Date   

Does it matters where and how Shoah victims died? (was Re: Urgent request from Yad Vashem) #general

Tom Venetianer <tom.vene@...>
 

Dear all,

Maybe to answer such a delicate question, one would have to travel back in time
and discover why our early ancestors - according to the Bible, since Abraham -
buried their relatives with certain honors.

Pragmatists would answer that burying dead people was a practical need because
the body decomposing smelled badly and could cause maladies.

Well, maybe that was the original reason, but then one begins wondering why the
Jews developed very special customs and practices related to the dead. Just some
examples to make my point:

* On each burial we ask forgiveness to the deceased in the name of all the
congregation

* We express our deep grief by cutting our clothings (keria)

* We stop 7 times before reaching the grave's site, signaling that we do not wish
to depart quickly >from our deceased

* We sit shivah for 7 days, recite Kaddish for 11 months

* We commemorate Yizkor 4 times a year and keep yurzeit yearly

* We visit graves several times during a year and place little pebbles on the
tombstones to express our respects.

Of course I could go on and on, with many more customs and Talmudic rulings about
how we should honor our deceased.

Thus, is there in anybody's mind any doubt that it is *very* important to know
where our Holocaust martyrs were assassinated and how and when they died? Isn't
this a manner of perpetuating their sacred memories?

Thanks for your time
Tom
-.-.
Tom Venetianer <mailto:tom.vene@...>
Sao Paulo - Brazil

Some of my relatives have 5 POTs, each claiming they died in a
different place and time - does it really matter?

If ancestors were killed by Nazis, Poles, Ukranians, Lithuanians, or
any number of accomplices because they were Jewish - does it *really*
make a difference? They could have been killed by bombs, progroms,
Einsatzgruppen, ghettos, shot, burned, gassed, hunger, elements,
disease, etc.


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Does it matters where and how Shoah victims died? (was Re: Urgent request from Yad Vashem) #general

Tom Venetianer <tom.vene@...>
 

Dear all,

Maybe to answer such a delicate question, one would have to travel back in time
and discover why our early ancestors - according to the Bible, since Abraham -
buried their relatives with certain honors.

Pragmatists would answer that burying dead people was a practical need because
the body decomposing smelled badly and could cause maladies.

Well, maybe that was the original reason, but then one begins wondering why the
Jews developed very special customs and practices related to the dead. Just some
examples to make my point:

* On each burial we ask forgiveness to the deceased in the name of all the
congregation

* We express our deep grief by cutting our clothings (keria)

* We stop 7 times before reaching the grave's site, signaling that we do not wish
to depart quickly >from our deceased

* We sit shivah for 7 days, recite Kaddish for 11 months

* We commemorate Yizkor 4 times a year and keep yurzeit yearly

* We visit graves several times during a year and place little pebbles on the
tombstones to express our respects.

Of course I could go on and on, with many more customs and Talmudic rulings about
how we should honor our deceased.

Thus, is there in anybody's mind any doubt that it is *very* important to know
where our Holocaust martyrs were assassinated and how and when they died? Isn't
this a manner of perpetuating their sacred memories?

Thanks for your time
Tom
-.-.
Tom Venetianer <mailto:tom.vene@...>
Sao Paulo - Brazil

Some of my relatives have 5 POTs, each claiming they died in a
different place and time - does it really matter?

If ancestors were killed by Nazis, Poles, Ukranians, Lithuanians, or
any number of accomplices because they were Jewish - does it *really*
make a difference? They could have been killed by bombs, progroms,
Einsatzgruppen, ghettos, shot, burned, gassed, hunger, elements,
disease, etc.


Re: Urgent request from Yad Vashem (submitting POT via the Internet) #general

Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

David Lewin writes: < How does one cope with the
practicality? Quite rightly Yad Vashem, in its
instructions of "how to submit" asks that you check
that someone is not there already. Also - quite
rightly - it asks for individually signed and printed
forms. There is no electronic submission." >

David is mistaken, one can download a form, and there
is electronic transmission, but then you cannot sign
it with your own signature.

Go to the Yad Vashem homepage and click on the word
"Remembrance" and click on "Download". Print out a
few paper forms or print out *one* and then photocopy
as many as you need.

