Marc CHAGALL's family tree #general

Celia Male <celiamale@...>

When Sandra Fishman of Reading, Pa posed a question on
the genealogy of Marc CHAGALL, I was hoping for some
informed & interesting replies. Instead, I note with
sadness that there has been "behind-the-scenes"
activity resulting in one of our valued members, Judy
Segal of NY, writing to say that she will no longer
participate in the discussion. Surely, the point of a
discussion group is to research and discuss and not to
send messages *off-list* which might be *very

To satisfy my own curiosity and to give support to
Marc CHAGALL and to Judy, who has a possible
interesting family connection, I have researched as
far as possible >from the comfort of my swivel chair,
the genealogical facts carefully hidden within many of
the 2,330,000 vari-lingual websites devoted to one of
our greatest Jewish artists.

Had I the biography [1957] written by CHAGALL's
son-in-law, Franz MEYER and another much more recent
biography by Benjamin Harshav, I might be able to
verify or refute some of these facts:

Marc CHAGALL: July 7, 1887 - 28 March 1985.
Alternative names: Moyshe {Moshka) SHAGAL/SEGAL;
Moishe Zakharovich SHAGALOV, Movcha (Moses) CHAGAL,
Mark Zakharovich SHAGAL.

Associated family names: For variants of CHAGALL see

Main locations: Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Russia,
France, Germany, USA, Israel, Switzerland.

Marc CHAGALL was born on July 7, 1887 in Vitebsk,
Piashchanik, where his family lived at 29 Pokrovskaia
St. He is variously described as the oldest of a
family of 8, 9 or 10. In one website he is mentioned
as having being the oldest of nine brothers. Rachel, a
young sister is also mentioned as having died from
eating coal. However we know >from his movements in
1914 that he had another sister who married in that
year and he is known to have painted other siblings
too [see "My Sister Anuta {1910}"; "My Sister Manja";
"My Brother David"; "Lisa is playing the Mandoline",
"Lisa near the Window" etc.]

His father Khatskel-Mordechai is variously described
as working in a salt herring factory, a poor
fishmonger's assistant and a small grocery-shop owner.
His mother Felga Ita {Feiga-Ida} CHERNINA took care of
the large household and ran the grocery shop.
Chagall's parents were cousins, hailing >from the
nearby village of Liozno. Almost half of Vitebsk's
inhabitants were Jewish and the CHAGALL family were
devout Hassidic Jews. Marc's grandfather taught and
instilled in him love for religion and the Torah. Many
relatives lived nearby and were always dropping in.

[artistic details of his life omitted]

Chagall returned to Vitebsk in 1914 >from Paris for the
wedding of his sister and married his fiancee Bella
ROSENFELD on 25 July 1915. Bella was born 15th
December, 1895 in Vitebsk to one of the richest
families in the town - her father was a merchant and
the family owned three jewellery shops. Bella was the
youngest in the family. She was a very academic and
musical child and studied history, philosophy,
literature & method acting {Stanislavsky}.

Their only child, Ida was born in 1916. Bella died
tragically young in NY on 2nd Sept 1944. Chagall was
heartbroken. Ida herself, died aged 78 in 1994.

After Bella's death, Chagall had a 7-year relationship
with Virginia {nee HAGGARD} McNeil and a son David was
born in the US in 1946. In 1948, Chagall returned to
France with the family and finally settled in Vence
[nr Nice]. On his death, Chagall's archive of late
works was left to his known heirs, but David McNEIL
secured 10 percent of the inheritance.

Chagall married a Russian, Valentina {Vava} BRODSKY in
1952. He died on 28 March 1985 and is buried in the
Saint Paul Town Cemetery, Saint-Paul de Vence, France.

We also know that Chagall had twin granddaughters -
Bella MEYER and Meret {nee MEYER} GRABER, born in
Switzerland in 1955 to Ida nee CHAGALL and Franz
MEYER, a Swiss Museum director. Bella, holding a
doctorate in medieval history, married in ca 1985 and
has two children. In 2003 she was living in Manhattan.
She champions her grandfather's works. Meret GRABER,
her twin is also very active in this respect.

Sadly if you search Yad vashem, you find over 1,000
tragic holocaust victims >from Vitebsk - a few are
associated with the names SHAGAL & ROSENFELD. We
remember them all here today. I have also found a few
Russian links to the name CHERNINA on the www. I have
yet [for lack of time] to find any links on jri-pl.

I hasten to add that I am not connected to this family
or to the region. Any constructive additions,
*on-list*, to the above would of course be most
welcome and hopefully one or more members may find a
genealogical clue/link.

Celia Male [U.K.]

Nick <tulse04-news@...>

<> wrote in message

Does anyone know if CHAGALL's genealogy has been published and where I
might find it? The reason I am asking is because a newly reconnected
with cousin shared a story detailing our distant ancestry with his
Maybe try the Musée national Message Biblique Marc Chagall, Nice

This is the Marc Chagall Museum in Belarus

See also Wikipedia

Nick Landau
London, UK

COHNREICH (Anklam, Germany Krajenka, Poland) ATLAS (Wielkie Oczy (near
Lvov/Lemberg), Poland)
WECHSLER(Schwabach, Germany) KOHN (Wallerstein and Kleinerdlingen,Germany)
LANDAU/FREDKIN(Gomel, Mogilev, Belarus) <eatwelbwel@...>

Does anyone know if CHAGALL's genealogy has been published and where I
might find it? The reason I am asking is because a newly reconnected
with cousin shared a story detailing our distant ancestry with his

Sandra Fishman
Reading, PA