 and 1943. The degree of the expulsion and persecution
in Bleicherode can be deduced. Approximately 2% of the population were
victims. The compilation may contain errors. It is based especially on the
efforts of the "Little Synagugue" in Erfurt.]

1. Frankenberg, Harry: Wohnte er in Bleicherode zwischen 1933 u. 1943?
2. Martha, geb. 1882,gest.1943 in Berlin. Frage wie 1.
3. Fruehauf, Anna: Frage wie 1.
4. Goldmann, Marie, geb. 1916. Frage wie 1.
5. Karl Helft, emigriert 1933/34. Wer war das?
6. HERZFELD, Erich. Frage wie 1.
7. Hermann. Frage wie 1.
8. Irme geb. Schoenheim. Frage wie 1.
9. Rothenberg, Heinz. Wann emigriert?
10. Scheyer, Julius: Frage wie 1.
11. Clara Schoenheim: Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten.
12. Ernst und Lotte Schoenheim, Kinder Ursula und Walter:
Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten.
13. SCHWABE, Grete: Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten.
14. Kurt: Emigriert 1939. Was wurde aus der Familie?
15. Seelig, Gert: Frage wie 1.
16. Tachau, Martha geb.Helft:Frage wie1.
17. Wallach, Helmut: Frage wie 1. Lebensdaten, Verbleib der Familie.

Sie wohnten in der Zeit vom 30.01.1933-1943 in Bleicherode:

(*: Geburtsdatum; +: Sterbedatum; v:
verschollen; d: deportiert; e: emigriert,
t: fFCr tot erklE4rt)

