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How a Jewish soldier in the Austrian army obtains the right to marry in the 1860s. #austria-czech


Celia Male <celiamale@...>
 

What happened when a Jewish soldier >from far-flung parts of the Habsburg
Empire [Bohemia, Moravia, Hungary, Galicia etc] stationed in Vienna in the
1860s, wished to marry? This question might be impossible to answer today
unless we unearth some "Rules and Regulations" in a military handbook about
just such a situation.

By a stroke of luck, we have circumvented this first research stage because
of a document I have found on the internet. This "permission to marry"
document is important so I hope many of you will have a look at it at
http://tinyurl.com/gbkfw
I presume the same bureaucratic formalities applied to a soldier stationed
anywhere away >from his home town or village.

It is a document dated 23 April 1867 granting permission to marry to
Wolf Isaak STEIN >from Stanislau, Galicia. Wolf was probably born about
1840-1845. The owner of the document appeared unable to read the word
*Stanislau* which is missing >from the description. Wolf is obviously still
"zustandig" [resident] in Stanislau.

Wolf was stationed in Vienna and was a member of the K. und K. Wiener
Invaliden Commando and was an Invaliden Zugsfuhrer - in the Austrian Army
a "Zugsfuhrer" [with umlaut on the U] was a platoon leader. What exactly
was the Wiener K. und K. Invaliden Commando? I believe it meant that the
fathers of the soldiers in this regiment had been wounded in action - if
you can read German, search for *Invaliden* here:

http://tinyurl.com/fbq82

The military authorities had received the permission to marry >from the
Magistrat in Stanislau and the permit is numbered 1301 and dated 13th of ???
[possibly April?].

They now give the go-ahead and there are two signatories to the permit.
The bride is named as Magdalena DEUTSCH [described as single and an adult].
The only proviso is that the usual formalities [three prounouncements of
marriage and no objections] are complied with. Also, Magdalena must renounce
all rights to military benefits according to Article Two ... {nach dem
zweiten Militar Artikel]. The marriage can then proceed according to
Jewish rites.

This raises other questions:
1. Was this renunciation demanded >from all brides or only Jewish brides?
What exactly were the benefits she renounced - pensions etc?
2. Did Wolf marry in a synagogue in Vienna? If so, his marriage should be
registered at the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde [IKG] and we should be able
to find it.
3. Alternatively Wolf married Magdalena on home-leave.
4. Perhaps there were special facilities for Jewish members of the K. und K.
forces to marry with rabbis seconded to the forces?
5. As Wolf Isaak served in a K. und K. Wiener Invaliden Regiment, one might
assume that his family resided in Vienna.

These are all unanswered questions, but if we assiduously chip away at
these problems we will hopefully get a clearer idea of the bureacratic
complexities of such a marriage.

The military archives in Vienna now charge quite hefty fees. This is of
course a major disincentive for anyone wishing to carry out purely academic,
exploratory research. I am not sure if queries related to the above research
would be exempted >from the fees mentioned above. For example, the Military
Archives in Vienna should be able to answer Question 1 above - that would
be a useful start. What exactly is Article Two?

Celia Male [U.K.]


Wolf-Erich Eckstein <w.eckstein@...>
 

1. Was this renunciation demanded >from all brides or only Jewish brides?
What exactly were the benefits she renounced - pensions etc?
Yes, >from all, not only Jewish, and yes, pensions.

2. Did Wolf marry in a synagogue in Vienna? If so, his marriage should be
registered at the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde [IKG] and we should be able
to find it.
Yes, he did, and yes, it's registered.

Wolf-Erich Eckstein
Vienna/AUSTRIA