We just have to make time for this sad task, and for
many of us that is hard. Whatever route you decide on
[snail or electronic]: open the family tree and copy
out the relevant data onto each paper form [have a
pile ready by you]. Then if you decide to do it
electronically, open the electronic form and copy in
the data, already fully-prepared >from your paper form.
Make sure your data is consistent, otherwise the names
will not be linked on Yad Vashem. You must have
scanned photographs ready too, if you are doing it
electronically. Be prepared

And daily, log on to Yad Vashem, choose a few names at
random and send in corrections to glaring mistakes
-mainly relationships ie Jakob was the *sister* of
Jonas. There is a standard electronic form for that
too. The easiest way to find this form is to click
"More details" on the short standard printed POT. Then
at the bottom of the details, you will find "Correct
Our Deciphering"; click again and hey-presto, that is
the form you need to fill in.

Which reminds me once again, I have to send in my many
forms too - all victims >from Vienna. I may take the
opportunity though to do it manually, when I visit
Israel soon.

Celia Male [U.K.]


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Re: Urgent request from Yad Vashem (submitting POT via the Internet) #general

Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

David Lewin writes: < How does one cope with the
practicality? Quite rightly Yad Vashem, in its
instructions of "how to submit" asks that you check
that someone is not there already. Also - quite
rightly - it asks for individually signed and printed
forms. There is no electronic submission." >

David is mistaken, one can download a form, and there
is electronic transmission, but then you cannot sign
it with your own signature.

Go to the Yad Vashem homepage and click on the word
"Remembrance" and click on "Download". Print out a
few paper forms or print out *one* and then photocopy
as many as you need.

We just have to make time for this sad task, and for
many of us that is hard. Whatever route you decide on
[snail or electronic]: open the family tree and copy
out the relevant data onto each paper form [have a
pile ready by you]. Then if you decide to do it
electronically, open the electronic form and copy in
the data, already fully-prepared >from your paper form.
Make sure your data is consistent, otherwise the names
will not be linked on Yad Vashem. You must have
scanned photographs ready too, if you are doing it
electronically. Be prepared

And daily, log on to Yad Vashem, choose a few names at
random and send in corrections to glaring mistakes
-mainly relationships ie Jakob was the *sister* of
Jonas. There is a standard electronic form for that
too. The easiest way to find this form is to click
"More details" on the short standard printed POT. Then
at the bottom of the details, you will find "Correct
Our Deciphering"; click again and hey-presto, that is
the form you need to fill in.

Which reminds me once again, I have to send in my many
forms too - all victims >from Vienna. I may take the
opportunity though to do it manually, when I visit
Israel soon.

Celia Male [U.K.]


ROZINKO in Israel #general

Lois Rosen
 

Dear All,
I have been trying to locate a branch of our family in Israel, with
very little success. If anyone can help, I would be most
appreciative, but please respond privately. I am trying to find Jose-
Abram ROZINKO (age about 76) and his family. His wife is Fira, and
his daughters are Lilya and Galya. The daughters are both married,
but I do not know their married names. I believe they have children.
Abram is the first cousin of my father-in-law David ROSEN
(Pennsylvania, USA), who has passed away. David's father Louis ROSEN
and Abram's father Gershen-Mendel ROZINKO were brothers >from Riga and
Dvinsk, Latvia. I would appreciate any leads, advice, or help very
much. I do not think he speaks English.
Lois ROSEN
La Canada, CA USA
Researching ROZINKO, GREDITOR, WAINER, SCHUWAL, ABRAMOWITSCH, and
BERKOWITSCH >from Latvia, FARBIARZ >from Latvia and Poland, and
WEINSTEIN >from Ukraine


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen ROZINKO in Israel #general

Lois Rosen
 

Dear All,
I have been trying to locate a branch of our family in Israel, with
very little success. If anyone can help, I would be most
appreciative, but please respond privately. I am trying to find Jose-
Abram ROZINKO (age about 76) and his family. His wife is Fira, and
his daughters are Lilya and Galya. The daughters are both married,
but I do not know their married names. I believe they have children.
Abram is the first cousin of my father-in-law David ROSEN
(Pennsylvania, USA), who has passed away. David's father Louis ROSEN
and Abram's father Gershen-Mendel ROZINKO were brothers >from Riga and
Dvinsk, Latvia. I would appreciate any leads, advice, or help very
much. I do not think he speaks English.
Lois ROSEN
La Canada, CA USA
Researching ROZINKO, GREDITOR, WAINER, SCHUWAL, ABRAMOWITSCH, and
BERKOWITSCH >from Latvia, FARBIARZ >from Latvia and Poland, and
WEINSTEIN >from Ukraine


