bubbie born in Sweden of Russian parents #scandinavia

Dr. Ruth Leiserowitz

There was a wave of Jewish migration from the Gouvernement Suwalki to and through Sweden. It began in 1850 and ended in 1900, and your ancestors that you have listed may well be among them. Among others, Carl Henrik Carlsson has published on this topic, e.g. 
„From Suwalki to Sweden. Jewish Migration and Integration, 1850–1920“, in:
AVOTAYNU, Bd. XXXIV, Nr. 2 (2018), S. 33–37.

Ruth Leiserowitz
Berlin / Warsaw



If your grandmother was born in Sweden in 1869, it is not sure that she came from Russia, as the later immigration of Jews to Sweden from the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.

A lot of the immigration of Jews in the first half of the 19th century came from Germany. The later Freedman spelling of the surname, is typically anglicized, and I would trust Friedman more. There are still tens of Jews in Sweden called Friedman, or the more Swedish "Fridman". You would probably have to employ a local genealogist to find exact information, unless you know the names of the  relatives in the generations of your grandmother's siblings' descendants, i.e. of those who stayed in Sweden. If you have that, there is a slight chance that some in my generation may have known some of them.

Seth Jacobson


My grandmother, Rose Friedman (or Freedman), was born in Sweden in March 1869.  Her parents were Moses (Morris David) Freedman (1842 - 1926) and Bashe (Bessie) Wilkowski (1844 - 1928).  They emigrated from somewhere in Russia to Sweden before 1869 and then from Sweden to New York City in about 1881.   Rose's siblings were Frank (1872), Sarah (1875), Alfred (1878) (all born in Sweden) and then Esther (1882) and Jacob or Jack (1887) both born in New York.   Moses' parents were Jacob and Esther (nee) Solevsky (spelling ?).  I am not sure about the surname Freedman, as it was changed to that after they arrived in the US.  

Stephen Diamond
New York City