Agricultural colony of Zhankoye #russia

Alan Shuchat

Here's an old video of Pete Seeger singing about Zhankoye in Yiddish:
There's an English translation at, and I've attached a map showing where Zhankoye is in Crimea.
Alan Shuchat
Newton, MA

Henry Carrey Boston,MA . Carey/Kirzhner/Berestyaner , Belous , Isenberg - Lutsk ; Postolov/Herman/Kolovsky-Zhitomir

I have done a little research on two agricultural colonies . One was Trochenbrod ,(Sofievka )  which was only an agricultural colony in part,  near Lutsk in Ukraine. You can google the details but it was founded as originally as a farming colony for dispossessed Jews in 1835 with land donated by the Sophie , the Czar Paul's wife and eventually grew into a small town with up as many as 4,000 people. The town was completely eradicated in 1942 by the Nazis. Now there are only trees and fields there . 

The  propaganda/recruitment  song " Zhankoye " which Judy mentions refers to one or more collective farms created near the railway terminus of Zhankoy in the Crimea created on questionably arable land especially for Jews . In the 1920's , the farm was a place for Zionists to learn farming skills which they could use in Palestine . The idea was to create a Soviet client state in the Middle-East.
The song was a favorite of left wing groups in the US. It was always sung at the musicals gatherings I attended. It talks about how Jews should all move to Zhankoye where men and women  could all be proud farmers and spit in the face of anti-semites who thought Jews were afraid of hard work . ( Its rousing melody helps ! )

By the early 1930's the Soviet authorities soured on the idea and Zhankoye became just another collective with poor soil , not a specifically Jewish one or one connected to Palestine . Later , they  came up with the idea of Birobidjan.
Henry H. Carrey


The Jewish agricultural colony of Zhankoye was in the Crimea, not Birobidzhan. The song's lyrics mention Simferopel and Sevastopol.

Judy Baston
San Francisco.