1. BAUM, Grete geb. Oppenheim, * 16.11.1909, + 1945 Auschwitz, t.
2. BESTHOFF, Alma geb. Beyth, *07.08. 1895, d 1941 Lodz, + 1945, t.
3. BEYTH, Carl, *22.03.1903, e 1936.
4. Lisa geb. Rosenbaum, *27.12.1906,e 1936.
5. Baruch, *31.01.1931,e 1936
6. DANKWERTH, Rebecca geb. Schwed *02.05.1846,+ 22.01.1942 Hannover,
7. Max, *22.02.1868,e 1934,
8. Adolf, *1908, e 1934.
9. ENOCH, Margarete *29.11.1877,e 1938,
10. FRANKENHEIM Harry,
11. Martha, *06.04.1882,+ 30.03.1943
12. FRUEHAUF, Gustav, *23.08.1884, d,v Auschwitz
13. geb. Blum, *29.09.1894, d,v Auschwitz,
14. Anna,
15. FRUEHBERG, Dr., Hans *06.06.1893, d 1944 Auschwitz,+1988 Sehnde [???]
16. FRUHBERG, Hedwig geb. Wormser,*14.11.1908,d Auschwitz, +01.03.1945 Bergen-
Belsen,
17. GOLDMANN, Marie, * 21.09.1916,
18. GOLDSCHMIDT, Bertha geb. Rosenstein, *22.03.1873,d,+28.10.1942
Theresienstadt
19. HELFT, Paula geb. Elsberg, *29.12.1872,+ Freitod Nov.1938,
20. Hermann, *12.03.1895, e 1939.
21. Sofie geb. Weiss, *25.11.1902, e 1939.
22. Karl-Wolfgang, *03.09.1930, e 1938.
23. Felix, *29.07.1879,+ 02.06.1935 in Bl.
24. Alice geb. Schlesinger, 17.07.1879, e 1939.
25. Gerhard, *29.06.1906, e 1939.
26. Karl,
27. HERZFELD, Alfred, *09.09.1873, d, +16.03.1943 Theresienstadt,
28. Karl,
28. Ilse, *23.04.1907, e 1938.
29. Mary, *29.03.1902, d, v, + Distrikt Lublin,
29. Bertha geb. Gottschalk, *11.06.1879, d, + Riga, t,
30. Erich, *26.02.1889, d, v Trawnik/Polen,
31. Gerhard, *28.08.1904, e 1939,
31. Martha geb. Hartmann, *21.10.1901, e 1939,
32. HESS, Mathilde geb. Kahn, *02.10.1857, d,+ 1942 Theresienstadt,
33. HOHENBERG, Fritz, * ,+ 1937/38,
34. Fanny geb. Fromme, *25.07.1870, e 1940.
35. KATZ, Selma geb. Gruenstein, *28.08.1869, d, + 31.03.1944 Theresienstadt.
36. KATZ, Hedwig, d, v im Distrikt Lublin.
37. KATZ, Alfred, *19.04.1899, e 1939.
38. KATZ, Werner, e 1939.
39. KATZ, Walter,
40. KATZ, GFCnther,
41. KIEWE, Max, *20.08.1885, KZ Buchenwald 09.11.38 , dann verzogen.
42. KOHLMANN, Ida geb. Mandel, *1860, e 1939, + 17.06.1942.
43. LEWITZ, Samuel/Siegfried, *19.01.1871, d 1942, + 29.07.1943 Theresienstadt.
44. LEWITZ, Margarethe geb. Herzfeld, *1876,+23.10.1938.
45. MARCUS, Max, *18.04.1875, e 1939.
46. MARCUS, Else geb. Schlesinger, *23.06.1887, e 1939.
47. MEYER, Ida, *28.08.1873, 1938 verzogen, d, + 1942 Treblinka.
48. MICHAELIS, Wolfried, *18.02.1868, +1938.
49. Anna geb. Graefenberg, *21.01.1874, e 1939.
50. Heinrich, *03.04.1883, e 1933.
51. Irma geb. Schoenheim, * ,e 1933.
52. Karl, *02.06.1879, e 1939.
53. Frieda geb. Kohlmann, *03.03.1887, e 1939.
54. Arthur, *17.08.1903, e 1939.
55. Wilhelmine geb.Reinhold, *1909, e 1939
56. Judith, *1936, e 1939.
57. Eva, *1937, e 1939.
58. Edgar,
59. Gerhard,
60. Lothar,
61. NEUHAUS, Harry, *o5.05.1895, e 1934.
62. Gertrud geb. Helft, 14.03.1897, e 1934.
63. Peter, * 01.12.1925, e 1934.
64. Michael, * 18.05.1928, e 1934.
65. OPPENHEIM, Siegfried, *11.08.1875, e 1938/39.
66. Martha geb. Lebrecht *11.10.1878, e 1938/39.
67. Walter, * , e ?
68. ROSENBAUM, David, *07.08.1861, d 1942, + 02.02.1943 Theresienstadt.
69. ROSENBAUM, Selma geb. Arensberg, *01.01.1873, d 1942, + 20.081943
Theresienstadt.
70. ROTHENBERG, Hedwig geb. May, *21.05.1901, e 1938.
72. Carl, *10.10.1876, e 1933.
73. Felix, *1879, +19.10.1939 (Freitod),
74. Else geb. Hildesheimer, *31.07.1890, d Auschwitz, +1943.
75. Heinz, *16.10.1911, e 193.
76. Lore verh. Adler, *14.11.1917, e 1939.
77. Ida geb. GrE4fenberg, *22.06.1867, e 1939.
78. Hans, *26.02.1892, verzogen 1939 nach Leipzig, d 1942, v in Riga.
79. Gertrud Adelheid geb. OppE9, * 13.09.1895, verzogen 1939
nach Leipzig, d 1942, v in Riga.
80. Inge, *04.03.1924, wie Eltern Nr. 75/76.
81. Erich, *05.05.1929, wie Eltern Nr. 75/76.
82. Richard Ernst, *18.05.1891, verzogen 1939 Berlin,
d 1943, + Auschwitz, t.
83. Margarete geb. Eichenberg, *26.04.1898, wie Nr. 79.
84. Inge, *13.12.1926, wie Eltern Nr. 79/80.
85. SCHEYER, Julius, *24.05.1867,d 1942,+Theresienstadt.
86. SCHLESINGER, Oskar, *03.04.1878, e 1939.
87. Helene geb. Michaeli, * , e 1939.
88. Walter Schlesinger, *20.04.1881, e 1939.
89. Else geb. Mannheimer, *16.07.1890, e 1939.
90. Otto, Nathan Schlesinger, *01.03.1860, + 09.12.1933.
91. Ida geb. Levi, *01.12.1873, e 1939. [lived and died in London]
92. Kurt, *13.01.1900, e 1939. [ditto]
93. Richard, *1903, e 1939. [ditto]
94. Rosa, *26.04.1902, e 1939. [ditto]
95. SCHOENHEIM, Max, *20.03.1852,+01.03.1942 Hannover (jued. Altersheim)
96. SCHONHEIM, (O umlaut) Ernst, *27.10.1894, verzogen nach Leipzig, Niederlande,
+ 01.10.1944 Auschwitz.
97. Karl, *08.05.1901, e 1939.
99. SCHWABE,Grete, * , d 1942 Lublin, v.
100. SCHWED, Josef, *04.10.1861, e 1939. [the Schwed family lived in New York]
101. Minna geb. FFCrst, *22.02.1865, e 1939.
102. Martha, *29.11.1896, e 1939. [died in Miami Beach in 199?]
103. Frieda, * , e 1939.
104. Hanna, * , e 1939.
105. STEIN, Leopold, *05.02.1880, verzogen 1933 nach Erfurt, d. 1943 Polen, v.
106. Elly geb. StrauDF, *19.06.1890, wie Nr. 102.
107. Lotte verh. StrauDF, *14.12.1913, verzogen 1933 nach Erfurt, e 1935.
108. Ruth verh. Cemach, *20.12.1918, verzogen 1933 nach Erfurt, e 1939.
109. STRUPP, Fritz, *06.08.1888, e 1939.
110. Grete geb. Hildesheimer, *15.11.1900, e 1939.
111. Marion verh. Gutheim *23.09.1924, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107
112. Hans-Adolf, *05.07.1927, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107.
113. Guenther, *15.02.1929, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107.
114. Werner, *15.02.1929, wie Eltern Nr. 106/107.
115. TACHAU, Martha geb. Helft, * , e
116. WALLACH, Helmut, *10.01.(11.?) 1908, e Tel Aviv
117. WELS, Max, *27.11.1898, d 1942 Theresienstadt, + 1943 Auschwitz.
118. WELS, Meta, * , e 1938.
Andere emigrierten bereits vor 1933 wegen der von Nazis und
Deutschnationalen betriebenen
antisemitischen Hetze.
[Others emigrated before 1933 because of the hate campaigns by the Nazis
and German Nationalists]

