1944, October 30
From the act of the Rezekne district commission on the atrocities of the GERMAN-Fascist invaders and their accomplices in the town of Rezekne and the surrounding area.
The German fascist invaders introduced a regime of bloody violence and terror in the town of Rezekne.
They destroyed everyone who, for the most trifling reasons, was displeasing to them. First of all, advanced Soviet people and people of Jewish nationality were subjected to senior repression. Fascist monsters cruelly tortured Soviet citizens, brutally mocked and mocked them. Thus, a resident of the city of Rezekne Izrailit H. Ya. tells:
“Three Germans approached one Jewish house, noticing a 16-year-old girl, attacked her, raped her, and then killed her. German monsters walked around the houses, forced the girls to undress, mocked and shot them, and robbed the apartments. All Jews were obliged to wear yellow stars: one on the chest, and the other on the back, to walk around the city only on the pavement without hats. "
With the arrival of the Germans on the territory of the Latvian SSR, all the prisons and police basements were overcrowded with Soviet citizens, where they were also subjected to terrible torture and humiliation.
“In the prison, the guards scoffed terribly, beat them with a rifle butt, knocked out teeth and eyes, pulled out gold teeth with ticks from their mouths,” reports a resident of Rezekne, Izrailit H. Ya.
During interrogations, the fascist monsters subjected the prisoners to the most terrible tortures. So a citizen of the village of Suniny, Prelskaya volost, says: "My brother Artemiy was killed during interrogations."
A citizen of the city of Preili Trifonova, who was imprisoned in Rezeknaya prison from 18.2.1943 to 15.10 of the same year, reports the following: “Whoever was held in the prison, they were brought in for interrogations, tortured, they put an electric car and put iron rings on their hands and turned on current. The whole person was shaking, the electricity was not turned off until the person fell unconscious. "
By order of the fascist authorities, the Germans and their accomplices were placed at the head of the prisons and camps, who were ordered to mercilessly exterminate the Soviet people.
Esak, Osip Isidorovich, a former senior warden of Rezekne prison during the occupation, gives the following testimony:
“With the arrival of the Germans, the prison administration consisted almost entirely of members of the German army. The dispatch of large quantities of prisoners for shooting began immediately. Policemen were taken out of the prison and escorted to the place, but the Germans themselves shot them. Small parties were sometimes shot by the police, and the big ones were always shot by the Germans. For this, a special detachment "SS" was always allocated. Shooting and torture began right from the very first days of the German occupation.
On July 15, there were mass shootings in the Leszczynski garden in the center of Rezekne. The grave-pit is located in the north-western part of the garden, on the right bank of the Rezekne River, measuring 21x2.5 m. The execution took place early in the morning. 120 Jewish citizens were shot here.
At the beginning of August 1941, there were mass shootings at the Jewish cemetery in the city of Rezekne. Most of the shot were citizens of Jewish nationality. "An eyewitness of the shot, a citizen of deravnaya Pleshni-Pustyakova, says:" In August 1941, for two weeks, shots were heard every morning at the Jewish cemetery. They shot the Jews. "
Similar testimony is given by a resident of the town of Rezekne, Matsan. At the Jewish cemetery, 3 graves were found with dimensions: 1 / 14x2.5; 2 / 16x2.5; 3 / 20x2.5. One grave is located in the southeast, and two in the southwestern part of the cemetery. About 2,500 civilians were killed and tortured in the Jewish cemetery.
On August 23, 1941, mass shootings began in the Anchupan mountains. The Anchupan Mountains are located 6 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, in a northwest direction along the Dritsanskoe highway. The place of execution of the Soviet people took place on the former dash of the Aizsargs. For 3 years, people who were doomed to die were systematically brought to these mountains in cars and driven on foot. Those who were shot were put on the edge of a dug hole, along the foot of the mountain, where their corpses were dumped. Here, in this terrible place, more than 8,000 civilians of various nationalities were shot.
Before the execution, the fascist monsters committed monstrous atrocities. So a resident of Rezekne says:
"I saw how the guys were dragged out of the house of detention, their arms were pulled out and thrown into trucks."
Fedotova T.P., a resident of the village of Lyady Makashan volost, says:
"They were shooting adults, and children were thrown alive into the pit."
Fascist bloodsuckers knew no bounds for their refined, wild sadism.
A resident of the village of Makarovka, Makashan volost, Vassanova P.O. reports: “I saw how one Jewish woman, an ambulance together with everyone else, was being taken to execution in the Anchupan Mountains, in despair she tore her hair and screamed, and the policeman put a rubber stick in her mouth. Citizen ZS Greywuls, who lives in the village of Greyvuli , Makashensky volost, says: “When they began to get out of the car doomed to death, everyone was beaten with rubber truncheons. I watched all this through the fence. "
Before the execution, the fascist sadists stripped their victims naked. "When Jews were brought to the Anchupan Mountains, they were driven into a house that stood there, by the mountain, stripped to the bone, then driven out and put in a pit," says Anton Andreyevich Massan, a resident of the village of Makarovka, Makashan Volost. For the slightest support that the inhabitants provided to the prisoners of war dying of hunger, the Germans cruelly dealt with the population. This is evidenced by the order of the commander of the German State Security Police of Latvia Strauch. According to his order, the village of Audrini, Makashan parish was swept off the face of the earth, and the inhabitants in the number of 194 people were arrested and imprisoned in the Rezekne prison. Of these, 30 males were publicly shot in the market square of Rezekne, including a 12-year-old boy. Rastrell was made on Sunday, January 12, 1942. The shot were thrown into a truck and taken to the Anchupan Mountains. A citizen of the village of Makarovka says about this: "In January 1942, I saw how a full car of civilians from the village of Audrini, shot in the town of Rezekne, was being taken to the Anchupan Mountains. You could see how the bloody heads of the shot were hanging from the side of the car, blood oozing from the body."
