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Two immigrants, same name: one real, one fake #general


Adam Goodheart
 

Can anyone clarify the circumstances that might cause an immigrant to
travel fraudulently using someone else's name and identity?

This happened at least twice in different branches of my family -- in
both cases with young men leaving the Russian Empire.

In one of the cases, the "fake" Elie SITKOWESKI >from Bershad, Podolia
Gubernia (my great-grandmother's brother, actually named Leizer
SCHMIDT) emigrated to Philadelphia in 1906. Then the "real" Elie
Sitkoweski emigrated to Philadelphia in 1907. Their names, ages and
hometowns on the manifests match exactly, as does the name of the
person in the U.S. who sponsored them and paid their passage. Their
two sets of naturalization papers, including certificates of arrival,
make it clear that both men traveled under the same identity, but were
not the same person. (This is backed up by other documents, too.)

I haven't been able to trace any family relationship between the real
Elie and the fake Elie, although I have proof that they did both come
from Bershad, and their family plots are adjacent to each other in a
Philly cemetery.

Might the fraud have to do with draft evasion?

A further mystery -- maybe also a clue? -- is that the person who paid
both men's passage, identified on the manifests as their "uncle,"
apparently was not closely related to either one, but instead was a
prosperous "landsman" who had emigrated 25 years earlier.

Adam Goodheart
Washington, D.C.

researching:
GUTHARTZ/GITARTS/GITGARTS: Chechelnyk, Olgopol, Bershad, Balta, Gershunovka (all
in Podolia Gubernia), Beltsy (Bessarabia), Odessa; SUDMAN: Kamenets-Podolsky,
Studenitsa, Stare Ushitsa (Podolia),Beltsy, Telenesti, Kishinev (Bessarabia);
TENENBAUM: Balta, Savran, Chechelnyk (Podolia); SELTZER, SCHMIDT: Bershad,
Trostyanets (Podolia); KATZ: Dunaevtsy, Kalyus (Podolia);
FEIN: Peschanka, Olgopol, Bershad (Podolia), Bender (Bessarabia)


Susan&David
 

If you look up two immigrants on Ancestry.com. (One is indexed as Elie
LITKOWECKY, 1906, the other as Elie SITKOWETZKY) you will see one
recorded in the Rosenbaum Bank and the other in the Blitztein Bank.
These two Philadelphia banks served as places where steamship tickets
could be purchased in the US for the use of immigrants.
See: the Pennsylvania section under Jewishgen>Databases>United States

I believe that the sponsor, Dr, Fischer, bought the 1906 ticket for the
real Elie who, for some reason, was unable to travel at that time. Since
he was married when he arrived 1907, it may have been that he needed an
additional ticket for his wife. The ticket, under his name, would have
been available for someone else to use.

Dr. Fischer then used the other immigrant bank in 1907 to finance the
real Elie and his wife.

David Rosen
Boston, MA

On 7/10/2016 11:19 PM, Adam Goodheart adamgoodh@gmail.com wrote:
Can anyone clarify the circumstances that might cause an immigrant to
travel fraudulently using someone else's name and identity?


Paul Silverstone
 

A distant cousin of mine came to NY using her sister's ID about 1910
because she was under age and traveling alone. A couple of years later
the sister came so it might appear she came twice.

Paul Silverstone

Adam Goodheart adamgoodh@gmail.com wrote:

Can anyone clarify the circumstances that might cause an immigrant to
travel fraudulently using someone else's name and identity?
This happened at least twice in different branches of my family -- in
both cases with young men leaving the Russian Empire.