Gunther Steinberg Portola Valley CA 94028 <beagun27@...>


I am continuing to search for WEIS or WISE from Canada via France and Germany #germany

Lisa Robinson <lisa@...>
 

Hello,
I am still continuing the search for my mothers family members, I have
reached a point where I am not sure which way to turn. I gained
information through several sources and have had some of it confirmed
from two others. The people that I am searching for Changed their name
after 1725 >from WEIS to WISE. I have found SAMUEL WISE /SAMUEL WEIS
it has been suggested that his name was changed sometime after his
birth. However I hit a snag as he seems to have had a son by the same
name. I can't tell which one had the name change. If anyone can help
please let me know.
Here are the locations that I have found for them Samuel Wise Sr. b.
1725 d. 12/27/1777 m. Grace Webster 12/3/1750.
Son - Samuel Wise Jr. b. 12/5/1753 Albany NY. , d.1813 Henrietta NY.
Both of these men seem to be descended >from on Nicolas Wise or Weis @
1660 or 1663 >from what I can find Nicolas was in Mass. Conn. and NY. I
am not sure that I am on the right track. So if you can assist please
drop me a line.

As a side line, I am searching my niece that lives with me fathers
line. Last name is SKOLNIK any one with info on the name can e-mail me
and we can see if I am on the right track for her. She is curious and
her fathers family wants her to not look in to tracing her roots. As I
homeschool her we are using it as a learning tool and will be using this
to study history and geography. Blessings and Shalom,

Lisa Robinson Tampa, Florida <lisa@...>


German SIG #Germany I am continuing to search for WEIS or WISE from Canada via France and Germany #germany

Lisa Robinson <lisa@...>
 

Hello,
I am still continuing the search for my mothers family members, I have
reached a point where I am not sure which way to turn. I gained
information through several sources and have had some of it confirmed
from two others. The people that I am searching for Changed their name
after 1725 >from WEIS to WISE. I have found SAMUEL WISE /SAMUEL WEIS
it has been suggested that his name was changed sometime after his
birth. However I hit a snag as he seems to have had a son by the same
name. I can't tell which one had the name change. If anyone can help
please let me know.
Here are the locations that I have found for them Samuel Wise Sr. b.
1725 d. 12/27/1777 m. Grace Webster 12/3/1750.
Son - Samuel Wise Jr. b. 12/5/1753 Albany NY. , d.1813 Henrietta NY.
Both of these men seem to be descended >from on Nicolas Wise or Weis @
1660 or 1663 >from what I can find Nicolas was in Mass. Conn. and NY. I
am not sure that I am on the right track. So if you can assist please
drop me a line.

