Janow, Poland (near Czestochowa) #poland


Daniel Kazez <dkazez@...>
 

Many of us have wondered: Why are there no records for Janow, Poland before
1863? I now have two answers--one >from 1884 and one >from 2001, >from the
current mayor of Janow, Poland!

1884: The birth record for my grandfather's ENGLANDER first cousin mentions
that all of the pre-1863 records burned. >from his 1863 Janow birth
certificate, issued in 1884:

The reason that this document is being composed so late is as follows [in the
words of father Fiszel Englander]: "This year [1884], my son Abe Abraham has
become a part of the list of draftees of Tchernogorod's Administrative
District. On the basis of Article 45 of the Code of Laws of the Military
Service he is subject to be drafted on the basis of the general law. He may
be eligible for an exemption which was not recognized since he was unable to
present a birth certificate--this because of the fire in the hamlet of Janow
in June 1863 which destroyed the birth and death certificates of the
non-Christian [= Jewish] population and because the duplicates of these
certificates were destroyed at the former Zharets District Court in 1870.
Therefore, my son was unable to present his birth certificate. In order to
determine his age, therefore, the present document [birth certificate] was
made.
December 2001: The current mayor of Janow, Poland informs us (just last
week!) of this event in 1863....

1863 (6th July 1863)
During the insurrection against Russia a squad (about 200 people) of Colonel
Zygmunt Chmielinski attacks and destroys Russian forces which are stationed in
Janow and intercept a transport of the tsar's gold. 3 days later, Colonel
Ernroth (commandant of Czestochowa) comes to Janow with his squad, and burns
down the entire town! Some of citizens of Janow are killed and their bodies
are thrown into a well which located in the center of the city. Ernroth
attacks Chmielinski's forces (near the village of Smiertny Dab) but
Chmielisnki is able to withdraw without losses.
Dan

Daniel Kazez <dkazez@mail.wittenberg.edu>
Professor of Music / Wittenberg University / Springfield, Ohio USA
Poland: Czestochowa-Przyrow-Mstow-Janow-Plawno-Radomsko-Piotrkow-Zgierz)
TALMAN, ENGLANDER, JURKIEWICZ, STRAUSBERG, KIFER, CZAPNIK, BRODA
and ZYLBERBERG
http://www.kazez.com/~dan/englander/


Daniel Kazez <dkazez@...>
 

Hi Daniel and others,
=20
I wonder what your take is on this: For decades I was under the impressio=
n
that my grandparents (maternal) were >from Yanow in what is now Poland. Th=
en
about 3 years ago, while living in the Detroit area where there is a larg=
e
Polish population, I was told that there are/were numerous cities/towns n=
amed
Yanow, and based on our discussion of the geography and that one of my
relatives was >from Rymanow, it was likely that they were >from Yanow Lubel=
ski.
Since that discussion I have been unable to find any further information.=
Do
you have any knowledge of Yanow vs. Yanow Lubelski?

Yes, I do have a lot of information on this city. First, note that "Yanow"
is actually "Janow." Next, note the LDS films listings for "Janow":

Janow KA B 1863-1882 1,646,267 =A0
Janow KA BMD 1880/1888 1,646,268 =A0
Janow Lubelski LU BMD 1883-1887 1,808,843 =A0
Janow Podlaski LU BMD 1826-1839 807,766 DO
Janow Podlaski LU BMD 1840-1843 807,767 DO
Janow Podlaski LU BMD 1844-1865 807,768 DO
Janow Podlaski LU BMD 1866-1869 937,498 LA
Janow Podlaski LU BMD 1855/1877 1,496,625 =A0

These listings suggest that there are Jewish 3 Janows. (In fact, there are
many other Janows--but not Jewish Janows!)

Next, note the results for "Janow" at JewishGen's FamilyFinder:

http://www.jewishgen.org/jgff/jgffweb.htm

You will find these:

Janow Lubelski Poland
Janow Podlaski Poland
Janow Sokolski Poland
Janow Poland

There are, then, 3 or 4 different "Janows." Just plain "Janow," however,
refers to the Janow that is near Czestochowa, Zarki, Mstow, Lelow, and
Przyrow, here:

http://www.kazez.com/~dan/0828.pol-map2.jpg

And it was this Janow which I was referring to in my earlier message.

A listing of surnames in the PSA records for this Janow may be found here:

http://www.kazez.com/~dan/1107.czesto.html

Also, you should be able to locate the other Janows here:

http://www.jewishgen.org/ShtetlSeeker/

Dan

Daniel Kazez <dkazez@mail.wittenberg.edu>
Professor of Music / Wittenberg University / Springfield, Ohio USA
Poland: Czestochowa-Przyrow-Mstow-Janow-Plawno-Radomsko-Piotrkow-Zgierz)
TALMAN, ENGLANDER, JURKIEWICZ, STRAUSBERG, KIFER, CZAPNIK, BRODA
and ZYLBERBERG
http://www.kazez.com/~dan/englander/