Israel Genealogical Society /Jerusalem /English Section #general

Barbara Siegel
 

Israel Genealogical Society/Jerusalem
English Section

Barbara Siegel, Coordinator

E-mail: bsiegel@... Tel/Fax: 02-561-8153

Notice of Next Meeting

*Please notice the one time change of date*

Date: Wednesday, March 8, 2006
Time: 6:00 P.M. Library open

7:30 " Announcements

7:45 " English Section Program

Place Beit Frankfurter. 80 Derech Beit Lechem in the Baka'a neighborhood.

Buses: 7, 21(>from he Central Bus Station) 30,

Topic: We are very privileged to once again hear >from one of the foremost
experts in the field of Jewish Genealogy. Sallyann Amdur Sack will be our
speaker at this very special event. Her program, "The Evolving World of Jewish
Genealogy" will touch on many of the exciting developments , current and in
progress, including what's going on in Jerusalem.

Sallyann brings with her a wealth of experience in Jewish Genealogy. Many will
recognize her as the co-founder and president of Avotaynu,Inc, publisher of works
on Jewish genealogy, and the Editor of "Avotaynu", the premier international
journal. She is the co-author of "Where Once We Walked" and participated with
the Israel Genealogical Society in the publication of "A Guide to Jewish
Genealogical Research in Israel". Her other offices, activities and publications
are too numerous to mention here.

The program will be in English, and is a joint effort of both the English and
Hebrew Sections in Jerusalem. We invite everyone to attend and take advantage
of a very special opportunity.

Any questions? Please E-mail or call Barbara at: bsiegel@...
02-561-8153


Samuel Freedman to speak March 9 at Jewish Library in San Francisco #general

Jrbaston
 

San Francisco Bay Area researchers will have a chance
March 9 to hear Samuel Freedman, author of "Who She
Was: My Search for My Mother's Life" and featured
banquet speaker at the IAJGS Conference in New York.

Freedman will talk and read >from his book Thursday,
March 9at 7:30 p.m. at the Jewish Community Library,
1835 Ellis Street, San Francisco. The event is free and
there is free parking in the building on Pierce Street
between Ellis and Eddy.

Freedman's mother died of cancer, in 1974, when he
was 19. For the next 26 years he gave her little thought, becoming, "by
default and by choice," his father's son. As
he neared 50, the same age his mother was when she
died, Freedman began piecing together the fragments
of his mother's life, a task he understood as a filial duty
and an act of atonement.

Thus began his investigative journey into researching
his mother's life as she lived it in the 30s, 40s, and 50s
in the Bronx; her ambitions and yearnings, her dreams
and disappointments. As his mother was coming of age
in the Bronx in the 1940s, her own mother was coming
to terms with what happened to her family who had
remained in Bialystok during the Holocaust.

Freedman's journey into trying to understand his
mother's life is fascinating for any family history
researcher.

For more information, one may contact the Jewish
Community Library at < library@... >

Judy Baston
San Francisco, CA


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Israel Genealogical Society /Jerusalem /English Section #general

Barbara Siegel
 

Israel Genealogical Society/Jerusalem
English Section

Barbara Siegel, Coordinator

E-mail: bsiegel@... Tel/Fax: 02-561-8153

Notice of Next Meeting

*Please notice the one time change of date*

Date: Wednesday, March 8, 2006
Time: 6:00 P.M. Library open

7:30 " Announcements

7:45 " English Section Program

Place Beit Frankfurter. 80 Derech Beit Lechem in the Baka'a neighborhood.

Buses: 7, 21(>from he Central Bus Station) 30,

Topic: We are very privileged to once again hear >from one of the foremost
experts in the field of Jewish Genealogy. Sallyann Amdur Sack will be our
speaker at this very special event. Her program, "The Evolving World of Jewish
Genealogy" will touch on many of the exciting developments , current and in
progress, including what's going on in Jerusalem.

