1938 Deportation #galicia


Shalom <sygaa@...>
 

I suggest that you check information on Zbaszyn. On October 30,
1938, the immortal Emanuel Ringelblum (who was born in Buczacz)
was sent by the JDC in Warsaw to supervise the efforts to help the
Polish Jews expelled >from Germany. Zbaszyn was the town where they
were concentrated. I suggest you Google Zbaszyn and you will find
the text of a letter that Ringelblum sent plus a great deal of
other information.

Shalom Bronstein, Jerusalem, Israel

Peter Bein <thinkbig@...> wrote:

During the last week of October 1938, many German Jews of Polish
origin were forced by the Nazis to leave their homes, and were
deported to Poland.

My grandmother Malka BEIN who lived in Leipzig, Germany, at the
time, was one of those unfortunate victims who somehow ended up
in Gorlice, Poland, her birthplace. This was a journey of many
hundreds of miles. How did she get there?

I am interested to find out what happened to these deportees (who
numbered in the thousands) in the days following their
deportation. Is there any record of how they made their way >from
here to there? Is it known who helped them make their journey?


Renee Steinig
 

Peter Bein <thinkbig@...> asked about the deportations in
late October 1938 of German Jews of Polish origin, including his
grandmother, Malka BEIN.

At that time thousands of Polish Jews living in Germany were deported
to Polish-German border towns -- mostly to Bentschen (now Zbaszyn),
but also to Beuthen (now Bytom) and Konitz (Chojnice). See
<http://inquery.ushmm.org/uia-cgi/uia_doc/photos/6126?hr=null>.
Searching online for these town names plus the words Holocaust or
deportation, brings up a number of testimonies about survivors'
experiences.

The names of many of the Polish Jews who were deported appear in the
German memorial book, "Gedenkbuch: Opfer der Verfolgung der Juden
unter der nationalsozialistischen Gewaltherrschaft in Deutschland 1933
- 1945," which can be searched at
<http://www.bundesarchiv.de/gedenkbuch/directory.html>.
I could not find any BEINs who were born in Gorlice or lived in
Leipzig, but Gedenkbuch memorializes 11 other people >from Gorlice who
lived in Leipzig.

See the JewishGen SIG archives
<http://data.jewishgen.org/wconnect/wc.dll?jg~jgsys~sigspop>
for past mentions of Gedenkbuch and Zbaszyn on this list.

Renee

Renee Stern Steinig
Dix Hills, New York, USA
genmaven@...


Rita Falbel <rfalbel@...>
 

Peter,

My father was also deported >from Vienna to Neubenschen (Zbaszyn).
Miraculously, he made it back to Vienna through a series of lucky
breaks and financial help >from my mother, though it's not clear
to me >from the accounts in the link below, how he did it. It's a
very interesting though puzzling story.

http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/holoprelude/Zbaszyn.html

Rita Falbel
Researching:
SIGAL, HERBESBERGER, SCHROETTER, WITTMAN, MASSARIK, SOFER

At 12:55 PM 6/24/2009, Peter Bein wrote:
During the last week of October 1938, many German Jews of Polish
origin were forced by the Nazis to leave their homes, and were
deported to Poland....


J.C.Keiner <j.c.keiner@...>
 

My maternal grandfather and uncle were amongst those who were
deported >from Berlin to Zbaszyn. They managed to get out to
Krakow because we had cousins there who they were able to contact
and they took them in. So it is likely that your grandmother had
relatives in Gorlice who similarly took responsibility for her.
Because it was a no man's land, you could not leave Zbaszyn
without some direct help >from fellow Poles. The whole rationale
for the mass deportation was that the Nazis wanted to forestall
being left with long term =E9migr=E9 Polish Jews who were about
to be stripped of their Polish nationality by the anti-semitic
Polish government of that time.

Ironically, although my US relatives were able to help get my
grandfather out to the UK, where, even more sadly, he was killed
in 1940 by a German bombing raid on London, my uncle was
subsequently unable to get out of Poland because he was of
military age (actually in his early 30s). This was because
although the Poles hadn't wanted these deported Jews, once they
had them, they wanted to keep those of military age once it
became very clear that Germany was likely to invade. He was
subsequently murdered after being rounded up by the occupying
Germans for supposed "work service" with other young Jewish men
in Krakow some time in 1940. They were made to dig their grave
then shot into it.

Judy Keiner

London England

On 24/6/09 19:49, "Shalom" <sygaa@...> wrote:

I suggest that you check information on Zbaszyn. On October 30,
1938, the immortal Emanuel Ringelblum (who was born in Buczacz)
was sent by the JDC in Warsaw to supervise the efforts to help the
Polish Jews expelled >from Germany. Zbaszyn was the town where they
were concentrated. I suggest you Google Zbaszyn and you will find
the text of a letter that Ringelblum sent plus a great deal of
other information.


Peter Bein <thinkbig@...>
 

During the last week of October 1938, many German Jews of Polish
origin were forced by the Nazis to leave their homes, and were
deported to Poland.

My grandmother Malka BEIN who lived in Leipzig, Germany, at the
time, was one of those unfortunate victims who somehow ended up
in Gorlice, Poland, her birthplace. This was a journey of many
hundreds of miles. How did she get there?

I am interested to find out what happened to these deportees (who
numbered in the thousands) in the days following their
deportation. Is there any record of how they made their way >from
here to there? Is it known who helped them make their journey?

Any information would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.

Peter Bein
thinkbig@...
Atlanta, Georgia


Alexander Sharon
 

Peter Bein wrote:

During the last week of October 1938, many German Jews of Polish origin
were forced by the Nazis to leave their homes, and were deported to
Poland.

My grandmother Malka BEIN who lived in Leipzig, Germany, at the time, was
one of those unfortunate victims who somehow ended up in Gorlice, Poland,
her birthplace. This was a journey of many hundreds of miles. How did she
get there?
I am interested to find out what happened to these deportees (who numbered
in the thousands) in the days following their deportation. Is there any
record of how they made their way >from here to there? Is it known who
helped them make their journey?
1.
"Committees for Assistance to the Jewish Refugees >from Germany"
were established in a numerous towns across Poland. They were
known as "Komitety pomocy uchodzcom z Niemiec" but in reality
refugees expelled >from Austria and Romania were also included.
Those Committees collected funds and assisted with the settlement
and finding employment for those who had no relatives or friends
in Poland.

I have been recently engaged in translation of some of the
documents of such Committee located in town Kremenets (Kremieniec)
in Wohlynia Province.

2.
I am aware that list of refugees is located in US Holocaust
Memorial Museum in Washington, DC.

A couple of years ago I worked with Joyce Field to solicit
approval >from the Polish IPN (Institute of the National
Remembrance) to index names of the Zbaszyn refugees, but
unfortunately this approval was not granted to JewishGen.

Alexander Sharon
Calgary, Canada