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Name adoption/change conventions during Napoleonic occupation of the Rhineland #germany


Michael Rubin
 

I am seeking input on naming practices during the Napoleonic-ordered
name adoption wave of 1808 in communities west of the Rhine.
In Hessen and elsewhere, it's my experience that only formal last names
were taken to replace patronymics. During the Napoleonic name-adoption,
however, I see evidence of wholesale name changes including first name
and adoption of formal new last/family name, such as Isaac Feist becoming
Elias STERN. I am interested in the experience of others with family
originating in this region.

Michael Rubin, Boston rubinmichaels@...

Moderator note: Like all questions about German Jewish surnames,
a detailed answer can be found in the 125 page Introduction * to
"A Dictionary of German Jewish Surnames" by Obermayer Award winner
Lars Menk. Avotaynu Press, 2005
ISBN-10: 1886223203 ISBN-13: 978-1886223202
* The introduction includes a 20 page bibliography. Mod 1


Fran Luebke@wi.rr.com <franluebke@...>
 

This may be redundant of source cited but half of my paternal family
lived west of the Rhine and in every case both old patronymic and
new first and last names are listed.

Often first names were changed to more French names, I found this
more common among females.

In some cases the last names were hardly distinguishable as Jewish.
In my Loeb family there were several in the same town who chose
Jakob as a new first name so these Jakob Loebs were followed
by I, II or III to distinguish them.

My great grandfather was known as Jakob Loeb I. As you know, half
the fun is they were written in French using the French Republican calendar.

Fran Loeb Luebke Franluebke@...

Researching LOEB, HYMAN / HAIMAN / HEIMAN, MASS / MOSS, MANNHEIMER, LINDENTHAL


Bert Fischel <bert@...>
 

In 1808 my generation 6 ancestor changed his name >from Nathan Anschel
to Napoleon Johnathan Roos, and tis is recoerded in the name change
book in the Speyer Stadtarchives. I visited the Speyer archives to
discover this information. They were extremely helpful in documenting
much of my family history.

Bert Fischel <bert@...>

On Jan. 17, Michael Rubin <rubinmichaels@...> wrote:

I am seeking input on naming practices during the Napoleonic-ordered
name adoption wave of 1808 in communities west of the Rhine.
In Hessen and elsewhere, it's my experience that only formal last names
were taken to replace patronymics. During the Napoleonic name-adoption,
however, I see evidence of wholesale name changes including first name
and adoption of formal new last/family name, such as Isaac Feist becoming
Elias STERN. I am interested in the experience of others with family
originating in this region.