Date   

Seeking the Genealogy of Rabbi Avigdor (Victor) APTOWITZER #rabbinic

Stanley and Shelda Sandler
 

Dear Genners,

Can anyone share with me the genealogy of Rabbi Avigdor (Victor) APTOWITZER,
especially going back to his grandparents, great-grandparents, and even
further if possible? Rabbi Avigdor (Victor) APTOWITZER (his birth is
recorded as Victor Kassner)was born in Galicia (Tarnopol) in 1871 and died
in 1942 in Israel. His bio is in the book "Morei Galicia;" however, his
genealogy is not given. I am a descendent of an APTOWITZER family >from
Galicia and am searching for some connection between Rabbi Avigdor
APTOWITZER's family and my APTOWITZER family.

My grandfather had many cousins; and I have been searching to learn if Rabbi
Avigdor APTOWITZER could have been one of them. My grandfather and his
siblings were born in Tarnopol Gubernia in the town of Cecowa (pronounced
"Tzetziv"), near Zborow, during the 1880's. Rabbi Victor APTOWITZER was
born to Moshe Aharon KASSNER and Cirel APTOWITZER (his mother's surname).
At some point in time, he legally changed his surname to APTOWITZER.

I am also seeking the names of Rabbi APTOWITZER's siblings. My
Great-Great-Grandfather, Aron Isak APTOWITZER, had a brother named Benzion
APTOWITZER, and perhaps seven other siblings whose names are unknown to my
generation. The only sibling of Aron Isak APTOWITZER who we can identify is
Benzion APTOWITZER. No one in my family knows the names of the other
APTOWITZER siblings.

I have searched and searched and have found nothing. Are there any Genners
who can help? I have been told there is a library in Jerusalem with a book
(or books) that may show Rabbi Avigdor APTOWITZER's genealogy.
Unfortunately, I do not know the name of this book (or these books) nor do I
know the name or address of the library.

Can anyone help me?

Many thanks in advance.

Shelda Bachin Sandler
Springfield, Pennsylvania
USA


Rabbinic Genealogy SIG #Rabbinic Seeking the Genealogy of Rabbi Avigdor (Victor) APTOWITZER #rabbinic

Stanley and Shelda Sandler
 

Dear Genners,

Can anyone share with me the genealogy of Rabbi Avigdor (Victor) APTOWITZER,
especially going back to his grandparents, great-grandparents, and even
further if possible? Rabbi Avigdor (Victor) APTOWITZER (his birth is
recorded as Victor Kassner)was born in Galicia (Tarnopol) in 1871 and died
in 1942 in Israel. His bio is in the book "Morei Galicia;" however, his
genealogy is not given. I am a descendent of an APTOWITZER family >from
Galicia and am searching for some connection between Rabbi Avigdor
APTOWITZER's family and my APTOWITZER family.

My grandfather had many cousins; and I have been searching to learn if Rabbi
Avigdor APTOWITZER could have been one of them. My grandfather and his
siblings were born in Tarnopol Gubernia in the town of Cecowa (pronounced
"Tzetziv"), near Zborow, during the 1880's. Rabbi Victor APTOWITZER was
born to Moshe Aharon KASSNER and Cirel APTOWITZER (his mother's surname).
At some point in time, he legally changed his surname to APTOWITZER.

I am also seeking the names of Rabbi APTOWITZER's siblings. My
Great-Great-Grandfather, Aron Isak APTOWITZER, had a brother named Benzion
APTOWITZER, and perhaps seven other siblings whose names are unknown to my
generation. The only sibling of Aron Isak APTOWITZER who we can identify is
Benzion APTOWITZER. No one in my family knows the names of the other
APTOWITZER siblings.

I have searched and searched and have found nothing. Are there any Genners
who can help? I have been told there is a library in Jerusalem with a book
(or books) that may show Rabbi Avigdor APTOWITZER's genealogy.
Unfortunately, I do not know the name of this book (or these books) nor do I
know the name or address of the library.

Can anyone help me?

Many thanks in advance.

Shelda Bachin Sandler
Springfield, Pennsylvania
USA


Re: I tested - why don't we match? #dna

elanc@...
 

Scott Ehrlich wrote:

I recently saw Bennett Greenspan, the President of FamilyTreeDNA.com
talk at a local temple. He educated/reminded us that we have 22
chromosomes in our DNA that are autosomal. These 22 are used for
their Family Finder test, and it casts the widest net for matching you
to others who have also tested with the same company. It is also the
cheapest.

