Chelsea, MA Census #lithuania
All the discussion of the 1920 census for Chelsea, MA, which listed residents
as having come >from "Kovna" prompts me to comment about what a fortunate --
and unique -- situation existed with that census.
The official listing under "Place of Birth" was supposed to be only one's
country of origin.
I also have a page >from the 1920 Chelsea census containing the listing for my
father's first cousin, Samuel Berry (born Shmul Bastunski). On that page the
gubernia of origin is listed for almost all residents -- Vilna, Minsk, Volina
The enumerator was Florence Richmond, who, I have been told, was a teacher in
the area. Let's remember her warmly for bending the rules.
San Francisco, CA
Warren Blatt <wblatt@...>
Judy Baston <Jrbaston@...> wrote:
All the discussion of the 1920 census for Chelsea, MA, which listed
She did not "bend the rules". She followed the rules, precisely.
"Because of the changes in some boundaries following WWI,
enumerators were instructed to report the PROVINCE (state
or region) of persons declaring that they or their parents
had been born in Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia or Turkey.
If a person had been born in any other foreign country,
only the name of the country was to be entered".
Quote >from "The 1920 Federal Population Census: Catalog of
National Archives Microfilm" (Washington: NARA, 1991), page 1.
This rule of citing the gubernia (province) of origin
for certain former foreign empires was in place only for
the 1920 Census, not for any prior census. Most of the
enumerators appeared to have followed this rule; some
did not, and wrote only 'Russia', etc.