Sallyann brings with her a wealth of experience in Jewish Genealogy. Many will
recognize her as the co-founder and president of Avotaynu,Inc, publisher of works
on Jewish genealogy, and the Editor of "Avotaynu", the premier international
journal. She is the co-author of "Where Once We Walked" and participated with
the Israel Genealogical Society in the publication of "A Guide to Jewish
Genealogical Research in Israel". Her other offices, activities and publications
are too numerous to mention here.

The program will be in English, and is a joint effort of both the English and
Hebrew Sections in Jerusalem. We invite everyone to attend and take advantage
of a very special opportunity.

Any questions? Please E-mail or call Barbara at: bsiegel@...
02-561-8153


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Samuel Freedman to speak March 9 at Jewish Library in San Francisco #general

Jrbaston
 

San Francisco Bay Area researchers will have a chance
March 9 to hear Samuel Freedman, author of "Who She
Was: My Search for My Mother's Life" and featured
banquet speaker at the IAJGS Conference in New York.

Freedman will talk and read >from his book Thursday,
March 9at 7:30 p.m. at the Jewish Community Library,
1835 Ellis Street, San Francisco. The event is free and
there is free parking in the building on Pierce Street
between Ellis and Eddy.

Freedman's mother died of cancer, in 1974, when he
was 19. For the next 26 years he gave her little thought, becoming, "by
default and by choice," his father's son. As
he neared 50, the same age his mother was when she
died, Freedman began piecing together the fragments
of his mother's life, a task he understood as a filial duty
and an act of atonement.

Thus began his investigative journey into researching
his mother's life as she lived it in the 30s, 40s, and 50s
in the Bronx; her ambitions and yearnings, her dreams
and disappointments. As his mother was coming of age
in the Bronx in the 1940s, her own mother was coming
to terms with what happened to her family who had
remained in Bialystok during the Holocaust.

Freedman's journey into trying to understand his
mother's life is fascinating for any family history
researcher.

For more information, one may contact the Jewish
Community Library at < library@... >

Judy Baston
San Francisco, CA


The JGS of Montreal - Next Meeting & Sunday Morning Family Tree #general

Merle Kastner <merlek@...>
 

The JGS of Montreal, in association with the
Jewish Public Library, is pleased to announce as
our guest speaker:

Mr. Hymie London

This meeting will be held on
Monday, March 20th, 2006, at 7:30 pm

Place: Gelber Conference Centre
5151 Cote Ste-Catherine/1 Carré Cummings

As a genealogist, Mr. London will discuss his interest in documenting
and gathering family trees of both his wife's family and his own.
This perspective will include human curiosity, medical, historical
and knowledge for knowledge's sake.

He will show how to use family tree maker to gather and store the
related information in a logical and consistent manner, as well as
pointing out a few weaknesses in the software and how to manage
them.

*Interested friends are always welcome to attend*

For all information on our upcoming meetings
& Sunday Morning Family Tree Workshops:
JGS of Montreal Hotline - 24 hours a day
514-484-0969

The next Sunday Morning Family Tree Workshop
will be held on Sunday, March 5th, >from 10am to 12 noon
Please note change of venue:
Room 406
1 Carre Cummings - Cummings Square
5151 Cote Ste-Catherine Road
---------------------------
Merle Kastner
JGS of Montreal, Programming
merlek@...
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


Jewish Chronicle (London) - Archive Database (1841-2006) online #general

Laurence Harris <Laurence@...>
 

The Jewish Chronicle have digistised all their editions >from 1841 to 2006, and
it is now possible to do a simple search for a relevant article.

This is a great achievement. Well done the JC.

I have tried the system and by searching on "Chapkofsky" found an obituary for
a relative who died in World War 1. The obituary helped me prove that the
records that I had for Corpl. LANE did, in fact, relate someone with the
surname of CHAPKOFSKY in my family.

My only criticism, which I hope will be corrected in due course, is that the
searching facilities are very basic and are effectively limited to an exactly
spelled word or phrase (with no part-word or sounds-like type searches
available). However, this is only a minor issue compared with the new research
opportunities opened by this great facility.

