CZ letter #austria-czech

Judy Landauer <geniegal@...>

Hello, All,

I am new to the list, so I hope this goes alright.

I have recently found three (empty) envelopes and a membership card
that belonged to one Julius LANDAUER. The originals are at the
Holocaust Center of Northern California, USA. The archivist, Judy
Janec, sent me scans of all of these and now I am trying to figure
out just where they fit in to my line, if at all. I have several
Julius Landauers in my family, but not this one. Here is what Ms.
Janec sent:

Membership card for the RJF (Reichbund judischer Frontsoldaten): a
group that was formed for those Jewish Germans who fought in WW1.
Julius did, and this card indicates that he lived in Stuttgart, at
Gansheidestr.21 and that his birth date was 21 Aug 1891. The card
itself was dated 28 Dec 1934 and was issued in Stuttgart.

Envelopes: This is where Czechoslovakia comes in. All three are
addressed >from Mrs. Mary LANDAUER, Boquete (Chiriqui) (Which I
believe is in Panama, as all the stamps are Panamanian) and are
addressed to Mr. Julius LANDAUER #369, Concentration Camp, Balboa,
CZ. One envelope is dated 24 Dec 1941 and the other two are dated
1942. The first one was Registered mail.

I cannot find anything onllne for any camp or town named "Balboa" in
Czechoslovakia. Could it have been a sub group of the (and I know I
am going to mis-spell it) Theresenstadt Concentration Camp in CZ?

Any ideas/help out there? Anything would be appreciated.

Best Wishes,

Judy Landauer

Dick Plotz

It can be very confusing when words and abbreviations have multiple
meanings, especially when some combination of wrong meanings seems to
fit so well.

Balboa is a part of Panama City that was formerly a separate city and
capital of the US-administered Canal Zone, abbreviated CZ. It has
nothing to do with Czechoslovakia at all.

As for the term "concentration camp", it originated with the British
during the Boer War, and simply meant a place where a certain category
of people were interned, in that case Boers who might have hindered
the British war effort. I'm not aware of any concentration camps in
the Canal Zone during World War II, but it wouldn't surprise me if
camps for aliens of uncertain loyalty, or for refugees, existed there.
The US had what were effectively concentration camps for Japanese in
the US proper, and there were also camps for refugees, notably in
upstate New York, that can be described as concentration camps. The
term is not exactly neutral, but it isn't restricted to living hells
like Auschwitz either.

Dick Plotz
Providence RI USA

Judy Landauer <geniegal@...>


Well, I feel sheepish! Thank you for the clarification on the "CZ"
code. I will now head over to Panama and check them out more closely!
I guess I just needed another set of eyes to see what I missed. : )

Thank you again,

Judy Landauer