As a side line, I am searching my niece that lives with me fathers
line. Last name is SKOLNIK any one with info on the name can e-mail me
and we can see if I am on the right track for her. She is curious and
her fathers family wants her to not look in to tracing her roots. As I
homeschool her we are using it as a learning tool and will be using this
to study history and geography. Blessings and Shalom,

Lisa Robinson Tampa, Florida <lisa@...>


Re: descendance of the EPSTEINs #germany

MBernet@...
 

In a message dated 6/18/2006 kassells@... writes:

"Itzhak Epstein is planning to use DNA tests to relate male branches of
families EPSTEIN. At this point it may be worthwhile to note that some
prominent EPSTEIN families are known as Levites, another character handed
down >from father to son, besides Y chromosomes."

==The original Levitical Epsteins were >from Spain. Their family name was
Benvenisti (assumed to be a translation of the Hebrew, Shalom).

==Some of the Benvenistis fled to Saloniki after 1492 (and >from there to the
Levant), others to Italy. The Italians migrated northwards and settled in
the Styrian town Ebstein (whence the name). >from there they spread out largely
to Eastern Europe; relatively few to Germany (you should be posting in
jewishgen and in ravsig, in addition to gersig). The rabbis with that name are
mostly of the Levite (Benvenisti) source.

==Two minor points: Paternal (["of fathers"] cannot be used to describe
descendants [children and their children and their . . . ]. And the Y chromosome
carries all the genes that are unique in a direct ancestral line--which would
axiomatically include the various Levite genes.

Michael Bernet, New York

MODERATOR NOTE: This subject should be discussed further off-list or in
another SIG Forum.


Re: help with name identification #general

Judith Romney Wegner
 

Re the original query about:

Wulf which became William, my grandfather. Until I started doing
this research, I had no idea my grandfather had ever been anything
but William.
It is worth knowing that any time one runs into a Jew named William
it will almost certainly turn out that he had an ancestor named
Wolf; and (as Stan pointed out) he will also have the Hebrew name
Ze'ev -- which means wolf -- that's how the ancestor got the name
Wolf in Yiddish or English in the first place!

Re the name that was read as Neima or Neinna, and which became Anna
in English, I wondered at first whether the "N" could really be an
"H" and the name was really Hannah, which is the original Hebrew name
rendered as "Anna" in the New Testament -- so Hannah = Anna would
have made perfect sense. However it really does look more like an
"N" on Viewmate and there also seems to be a dotted "i" (unless the
dot is an accidental smudge) so I reluctantly abandoned the Hannah
theory.

Stan read the name as Naime and assumed it was a Yiddishization of
Naomi. That could be quite likely if she lived somewhere where the
"o" vowel of Na-O-mi was pronounced like tbe vowl "a" in "day."
There are also two biblical females named "Na'amah" (quite commonly
used in Israel today and perhaps also sometimes used traditionally.

Judith Romney Wegner


I read it as Naime. I think you can assume that this is what Yiddish did to
the Hebrew name "Naomi".

A possible additional surprise about your grandfather is that, when (and
assuming he was) called to the Torah, your "Wolf" was called "Ze'ev".

--
Stan Goodman, Qiryat Tiv'on, Israel


German SIG #Germany Re: descendance of the EPSTEINs #germany

MBernet@...
 

In a message dated 6/18/2006 kassells@... writes:

"Itzhak Epstein is planning to use DNA tests to relate male branches of
families EPSTEIN. At this point it may be worthwhile to note that some
prominent EPSTEIN families are known as Levites, another character handed
down >from father to son, besides Y chromosomes."

==The original Levitical Epsteins were >from Spain. Their family name was
Benvenisti (assumed to be a translation of the Hebrew, Shalom).

==Some of the Benvenistis fled to Saloniki after 1492 (and >from there to the
Levant), others to Italy. The Italians migrated northwards and settled in
the Styrian town Ebstein (whence the name). >from there they spread out largely
to Eastern Europe; relatively few to Germany (you should be posting in
jewishgen and in ravsig, in addition to gersig). The rabbis with that name are
mostly of the Levite (Benvenisti) source.

