Researching meaning of surname from Ukraine #ukraine #names


Myshmar is a Hebrew Word that means "Watch". In the Talmud it refers to either a Cohen (mainly) or Levite (also)
but it has come to mean those "on guard." In fact, in the Yeshiva Movement, studying Torah late into the evening over the weekend
was called "Myshmar" (spelled nowadays Mishmar), as those students were "on guard" for the rest of the population.

Dave Lewak

Hi Denise,
this is something of a stretch, but my great-grandparents' surname was Meshurisman, they came from Balta, and had connections in Odessa and Kishinev.  My grandfather changed the surname to Mishuris, and I've seen the original surname spelled Meschurisman, Mishurisman, and many other variations.

Could Meschmar be a shortened form of Meschurisman?

I believe the original meaning of Meshurisman is something like "servant", perhaps someone's occupation.

Dave Lewak
Oakland, CA, USA

researching --
Mishuris, Toberman, Polisar, Flickstein from Balta Ukraine; 
Lewak, Goldberg, Kier, Flaksman, Dwinsky from Drohiczyn, Kobrin and Chomsk in Belarus.
Winzelberg, Wertheim(er), Silberstein from Czchow, Poland; 
Lieberman, Finkelstein from 
Balbieriskis, Lithuania; 

Denise Suttle

Thank you to those who responded privately. So far, there is no listing of Meschmar in the book and no Russian translation. I appreciate all the efforts!
Denise Suttle 

Denise Suttle

Hello. If anyone has a copy of Alexander Beider's Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from the Russian Empire I would be so grateful if you could search for the name MESCHMAR or MYSHMAR. My father's family was from Odessa, and we have no information earlier than the 1880's. The surname in Hebrew means guardian, jail or guard post. We are curious about in the required selection of a surname, how it came to be that a Hebrew name was chosen, rather than something more secular. If there is a possible meaning in Russian for the name, this might answer the question. All suggestions and thoughts are appreciated. Thank you.
Denise Suttle
MESCHMAR (Ukraine, Odessa, Kiev) LECHZIER, LEKHTSER (Kishinev, Medzhibozh, Bessarabia, Moldova)