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see document # 80
All other inhabitants of the village of Audrini were also taken from the Rezeksnaya prison to the Anchupan mountains and shot there.
In the Anchupan mountains, 2 huge pits-graves were discovered in size: 1 / 123x3 and 2 / 83x3 meters.
After the brutal murders, the fascist executioners arranged drinking bouts at the place of execution and, with songs, returned to the city in cars.
"Cars with drunken policemen who sang songs were going back," says MI Mashnikova, a citizen of the village of Makarovka, Makashenskaya volost.
In December 1942, Hitler's executioners began to shoot people in the Vypinsky forest. Mainly peasants were shot here. The Vypinsky forest is located approximately 2 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, eastward along the Stolyarovsky highway. In the direction of Rezekne-Stolyarovka, 2.5 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, on the right side of a 250-meter high road, 6 graves were found in size: 1 / 2.5x5.5; 2 / 2x4; 3 / 2x4; 4 / 2.5x4.5; 5 / 3x6.5; 6 / 3x2.5; on the left side, 500 meters from the road, 2 graves: 1 / 6x3; 2 / 5x3. Approximately 300 civilians were killed and tortured in the Vypinsky forest.
In March 1943, Nazi executioners shot political prisoners from the Rezekne prison in the Grishkan forest of the Rezekne parish. Grishansky forest is located 8 kilometers from the town of Rezekne, along the main road to Ludza. During the executions, the execution site was cordoned off by the police and aisargs, who made sure that outsiders did not approach the place of execution.
Shooting Soviet citizens, the killers sang songs and raised whistles, trying to drown out the screams and groans of dying people with noise. Describing the executions of civilians, citizen Novatskaya, a resident of the village of Grishkany, Rezekne volost, testifies: "In the spring of 1943, I saw 4 trucks passing by on their way to the Grishkansky forest. It was at 5-6 am. There was a forest around a dense ring of the German gendarmerie. In the forest there were shouts and groans of people condemned to death, and the gendarmerie, trying to drown all this, raised a shout and whistle. That day 50 people were shot. " Feeling the hour of reckoning for the atrocities committed, the German executioners tried to hide the traces of their crimes by burning corpses. In April 1944, pits were opened at the places of execution, corpses were removed and burned. Moreover, the burning of corpses took place by pouring some flammable liquid. In this way, the corpses of Soviet citizens were removed and burned in the Leshchinsky Garden, at the Jewish cemetery, in the Anchupan mountains, in the Vypinsky and Grishansky leases.
On October 17, 1944, a medical expert commission went to the places of mass extermination of Soviet people. The commission examined the site of rastrels in the Anchupan forests, at the Jewish cemetery and in the Leshchinsky garden.
The following was discovered: the graves-pits, in which, after the brutal execution, the bodies of the dead were buried, in the Anchupan mountains, are scattered in various directions. Around the graves there are a lot of bottles of alcoholic beverages, which were apparently consumed by the participants in the brutal murders. The sand on the hillside near the graves is strewn with bullets. On the slope, fragments of the cranial bones of people of different ages were found, from senile to the bones of babies. Moreover, when examining individual bones, it was established that the executions were carried out with explosive bullets from weapons of different caliber. On the surface near the graves, several tufts of hair were found, up to 60 centimeters long, of a chestnut color with individual pieces of leather. At a distance of 2 meters from the graves, there are places of burning corpses, with an area of 250 square meters. Charred human bones of various parts of the body, metal frame of glasses, the sole of men's shoes, the heel of women's shoes, children's burnt shoes, a strap from women's watches, a buckle from ladies' shoes, metal buttons, a strap from a children's bag, a tooth with a gold crown ...
Similar material evidence was also found at the Jewish cemetery and in the Leshchinsky garden.
In conclusion, the medical expert commission came to the following conclusion: German-fascist bandits carried out mass executions of civilians of different ages and covering the traces of their crimes, subjecting the corpses to burning not only with fire, but even with some kind of liquid resembling oil in color and smell, which remained on until now on the surface of the earth.
In total, during the period of the Nazi occupation, the fascist bandits and their accomplices in the territory of the city of Rezekne and the surrounding area killed and tortured about 11,000 civilians, 1,000 of them children.
The main places of detention before the execution of civilians are the Rezekne prison and the detention house on Zamkovaya street, where the ghetto was also found.
For all the atrocities committed by the German fascist invaders and their accomplices, the German government and the military command, as well as the following organizers and direct perpetrators of the atrocities, are responsible: the commander of the Latvian State Security Police, the German Strauch;
Eikhelis, head of Rezekne county;
Chief of the Political Police, Major of the SS Troops - Albert;
Head of Rezekne Prison - Kramins;
Secret police officers Rush, Kargashin, Geger, Strautmanis
Ilyin, Gedush, Laysan
Archpriest of the Rezhitskaya St. Nokolskaya Church E. Rushanov
Translated by Michael Ryabinky
I am writing to request a Russian translation, in whole or in part, of the attached document. It is a report of the Soviet Extraordinary investigation commission, on atrocities that took place in Rezekne. My family were victims. In particular, I am looking for a mention of 'the town square', where it is believed my great great grandfather was murdered.
I look forward to receiving a translation, and I really appreciate any help.