There are charges and to gain full use you do need to subscribe to the JC. For
further details go to www.thejc.com and click on the blue box with the text
"The JC Archives". I have no commercial interest in this product.

Laurence Harris
Pinner, Middlesex, England
Researching: CHAPKOFSKY in any location, and all variant spellings (and there
are lots of them!!)


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen The JGS of Montreal - Next Meeting & Sunday Morning Family Tree #general

Merle Kastner <merlek@...>
 

The JGS of Montreal, in association with the
Jewish Public Library, is pleased to announce as
our guest speaker:

Mr. Hymie London

This meeting will be held on
Monday, March 20th, 2006, at 7:30 pm

Place: Gelber Conference Centre
5151 Cote Ste-Catherine/1 Carré Cummings

As a genealogist, Mr. London will discuss his interest in documenting
and gathering family trees of both his wife's family and his own.
This perspective will include human curiosity, medical, historical
and knowledge for knowledge's sake.

He will show how to use family tree maker to gather and store the
related information in a logical and consistent manner, as well as
pointing out a few weaknesses in the software and how to manage
them.

*Interested friends are always welcome to attend*

For all information on our upcoming meetings
& Sunday Morning Family Tree Workshops:
JGS of Montreal Hotline - 24 hours a day
514-484-0969

The next Sunday Morning Family Tree Workshop
will be held on Sunday, March 5th, >from 10am to 12 noon
Please note change of venue:
Room 406
1 Carre Cummings - Cummings Square
5151 Cote Ste-Catherine Road
---------------------------
Merle Kastner
JGS of Montreal, Programming
merlek@...
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Jewish Chronicle (London) - Archive Database (1841-2006) online #general

Laurence Harris <Laurence@...>
 

The Jewish Chronicle have digistised all their editions >from 1841 to 2006, and
it is now possible to do a simple search for a relevant article.

This is a great achievement. Well done the JC.

I have tried the system and by searching on "Chapkofsky" found an obituary for
a relative who died in World War 1. The obituary helped me prove that the
records that I had for Corpl. LANE did, in fact, relate someone with the
surname of CHAPKOFSKY in my family.

My only criticism, which I hope will be corrected in due course, is that the
searching facilities are very basic and are effectively limited to an exactly
spelled word or phrase (with no part-word or sounds-like type searches
available). However, this is only a minor issue compared with the new research
opportunities opened by this great facility.

There are charges and to gain full use you do need to subscribe to the JC. For
further details go to www.thejc.com and click on the blue box with the text
"The JC Archives". I have no commercial interest in this product.

Laurence Harris
Pinner, Middlesex, England
Researching: CHAPKOFSKY in any location, and all variant spellings (and there
are lots of them!!)


Name derivation #general

Rochelle Gershenow
 

A fellow researcher, using Beider's book, just provided me with information
on the surname PURINSON. "The Purinson name is one of many variant names
derived >from the feminine personal name 'Tsipora' with the meaning 'son of
Tsipora.' Other similar names derived in the same path include 'Purevich',
'Puris', 'Purovich', and ' Purisman'." This is the first I have heard about
a surname being derived >from the mother's first name rather than >from the
father's first name. Is this unusual? Is there another explanation such as
no one knew who the father was?

Rochelle Gershenow
Potomac, MD


Searching: AGINSKY (Belarus; South Africa, USA); CHAIKIN (Priluki, Ukraine);
GADISH/GAIDASH/GERIS (Belarus); LECKERMAN/LAKERMAN (Priluki, Ukraine; or
Pennsylvania, USA); LIFSCHITZ (Priluki,Ukraine);
PURINSON/PURINZON/PURRINSON Priluki,Ukraine; Argentina; Israel; USA);
SLONIMSKY (Minsk, Belarus)or SLONIM (USA); SONDEK/SUNDOCK/SUNDACK (Lutzin,
Belarus; Ludza, Latvia; USA); SOKOLOFF (Priluki, Ukraine)

MODERATOR NOTE: Matronymic names were discussed previously. If you enter the word
"matronymic" as your search word in the archives, you'll find interesting
results. The archives are located at:
http://data.jewishgen.org/wconnect/wc.dll?jg~jgsys~archpop


JewishGen Discussion Group #JewishGen Name derivation #general

Rochelle Gershenow
 

A fellow researcher, using Beider's book, just provided me with information
on the surname PURINSON. "The Purinson name is one of many variant names
derived >from the feminine personal name 'Tsipora' with the meaning 'son of
Tsipora.' Other similar names derived in the same path include 'Purevich',
'Puris', 'Purovich', and ' Purisman'." This is the first I have heard about
a surname being derived >from the mother's first name rather than >from the
father's first name. Is this unusual? Is there another explanation such as
no one knew who the father was?

