Surname BEST #unitedkingdom


henry
 

Cousins,

My family surname is BEST.
My g-grandfather came to the UK in about 1845 >from Holland.
I have a theory (but no evidence) that the name may have been a contraction
of BEn Shem Tov.
Also, in my searches in JGFF, I've seen the surname BAST which again may be
a contraction of BAt Shem Tov.

Does anyone out there have an opinion as to the likelihood of this, or am I
barking up the wrong tree?

Henry Best [London]




---
avast! Antivirus: Outbound message clean.
Virus Database (VPS): 0619-3, 12/05/2006
Tested on: 5/14/2006 23:19:14
avast! - copyright (c) 1988-2006 ALWIL Software.
http://www.avast.com


MBernet@...
 

In a message dated 5/15/2006 2:55:10 A.M. Eastern Standard Time,
henry.best1@ntlworld.com writes:

<< My family surname is BEST.
My g-grandfather came to the UK in about 1845 >from Holland.
I have a theory (but no evidence) that the name may have been a contraction
of BEn Shem Tov.
Also, in my searches in JGFF, I've seen the surname BAST which again may be
a contraction of BAt Shem Tov. >>

==R' Israel b. Eliezer, "founder" of modern Hasidism in East Europe in the
2nd half of the 18th century, was known as Ba'al Shem Tov, abbreviated as
Besht.

==Ba'al Shem Tov (Owner/master of the Good/Divine Name) was a title of
respect for a rabbi who had studied the mysteries and was believed to be capable
of healing or other magical qualities. "Knowing" the ineffable and forgotten
name of God was believed to permit such a person to change the natural course
of events. (e.g. the Mahara"l of Prague who made a living golem out of clay
by anoouncing the sacred name).

==Other Ashkenazi rabbis before him and after him--even in Germany and the
west, were called Baal Shem Tov. I don't know that any of them was ever
referred to as Besht

==Lars Menk in his dictionary of German Jewish names hints at an origin in
the name of a location in Saarland, and possibly another near
Frankfurt-an-der-Oder. The name may also be an abbreviation of a number of Jewish names or of
locations. It is also a German surname.

==I don't think Bat Shem Tov is in the running.
1. The patach vowel of Bat would generally not be part of the abbreviation
2. Women weren't generally accorded surnames based on a father's name,
though their personal names could be converted into family names.

Michael Bernet, New York


Aubrey Jacobus <zen28027@...>
 

Ester Samuel Cohen de Beste Registered the name De BESTE in Amsterdam
1811 - almost surely the origin
Aubrey Jacobus


henry
 

==I don't think Bat Shem Tov is in the running.
1. The patach vowel of Bat would generally not be part of the abbreviation
2. Women weren't generally accorded surnames based on a father's name,
though their personal names could be converted into family names.

Michael Bernet, New York

Michael,

As you have discounted Bat Shem Tov for the probable origin of BAST, could
it be possible (likely) that this was another form of contraction of BAal
Shem Tov?

My family are, AFAIK, all Dutch and Sephardic (>from the habit of naming
after living grandparents) and have no known Hasidic or German connections.
Would the name (epithet) Ba'al Shem Tov have been used by them?

Henry Best [London]


jeremy frankel
 

Dear Henry,

I don't know if this is throwing another spanner into the works, but
my (one-time) Society librarian is named Judy BASTON, which was an
Anglicization of BASTUNSKI >from Eisiskes, Lithuania.

Hope this "helps!"

--
Jeremy G Frankel
ex Edgware, London, England
Berkeley, California, USA

EBIN: Russia -> New York, USA
FRANKEL: Poland -> London, England
GOLD (RATH): Praszka, Poland -> London, England
KOENIGSBERG: Vilkaviskis, Lithuania -> London, England -> NYC, NY, USA
LEVY (later LEADER): Kalisz, Poland -> London, England
PRINCZ/PRINCE: Krakow, Poland -> London, England -> NYC, NY, USA