The Autosomall test is *the* test to take if nothing else.

We also have a 23rd chromosome - our sex chromosome.

For males, it is X Y. For females, it is X X.

Males, thus, can trace their strict male (father to son) line through
the Y-DNA test.

Males and females can test their strict maternal line through the
mtDNA test which uses the X chromosome.
===

There's are some inaccuracies here. We each have 46 chromosomes in 23
pairs. In each pair, we inherit one chromosome >from our father and one
from our mother.
The X chromosome, of which women have two and men have one, is
completely separate >from the mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA). A single copy
of mtDNA is passed >from a mother to all her children.

Elan Caspi
Belmont, CA


DNA Research #DNA Re: I tested - why don't we match? #dna

elanc@...
 

Scott Ehrlich wrote:

I recently saw Bennett Greenspan, the President of FamilyTreeDNA.com
talk at a local temple. He educated/reminded us that we have 22
chromosomes in our DNA that are autosomal. These 22 are used for
their Family Finder test, and it casts the widest net for matching you
to others who have also tested with the same company. It is also the
cheapest.

The Autosomall test is *the* test to take if nothing else.

We also have a 23rd chromosome - our sex chromosome.

For males, it is X Y. For females, it is X X.

Males, thus, can trace their strict male (father to son) line through
the Y-DNA test.

Males and females can test their strict maternal line through the
mtDNA test which uses the X chromosome.
===

There's are some inaccuracies here. We each have 46 chromosomes in 23
pairs. In each pair, we inherit one chromosome >from our father and one
from our mother.
The X chromosome, of which women have two and men have one, is
completely separate >from the mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA). A single copy
of mtDNA is passed >from a mother to all her children.

Elan Caspi
Belmont, CA


Re: Family match help and DNA #dna

Arline and Sidney Sachs
 

About Scott Ehrlick's 3 message on 21 April 2014. He is right in stating
that Family Tree DNA is best company for genealogy usage. Beside being
the best for finding ones matches, there are other reasons it the best.
Some of them are they e-mail you when you have a new match without any
additional cost, by having many projects, and they stores your DNA for 25
years so when new tests are available after ones death, additional testing
can be done.

However Scott did have some wrong information in his last email. We have
46 chromosomes, 23 >from each parent that are pair off to make 23 pair of
chromosomes. One main problem in testing the chromosomes is the companies
do not know >from which parent any part of the DNA came >from except for a
male's X and Y chromosomes. One result of this is that a child may have a
reporting relationship closer then either of his parent to someone.

What I gathered >from his message, he family line is as followed:
great-grandfather/mother is Cohen/Newman
greatfather is Cohen
mother became an Ehrlick
Scott
If the above is correct, there may be a way of using of results >from the
autosomal testing who is >from the Newman line >from his mother results.
His mother got one quarter of her autosomal DNA >from each of her
grandparent. However, one of her X chromosomes is the one >from her father
which is the same as the one he received >from his mother. Therefore the
percentage on the X should be higher than >from the autosomal chromosomes.
I think since the testing companies do not use X chromosomes in their
matching processes, I think the best way of testing for the Newman line is
with GEDmatch.com.

Sidney Sachs
Lorton, VA


DNA Research #DNA Re: Family match help and DNA #dna

Arline and Sidney Sachs
 

About Scott Ehrlick's 3 message on 21 April 2014. He is right in stating
that Family Tree DNA is best company for genealogy usage. Beside being
the best for finding ones matches, there are other reasons it the best.
Some of them are they e-mail you when you have a new match without any
additional cost, by having many projects, and they stores your DNA for 25
years so when new tests are available after ones death, additional testing
can be done.

However Scott did have some wrong information in his last email. We have
46 chromosomes, 23 >from each parent that are pair off to make 23 pair of
chromosomes. One main problem in testing the chromosomes is the companies
do not know >from which parent any part of the DNA came >from except for a
male's X and Y chromosomes. One result of this is that a child may have a
reporting relationship closer then either of his parent to someone.

What I gathered >from his message, he family line is as followed:
great-grandfather/mother is Cohen/Newman
greatfather is Cohen
mother became an Ehrlick
Scott
If the above is correct, there may be a way of using of results >from the
autosomal testing who is >from the Newman line >from his mother results.
His mother got one quarter of her autosomal DNA >from each of her
grandparent. However, one of her X chromosomes is the one >from her father
which is the same as the one he received >from his mother. Therefore the
percentage on the X should be higher than >from the autosomal chromosomes.
I think since the testing companies do not use X chromosomes in their
matching processes, I think the best way of testing for the Newman line is
with GEDmatch.com.