Rochelle Gershenow
Potomac, MD


Searching: AGINSKY (Belarus; South Africa, USA); CHAIKIN (Priluki, Ukraine);
GADISH/GAIDASH/GERIS (Belarus); LECKERMAN/LAKERMAN (Priluki, Ukraine; or
Pennsylvania, USA); LIFSCHITZ (Priluki,Ukraine);
PURINSON/PURINZON/PURRINSON Priluki,Ukraine; Argentina; Israel; USA);
SLONIMSKY (Minsk, Belarus)or SLONIM (USA); SONDEK/SUNDOCK/SUNDACK (Lutzin,
Belarus; Ludza, Latvia; USA); SOKOLOFF (Priluki, Ukraine)

MODERATOR NOTE: Matronymic names were discussed previously. If you enter the word
"matronymic" as your search word in the archives, you'll find interesting
results. The archives are located at:
http://data.jewishgen.org/wconnect/wc.dll?jg~jgsys~archpop


Wallachia #romania

Bubylu@...
 

Good morning,

I am having a lot of trouble trying to find information on my family who
came to America in 1900 >from Wallachia. Is there anyone else out there whose
family came >from Wallachia? Does anyone have any information on the Jewish
community there either >from the late 1800's or even those living there today.
Any and all information will be gratefully received.

Good luck to all of us on our searches,

Lois Friedman
Delray Beach, FL
Bubylu@...
Searching: Greif, Lechner, Schiesel, Segal, Segall

MODERATOR NOTE: Wallachia is a large historical region of
Romania, not a single town. You will need to be more specific
in asking about a particular town or Jewish community in this region.


Yizkor Book Project Report for february 2006 #romania

Joyce Field
 

For the month of February 2006 nine updates, four new entries, and
one new book went online at
http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/translations.html. All the new
material has flags in the index for easy identification.

New book:

-Rietavas, Lithuania

Updates:

-Chelm, Poland
-Czestochowa, Poland
-Ilya, Belarus
-Kalusz, Ukraine
-Novogrudok, Belarus
-Nowy Sacz, Poland
-Sosnowiec, Poland
-Svencionys,Lithuania
-Zloczew, Poland

-New entries:

-Branszczyk, Poland: Pinkas HaKehillot Polin, vol. 4
-Brest, Belarus: Pinkas HaKehillot Polin, vol. 5
-Kostopil, Ukraine: Pinkas HaKehillot, vol. 5
-Zaliztsi, Ukraine: Pinkas HaKehillot Polin, vol. 2

Many yizkor books are being translated by professional translators
paid by donations to the project fund. Donations to support these
worthy projects can be made at
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen-erosity/v_projectslist.asp?project_cat=23.
Please also consider a donation to the JewishGen General Fund to
support the infrastructure for all online projects.

To start a translation project of a yizkor book of your ancestral
town, please contact me privately.

Joyce Field
JewishGen VP, Data Acquisition


name Baba = thanks #romania

Claire Stuart <clstuart@...>
 

Thanks to all who responded to my query about this name.

Claire Stuart
Glengary, WV
TRACHTENBERG/TRAKHTENBERG


Romania SIG #Romania Wallachia #romania

Bubylu@...
 

Good morning,

I am having a lot of trouble trying to find information on my family who
came to America in 1900 >from Wallachia. Is there anyone else out there whose
family came >from Wallachia? Does anyone have any information on the Jewish
community there either >from the late 1800's or even those living there today.
Any and all information will be gratefully received.

Good luck to all of us on our searches,

Lois Friedman
Delray Beach, FL
Bubylu@...
Searching: Greif, Lechner, Schiesel, Segal, Segall

MODERATOR NOTE: Wallachia is a large historical region of
Romania, not a single town. You will need to be more specific
in asking about a particular town or Jewish community in this region.