Topics

Naturalization verification notations on passenger manifests #general


Russ Maurer
 

In the JewishGen infofile on passenger manifest markings in the occupation column
(http://www.jewishgen.org/InfoFiles/Manifests/occ/), it is stated that the
naturalization verification markings start with the district number (one or two
digits) followed by the application number (most commonly six digits). I am finding
that this longer number is usually, or maybe always, the certificate of arrival
number, not the application number. I could provide any number of examples. I
have yet to find one that I can verify as an application number, at least as far as
the New York City area. If anyone can provide an example where the notation is
definitely an application number, I would like to know about it.

Russ Maurer
Pepper Pike, OH


bette_sscf <bette_sscf@...>
 

Russ Maurer wrote: < In the JewishGen infofile on passenger manifest
markings in the occupation column
(http://www.jewishgen.org/InfoFiles/Manifests/occ/), it is stated that the
naturalization verification markings start with the district number (one or
two digits) followed by the application number (most commonly six digits). I
am finding that this longer number is usually, or maybe always, the
certificate of arrival number, not the application number. >
-----

Application for Certificate of Arrival and Preliminary Form for a
Declaration of Intention (sample)
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mikacevich/nowicki/documents/applicationforcertificateofarrival.html
(MODERATOR: http://tinyurl.com/zyyacho )
This form is usually not included with Declaration of Intention, Petition
for Naturalization and Certificate of Naturalization documents in INS/USCIS
files and may be the application number referred to in manifest markings.

Bette Stoop Mas
USA


Joel Weintraub
 

I just want to add some more information about this topic. In 1906
naturalization laws changed in the U.S. so that applicants had to prove
legal entry into the country. In order to do that, clerks at the
immigration ports had to go through the ship manifests searching for the
applicants arrival, and issue a "certificate of arrival", usually to a
court. Because of the possibility of fraud (the same person on the manifest
used by two different people), starting in 1926 the clerks were asked to
record on the manifest verification and certificate of arrival
numbers/information. Thus only starting in 1926 would people who applied
for naturalization would/should show this information on their manifest.

Now, I've gone through three ship manifests (1907: Bremen, Sicilia; 1908:
Grosser Kurfurst) tallying these notations. I have found that although
there are a number of notations that might resemble application numbers, it
isn't until 1933 that I first find two number entries that look like a
certificate of arrival including a date when the information was requested
(e.g. 1933). For these three ships, the most certificate of arrival dates
on their manifests is at a maximum in 1940 and 1941 where there were over 40
requests per year), correlating with record naturalization applications to
avoid the alien registration laws at the start of WW2. As a side note, I
believe the extra pressure on manifests during these years is one of the
major causes of much of the damaged manifests we see today on the scans.

Joel Weintraub
Dana Point, CA