==Two minor points: Paternal (["of fathers"] cannot be used to describe
descendants [children and their children and their . . . ]. And the Y chromosome
carries all the genes that are unique in a direct ancestral line--which would
axiomatically include the various Levite genes.

Michael Bernet, New York

MODERATOR NOTE: This subject should be discussed further off-list or in
another SIG Forum.


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: help with name identification #general

Judith Romney Wegner
 

Re the original query about:

Wulf which became William, my grandfather. Until I started doing
this research, I had no idea my grandfather had ever been anything
but William.
It is worth knowing that any time one runs into a Jew named William
it will almost certainly turn out that he had an ancestor named
Wolf; and (as Stan pointed out) he will also have the Hebrew name
Ze'ev -- which means wolf -- that's how the ancestor got the name
Wolf in Yiddish or English in the first place!

Re the name that was read as Neima or Neinna, and which became Anna
in English, I wondered at first whether the "N" could really be an
"H" and the name was really Hannah, which is the original Hebrew name
rendered as "Anna" in the New Testament -- so Hannah = Anna would
have made perfect sense. However it really does look more like an
"N" on Viewmate and there also seems to be a dotted "i" (unless the
dot is an accidental smudge) so I reluctantly abandoned the Hannah
theory.

Stan read the name as Naime and assumed it was a Yiddishization of
Naomi. That could be quite likely if she lived somewhere where the
"o" vowel of Na-O-mi was pronounced like tbe vowl "a" in "day."
There are also two biblical females named "Na'amah" (quite commonly
used in Israel today and perhaps also sometimes used traditionally.

Judith Romney Wegner


I read it as Naime. I think you can assume that this is what Yiddish did to
the Hebrew name "Naomi".

A possible additional surprise about your grandfather is that, when (and
assuming he was) called to the Torah, your "Wolf" was called "Ze'ev".

--
Stan Goodman, Qiryat Tiv'on, Israel


HOFSTADTER - Lisko (Galicia) #general

Elena Aschkenasi <eraschkenasi@...>
 

Dear Genealogy Seekers,

I am searching for information about my mother's
family >from Lisko, Poland. I can't find Lisko in
Poland. My mother's name was Elka HOFSTADTER; she was
born in Lisko on March 20, 1907. Her father was Natan,
her mother (to the best of my knowledge) Rosa
Buchenbaum. Her siblings'names were Alter, Elias,
Berta, Regina and Sara. Alter, his wife and children,
were killed in Lisko during a progrom. The other
siblings all went to Uruguay at various times.
Where can I search for information about my mother's
family and ancestry?
How can I obtain her birth certificate? School
diploma? My mother mentioned Przemysl in relation to
schooling. I know that she finished secondary school
in Poland before leaving to join her brother in
Uruguay in the late 1920's.
I remember my mother telling that her family lived on
a piece of land that belonged to a count. What were
the economic and social implications of such an
arrangement?

Where is best to start the search, and what is the
most useful search sequence?

Please respond privately to eraschkenasi@....
Thank you!

Elena Aschkenasi
St. Louis, MO


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen HOFSTADTER - Lisko (Galicia) #general

Elena Aschkenasi <eraschkenasi@...>
 

Dear Genealogy Seekers,

I am searching for information about my mother's
family >from Lisko, Poland. I can't find Lisko in
Poland. My mother's name was Elka HOFSTADTER; she was
born in Lisko on March 20, 1907. Her father was Natan,
her mother (to the best of my knowledge) Rosa
Buchenbaum. Her siblings'names were Alter, Elias,
Berta, Regina and Sara. Alter, his wife and children,
were killed in Lisko during a progrom. The other
siblings all went to Uruguay at various times.
Where can I search for information about my mother's
family and ancestry?
How can I obtain her birth certificate? School
diploma? My mother mentioned Przemysl in relation to
schooling. I know that she finished secondary school
in Poland before leaving to join her brother in
Uruguay in the late 1920's.
I remember my mother telling that her family lived on
a piece of land that belonged to a count. What were
the economic and social implications of such an
arrangement?

Where is best to start the search, and what is the
most useful search sequence?

Please respond privately to eraschkenasi@....
Thank you!

Elena Aschkenasi
St. Louis, MO