Revue du Cercle de Genealogie Juive #109 #general


Georges Graner
 

Revue du Cercle de Genealogie Juive # 109, Spring 2012, has been
distributed.
Here is the summary:

Anne-Marie Fribourg article describes the history of the Haas family
from High Alsace. The ancestor Meyer Marc Haas is born in Colmar in
1797. His sons Jacques, Nathan, Leopold and Benjamin founded two
watch-making companies in 1848, one in New York, the other in Paris and
Geneva. They were famous for miniature watches made of precious
stones which were real works of art. The French company ended in 1938 but
the Swiss one is still active and celebrated its 160th anniversay in 2008.

Daniel Vangheluwe and Louisette Flacher were looking for two families,
the Hajwentreger and the Brzostek in a small village called Powazki,
since 1916 a part of Warsaw. It was a difficult task since in the 19th
century there was no records of the civil registry for this village.
They found nevertheless a register where families and individuals were
recorded >from time to time during the years. They analyze the documents
received, develop hypotheses about the relationship of
The two families. They suggest other ways to explore.

It is well known that the Jews in Tunis belonged to two different
communities, the Twansa and the Grana, which did not mix. The former are
supposed to be the natives whereas the latter came >from Leghorn in
Italy. Gilles Boulu focuses on the heads of the Twansa community, called
caïds. For more than one century, this position was occupied by a member
of the Scemama (or Samama) family. The most famous is the caïd Nessim
Scemama(1805-1873) who was a kind of Finance Ministry of the Bey of
Tunis and became immensely wealthy by swindling and corruption. He left
Tunis in 1864 when he felt in danger, stayed in Paris and, finally died
in Leghorn

Until the French Revolution, the Pope owned a part of France near
Avignon, in which four Jewish communities were allowed to stay, a sort
of island in France. Zosa Szajkowski suggests that they also formed a
linguistic island in his book "The language of the Jews in the four
Communities of Comtat Venaissin". Michel Alessio strongly contradict
this thesis. In searching for a lost Judaic language, Szajkowski only
finds the usual Provençal idiom with scattered words >from Hebrew. A
Judaic language is always a language brought >from somewhere else, which
was not the case in a country where Jews lived without interruption
since classical times.

Georges GRANER (Paris-France)