Sidney Sachs
Lorton, VA


Sephardic Performances Online as Webcasts #sephardic

janicemsj@...
 

In honor of Jewish Heritage Month, the Library of Congress "Folklife
Today" blog has a post about Jewish music, including links to several
online recordings. Two of the links are to Webcasts of performances
in Ladino by Flory Jagoda: "Flory Jagoda and Friends" (2007) and "A
Concert of Ladino Music" (2012).

http://blogs.loc.gov/folklife/2014/04/a-dudele-a-little-song-for-jewish-heritage-month

Janice Sellers


Sephardic SIG #Sephardim Sephardic Performances Online as Webcasts #sephardic

janicemsj@...
 

In honor of Jewish Heritage Month, the Library of Congress "Folklife
Today" blog has a post about Jewish music, including links to several
online recordings. Two of the links are to Webcasts of performances
in Ladino by Flory Jagoda: "Flory Jagoda and Friends" (2007) and "A
Concert of Ladino Music" (2012).

http://blogs.loc.gov/folklife/2014/04/a-dudele-a-little-song-for-jewish-heritage-month

Janice Sellers


JewishGen Success! Stories #scandinavia

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


JewishGen Success! Stories #yizkorbooks

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


Scandinavia SIG #Scandinavia JewishGen Success! Stories #scandinavia

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


Yizkor Books #YizkorBooks JewishGen Success! Stories #yizkorbooks

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


JewishGen Success! Stories #danzig #gdansk #germany #poland

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


JewishGen Success! Stories #latvia

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


Danzig/Gedansk SIG #Danzig #Gdansk #Germany #Poland JewishGen Success! Stories #danzig #gdansk #germany #poland

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


Latvia SIG #Latvia JewishGen Success! Stories #latvia

Phyllis Kramer
 

We invite you to read the inspiring stories in the
latest issue of JewishGen's SUCCESS! STORIES webzine.

You can access these stories >from the "About Us" button
on the JewishGen website, or by following this link:
http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/Testimonials/

Judy Simon connects with previously unknown cousins
through the JewishGen Family Finder, and learns that she
is related to the prominent sculptor, Simon Moselsio.

Marla Raucher Osborn was curious about her grandmother's
aunt, Jete Horn. Her research takes surprising twists
and turns -- and eventually leads her to Israel.

Barbara Lichtman Tayar recently learned her Latvian
great-grandmother's surname was Hummel -- a name she
hadn't heard before.
Through the JewishGen Family Finder, Barbara connects
with cousins >from the around the world.

This issue was prepared by JewishGen volunteers --
Nancy Siegel, Editor and Anna Blanchard, Webmaster.
We think you will be moved by these stories, and we
encourage you to submit your own success stories
to us at: < success@... >.

Phyllis Kramer, NYC & PBG, Florida
VP, Education & Special Projects, JewishGen, Inc.


"No Place on Earth" - The History Channel - Saturday, April 26 - A Holocaust survival story #galicia

Pamela Weisberger
 

The documentary film, "No Place on Earth," which tells the true story
of 38 Jews >from the area of Borschiv (formerly Galicia and Poland,
today Ukraine) who hid in caves for 511 days to escape the Nazis
during WWII, will air on the History Channel on Saturday, April 26, at
6:00PM ET/PT.

More info here:

http://tinyurl.com/noplaceonearth

The remarkable true story of "No Place on Earth" starts out as a
mystery. While exploring some of the longest caves in the world in
southwestern Ukraine in the 1990s, American caver Chris Nicola
stumbled onto unusual objects... an antique ladies shoe and comb,
old buttons, an old world key. Was the vague rumor true, that some
Jews had hid in this cave during WWII and if so, had any survived to
tell their tale? Chris used the resources of JewishGen to assist him in
discovering the identities of the cave dwellers. Sixty seven years
later, Chris leads four of the survivors back to Ukraine to say thank
you to "the cave."

Chris has spoken at JGS programs and the IAJGS conference about
this remarkable story (also in book form "The Secret of Priests
Grotto") and the film is well worth seeing. Although it has screened
around the country and at film festivals, I think this is the first
television airing.

The film's website is here:

http://www.noplaceonearthfilm.com

Note that Jeff Field, the son of JewishGen's former research VP, Joyce
Field, is one of the film's executive producers.

Pamela Weisberger
Santa Monica, CA
pweisberger@...

