Trebon and the Abraham Stern family - some perplexities #austria-czech
Regarding Susan Boyer's posting [5 Dec 2005] and Celia Male's reply [6
december 2005] about Abraham Stern family of Trebon. I still can't be sure
whether this is a definitive finding, although I have confidence in Celia's
extensive data bases and her impressive rapid access to them.
1. Celia's findings indicate that there are at least two locations in
Bohemia called Trebon: one is in the Tabor kreis and one is in the Budweiser
kreis. In trying to help Susan, I provided her with what Celia found for the
Trebon in Tabor kreis. I do not have the Budweiser kreis census for 1793 so
I could not know that there was another Trebon. However, I had used Mapquest
which showed me only one Trebon, and seemed to match what was listed in the
Tabor 1793 census. Interestingly, while the index gives page 333 for Trebon,
the name nowhere appears on page 333. A "substitue" name, Wittingau (or
Wittignau) is given Thus, there would seem to be a Trebon in Budweiser kreis
which no longer exists today, but I would like to see this verified
(contemporary or old maps, as the case may be).
2. In a private response, I deemed the Abraham Stern at Trebon (Tabor kreis)
as an "unlikely" candidate for Susan Boyer's ancestor since he would be
middle aged in 1793. However, he and 3 additional married brothers are
listed as living with their step-mother, Franciska. No children are given
for the married Stern brothers. So I couldn't absolutely rule him out.
3. Franciska Stern may or may not be rich, but she sure has a plethora of
human resources. But more importantly, her situation reveals how ineffective
the Familiant law was. There are 5 sons, presumably >from a first marriage of
Elias Stern (Franciska was his second wife, who survived him and was a widow
in 1793), four of whom are married and living in Bohemia. While no children
are given, is this a bureaucratic sleight of hand? Abraham is not given
schutz status in the data, yet he is the first born and should have
inherited the schutz status of his deceased father. I don't think that
Franciska can trump his schutz status.
4. It is a curiosity, but is the lord of the manor so weak or so powerful
that the number of Jewish families under the aegis of one widow - or even
under Elias Stern - could be admitted and maintained? Perhaps they generated
such a large income, that tax-wise they were a boon for everybody. Like Ales
Valenta's Jewish leaseholder and power agent, Joachim Kantor [Judaica
Bohemiae XXXIX, 2003], Elias Stern of Trebon (Tabor kreis) seems to beg for
Celia Male <celiamale@...>
Paul King >from Israel writes: "Celia's findings indicate that there
are at least two locations in Bohemia called Trebon: one is in the
Tabor Kreis and one is in the Budweiser Kreis."
The discussion below refers to the published volumes of the 1793
census of Bohemia:
Just to clarify: I *did not* say that there were two Trebon in Bohemia.
What I *did say* was that I only knew >from a general map of Bohemia
appproximately where Trebon: I was not sure of the Kreis; so at first
I looked into Vol III - the census of Tabor Kreis - and in the index
I found one reference to Trebon. When I turned to page 333, I found
*Schloss Neuhaus* and a whole listing for the the STERN family of Schloss
Neuhaus, including the adult children who were not living there at the
census date. This is rather unusual. Amongst this listing was Abraham
STERN married and deceased in Wittingau [Trebon]. There is no extensive
listing of his family. He is just named as one of the children of Elias
STERN of Schloss Neuhaus, Tabor Kreis.
Then I looked at the nearby Budweiser Kreis and found *Trebon*, for that
is *where* it is located. Abraham and family are listed in full, there in
Vol 1, p 260. I noted that there is no wife mentioned* - just eight children
and a retinue of servants.
However if you had picked Trebon in the Budweiser Kreis to start with - as
you should have done, if your geographic kreis knowledge was perfect - and
not looked further, you would *never have found* the STERN family in Neuhaus
as there is no cross reference to this family in Volume 1. The cross-reference
exists in Volume III only!
Hence one has to look through all the volumes of the census - and that means
16 indices so far, which is very tedious. Oh, for a cumulative index/searchable
index database for the 1793 census.
Re Neuhaus - Jindrichuv Hradec, Tabor Kreis - the STERN family were the only
Jewish family in Schloss Neuhaus - they were distillers and presumably the
distillery was situated in the castle grounds of Count Czernin; this castle
is listed as the third largest in the Czech Republic.
There were however 10 families in Stadt Neuhaus listed in the 1793 census.
These families were also rather wealthy and I will write about them at a
later stage and their migration to Vienna.
Wool and tobacco appeared to be a primary trade for the Jews of that area.
My thanks, as always, to SIG member, Rabbi Avrohom Marmorstein NYC who
pointed me to this interesting website:
The project on the Jewish sites of Neuhaus has sadly ceased.
Celia Male [U.K.]
*Thomas Fuerth today tells us that Rosina, the widow of Abraham [died
1792] herself died in 1793 - so she may have just died when the census
was taken early in that year. Thomas also tells us that there were 11
children between the ages of 26 and 4, so perhaps the three oldest girls
had already left home and married at the date of the census as the first
and second-born sons were living at the parental home - unmarried.