MODERATOR NOTE: For those seeing this message after 6 p.m. or
unable to view the film then... Watch here for news of additional
screenings: http://www.noplaceonearthfilm.com/the-film/news/ .


Gesher Galicia SIG #Galicia "No Place on Earth" - The History Channel - Saturday, April 26 - A Holocaust survival story #galicia

Pamela Weisberger
 

The documentary film, "No Place on Earth," which tells the true story
of 38 Jews >from the area of Borschiv (formerly Galicia and Poland,
today Ukraine) who hid in caves for 511 days to escape the Nazis
during WWII, will air on the History Channel on Saturday, April 26, at
6:00PM ET/PT.

More info here:

http://tinyurl.com/noplaceonearth

The remarkable true story of "No Place on Earth" starts out as a
mystery. While exploring some of the longest caves in the world in
southwestern Ukraine in the 1990s, American caver Chris Nicola
stumbled onto unusual objects... an antique ladies shoe and comb,
old buttons, an old world key. Was the vague rumor true, that some
Jews had hid in this cave during WWII and if so, had any survived to
tell their tale? Chris used the resources of JewishGen to assist him in
discovering the identities of the cave dwellers. Sixty seven years
later, Chris leads four of the survivors back to Ukraine to say thank
you to "the cave."

Chris has spoken at JGS programs and the IAJGS conference about
this remarkable story (also in book form "The Secret of Priests
Grotto") and the film is well worth seeing. Although it has screened
around the country and at film festivals, I think this is the first
television airing.

The film's website is here:

http://www.noplaceonearthfilm.com

Note that Jeff Field, the son of JewishGen's former research VP, Joyce
Field, is one of the film's executive producers.

Pamela Weisberger
Santa Monica, CA
pweisberger@...

MODERATOR NOTE: For those seeing this message after 6 p.m. or
unable to view the film then... Watch here for news of additional
screenings: http://www.noplaceonearthfilm.com/the-film/news/ .


Updated records from Tarnow #galicia

Howard Fink <HowGen@...>
 

I am very happy to announce that the Tarnow records in JRI-Poland's
database have been updated. We have gone back through the contents
of LDS microfilm 742702:

Births 1808-1849
Deaths 1808-1855

These are the earliest years for which we have vital records >from
Tarnow. They consist of over 15,000 records, including about 350 that
were not in our previous index. In addition to correcting mistakes in
the previous index we also added links to high quality digital images of
each record, at the Polish National Digital Archives web site. Now when
you search the database at jri-poland.org these records will each have
a 'View Image' control to click on that will bring you to the exact image
containing that record.

Keep in mind that the NDA web site can sometimes be slow, so please
be patient when waiting for the image to be displayed. Also keep in
mind that most images contain two pages, so that if you do not see
your record it may be that you have to pan over the right hand side of
the image to see your record. In order to do this you click and drag the
gray box in the small Preview window.

Thank you Meryl, Smadar, Mady, Judy and Seth for volunteering to work
on this project. Thanks also must go to the Polish Archives for making
these images available to view and download for free.

Before anyone asks me about later years, the images of records >from
those years are not yet online, and we do not know when they will
become available.

Howard Fink
Tarnow Archives Coordinator
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland


Gesher Galicia SIG #Galicia Updated records from Tarnow #galicia

Howard Fink <HowGen@...>
 

I am very happy to announce that the Tarnow records in JRI-Poland's
database have been updated. We have gone back through the contents
of LDS microfilm 742702:

Births 1808-1849
Deaths 1808-1855

These are the earliest years for which we have vital records >from
Tarnow. They consist of over 15,000 records, including about 350 that
were not in our previous index. In addition to correcting mistakes in
the previous index we also added links to high quality digital images of
each record, at the Polish National Digital Archives web site. Now when
you search the database at jri-poland.org these records will each have
a 'View Image' control to click on that will bring you to the exact image
containing that record.

Keep in mind that the NDA web site can sometimes be slow, so please
be patient when waiting for the image to be displayed. Also keep in
mind that most images contain two pages, so that if you do not see
your record it may be that you have to pan over the right hand side of
the image to see your record. In order to do this you click and drag the
gray box in the small Preview window.

Thank you Meryl, Smadar, Mady, Judy and Seth for volunteering to work
on this project. Thanks also must go to the Polish Archives for making
these images available to view and download for free.

Before anyone asks me about later years, the images of records >from
those years are not yet online, and we do not know when they will
become available.

Howard Fink
Tarnow Archives Coordinator
Jewish Records Indexing - Poland